Ælfthryth (c.877 - 929) MP

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Birthplace: Wessex, England
Death: Died in French Flanders, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Occupation: Abbess of Shaftesbury, Prinsesse av England, aka Ælfthryth, gravin van Vlaanderen, Prinsessa, Princess of England, «Mericianernes frue».911-918, "Lady" - see http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_042.htm, princesse
Managed by: Sally Gene Cole
Last Updated:

About Ælfthryth

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Ælfthryth, also known as Elfrida, (died 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders.

They had the following issue:

Arnulf I of Flanders (c. 890-964), married Adela of Vermandois

Adalulf (c. 890-933), Count of Boulogne

Ealswid

Ermentrud

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20AngloSaxon%20&%20Danish%20Kings.htm#Aelfthrythdied929MBaudouinIIFlanders

ÆLFTHRYTH of Wessex ([877]-7 Jun 929, bur Ghent, St Pieter). Asser names (in order) "Ethelfled the eldest…Edward…Ethelgiva… Ethelwitha and Ethelwerd" as the children of King Alfred & his wife[1597]. "Elfthtritham" is named by Roger of Hoveden third in his list of King Alfred's daughters by Queen Ealswith[1598]. She is called "Æthelswitha" by Asser[1599]. "Elftrudis" is named as wife of Count Baudouin II in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin[1600]. This marriage represented the start of a long-lasting alliance between England and Flanders, founded on their common interest of preventing Viking settlements along the coast. "Elstrudis comitissa…cum filiis suis Arnulfo et Adelolfo" donated "hereditatem suam Liefsham…in terra Anglorum in Cantia" to Saint-Pierre de Gand, for the soul of "senioris sui Baldwini", by charter dated 11 Sep 918[1601]. The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 929 of "Elftrudis comitissa"[1602]. The Memorial of "filia regis Elstrudis…Balduini…domini" records her death "VII Iunii"[1603]. An undated charter, dated to [962], recording the last wishes of "marchysi Arnulfi", notes that "pater meus et mater mea" were buried in the abbey of Saint-Pierre de Gand[1604]. m ([893/99]) BAUDOUIN II "le Chauve" Count of Flanders, son of BAUDOUIN I Count of Flanders & his wife Judith of the Franks [Carolingian] ([863/65]-[10 Sep] 918, bur St Bertin, transferred 929 to Ghent, St Pieter).

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Princess Of Elfthryth OF WESSEX7,10,14,20,21,27,32,33,64,81,102,103,112,113,114,115,116,117,119,530 was born in 868 in Wessex, England.20 She died on 7 Jun 929.20,81,114,115,116 Also Known As:<_AKA> Ethelwida (Elfrida) /of Wessex/

1 _FA1

2 PLAC Name al so rendered "Ethelwida" or "Elfrida".

2 SOUR S286834

3 DATA

4 TEXT Date of Import: 14 Mar 1999

2 SOUR S468232

3 DATA

4 TEXT Date of Import: 27 M ar 1999

2 SOUR S430699

3 DATA

4 TEXT Date of Import: 28 Mar 1999

[l arge-G675.FTW]

AELFTHRYTH Princess of England was born about 868 in Wessex, England. She died in 920. OR: ELFRIDA. In Giles' trans of William of Malmesb ury's

  • Chronicles*, she is given as ETHELSWITHA: "He [Alfred] gave his daught er

Ethelswitha in marriage to Baldwin earl of Flanders, by whom he had Arnulf

and Ethelwulf."

--- William of Malmesbury, *Chronicle of the Kings of England *, c 1135,

tr John Allen Giles, London (Henry G Bohn) 1847, p 121 Parents: . Parents: West Saxon King Of Alfred ENGLAND and Queen Of Ethelswida ENGLAND.

Spouse: Count Of Flanders Baudouin II II. Count Of Flanders Baudouin II II and Princess Of Elfthryth OF WESSEX were married after 893.20,81,112,114,115,116,119 Children were: Ct De Flanders\ Arnolph I Le Grand OF FLANDERS I, FLANDERS, Adalolf Sur Mer De THEROUANNE, FLANDERS, FLANDERS.

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Ælfthryth, Princess of Wessex (1)

F, #102629, d. 7 June 929

Last Edited=25 Feb 2008

    Ælfthryth, Princess of Wessex was the daughter of Ælfræd, King of Wessex and Eahlwið, Princess of Mercia. (2) She married Baldwin II, Comte de Flandre, son of Baldwin I, Comte de Flandre and Judith, Princesse de France, between 883 and 899. (3) 

She died on 7 June 929 at Flanders, Belgium. (3) She was buried at St. Peter's Abbey, Ghent, Belgium. (3)

    Ælfthryth, Princess of Wessex was also known as Ælftrud (?).

Children of Ælfthryth, Princess of Wessex and Baldwin II, -Comte de Flandre

-1. Adelulf, Comte de Flandre d. 9333

-2. Arnulf 'the Great', Comte de Flandre+ b. bt 885 - 890, d. c 964

Forrás / Source:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10263.htm#i102629

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Daughter of Alfred "The Great" King of England and Ealswith Queen of England.

--------------------

Sources:

1. W. H. Turton, "Plantagenet Ancestry" (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1928), 21.

2. Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr., "Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700", 8th ed. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004).

3. Ibid., (1-13+).

--------------------

Född: Abt 875

 of, , Wessex, England 

Family:

1 Henry Count of Vermandois, [Count/Troyes]

 Children: 
 • Agnes Countess of Vermandois 

Princess, the daughter of King Alfred the Great. Nun. With her father’s help, she founded and served as first abbess of Shaftesbury Abbey in Dorset, England.

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Daughter of Alfred the Great, in 889. (She died in 929 in Flanders.) From his castle in Bruges, Baldwin II maintained the repulse of the Norsemen. By his descent from Charlmagne on his mother’s side and marrying the daughter of the Saxon king of England, he greatly strengthened the importance of his dynasty. His wife bore two sons, Arnold (or Arnulf)the elder, and Adalulf (died young).

--------------------

Ælfthryth, also known as Elfrida, (died 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders. One of their descendants, Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083), would go on to marry William the Conqueror, therefore starting the Anglo-Norman line of Kings of England. Through her descendant, Henry I of England, she is also a direct ancestor of the current monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Elizabeth II.

From www.wikipedia.org at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ælfthryth,_Countess_of_Flanders

--------------------

Ælfthryth, also known as Elfrida, (died 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders.

--------------------

Ælfthryth of Wessex, also known as Elftrudis, (died June 7, 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders.

[edit] Family

They had the following issue:

Arnulf I of Flanders (c. 890–964), married Adela of Vermandois

Adalulf (c. 890–933), Count of Boulogne

Ealswid

Ermentrud

[edit] References

"Ælfthryth (d.929)". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900​. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

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Title: Princess of England, Wessex, England

Title: Princess of Wessex, England

Alt. Birth: ABT 877 in Wessex, England

Alt. Death: ABT 920

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Efthryth (daughter of King Alfred the Great)

View Family Tree

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

       

Family Name: Given Names: Efthryth

 

Born: Unknown date

Unknown place Died: 929

Unknown place

 Royal Blood: 100%   [?] Buried: Ghent, Flanders, Belgium  
 

Father: Alfred, King of the English (The Great) About 849 - 25 Oct 899

Mother: Ealhswyth (wife of King Alfred the Great) ? - 905

 

Marriage: Baldwin II, Count of Flanders 863 - 10 Sep 918

 Date: Before 900 His Age: 37 Her Age: 32 

Child: Arnold I, Count of Flanders 889 - 27 Mar 965

 (3 others not in database) 
 

Notes:

According to some sources, Efthryth was born in 865, but this conflicts with her parents marrying three years later.

 

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=1482

--------------------

Ælfthryth, also known as Elfrida, (died 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders. One of their descendants, Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083), would go on to marry William the Conqueror, therefore starting the Anglo-Norman line of Kings of England. Through her descendant, Henry I of England, she is also a direct ancestor of the current monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Elizabeth II.

--------------------

Ælfthryth, also known as Elfrida, (died 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders.

Nederlands:

Aelfryth van Wessex, ook Elfrida (Wessex, 868 - 7 juni 929) was een dochter van Alfred de Grote en van Aelhswyth van de Gaini. Zij trouwde in 884 met graaf Boudewijn II van Vlaanderen, en werd de moeder van:

  1. Arnulf I de Grote
  2. Adelulf (of Adalolf) (890 - 933), graaf van Boulogne en van Thérouanne
  3. Ealswid
  4. Ermentrude
  5. Albert, bisschop van Parijs

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86lfthryth%2C_Countess_of_Flanders

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http://www.mathematical.com/elfridaofalfred.html

Ælfrida Princess of England

born about 0877 Wessex, England

died 0920

father:

  • Alfred "the Great" King of England

born 0849 Wantage, Berkshire, England

died 26 October 0901 Winchester, Hampshire, England

mother:

  • Alswitha (Ealswitha) of Mercia

born 0852

died 5 December 0905

married 0868

siblings:

  • Æthelfleda born about 0869 Wessex, England

died 12 June 0918 St. Peter's, Gloucestershire, England

  • Edward the Elder "The Unconquered" King of England

born 0870 died 0924 Forndon, Northhamptonshire, England

Edmund

Æthelgifu Abbess of Shaftsbury

Ethelweard

spouse:

  • Baudouin II (Baldwin) "the Bald" Count of Flanders

born about 0864 Flanders, Nord, France

died 10 September 0918

married about 0888

children:

  • Arnoul I Count of Flanders

born Abt 0889 Flandres

died 27 March 0964

--------------------

Ælfthryth, also known as Elfrida, (died 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders. One of their descendants, Matilda of Flanders (d. 1083), would go on to marry William the Conqueror, therefore starting the Anglo-Norman line of Kings of England. Through her descendant, Henry I of England, she is also a direct ancestor of the current monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Elizabeth II.

--------------------

Name suggested as Elfridam or Ethelgiva

Birth Date suggested as c. 877 or c. 875

--------------------

Ælfthryth of Wessex, also known as Elftrudis, (died June 7, 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders.

Family

They had the following issue:

   * Arnulf I of Flanders (c. 890–964), married Adela of Vermandois
   * Adalulf (c. 890–933), Count of Boulogne
   * Ealswid
   * Ermentrud

--------------------

A History of the English Speaking People Winston S Churchill Vol I The Birth of Britain Dodd Mead & Co 1956 p128: "Edward's sister had been, as we have seen, married to Earl Ethelred of Mercia. Ethelred died in 911, and his widow, Ethelfleda, succeeded and supassed him. In those savage times the mergence of a woman ruler was enough to betoken her possession of extraordinary qualities. Edward the Elder, as he was afterwards called, and his sister, the Lady of the Mercians,' conducted the national war in common, and carried its success to heights which Alred never knew. The policy of the two kingdoms, thus knit by blood and need, marched in perfect harmony, and the next onslaught of Danes was met with confident alacrity and soon broken. The victors then set themselves deliberately to the complete conquest of the Danelaw and its Five Boroughs. This task occupied the next ten years, brother and sister advancing in concert upon their respective lines, and fortifying towns they took at every stage. In 918, when Edward stormed Tempsford, near Bedford, and King Guthrum was killed, the whole resistance of East Anglia collapsed, and all the Danish leaders submitted to Edward as their protector and lord. They were granted in return their estates and the right to live according to their Danish customs. At the same time the Lady of the Mercians' conquered Leicester, and received even from York offers ofsubmission. In this hour of success Ethelfleda died, and Edward, hastening to Tamworth, was invited by the nobles of Mercia to occupy the vacant throne."

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol III, p799, Edward the Elder: "[Edward's]sister, the Mercian ruler Aethelflaed, constructed a complementary series of fortresses in the northwest Midlands. In 917 Edward and Aethelflaed launched a massive offensive, quickly overwhelming the entire Danish army of East Anglia. Upon Aethelflaed's death in June 918, Edward assumed control of Mercia..."

Vol I, p116, Aethelflaed: "also Ethelfleda, called Lady of the Mercians, Died 12 Jun 918 Tamworth (now in Staffordshire), Anglo-Saxon ruler of Mercia in England. The daughter of Alfred the Great,...Aethelflaed became the effective ruler of Mercia some years before the death (911) of her husband, Aethelred, Ealdorman of the Mercians...captured Derby occupied Leicester but died before the campaign was successfully completed. Edward then claimed his sister's kingdom and completed the subjugation of the Danes. Because Aethelflaed had extended her influence into Wales and Northumbria, Edward was able to assert his authority over these regions as well. Thus, almost all of England came under his control."

The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p175, Athelstan: "...As a youth he lived in the household of his aunt, Aethelflaed, Lady of the Mercians..."

From Alfred to Henry III 871-1272, Christopher Brooke, 1961, Norton Library History of England, p43: "...In 886 [Alfred] captured London, and put it in charge of his close ally, Ethelred, Ealdorman of the Mercians, who shortly after married Alfred's daughter, Aethelflaed..."

p50: "...Ethelred,Ealdorman of Mercia, died in 911, but co-operation did not cease with his death. His place was filled by his wife, Edward's sister, Aethelflaed, Lady of the Mercians', who continued her husband's work in close association with her brother until her own death in 918; from then on Wessex and Mercia were united..."

"...After the Ealdorman Ethelred's death in 911, Edward took over London and the south-east Midlands, leaving the rest of English Mercia to Aethelflaed. The building offortresses and the advance east and north went on steadily through the following years. In 914 Aethelflaed built a fortress at Eddisbury (Cheshire) and at Warwick; in 917 she captured Derby; in 918 Leicester, and but for her death that year she might have received the submission of York. In 912 Edward built a burh at Herford, and prepared for campaigns to east and north. In 914 and 915 he received the submission of Bedford and Northampton; in 916 he built a burh at Maldon in Essex;in 917 he and his followers defeated a great counteroffensive mounted by the Danes, and occupied Essex and East Anglia, restoring the burh at Colchester. In 918 he was at Stamford and Nottingham. These places had been two of the crucial Danishcentres of power south of the Humber; it is likely that a third, Lincoln, also submitted to Edward in thsi year. By these surrenders he became lord of the Danelaw up to the line of the Humber; by his sister's death he was lord of Mercia; and inthe same year the kings of several leading Welsh kingdoms accepted his overlordship.

"The offer by the Danes of York to submit to Aethelflaed- an offer not repeated to Edward after her death- was partly inspired by the progress of anotherViking power, this time of Norse origin and leadership..."

The Formation of England 550-1042, HPR Finberg, 1977, Paladin, p127: "...In 885 the Danes in East Anglia broke the peace. Alfred reacted strongly, and in the following year took London by storm. London had long been a Mercian town, and Alfred refrained from annexing it to his own kingdom. Ceolwulf II, the last English king of Mercia, being now presumably dead, the part of Mercia not under Danish rule was governed by an ealdorman named Ethelred. Alfred entrusted the government of London to him and gave him his daughter Aethelflaed in marriage. Thus far Mercian independence was respected, but Ethelred never assumed the kingly title, and was content to reign as Alfred's viceroy...

p145: "The possibility that [the Norwegian immigrants crossing from Ireland and settling in the north-west] might make common cause with the independent Danish forces in eastern England naturally alarmed the government of English Mercia. The ealsorman Ethelred, as loyal to King Edward as he had been to Edward's father, was now a sick man, and responsibility devolved upon his wife, Alfred's daughter Aethelflaed. In 907 she repaired the walls of Chester and placed a garrison there to control disaffection in Wirral..."

"In 911 Ethelred of Mercia died, and Aethelflaed acquiesced when Edward annexed London and Oxford to his own kingdom. The doughty princess, half Mercian by descent on her mother's side, was known as the Lady of the Mercians. For the rest of her life she collaborated loyally and effectively with her brother in a campaign to subdue the independent Danish armies in England.

"The key to their strategy was the extension of the system devised by Alfred, of building fortresses, boroughs', to protect English territory from Danish inroads and to serve as bases for operations against the enemy... Meanwhile Aethelflaed fortified Sceargeat, a place as yet unidentified, and Bridgenorth on the Severn, a favourite crossing place of Danish war-bands. In 913 she built fortresses at Tamworth to protect the Mercian border from attack by the Danes of Leicester, and at Stafford to bar entry into the valley of the Trent. Next year she repaired a prehistoric camp at Eddisbury from which a garrison could intercept raiders landing from the Mersey. She also fortified Warwick...In 915 Aethelflaed secured her frontier with mid-Wales by a fort at Chirbury and guarded the head of the Mersey with one at Runcorn. By 916 a line of fortresses from Essex to the Mersey, eleven of them built or repaired by Aethelflaed, sixteen by Edward, menaced the Danes, who hurled themselves against them in vain. The last known Danish king of East Anglia perished in battle. Within a year the army of Northampton surrendered, Huntingdon was occupied, the armies of Cambridge and East Anglia submitted to Edward, and Derby, the first of the five principal Danish boroughs, was taken by Aethelflaed. There remained Leicester, Nottingham, Stamford, and Lincoln. In 918 Edward advanced to Stamford and overawed the Danes there into submission, while Aethelflaed made her entry unopposed into Leicester. Before the end of the year Nottingham had surrendered and all England south of the Humber acknowledged Edward as its master.

"Throughout this masterly campaign, brilliantly conceived and prosecuted with unwavering determination, the Lady of the Mercians acted in perfect accord with her brother. Both of them displayed generalship of the highest order. By contrast, the lack of cohesion between the various Danish armies weakened their resistance to the victorious pair. But Aethelflaed did not live to see the final triumph. She died on 12 June 918, leaving one child, a daughter Aelfwynn. To forestall any separatist tendency, Edward promptly occupied Tamworth, received the submission of the Mercians, and took command of their levies. Then he completed Aethelflaed's defences of her northern frontier by building a new fortress at Thelwall, and repairing the Roman fortifications of Manchester, meanwhile allowing Aelfwynn to exercise nominal authority in her mother's place. But the arrangement lasted less than a twelvemonth. In the winter of 919 Edward deported his niece into Wessex, where she presumably ended her days in a convent. This masterful act may or may not have been welcome to the Mercians, but it swept away thelast vestige of their independence."

ANCESTRAL FILE

Ancestral File Ver 4.10 FLGQ-66 Ethelfleda Princess of ENGLAND Born Abt 869 Wessex England Mar Ethelred Duke of MERCIA (AFN:GXQD-R9) Died 12 Jun 918 St Peters Gloucestershire England, HESP Ethelfleda, EBMicro Aethelflaed.

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BOOKS

Kings and Queens of Great Britain, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1990: "Aethelflaed The Lady of Mercia,Mar Aethelred Ealdorman of Mercia, Died 918."

A History of the English Speaking People Winston S Churchill Vol I The Birth of Britain Dodd Mead & Co 1956 p128: "Edward's sister had been, as we have seen, married to Earl Ethelred of Mercia. Ethelred died in 911, and his widow, Ethelfleda, succeeded and supassed him. In those savage times the mergence of a woman ruler was enough to betoken her possession of extraordinary qualities. Edward the Elder, as he was afterwards called, and his sister, the Lady of the Mercians,' conducted the national war in common, and carried its success to heights which Alred never knew. The policy of the two kingdoms, thus knit by blood and need, marched in perfect harmony, and the next onslaught of Danes was met with confident alacrity and soon broken. The victors then set themselves deliberately to the complete conquest of the Danelaw and its Five Boroughs. This task occupied the next ten years, brother and sister advancing in concert upon their respective lines, and fortifying towns they took at every stage. In 918, when Edward stormed Tempsford, near Bedford, and King Guthrum was killed, the whole resistance of East Anglia collapsed, and all the Danish leaders submitted to Edward as their protector and lord. They were granted in return their estates and the right to live according to their Danish customs. At the same time the Lady of the Mercians' conquered Leicester, and received even from York offers ofsubmission. In this hour of success Ethelfleda died, and Edward, hastening to Tamworth, was invited by the nobles of Mercia to occupy the vacant throne."

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol III, p799, Edward the Elder: "[Edward's]sister, the Mercian ruler Aethelflaed, constructed a complementary series of fortresses in the northwest Midlands. In 917 Edward and Aethelflaed launched a massive offensive, quickly overwhelming the entire Danish army of East Anglia. Upon Aethelflaed's death in June 918, Edward assumed control of Mercia..."

Vol I, p116, Aethelflaed: "also Ethelfleda, called Lady of the Mercians, Died 12 Jun 918 Tamworth (now in Staffordshire), Anglo-Saxon ruler of Mercia in England. The daughter of Alfred the Great,...Aethelflaed became the effective ruler of Mercia some years before the death (911) of her husband, Aethelred, Ealdorman of the Mercians...captured Derby occupied Leicester but died before the campaign was successfully completed. Edward then claimed his sister's kingdom and completed the subjugation of the Danes. Because Aethelflaed had extended her influence into Wales and Northumbria, Edward was able to assert his authority over these regions as well. Thus, almost all of England came under his control."

The New Columbia Encyclopedia, 1975, p175, Athelstan: "...As a youth he lived in the household of his aunt, Aethelflaed, Lady of the Mercians..."

From Alfred to Henry III 871-1272, Christopher Brooke, 1961, Norton Library History of England, p43: "...In 886 [Alfred] captured London, and put it in charge of his close ally, Ethelred, Ealdorman of the Mercians, who shortly after married Alfred's daughter, Aethelflaed..."

p50: "...Ethelred,Ealdorman of Mercia, died in 911, but co-operation did not cease with his death. His place was filled by his wife, Edward's sister, Aethelflaed, Lady of the Mercians', who continued her husband's work in close association with her brother until her own death in 918; from then on Wessex and Mercia were united..."

"...After the Ealdorman Ethelred's death in 911, Edward took over London and the south-east Midlands, leaving the rest of English Mercia to Aethelflaed. The building offortresses and the advance east and north went on steadily through the following years. In 914 Aethelflaed built a fortress at Eddisbury (Cheshire) and at Warwick; in 917 she captured Derby; in 918 Leicester, and but for her death that year she might have received the submission of York. In 912 Edward built a burh at Herford, and prepared for campaigns to east and north. In 914 and 915 he received the submission of Bedford and Northampton; in 916 he built a burh at Maldon in Essex;in 917 he and his followers defeated a great counteroffensive mounted by the Danes, and occupied Essex and East Anglia, restoring the burh at Colchester. In 918 he was at Stamford and Nottingham. These places had been two of the crucial Danishcentres of power south of the Humber; it is likely that a third, Lincoln, also submitted to Edward in thsi year. By these surrenders he became lord of the Danelaw up to the line of the Humber; by his sister's death he was lord of Mercia; and inthe same year the kings of several leading Welsh kingdoms accepted his overlordship.

"The offer by the Danes of York to submit to Aethelflaed- an offer not repeated to Edward after her death- was partly inspired by the progress of anotherViking power, this time of Norse origin and leadership..."

The Formation of England 550-1042, HPR Finberg, 1977, Paladin, p127: "...In 885 the Danes in East Anglia broke the peace. Alfred reacted strongly, and in the following year took London by storm. London had long been a Mercian town, and Alfred refrained from annexing it to his own kingdom. Ceolwulf II, the last English king of Mercia, being now presumably dead, the part of Mercia not under Danish rule was governed by an ealdorman named Ethelred. Alfred entrusted the government of London to him and gave him his daughter Aethelflaed in marriage. Thus far Mercian independence was respected, but Ethelred never assumed the kingly title, and was content to reign as Alfred's viceroy...

p145: "The possibility that [the Norwegian immigrants crossing from Ireland and settling in the north-west] might make common cause with the independent Danish forces in eastern England naturally alarmed the government of English Mercia. The ealsorman Ethelred, as loyal to King Edward as he had been to Edward's father, was now a sick man, and responsibility devolved upon his wife, Alfred's daughter Aethelflaed. In 907 she repaired the walls of Chester and placed a garrison there to control disaffection in Wirral..."

"In 911 Ethelred of Mercia died, and Aethelflaed acquiesced when Edward annexed London and Oxford to his own kingdom. The doughty princess, half Mercian by descent on her mother's side, was known as the Lady of the Mercians. For the rest of her life she collaborated loyally and effectively with her brother in a campaign to subdue the independent Danish armies in England.

"The key to their strategy was the extension of the system devised by Alfred, of building fortresses, boroughs', to protect English territory from Danish inroads and to serve as bases for operations against the enemy... Meanwhile Aethelflaed fortified Sceargeat, a place as yet unidentified, and Bridgenorth on the Severn, a favourite crossing place of Danish war-bands. In 913 she built fortresses at Tamworth to protect the Mercian border from attack by the Danes of Leicester, and at Stafford to bar entry into the valley of the Trent. Next year she repaired a prehistoric camp at Eddisbury from which a garrison could intercept raiders landing from the Mersey. She also fortified Warwick...In 915 Aethelflaed secured her frontier with mid-Wales by a fort at Chirbury and guarded the head of the Mersey with one at Runcorn. By 916 a line of fortresses from Essex to the Mersey, eleven of them built or repaired by Aethelflaed, sixteen by Edward, menaced the Danes, who hurled themselves against them in vain. The last known Danish king of East Anglia perished in battle. Within a year the army of Northampton surrendered, Huntingdon was occupied, the armies of Cambridge and East Anglia submitted to Edward, and Derby, the first of the five principal Danish boroughs, was taken by Aethelflaed. There remained Leicester, Nottingham, Stamford, and Lincoln. In 918 Edward advanced to Stamford and overawed the Danes there into submission, while Aethelflaed made her entry unopposed into Leicester. Before the end of the year Nottingham had surrendered and all England south of the Humber acknowledged Edward as its master.

"Throughout this masterly campaign, brilliantly conceived and prosecuted with unwavering determination, the Lady of the Mercians acted in perfect accord with her brother. Both of them displayed generalship of the highest order. By contrast, the lack of cohesion between the various Danish armies weakened their resistance to the victorious pair. But Aethelflaed did not live to see the final triumph. She died on 12 June 918, leaving one child, a daughter Aelfwynn. To forestall any separatist tendency, Edward promptly occupied Tamworth, received the submission of the Mercians, and took command of their levies. Then he completed Aethelflaed's defences of her northern frontier by building a new fortress at Thelwall, and repairing the Roman fortifications of Manchester, meanwhile allowing Aelfwynn to exercise nominal authority in her mother's place. But the arrangement lasted less than a twelvemonth. In the winter of 919 Edward deported his niece into Wessex, where she presumably ended her days in a convent. This masterful act may or may not have been welcome to the Mercians, but it swept away thelast vestige of their independence."

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Ælfthryth of Wessex, also known as Elftrudis, (died June 7, 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders.

[edit] Family

They had the following issue:

   * Arnulf I of Flanders (c. 890–964), married Adela of Vermandois
   * Adalulf (c. 890–933), Count of Boulogne
   * Ealswid
   * Ermentrud

[edit] References

   *  "Ælfthryth (d.929)". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900​. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

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Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other persons of the same name, see Ælfthryth.

Ælfthryth, also known as Elfrida, (died 929), was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (d. 918), Count of Flanders.

[edit]Family

They had the following issue:

Arnulf I of Flanders (c. 890-964), married Adela of Vermandois

Adalulf (c. 890-933), Count of Boulogne

Ealswid

Ermentrud

--------------------

From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_042.htm

various other spellings: Elstrude, Alfritha, or Elfrida, called Ethelwida

References: [RFC],[Weis1] -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86lfthryth,_Countess_of_Flanders

Ælfthryth of Wessex (died June 7, 929), also known as Elftrudis, was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. She had four or five siblings, including King Edward the Elder and Ethelfleda.

Ælfthryth married Baldwin II (died 918), Count of Flanders. -------------------- bout (AElfthryth) Ælfthryth Countess of Flanders Ælfthryth of Wessex (877 – June 7, 929), also known as Elftrudis(Elftrude, Elfrida), was an English princess and a countess consort of Flanders. She was the last child of Alfred the Great, the Saxon King of England and his wife Ealhswith. Ælfthryth married Baldwin II, Count of Flanders. They had the following issue: Arnulf I of Flanders (c. 890–964), married Adela of Vermandois Adalulf (c. 890–933), Count of Boulogne Ealswid Ermentrud Ælfthryth was a direct ancestor of Matilda of Flanders, who married William the Conqueror, first monarch from the House of Normandy, granting a descendant of the House of Wessex to be king of England, even after the Norman conquest of England.

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Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders's Timeline

877
877
Wessex, England
887
887
Age 10
Mercia,,,England
890
890
Age 13
Gent, Vlaanderen
891
891
Age 14
Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
893
893
Age 16
Flanders, Belgium
893
Age 16
Europe
896
896
Age 19
Flanders, Belgium
929
June 7, 929
Age 52
French Flanders, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
June 7, 929
Age 52
St. Peters Abbey, Ghent, Belgium
1928
October 13, 1928
Age 52