Ælfgifu 'Edith' Sigurdsdóttir

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Ælfgifu 'Edith' Sigurdsdóttir

Also Known As: "Edith of Ossory", "Ælfgifu Sigurdsdóttir", "Lady of Atholl", "Algiva", "Daughter macBrian /Bóruma/", "Mrs Malcolm /Mackenneth/", "Queen", "Edith"
Birthplace: Ossory, Ireland
Death: Died in Angus, Scotland
Place of Burial: Scotland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Sigurðr of Ossory and Jocunda Olafsdatter of Ossory
Wife of Malcolm II "The Destroyer", King of Scots
Mother of Bethóc ingen Maíl Coluim meic Cináeda; Donada 'Anleta' / 'Thora' ingen Maíl Coluim meic Cináeda and Olith (possibly Donada) 'Thora' 'Anleta' MacKenneth

Occupation: Queen, Queen of Scotland, http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Leinster-15
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Ælfgifu 'Edith' Sigurdsdóttir

Malcolm II's wife was the Lady of Atholl, but her origin is somewhat obscure. She was probably Irish, from Ossory. Her three daughters are Bethóc, Donada, and the youngest who married Sigurd Orkneyjarl is in some sources is called Olith. According to "Medieval Lands" (research project) Malcolm's wife's name is unknown.

Medieval Lands

About her husband and children, they write:

MALCOLM ([954]-Glamis Castle, Angus 25 Nov 1034, bur Isle of Iona). The 11th century Synchronisms of Flann Mainistreach name (in order) "…Cuillen mac Illiulb, Cinaet mac Maelcolaim, Custantin mac Cuilen, Cinaet mac Duib, Maelcolaim mac Cinaeta" as Scottish kings, dated to the 10th and 11th centuries[147]. The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists "…Malcolin filius Kinet xxx…" as king[148]. He is named "Malcolmum filium Cyneth regem Scottorum" in the Historia Regem[149]. It is tempting to suggest that either he, or his first cousin with the same name, spent time at the court of Edgar King of England during his youth, as "Malcolm dux" subscribed a charter of King Edgar relating to land in Cambridgeshire and Norfolk dated 970[150], but there is no proof of the co-identity of these persons. He succeeded in 1005 as MALCOLM II King of Scotland. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that Grime was killed by Malcolm, son of King Kenneth II, who succeeded as king[151]. He attacked northern England in 1006. King of Lothian from [1016], becoming effective ruler of the whole of Scotland. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Malcolm submitted to Canute King of England in 1031, along with "two other kings, Mælbeth and Iehmarc"[152]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun defended Cumbria against King Canute, who agreed that it should be ruled by Malcolm´s grandson Duncan[153]. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1034 of "Mael Coluim son of Cinaed, king of Scotland"[154]. The Annals of Tigernach record the death in 1034 of “Mael-Coluímb son of Cinaed king of Scotland”[155]. The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 records that "Malcolm mac Kynnat Rex" reigned for 30 years, died "in Glammes" and was buried "in Yona"[156]. The Chronicle of the Picts and Scots dated 1251 includes the same information[157].

m ---. The name of Malcolm's wife is not known. King Malcolm III & his wife had [four] children:

i) BETHOC . The "Genealogy of King William the Lyon" dated 1175 names "Betoch filii Malcolmi" as parent of "Malcolmi filii Dunecani"[158]. The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 names "Cran Abbatis de Dunkelden et Bethok filia Malcolm mac Kynnet" as parents of King Duncan[159]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that King Malcolm II had "an only daughter…Beatrice who married Crynyne Abthane of Dul and Steward of the Isles…in some annals, by a blunder of the writer…abbot of Dul"[160]. Lady of Atholl. m ([1000]) CRINAN "the Thane" Mormaer of Atholl, son of DUNCAN Mormaer of Atholl & his wife --- (-killed in battle 1045). Abthane of Dule. Lay abbot of Dunkeld. Steward of the Western Isles. He was killed fighting King Macbeth.

ii) [DONADA . The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 1007. m as his second wife, FINDLAECH MacRory Thane of Angus Mormaer of Moray, son of RUAIDHRI Mormaer of Moray & his wife --- (-1020). The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1020 of "Finnlaech son of Ruadrí king of Alba…killed by his own people"[161].] Donada & her husband had one child:

(a) MACBETH ([1005]-killed in battle Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire 15 Aug 1057, bur Isle of Iona). The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists "…Macheth filius Findleg xvii…" as king[162]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "Machabeus son of Finele" killed King Duncan and succeeded as king in 1040[163]. Mormaer of Moray [1029/32]. He may have been one of the "two other kings, Mælbeth and Iehmarc" recorded by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle has having submitted to Canute King of England in 1031 with King Malcolm II[164]. He succeeded in 1040 as MACBETH King of Scotland. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Donnchal rex Scotiæ" was killed "1040 XIX Kal Sep" by "duce suo Macbethad mac Finnloech" who succeeded as king for 17 years[165]. The Annales Dunelmenses record that "comes Siward" invaded Scotland with a large army in 1046 and briefly expelled "rege Macbeod", the king recovering his realm when Siward withdrew[166]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he was defeated in battle 27 Jul 1054 by the army of Siward Earl of Northumbria which had invaded Scotland[167]. The Annales Dunelmenses record that "Siwardus" put "Macbeth" to flight in 1054 and installed "Malcolmum rege" in the following year[168]. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Macfinlaeg" was killed "1057…in Augusto"[169]. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Mac bethadh son of Findlaech overking of Scotland” was killed by “Malcolm, son of Donnchad” in 1058[170]. The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 records that "Maket mac Fyngal" reigned 17 years, was killed "in Lufanan a Malcolm mac Dunkat" and was buried "in Iona insula"[171]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that Malcolm recaptured his kingdom with the help of "Siward Earl of Northumberland" and killed "Machabeus" 5 Dec 1056[172]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that "Machabeus" was buried "in the island of Iona"[173]. m (after 1032) as her second husband, GRUOCH, widow of GILLACOMGAIN Mormaer of Moray, daughter of BOITE [Bodhe] of Scotland & his wife --- ([1015]-). "Machbet filius Finlach…et Gruoch filia Bodhe, rex et regina Scottorum" made grants to the church of St Serf, although the document also names "Malcolmus Rex filius Duncani" which casts doubt on its authenticity[174].

iii) [son . Rodulfus Glaber refers to Canute King of England seeking "the friendship of the king of the Scots, receiving his son at the font of baptism"[175]. This passage follows a description of "the Scots whose king was called Malcolm" resisting King Canute's invasion, undated but from the context apparently occurring at the start of Canute's reign. If it is correct that King Malcolm had a son baptised at this time, he would have been considerably younger than the king's daughters, presumably therefore born to a different mother. No corroborative evidence for the existence of this son has been found in other contemporary sources.]

iv) [daughter . Orkneyinga Saga records that “Earl Sigurd” married “the daughter of Malcolm King of Scots”[176]. Snorre records the marriage of "Sigurd the Thick" and "a daughter of the Scottish king Malcolm"[177]. It appears unlikely that Sigurd´s wife could have been King Malcolm´s daughter Donada (as shown in many secondary sources, including the Complete Peerage[178]) if it is correct that Donada´s recorded husband Findlaech was killed in 1020 and also that their son was born in [1005][179]. m SIGURD "Digri" Hlodverson Jarl of Orkney and Caithness, son of HLODVIR [Lodver] Torfinnsson & his wife Audna --- (-killed in battle Clontarf 23 Apr 1014).]



Might her name be Blanaid nic Brian?


  • Blanaid nic Brian

born about 0962 Ireland


  • Brian Boroimhe macCennétig King of Munster

born about 0926 Ireland

  • Princess Mor nic Eidigean

born Ui Fhaiachrach Aidhne, County Galway, Ireland

(end of information)


  • Morough O'Brien King of Leinster born after 0975 Ireland

Sadhbh nic Brian

Flann mac Brian died 23 April 1014 in Clontarf, County Dublin, Ireland

Conor mac Brian died 23 April 1014 in Clontarf, County Dublin, Ireland


  • Malcolm II (Melkolf) MacKenneth King of Scotland

born about 0970 Scotland

died 25 November 1034 Glamis, Forfarshire, Scotland

buried Iona, Argyllshire, Scotland

married about 0983 Scotland


  • Bethoc (Beatrix) Princess of Scotland born about 0984 Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
  • Donalda Princess of Scotland born about 0986 Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
  • Olith (Anleta) MacKenneth born about 0968 Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland


B) Supposed additional daughter [of Brian Boru] (probably falsely attributed):

[She] is stated without evidence to have been a wife of Malcolm II, king of Scotland [Newman 144, 161 states that a daughter of Brian (name not provided) was married to Malcolm II, without providing any supporting evidence. This alleged daughter has been supplied with the name of "Blanaid" in some databases, evidently based on certain works of historical fiction written by novelist Morgan Llywelyn which used Newman's book as a source. This supposed daughter is absent from other recent histories of both Ireland and Scotland that would have been expected to mention the marriage if there was any good evidence for it, and the existence of this supposed daughter cannot be accepted based on any currently known evidence.] Newman = Roger Chatterton Newman, Brian Boru, King of Ireland (Dublin, 1983). Compiled by Stewart Baldwin Submitted 9 September 2001. http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/brian000.htm http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/malco001.htm


Might her name be Aelgifu / Aelfgifu?

  1. ID: I190964
  2. Name: Ælgifu (Edith) de Ingen [<^>v] Sigurd
  3. Sex: F
  4. Birth: 962 in Fordoun, Kincardineshire, Scotland

Father: Sigurd [<^>v] de na Ossory b: ABT 930

Marriage 1 King Malcolm [II @<^>v] de Scotland b: 954 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland

   * Married: 983 in Fordoun, Kincardineshire, Scotland


  1. Has Children Doda [@ <^>v] de Falaise b: 985 in Falaise, Calvados, France
  2. Has Children Princess Olith [@] de Scotland b: 959
  3. Has Children Princess Beatrix [@ <^>v] de Scotland b: 969 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland

source: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

B) I can find no corroborating sources for this beyond the unvalidated: http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gunnarsson_Queen_of_Scotland-1; and the above link appears not to work. Is there a possibility of a confusion because a daughter of Malcolm married a Sigurd (not from Ossory, as far as I know - although that Sigurd's mother was supposed to have been Irish)? Not necessarily, though. [Sharon June 2012]

Further link - also not sourced: http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/a/i/t/James-Aitcheson/GENE1-0001.html names her Aelifu [Sharon Oct 2012]


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Ælfgifu 'Edith' Sigurdsdóttir's Timeline

Ossory, Ireland
Age 21
Angus, Scotland
Age 21
Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Age 21
Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Age 21
Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Age 21
Age 21
December 19, 1893
Age 21
December 19, 1893
Age 21
March 9, 1894
Age 21