Cristóbal Colón hace 519 anos desembarcaba en América

Started by Private User on Wednesday, October 12, 2011

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Private User
Today at 12:30 PM

Cristóbal Colón (lugar discutido, c. 1436-14561 – Valladolid, España, 20 de mayo de 1506) fue un navegante, cartógrafo, almirante, virrey y gobernador general de las Indias al servicio de la Corona de Castilla, famoso por haber realizado el denominado descubrimiento de América, en 1492.
El origen de Colón es objeto de debate y diversos lugares se postulan como su tierra natal. La tesis apoyada mayoritariamente es que nació en Génova, si bien la documentación que existe al respecto no está falta de lagunas y misterios; además, su hijo, Hernando Colón, contribuyó a generar más polémica en este aspecto al ocultar su procedencia en el libro dedicado a su progenitor.2 Debido a ello han surgido múltiples hipótesis y teorías sobre sus orígenes que lo hacen catalán, gallego, portugués o judío.
Hasta la publicación del mapa de Martín Waldseemüller, en 1507, el territorio americano era conocido como "Indias Occidentales" y, aunque posiblemente Colón no fue el primer explorador europeo de América, puede afirmarse que descubrió un nuevo continente para la civilización europea, al ser el primero en trazar una ruta de ida y vuelta aprovechando las corrientes marinas del Atlántico, ruta que hoy todavía se utiliza.
Realizó cuatro viajes a tierras americanas. Su primera expedición partió el 3 de agosto de 1492 desde el puerto de Palos de la Frontera (Huelva), llegando a Guanahani (hoy en las Islas Bahamas) el 12 de octubre de dicho año. Este hecho impulsó decisivamente la expansión mundial de Europa y la colonización por varias potencias europeas de gran parte del continente americano y de sus pobladores.
El nombre de Cristóbal Colón en italiano es Cristoforo Colombo, y en latín Christophorus Columbus. Este antropónimo inspiró el nombre de, al menos, un país, Colombia3 y dos regiones de Norteamérica: la Columbia Británica en Canadá y el Distrito de Columbia en Estados Unidos.

Private User
Today at 12:32 PM

Private User
519 years ago Christopher Columbus landed in America
Christopher Columbus (c. 31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an explorer, colonizer, and navigator, born in the Republic of Genoa, in northwestern Italy.[2][3][4][5] Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements in the island of Hispaniola, initiated the process of Spanish colonization, which foreshadowed the general European colonization of the "New World".
In the context of emerging western imperialism and economic competition between European kingdoms seeking wealth through the establishment of trade routes and colonies, Columbus' far-fetched proposal to reach the East Indies by sailing westward received the support of the Spanish crown, which saw in it a promise, however remote, of gaining the upper hand over rival powers in the contest for the lucrative spice trade with Asia. During his first voyage in 1492, instead of reaching Japan as he had intended, Columbus landed in the Bahamas archipelago, at a locale he named San Salvador. Over the course of three more voyages, Columbus visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles, as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Central America, claiming them for the Spanish Empire.
Though Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas (having been preceded by the Norse expedition led by Leif Ericson[6]), Columbus' voyages led to the first lasting European contact with America, inaugurating a period of European exploration and colonization of foreign lands that lasted for several centuries. They had, therefore, an enormous impact in the historical development of the modern Western world. Columbus himself saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of the spreading of the Christian religion.[2]
Never admitting that he had reached a continent previously unknown to Europeans, rather than the East Indies he had set out for, Columbus called the inhabitants of the lands he visited indios (Spanish for "Indians").[7][8][9] Columbus' strained relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America led to his arrest and dismissal as governor of the settlements in Hispaniola in 1500, and later to protracted litigation over the benefits which Columbus and his heirs claimed were owed to them by the crown.

Private User
Today at 12:35 PM

Post deleted by Private User on Today at 12:35 PM

Private User
Today at 12:37 PM

Private User
AND IN GENI, FAMOUS GENEALOGY PROGRAM IS INVIBLE HIS PROFILE
HAS BEEN A PERFECT WORLD TREE

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