Álmos of the Magyars (a Hungary), Grand Prince (820 - 895) MP

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Birthplace: Etelköz, Ost Europa
Death: Died in Erdély - Transylvania
Occupation: (Alto Príncipe de Magyars), prins-regent, Duc, de Hongrie, Ungersk storfurste vid tiden för flyttingen från "Magna Hungaria" (d.v.s. området kring den stora Volgakröken)., wódz węgierski
Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
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About Álmos of the Magyars (a Hungary), Grand Prince

Álmos vezér [szerkesztés]

2009. június 20.

A Wikipédiából, a szabad enciklopédiából.

Álmos vezér a honfoglalás előtti magyarok egyik vezetője volt, Árpád fejedelem apja. A krónikás hagyomány egy része szerint apja Előd, más része szerint Ügyek volt.

Forrás / Source:

http://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%81lmos_vez%C3%A9r

Etelköz

Following their defeat from the Pechenegs (or following the disintegration of Great Bulgaria), the seven Magyar tribes (Hungarian: Hétmagyar) that moved westwards settled down on the territory that Constantine Porphyrogenitus calls Etelküzü (or Etel and Küzü).[3][16] The territory was located around the rivers Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Prut and Siret.[1]

See:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_prehistory

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Prince_%C3%81lmos

Álmos (c. 820 – c. 895), the first Grand Prince of the Magyars (after 854 – c. 895). The Gesta Hungarorum ("The Deeds of the Hungarians") records that his father was Ügyek, while the Chronicon Pictum (the "Vienna Illuminated Chronicle") mentions his father as Előd (the son of Ügyek); his mother was Emese.

The medieval chronicle recounts the story of his birth thusly: "his pregnant mother had seen a divine vision in her dream of a Turul bird, as it were flying over her and getting her with child; and a spring seemed to rise from her womb and many great kings originated from her loins, although they would multiply not in their own lands". The legend is often given as an explanation for the name Álmos, which is derived from the Hungarian word for "dream."

According to the medieval chronicles, Álmos was proclaimed Grand Prince of the Magyars by the leaders of the Hétmagyar, the confederation of the seven Magyar tribes, but the De Administrando Imperio states that the office was created by the Khagan of the Khazars, and that it was not Álmos, but his son Árpád, who became the first Grand Prince. Modern historians usually follow the tradition that Álmos was the first Grand Prince in the second half of the 850s. It is unclear whether Álmos became the kende (spiritual leader) of the confederation or its gyula (military leader.)

At that time, the Magyar tribes were living under Khazar supremacy.

Before 862, the seven Magyar tribes, living in the area they called Etelköz, seceded from the Khazars; afterwards, they were exacting tribute from the neighbouring Slavic tribes and they fought occasionally as mercenaries on behalf of King Carloman of Bavaria, King Arnulf I of Germany and King Svatopluk I of Great Moravia. The Hétmagyar confederation was strengthened when three tribes of the Kabars, who had rebelled against the Khazars, joined them before 881.

In the spring of 895, the Magyar tribes attacked the Bulgarian Empire allied with the Byzantine emperor, Leo VI the Wise and defeated Emperor Simeon I of Bulgaria obliging him to conclude peace with the Byzantine Empire. The Emperor Simeon entered into an alliance with the Pechenegs, who were the eastern neighbours of the Hétmagyar, and he made an attack against the Magyar troops. At the Battle of Southern Buh, the Emperor Simeon defeated the Magyar army; and shortly afterwards, the Pechenegs attacked and pillaged their territories. The Magyar tribes were obliged to leave Etelköz and invade the Carpathian Basin where they settled down (Honfoglalás).

Álmos' death was probably caused by either assassination or human sacrifice because of the catastrophic defeats during the wars with the Bulgarian Empire and the Pechenegs.

--------------------

Álmos (Hungarian pronunciation: [aːlmoʃ]) (c. 820 – c. 895), the first Grand Prince of the Magyars (after 854 – c. 895). The Gesta Hungarorum ("The Deeds of the Hungarians") records that his father was Ügyek, while the Chronicon Pictum (the "Vienna Illuminated Chronicle") mentions his father as Előd (the son of Ügyek); his mother was Emese.

The medieval chronicle recounts the story of his birth as follows: "his pregnant mother had seen a divine vision in her dream of a Turul bird, as it were flying over her and getting her with child; and a spring seemed to rise from her womb and many great kings originated from her loins, although they would multiply not in their own lands". The legend is often given as an explanation for the name Álmos, which is derived from the Hungarian word for "dream."

According to the medieval chronicles, Álmos was proclaimed Grand Prince of the Magyars by the leaders of the Hétmagyar, the confederation of the seven Magyar tribes, but the De Administrando Imperio states that the office was created by the Khagan of the Khazars, and that it was not Álmos, but his son Árpád, who became the first Grand Prince. Modern historians usually follow the tradition that Álmos was the first Grand Prince in the second half of the 850s. It is unclear whether Álmos became the kende (spiritual leader) of the confederation or its gyula (military leader.)

At that time, the Magyar tribes were living under Khazar supremacy.

Before 862, the seven Magyar tribes, living in the area they called Etelköz, seceded from the Khazars; afterwards, they were exacting tribute from the neighbouring Slavic tribes and they fought occasionally as mercenaries on behalf of King Carloman of Bavaria, King Arnulf I of Germany and King Svatopluk I of Great Moravia. The Hétmagyar confederation was strengthened when three tribes of the Kabars, who had rebelled against the Khazars, joined them before 881.

In the spring of 895, the Magyar tribes attacked the Bulgarian Empire allied with the Byzantine emperor, Leo VI the Wise and defeated Emperor Simeon I of Bulgaria obliging him to conclude peace with the Byzantine Empire. The Emperor Simeon entered into an alliance with the Pechenegs, who were the eastern neighbours of the Hétmagyar, and he made an attack against the Magyar troops. At the Battle of Southern Buh, the Emperor Simeon defeated the Magyar army; and shortly afterwards, the Pechenegs attacked and pillaged their territories. The Magyar tribes were obliged to leave Etelköz and invade the Carpathian Basin where they settled down (Honfoglalás).

Álmos' death was probably caused by either assassination or human sacrifice because of the catastrophic defeats during the wars with the Bulgarian Empire and the Pechenegs.

Child

Árpád, Grand Prince of the Magyars (c. 845 – c. 907)

--------------------

Grand Prince of the Hungarians

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Grand Prince (Hungarian: nagyfejedelem) was the title used by contemporary sources to name the leader of the federation of the Hungarian (Magyar) tribes in the Tenth Century[1].

High Prince Álmos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Álmos (pronounced [aːlmoʃ]) (c. 820 – c. 895), the first Grand Prince of the Magyars (after 854 – c. 895). The Gesta Hungarorum ("The Deeds of Hungarians") records that his father was Ügyek, while the Chronicon Pictum (the "Vienna Illuminated Chronicle") mentions his father as Előd (whose father was Ügyek); his mother was Emese.[1]

Referring to his birth, the medieval chronicles describes that "his pregnant mother had seen a divine vision in her dream of a Turul bird, as it were flying over her and getting her with child; and a spring seemed to rise from her womb and many great kings originated from her loins, although they would multiply not in their own lands".[2] The legend is given as the explanation for the name Álmos ("The Dreamt One").

According to the medieval chronicles, Álmos was proclaimed head of the tribal federation by the leaders of the Magyar tribes.[2] While the De Administrando Imperio recorded that the office was created by the Khagan of the Khazars, and not Álmos, but his son, Árpád became the first Grand Prince.[2] Modern authors usually follow the tradition that Álmos was the first Grand Prince of the Magyars in the second half of the 850s.[1][2]

At that time, the federation of the seven Magyar tribes ("Hétmagyar") were living under Khazar supremacy.[1][3] Álmos became either the spiritual ruler (kende) of the confederation Hétmagyar or its military leader (gyula).[1]

Before 862, the seven Magyar tribes, living in the area they called Etelköz, seceded from the Khazars; afterwards, they were exacting tribute from the neighbouring Slavic tribes and they fought occasionally as mercenaries on behalf of King Carloman of Bavaria, King Arnulf I of Germany and King Svatopluk I of Great Moravia.[3] The Hétmagyar confederation was strengthened when three tribes of the Kabars, who had rebelled against the Khazars, joined them before 881.[1]

In the spring of 895, the Magyar tribes attacked the Bulgarian Empire allied with the Byzantine emperor, Leo VI the Wise and defeated Emperor Simeon I of Bulgaria obliging him to conclude peace with the Byzantine Empire.[3] The Emperor Simeon entered into an alliance with the Pechenegs, who were the eastern neighbours of the Hétmagyar, and he made an attack against the Magyar troops.[3] At the Battle of Southern Buh, the Emperor Simeon defeated the Magyar army; and shortly afterwards, the Pechenegs attacked and pillaged their territories.[3] The Magyar tribes were obliged to leave Etelköz and invade the Carpathian Basin where they settled down (Honfoglalás).[3]

Álmos' death was probably caused by either assassination or human sacrifice because of the catastrophic defeats during the wars with the Bulgarian Empire and the Pechenegs.[2]

[edit]Child

Árpád, Grand Prince of the Magyars (c. 845 – c. 907)

[edit]Sources

Kristó, Gyula (editor): Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon - 9-14. század (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries); Akadémiai Kiadó, 1994, Budapest; ISBN 963 05 6722 9.

Kristó, Gyula - Makk, Ferenc: Az Árpád-ház uralkodói (Rulers of the Árpád dynasty); I.P.C. KÖNYVEK Kft., 1996; ISBN 963 7930 973.

Kristó, Gyula: Magyar honfoglalás - honfoglaló magyarok (The Hungarians' Occupation of their Country - The Hungarians occupying their Country); Kossuth Könyvkiadó, 1996; ISBN 963 09 3836 7.

[edit]References

^ a b c d e Kristó, Gyula (editor) (1994). Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon (9-14. század) (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 39. ISBN 963 05 6722 9.

^ a b c d e Kristó, Gyula (1996). Az Árpád-ház uralkodói ("Rulers of the Árpád dynasty"). I.P.C. KÖNYVEK Kft., 9. ISBN 963 7930 973.

^ a b c d e f Kristó, Gyula (1996). Magyar honfoglalás - honfoglaló magyarok ("The Hungarians' Occupation of their Country - The Hungarians occupying their Country"). Kossuth Könyvkiadó, 66-67. ISBN 963 09 3836 7.

--------------------

Álmos (Hungarian pronunciation: [aːlmoʃ]) (c. 820 – c. 895), the first Grand Prince of the Magyars (after 854 – c. 895). The Gesta Hungarorum ("The Deeds of the Hungarians") records that his father was Ügyek, while the Chronicon Pictum (the "Vienna Illuminated Chronicle") mentions his father as Előd (the son of Ügyek); his mother was Emese.[1]

The medieval chronicle recounts the story of his birth as follows: "his pregnant mother had seen a divine vision in her dream of a Turul bird, as it were flying over her and getting her with child; and a spring seemed to rise from her womb and many great kings originated from her loins, although they would multiply not in their own lands".[2] The legend is often given as an explanation for the name Álmos, which is derived from the Hungarian word for "dream."

According to the medieval chronicles, Álmos was proclaimed Grand Prince of the Magyars by the leaders of the Hétmagyar, the confederation of the seven Magyar tribes,[2] but the De Administrando Imperio states that the office was created by the Khagan of the Khazars, and that it was not Álmos, but his son Árpád, who became the first Grand Prince.[2] Modern historians usually follow the tradition that Álmos was the first Grand Prince in the second half of the 850s.[1][2] It is unclear whether Álmos became the kende (spiritual leader) of the confederation or its gyula (military leader.)[1]

At that time, the Magyar tribes were living under Khazar supremacy.[1][3]

Before 862, the seven Magyar tribes, living in the area they called Etelköz, seceded from the Khazars; afterwards, they were exacting tribute from the neighbouring Slavic tribes and they fought occasionally as mercenaries on behalf of King Carloman of Bavaria, King Arnulf I of Germany and King Svatopluk I of Great Moravia.[3] The Hétmagyar confederation was strengthened when three tribes of the Kabars, who had rebelled against the Khazars, joined them before 881.[1]

In the spring of 895, the Magyar tribes attacked the Bulgarian Empire allied with the Byzantine emperor, Leo VI the Wise and defeated Emperor Simeon I of Bulgaria obliging him to conclude peace with the Byzantine Empire.[3] The Emperor Simeon entered into an alliance with the Pechenegs, who were the eastern neighbours of the Hétmagyar, and he made an attack against the Magyar troops.[3] At the Battle of Southern Buh, the Emperor Simeon defeated the Magyar army; and shortly afterwards, the Pechenegs attacked and pillaged their territories.[3] The Magyar tribes were obliged to leave Etelköz and invade the Carpathian Basin where they settled down (Honfoglalás).[3]

Álmos' death was probably caused by either assassination or human sacrifice because of the catastrophic defeats during the wars with the Bulgarian Empire and the Pechenegs.[2]

Sources

Kristó, Gyula (editor): Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon - 9-14. század (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries); Akadémiai Kiadó, 1994, Budapest; ISBN 963 05 6722 9.

Kristó, Gyula - Makk, Ferenc: Az Árpád-ház uralkodói (Rulers of the Árpád dynasty); I.P.C. KÖNYVEK Kft., 1996; ISBN 963 7930 973.

Kristó, Gyula: Magyar honfoglalás - honfoglaló magyarok (The Hungarians' Occupation of their Country - The Hungarians occupying their Country); Kossuth Könyvkiadó, 1996; ISBN 963 09 3836 7.

References

^ a b c d e Kristó, Gyula (editor) (1994). Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon (9-14. század) (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. p. 39. ISBN 963 05 6722 9.

^ a b c d e Kristó, Gyula; Makk, Ferenc (1996). Az Árpád-ház uralkodói ("Rulers of the Árpád dynasty"). I.P.C. KÖNYVEK Kft.. p. 9. ISBN 963 7930 973.

^ a b c d e f Kristó, Gyula (1996). Magyar honfoglalás - honfoglaló magyarok ("The Hungarians' Occupation of their Country - The Hungarians occupying their Country"). Kossuth Könyvkiadó. pp. 66–67. ISBN 963 09 3836 7.

--------------------

Álmos (c. 820 – c. 895), the first Grand Prince of the Magyars (after 854 – c. 895). The Gesta Hungarorum ("The Deeds of the Hungarians") records that his father was Ügyek, while the Chronicon Pictum (the "Vienna Illuminated Chronicle") mentions his father as Előd (the son of Ügyek); his mother was Emese.

The medieval chronicle recounts the story of his birth thusly: "his pregnant mother had seen a divine vision in her dream of a Turul bird, as it were flying over her and getting her with child; and a spring seemed to rise from her womb and many great kings originated from her loins, although they would multiply not in their own lands". The legend is often given as an explanation for the name Álmos, which is derived from the Hungarian word for "dream."

According to the medieval chronicles, Álmos was proclaimed Grand Prince of the Magyars by the leaders of the Hétmagyar, the confederation of the seven Magyar tribes, but the De Administrando Imperio states that the office was created by the Khagan of the Khazars, and that it was not Álmos, but his son Árpád, who became the first Grand Prince. Modern historians usually follow the tradition that Álmos was the first Grand Prince in the second half of the 850s. It is unclear whether Álmos became the kende (spiritual leader) of the confederation or its gyula (military leader.)

At that time, the Magyar tribes were living under Khazar supremacy.

Before 862, the seven Magyar tribes, living in the area they called Etelköz, seceded from the Khazars; afterwards, they were exacting tribute from the neighbouring Slavic tribes and they fought occasionally as mercenaries on behalf of King Carloman of Bavaria, King Arnulf I of Germany and King Svatopluk I of Great Moravia. The Hétmagyar confederation was strengthened when three tribes of the Kabars, who had rebelled against the Khazars, joined them before 881.

In the spring of 895, the Magyar tribes attacked the Bulgarian Empire allied with the Byzantine emperor, Leo VI the Wise and defeated Emperor Simeon I of Bulgaria obliging him to conclude peace with the Byzantine Empire. The Emperor Simeon entered into an alliance with the Pechenegs, who were the eastern neighbours of the Hétmagyar, and he made an attack against the Magyar troops. At the Battle of Southern Buh, the Emperor Simeon defeated the Magyar army; and shortly afterwards, the Pechenegs attacked and pillaged their territories. The Magyar tribes were obliged to leave Etelköz and invade the Carpathian Basin where they settled down (Honfoglalás).

Álmos' death was probably caused by either assassination or human sacrifice because of the catastrophic defeats during the wars with the Bulgarian Empire and the Pechenegs.