Ángel María de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, III. duque de Rivas

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About Ángel María de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, III. duque de Rivas

  • en.wikipedia...; gw5.geneanet....;
  • Don Ángel de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, 3rd Duke of Rivas (Spanish: Ángel de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, Duque de Rivas) (March 10, 1791 – June 22, 1865), was a Spanish poet, dramatist and politician born in Córdoba. He is best known for his play Don Álvaro; o, La fuerza del sino (1835), the first romantic success in the Spanish theater.
  • He fought in the war of independence, was a prominent member of the advanced Liberal party from 1820 to 1823. In 1823, Rivas was condemned to death for his liberal views and fled to England. He lived successively in Italy, Malta and France, until the death of Ferdinand VII in 1833 and the amnesty of 1834, when he returned to Spain. Shortly afterwards succeeding his brother as duke of Rivas.
  • In 1835 he became minister of the interior under Isturiz, and along with his chief had again to leave the country. Returning in 1837, he joined the moderate party, became prime minister, and was subsequently ambassador at Paris and Naples and president of the Real Academia Española.
  • In 1813 he published Ensayos poéticos, and between that date and his first exile several of his tragedies (the most notable being Alatar, 1814, and Lanuza, 1822) were put upon the stage. Traces of foreign influence are observable in El Moro expósito (1833), a narrative poem dedicated to John Hookham Frere; these are still more marked in Don Álvaro o la fuerza del sino (first played on March 22, 1835 in Madrid), a drama which emerged from heated literary controversy.
  • Don Álvaro is of historical importance inasmuch as it established the new French romanticism in Spain. The play was used as the basis of Francesco Maria Piave's libretto for Verdi's opera La forza del destino (1862). As a poet, Rivas's best-known work is Romances históricos (1841), adaptions of popular legends in ballad form.
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Ángel María de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano, III. duque de Rivas's Timeline

1791
March 10, 1791
Córdoba, Andalucía, España
1825
May 5, 1825
Age 34
Berja, Almería, Andalucía, España
1828
September 13, 1828
Age 37
Malta
1834
December 28, 1834
Age 43
Villanueva, Toledo, España
1839
November 14, 1839
Age 48
Sevilla, Andalucía, España
1842
May 29, 1842
Age 51
1865
June 22, 1865
Age 74
Madrid, Community of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
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