Swedes in America

Started by Kenneth Kwame Welsh on Tuesday, June 14, 2011

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6/14/2011 at 9:36 PM

Benson, Adolph B. and Naboth Hedin, eds. Swedes in America, 1638-1938 (The Swedish American Tercentenary Association. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 1938) ISBN 978-0838303269

6/15/2011 at 12:53 AM

Great! I'm finding some transcribed passenger lists which state country of origin. Interestingly, the earliest ships had many Walloons who had first resettled to Holland before making the 'big trip'. The fact is it's this cultural diversity that may cause a headache from a genealogical perspective: names were transcribed in all sorts of ways - often purely phonetical - which is why there are so many duplicates on Geni.

Private User
6/15/2011 at 2:25 AM

From the Stuyvesant Library: Does google translate this for you?
It explains why there were 30 Waalse families went to the new world, Otherwise I have to try to translate it. But George....maybe you can?
Well lett me know and on a lazy sunday afternoon I try to do it (not so laze anymore,,,,,, :-) )

Dit blijkt ook uit het sturen van de dertig Waalse families. Zij vertrokken in maart 1624 vanuit de Republiek naar de nieuwe kolonie aan boord van de Nieu Nederlandt onder leiding van Cornelis Jacobz. May.[4]

Deze Walen waren op de vlucht voor de Spaanse Inquisitie. In de Republiek waren zij voorlopig veilig. Het milde klimaat ten opzichte van groepen met een andere geloven maakte de Republiek een ideaal vluchtoord voor politieke vluchtelingen. In de Republiek kregen ze weinig beperkingen opgelegd en werden ze in staat gesteld hun geloof redelijk vrij te beleven. In de Republiek werd het de Walen ook mogelijk gemaakt hun eigen kerk te stichten, getuige het bestaan van een Waalse kerk in Amsterdam.[5]

De groep Walen die in 1624 naar Nieuw-Nederland vertrok had waarschijnlijk onder leiding van Jesse de Forest al eerdere pogingen gedaan om naar de Nieuwe Wereld te vertrekken. Hij kwam oorspronkelijk uit Avesnes en had zich in 1615 gevestigd in Leiden. Daar was hij een linnenwever. In 1621 had hij zich al bij koning James I gemeld om zich met een groep te vestigen in Virginia. Dit gebeurde door middel van een petitie, aangeboden aan de Engelse ambassadeur in Nederland, die door 56 hoofden van de Waalse families werd ondertekend.[6] De aanvraag werd echter snel afgewezen. Door de slechte financiële positie waarin de Virginia Company in die jaren in verkeerde bleek het niet mogelijk aan de wensen van De Forest te voldoen.[7]

Na het afgeslagen verzoek door de Engelse koning richtte De Forest zich tot de Staten van Holland en West-Friesland. Ook legde hij een verzoek neer bij de Staten Generaal van de Republiek voor een overtocht naar de Nieuwe Wereld. In de Republiek kreeg De Forest in 1623 de mogelijkheid onder de vlag van de WIC met een aantal mannen uit de Waalse families de overtocht te wagen, zij het dat ze eerst naar Guyana werden gestuurd. De meesten kwamen in 1624 weer terug, maar De Forest bleef in Guyana. Hierna stierf De Forest.[8]

Private User
6/15/2011 at 3:34 AM

Look or read: Samuel Blommaert (Bloemaert, Blommaerts, Blommaart, Blomert, etc.) (Antwerpen 11 (of 21) augustus 1583, – Amsterdam, 23 december 1651) [came from a family of diamanttraders etc. He was interested in valuable minerals etc. In 1602 he stayed in Benin for a period. From 1605-1606 he stayed at Borneo. Blommaert was a manager (dont know the right word) of the Westindische Compagnie van 1622 tot 1629 and again from 1636 tot 1642. During this last period he was consul in Sweden en had a important part in the expedition of Peter Minuit lwhat endend in the declaration off the New Sweden.In 1654 the Swedish tried to take over the Dutch colony but they did not succeed. Then New Sweden became a part of New Holland,
Yes George and Kwame, you may both say this is very interesting... :-)
But it sure explains the Swedish in America and the part of it by Blommaert a Dutch man. All for trade and profit, doesn't it?

6/15/2011 at 8:45 AM

English translation

This is confirmed by sending the thirty Walloon families. They left in March 1624 from the Republic to the new colony on board the Nieu Nederlandt led by Cornelis Jacobz. May [4].

These Walloons were fleeing the Spanish Inquisition. In the Republic they were temporarily safe. The mild climate compared with other groups believe the Republic was an ideal refuge for political refugees. In the Republic they had few restrictions and were enabled to live their faith fairly freely. In the Republic became the Walloons also allowed to found their own church, as witness the existence of a Walloon church in Amsterdam. [5]

The group of Walloons who in 1624 went to New Netherlands was probably directed by Jesse de Forest all previous attempts to leave the New World. He was originally from Avesnes and had been based in Leiden in 1615. There he was a linen weaver. In 1621 he had already reported to King James I with a group to settle in Virginia. This was done by means of a petition presented to the British ambassador in the Netherlands by 56 heads of the Walloon families signed. [6] The application was however quickly dismissed. Due to the poor financial position of the Virginia Company in these years was not possible wrong with the wishes of the Forest meet. [7]

Following the request repulsed by the English king established the Forest itself to the States of Holland and West Friesland. He also laid down a request to the States General of the Republic for a voyage to the New World. In the Republic, De Forest in 1623 the possibility of the flag of the WIC with a number of men from crossing the Walloon families to venture, although they first were sent to Guyana. Most came back in 1624, but De Forest remained in Guyana. Died After The Forest [8].

Private User
6/15/2011 at 9:16 AM

Thank you Kwame for giving me a lazy sunday afternoon instead making an english version of the text!

6/15/2011 at 9:46 AM

You're welcome!

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