Ève Curie-Labouisse

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Ève Denise Labouisse (Curie)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Париж, France
Death: Died in Ню Йорк, New York, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Pierre Curie, Nobel Prize in Physics, 1903 and Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1911
Wife of Henry Richardson Labouisse Jr
Sister of Irène Joliot-Curie, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1935

Occupation: писателка
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Ève Curie-Labouisse

Eve Curie Labouisse, Mother’s Biographer, Dies at 102

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By MARGALIT FOX Published: October 25, 2007

Eve Curie Labouisse, a journalist and humanitarian best known for her biography of her mother, the Nobel Prize-winning scientist Marie Curie, died on Monday at her home on the Upper East Side of Manhattan. She was 102. Enlarge This Image The New York Times

The author Eve Curie Labouisse at her typewriter in 1961.

Mrs. Labouisse’s stepdaughter, Anne L. Peretz, confirmed the death.

Published in 1937, “Madame Curie” chronicled the life of Marie Curie, who earned the Nobel Prize twice, first in physics in 1903 (the award was shared with her husband, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel) and again in chemistry in 1911.

Mrs. Labouisse’s admiring portrait followed her mother (née Marya Sklodowska) from her birth and girlhood in Poland through her education in France and her discovery, with her husband, of the radioactive elements radium and polonium. The book quickly became a best seller and in 1943 was made into a Hollywood film, starring Greer Garson as Marie and Walter Pidgeon as Pierre.

Reviewing the book in The New York Times (it was published by Doubleday, Doran & Company in 1937 in an English translation by Vincent Sheean), Charles Poore called it “a biography that stirs the heart and the mind by a fine counterpoint of sense and sensibility, a great story superbly told.”

In the 70 years since its publication, “Madame Curie” has endured as a classic of scientific biography, devoured by generations of academically minded girls. Some modern critics, however, have taken it to task for drawing a veil over the less saintly aspects of Marie Curie’s life, notably her passionate affair with a married man in the years after Pierre’s death. Though the affair was a huge public scandal in France at the time, Mrs. Labouisse’s biography, published three years after her mother died, does not mention it.

In wide demand as a lecturer after “Madame Curie” was published, Mrs. Labouisse was also known for her staunch public advocacy of the Free French cause after the Nazis occupied France in 1940. After the war, she was a publisher of the French newspaper Paris-Press, and in the early 1950s was a special adviser to the secretary general of NATO.

Her other books include “Journey Among Warriors” (Doubleday, Doran, 1943), a best-selling account of her 40,000-mile trip across a series of wartime fronts: North Africa, Iraq, Iran, Russia, India, Burma and China.

Throughout her life, Mrs. Labouisse appeared to have taken her famous family in stride. “You are not mixing me up with my sister by any chance?” she asked an interviewer in 1972. “You see, I am the only one of the family not to have won a Nobel Prize.” (In 1935, Mrs. Labouisse’s older sister, Irène Joliot-Curie, and her husband, Frédéric Joliot, won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their synthesis of new radioactive elements.)

But Mrs. Labouisse had abundant talents of her own. Originally trained as a concert pianist, she performed throughout France and Belgium as a young woman and later wrote music criticism for several French periodicals. She was also considered to have been one of the most beautiful women in Paris in the 1920s and ’30s.

Eve Denise Curie was born in Paris on Dec. 6, 1904. She scarcely knew her father: in April 1906, while crossing a rain-slicked street, Pierre Curie slipped under the wheels of a passing horse-drawn wagon and was killed. Madame Curie, her daughter later said, could not bear to speak of him and plunged herself even more deeply into her work.

Mrs. Labouisse would later say that as a child she saw little of her mother, becoming close to her only as a teenager and afterward, as she nursed her through her final illness. Marie Curie died in 1934, at 66, of leukemia, which was believed to have been caused by her prolonged exposure to radioactive material.

In 1940, after France fell, Eve Curie went to England to work for the Free French. She later served in Europe with the women’s division of Gen. Charles de Gaulle’s Fighting French. In May 1941, the Vichy government revoked her French citizenship; she eventually settled in the United States.

In 1954, Eve Curie married Henry Richardson Labouisse, who was later the United States ambassador to Greece. From 1965 to 1979, Mr. Labouisse was the executive director of Unicef, and it was he who accepted the Nobel Peace Prize when it was awarded to Unicef in 1965.

Mr. Labouisse died in 1987. Besides her stepdaughter, Ms. Peretz, of Cambridge, Mass., Mrs. Labouisse is survived by four stepgrandchildren and 11 stepgreat-grandchildren. Her only sibling, Irène Joliot-Curie, died in 1956, at 58, of leukemia, which was believed to have been caused by her prolonged exposure to radioactive material.

To the end of her life, her stepdaughter said, Mrs. Labouisse felt enormous guilt that she alone among the women in her family had escaped a life of radiation and its consequences.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eve_Curie

Ève Curie Labouisse (ur. 6 grudnia 1904 w Paryżu, zm. 22 października 2007 Nowy Jork) – francuska pisarka, dziennikarka, pianistka i polityk. Córka Marii i Pierre'a Curie, młodsza siostra Irène Joliot-Curie, szwagierka Fryderyka Joliot.

Osierocona przez ojca w wieku dwóch lat. Autorka znanej biografii matki, Madame Curie (1937; w Polsce wydawanej pt. Maria Curie, po raz pierwszy w 1938), którą napisała trzy lata po jej śmierci. W 1937 roku prezydent RP Ignacy Mościcki odznaczył Ewę Curie Krzyżem Oficerskim Polonia Restituta.

W początkach II wojny światowej była jednym z dyrektorów "Paris - Presse". Po kapitulacji Francji w czerwcu 1940 opuściła kraj; wyjechała do Anglii opowiadając się za gen. de Gaulle i siłami Wolnej Francji. W latach 1940-1944 była korespondentem wojennym wielu dzienników amerykańskich. Przeżycia z tego okresu opisała w książce Journey Among Warriors. Zbiór reportaży, które złożyły się na książkę, został nominowany w 1944 do nagrody Pulitzera.

Po wojnie zajmowała się sprawami kobiet w rządzie Charles'a de Gaulle’a. W 1948 wraz z gronem innych wybitnych intelektualistów europejskich popierała powstanie państwa Izrael apelując w tej sprawie do ONZ.

W 1952 została mianowana specjalnym doradcą Sekretarza Generalnego NATO. W czasie asystowania Sekretarzowi Generalnemu NATO zajmowała się również zwalczaniem hegemonizmu sowieckiego. W 1954 poślubiła Henry'ego Labouisse, ambasadora USA w Grecji, wieloletniego dyrektora wykonawczego UNICEF[1]. Wraz z mężem odbyła wiele podróży do krajów korzystających z pomocy UNICEF. Mocno zaangażowana w działalność na rzecz dzieci w różnych misjach, odwiedziła niosąc im pomoc aż 109 krajów.

O sobie ze śmiechem mówiła, że przyniosła "wstyd rodzinie". "W mojej rodzinie było pięć Nagród Nobla" – żartowała – "Dwie dla matki, jedna dla ojca, jedna dla siostry i szwagra oraz jedna dla męża. Tylko mnie się nie udało..." (Henry R. Labouisse z żoną u boku odbierał pokojową Nagrodę Nobla dla UNICEF w 1965).

Po wojnie dwukrotnie odwiedziła Polskę. W 1967 r. z okazji otwarcia warszawskiego muzeum Marii i w 1999 r.

Z okazji 100. urodzin w grudniu 2004 roku Ewie Curie Labouisse składał życzenia w jej nowojorskiej rezydencji sekretarz generalny ONZ, prezydenci Francji i Stanów Zjednoczonych. List gratulacyjny wystosował również Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie[2], nie było natomiast odzewu ze strony polskich władz państwowych.

W III Rzeczypospolitej córka polskiej noblistki otrzymała od polskiego prezydenta Aleksandra Kwaśniewskiego Krzyż Komandorski Orderu Odrodzenia Polski. Wręczyć orderu już nie miał okazji. Dokonał tego jego następca Lech Kaczyński, podczas wizyty w Stanach Zjednoczonych (17-19 września 2006 r.) podkreślając wielkie zasługi dla Polski całej wybitnej rodziny noblistów.

Zmarła we śnie w nowojorskiej rezydencji Sutton Place, przeżywszy 103 lata.

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Ève Curie-Labouisse's Timeline

1904
December 6, 1904
Париж, France
1954
1954
Age 49
X-Unknown
2007
October 22, 2007
Age 102
Ню Йорк, New York, United States