Ágota - Agatha of Hungary

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Ágota - Agatha of Hungary

Birthplace: Hungary
Death: Died
Place of Burial: Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, transferred to Escorial, Madrid, her head bur Jesuit College, Douai
Immediate Family:

Wife of Edward 'the Exile', Ætheling of England
Mother of Christina of England, Nun at Romsey; Saint Margaret, Queen of Scots and Eadgar Æðeling, Uncrowned King of England

Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Ágota - Agatha of Hungary

Note from curator:

Agatha's origins may be questionable, but the data from the official website of the British Monarchy can be considered more credible than any other source.

From the official website of the British Monarchy

See: http://www.royal.gov.uk/Home.aspx > http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensofEngland/TheAnglo-Saxonkings/Overview.aspx



Anglo Saxon Family Tree (PDF)

„Edward the Atheling = Agatha, dau. of STEPHEN, King of Hungary”

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Unknown Origin

There is some confusion regarding her parentage. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle says that she was a niece of the Emperor Henry (filia germani imperatoris Henrici). Florent of Worcester says Agatha was the daughter of a brother of Emperor Henry. William of Malmesbury says Agatha was sister of a queen of Hungary. Roger of Hoveden (late 12th century) says that Agatha was a Russian princess. Several other chroniclers say that Agatha was the daughter of a king of Hungary. A traditional theory is that she was the daughter of Henry II's brother.

Ronay and Vajay suggest that she might have been the daughter of Liudolf, Margrave of West Friesland, a half-brother of the Emperor Henry III who is known to have been a close relative of Agatha. Jette argues for Yaroslav I, Grand Duke of Kiev, and Ingegarde of Sweden. De Vajay's hypothesis makes Agatha a daughter of a half-brother of Emperor Henry III, consistent with early documents which specify that Agatha was "filia germani imperatoris Henrici, " that is, daughter of a brother of the Emperor Henry. Jette believes that this hypothesis requires an unreasonably tight chronology and that the absence of mention of such a connection by continental chroniclers makes it suspect. In response, it can be said that the chronology -- three generations in 58 years -- is tight but not impossible.

Edward was a political non-entity on the continent, so the absence of a mention is not surprising. Jette also adduces onomastic support for his proposal that Jaroslav and Ingegarde were the parents of Agafiya (a Greek name). Jaroslav had an attraction to Greek culture, perhaps inspired by his stepmother Anne of Byzantium; in addition, none of Agafiya's children or grandchildren were given German names, while two of her three children (Margaret and Christine) had Greek names which are found only in Sweden at this time. Jette believes that the blood relationship with Emperor Henry might have been inferred by later chroniclers from William of Malmesbury's statement that Agafiya was the sister of the Queen of Hungary. Jette's hypothesis makes Agafiya a sister of Anastasia, queen of Andrew I of Hungary. De Vajay's hypothesis makes Agafiya a niece of Judith, daughter of Emperor Henry III and wife of Andrew's son Salomon. Another hypothesis is that she was daughter of Vazul of Hungary, which would make her a granddaughter of Agatha Chryselia.




Nothing is known of her early life, and what speculation has appeared is inextricably linked to the contentious issue of Agatha's paternity, one of the unresolved questions of medieval genealogy. She came to England with her husband and children in 1057, but she was widowed shortly after her arrival. Following the Norman conquest of England, in 1067 she fled with her children to Scotland, finding refuge under her future son-in-law Malcolm III. While one modern source indicates that she spent her last years as a nun at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, dying before circa 1093,[1] Simeon of Durham [2] carries what appears to be the last reference to her in 1070.[3]



Gisela von Bayern

... Gisela heiratete um 995 vermutlich im Alter von zehn Jahren Stephan, den späteren König von Ungarn. ...


  1. Emmerich (Imre) (* 1007, † 2. September 1031)
  2. Otto
  3. Agathe, Ehefrau Eduards von England



Az a feltevés, hogy Edward angol herceg felesége, Ágota az ő gyermekük (Skóciai Szent Margit pedig az ő unokájuk) lett volna, nem igazolódott.

Translation with http://www.morphologic.hu /

The hypothesis that Edward is an English prince's wife, Ágota their child (Saint Margaret though their grandchild) would have been, not proven true.

Note from FARKAS Mihály László

'Szent István ∞ Gisella

Ugyanakkor (ha nem is teljes bizonyosság) mértékadónak tekinthető az angol Királynő hivatalos honlapján szereplő adat, mely szerint II. Erzsébet ősei között szerepel Agátha, Szent István lánya.

However, (if not certainty) considered authoritive according the data in official website of the British Queen's II. Elizabeth's ancestors include Agatha was daughter of St. Stephen.


She was NOT the other 'possible' (1-4; 6-15) women:

  1. German Hypothesis: Agatha (Dght. of Liudolf&Gertrude) von Braunschweig
  2. Russian Hypothesis: Agatha (Dght. of Yaroslav I the Wise&Ingegerd) of Kiev
  3. Polish Hypothesis: Agatha of Poland
  4. Bulgarian Hypothesis: Агата / Agatha Комитопулина, Княгиня
  5. Hungarian Hypothesis:
  6. Cristinus Hypothesis: Agatha (Dght. of Christinus&Oda)
  7. German Hypothesis (alternate version): Agatha (Dght. of Ernst II) von Schwaben
  8. Bruno Hypothesis: [http://www.geni.com/people/8-Agatha-Dght-of-Bruno-Christine-von-Augsburg/6000000013173085387 Agatha (Dght. of Bruno&Christine) von Augsburg

-------------------- http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/agath000.htm

3. The Polish Hypothesis:

  • Conjectured father (improbable): Mieszko II Lambert, d. 10 May 1034, king of Poland.
  • Conjectured mother (improbable): Richenza, daughter of Ezzo, count


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Ágota - Agatha of Hungary's Timeline

Age 17
Age 26
Wessex, England
Age 27
Age 33
Age 49
Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, transferred to Escorial, Madrid, her head bur Jesuit College, Douai