Óláfr the White Sigtryggsson, King of Dublin

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Óláfr the White Sigtryggsson, King of Dublin

Also Known As: "Olaf of Ireland", "King of Dublin and York"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Death: Died in pilgrimage to Rome
Immediate Family:

Son of Sitric I, King of Dublin and Sláine Ingen Ní Bhriain
Husband of Máelcorcre ingen Dúnlaing Ó Tuathail and Máelcorcre ingen Dúnlaing Ó Tuathail
Father of Ranallt Olafsdottir; Maclmuir De Dublin; Maccus of Man; Ragnvald Olafsson of DUBLIN and Rhanult Olofsdotter
Brother of Ivar II King Of Dublin; Godfrid (Guthfrith) King of Dublin Guthfrith; King of Limerick Harald (Amlaíb) Sihtricsson and Auleod O'Olaf, King of Ireland

Occupation: King of Dublin, King Of Dublin
Managed by: Scott David Hibbard
Last Updated:

About Óláfr the White Sigtryggsson, King of Dublin

Amlaíb mac Sitric, rí Gall1,2,3

b. circa 1010, d. 1034

Father Sitric mac Amlaíb, rí Gall4,2 b. before 981

Mother Slani ingen Briain Dál gCais4,3,2 b. after 995

    Also called Óláfr Old Norse.5 Amlaíb mac Sitric, rí Gall was born circa 1010. He was the son of Sitric mac Amlaíb, rí Gall and Slani ingen Briain Dál gCais.4,2,3 Chronicon Scotorum 1029: "Amlaíb son of Sitric was captured by Mathgamain ua Riacáin, king of southern Brega, and left twelve hundred cows and six score Welsh horses and three score unga of gold and the sword of Carlus as ransom and a mark for the man that captured him."6 Annals of the Loch Cé 1029: "Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, king of the Foreigners, was taken prisoner by Mathghamhain Ua Riagain, king of Bregha, until he Amhlaibh gave twelve hundred cows, and six score British horses, and three score ounces of gold, and the sword of Carlus, and the hostages of the Gaeidhel, both of Laighen and Leth-Chuinn; and three scores ounces of white silver, as his fetter ounce. / Amhlaib mac Sitrec, rí Gall, do erghabháil do Mathghamhain .H. Riagháin, rí Breagh, go b-fhargaibh dha ced dhég bo, & .ui. xx. eoch m-bretnach, & tri xx uinge do ór, & cloidhem Carlusa, & aitire Gaoidel edir Laighnib & Leth Cuinn, & tri fichit uincce d' airged ghil ina h-uinge gheimhlidhe."7 Annals of Ulster 1029: "Amlaíb son of Sitriuc, king of the foreigners, was held prisoner by Mathgamain ua Riacáin, king of Brega, and as his ransom he gave up 1,200 cows and six score Welsh horses and sixty ounces of gold and the sword of Carlus and Irish pledges both of Laigin and Conn's Half, and sixty ounces of pure silver; and four score cows was the portion of the award and the bequest, with four pledges, to ua Riacáin himself for peace, and full compensation for the release of one of the three pledges. / Amhlaim m. Sitriuc, ri Gall, do erghabhail do Mathgamain H. Riagain, ri Bregh, co fargaibh da .c. dec bo & .ui. xx. ech m-Bretnach & tri .xx. unga do or & cloidim Carlusa & aitire Gaidel eter Laigniu & Leth Cuind, & tri .xx. unga do argut gil ina ungai geimlech, cona cethri fichid bo cuid focall & impidhe & cethri oeitire d'O Riagain fein fri sith, & lan-logh braghad in treas oeiteire."8 Royal Heir of Dublin.2 Amlaíb mac Sitric, rí Gall married Máelcorcre Ó Toole, daughter of rí Laigin Dúnlang mac Tuathail Uí Muiredaig and unknown (?), before 1031.1 Chronicon Scotorum 1034: "Amlaíb son of Sitric was killed by the Saxons on his way to Rome."9 Amlaíb mac Sitric, rí Gall died in 1034. Killed by the "Saxons" while enroute to Rome on pilgrimage.1,2,3,10 Annals of Ulster 1034: "Amlaíb son of Sitriuc was killed by the Saxons on his way to Rome. / Amlaim m. Sitriuc do marbad do Saxanaibh oc dul do Roim."10 Annals of the Loch Cé 1034: "Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, was slain by Saxons, in going to Rome. / Amhlaib mac Sítrec do marbadh do t-Saxanachaib, ag dul do Róimh."11

Family

Máelcorcre Ó Toole b. before 1014

Child

Radnaillt of Dublin+ b. c 10311,12

Citations

[S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis: AR 7th ed., 239-3.

[S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998.

[S486] Peniarth MS. 17, mid-13th Century unknown repository.

[S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis: AR 7th ed., 239-2.

[S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998, Old Norse forms are based on twelfth and thirteenth century Icelandic sources..

[S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS1029.

[S1384] [unknown], ALC, LC1029.6.

[S897] [unknown], AU, U1029.6.

[S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS1034.

[S897] [unknown], AU, U1034.2.

[S1384] [unknown], ALC, LC1034.2.

[S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998, "Although reservations have sometimes been expressed regarding this information, enough of the data from the pedigrees of Radnaillt are verified in Irish sources that I am inclined to regard the information as genuine.".

--------------------

  1. ID: I18719
  2. Name: OLAF Sihtricson King Of Dublin
  3. Given Name: OLAF Sihtricson
  4. Surname: King Of Dublin
  5. Sex: M
  6. Birth: 994-1000 in Dublin, Ireland
  7. Death: 1034-1091 in Route to Rome on a pilgrimage
  8. Change Date: 21 Sep 2005 at 15:23

Sometime in the 10th century, Olaf Sihtricson, the Danish king of Dublin and Northumbria, and known in sagas as Olaf the Red, was born (d. c. 981).

Olaf Sihtricson, known in sagas as Olaf the Red (died c. 981), Danish King of Northumbria (940-944, 949-952) and King of Dublin (944-949, 952-980)

Father: SIHTRIC "Silken Beard" Olafsson King Of Dublin b: 964 in Dublin, Ireland

Mother: SLANI of Ireland b: 983 in of Munster, Ireland

Marriage 1 Maelcorcre of Leinster Dlnlaing O'muiredaig b: Abt 1000 in Leinster, Ireland

   * Married:
   * Change Date: 21 Sep 2005

Children

  1. Has Children Ragnhildir (Ranult) ingen Olaf Of Dublin b: Abt 1030

--------------------

Also called Óláfr Old Norse.5 Amlaíb mac Sitric, rí Gall was born circa 1010. He was the son of Sitric mac Amlaíb, rí Gall and Slani ingen Briain Dál gCais.4,2,3 Chronicon Scotorum 1029: "Amlaíb son of Sitric was captured by Mathgamain ua Riacáin, king of southern Brega, and left twelve hundred cows and six score Welsh horses and three score unga of gold and the sword of Carlus as ransom and a mark for the man that captured him."6 Annals of the Loch Cé 1029: "Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, king of the Foreigners, was taken prisoner by Mathghamhain Ua Riagain, king of Bregha, until he Amhlaibh gave twelve hundred cows, and six score British horses, and three score ounces of gold, and the sword of Carlus, and the hostages of the Gaeidhel, both of Laighen and Leth-Chuinn; and three scores ounces of white silver, as his fetter ounce. / Amhlaib mac Sitrec, rí Gall, do erghabháil do Mathghamhain .H. Riagháin, rí Breagh, go b-fhargaibh dha ced dhég bo, & .ui. xx. eoch m-bretnach, & tri xx uinge do ór, & cloidhem Carlusa, & aitire Gaoidel edir Laighnib & Leth Cuinn, & tri fichit uincce d' airged ghil ina h-uinge gheimhlidhe."7 Annals of Ulster 1029: "Amlaíb son of Sitriuc, king of the foreigners, was held prisoner by Mathgamain ua Riacáin, king of Brega, and as his ransom he gave up 1,200 cows and six score Welsh horses and sixty ounces of gold and the sword of Carlus and Irish pledges both of Laigin and Conn's Half, and sixty ounces of pure silver; and four score cows was the portion of the award and the bequest, with four pledges, to ua Riacáin himself for peace, and full compensation for the release of one of the three pledges. / Amhlaim m. Sitriuc, ri Gall, do erghabhail do Mathgamain H. Riagain, ri Bregh, co fargaibh da .c. dec bo & .ui. xx. ech m-Bretnach & tri .xx. unga do or & cloidim Carlusa & aitire Gaidel eter Laigniu & Leth Cuind, & tri .xx. unga do argut gil ina ungai geimlech, cona cethri fichid bo cuid focall & impidhe & cethri oeitire d'O Riagain fein fri sith, & lan-logh braghad in treas oeiteire."8 Royal Heir of Dublin.2 Amlaíb mac Sitric, rí Gall married Máelcorcre Ó Toole, daughter of rí Laigin Dúnlang mac Tuathail Uí Muiredaig and unknown (?), before 1031.1 Chronicon Scotorum 1034: "Amlaíb son of Sitric was killed by the Saxons on his way to Rome."9 Amlaíb mac Sitric, rí Gall died in 1034. Killed by the "Saxons" while enroute to Rome on pilgrimage.1,2,3,10 Annals of Ulster 1034: "Amlaíb son of Sitriuc was killed by the Saxons on his way to Rome. / Amlaim m. Sitriuc do marbad do Saxanaibh oc dul do Roim."10 Annals of the Loch Cé 1034: "Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, was slain by Saxons, in going to Rome. / Amhlaib mac Sítrec do marbadh do t-Saxanachaib, ag dul do Róimh."11

Family

Máelcorcre Ó Toole b. before 1014

Child

   * Radnaillt of Dublin+ b. c 10311,12

http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p339.htm#i12019 -------------------- Amlaíb mac Sitriuc

Amlaíb mac Sitriuc ("Amhlaeibh, son of Sitric") or Olaf Sigtryggsson was the son of the Hiberno-Norse King of Dublin, Sigtrygg Silkbeard and Sláine, the daughter of Brian Boru. A member of the Uí Ímair dynasty, his ancestors also included Amlaíb Cuarán and Gormflaith, who were influential in medieval Ireland. He was ransomed by the Gaelic lord of Brega and later killed in England by Anglo-Saxons while on his way on pilgrimage to Rome in 1034. Some of his descendants later became the Kings of Gwynedd in Wales.

Family


Amlaíb was the son of the ruling King of Dublin, Sigtrygg Silkbeard (d. 1042), and his wife Sláine, daughter of the King of Munster and High King of Ireland, Brian Boru (d. 1014), and his first wife.[1][2][1][3] His paternal grandfather was Amlaíb Cuarán (d. 981), the powerful King of York and of Dublin.[1] Amlaíb Cuarán's wife was Gormflaith (d. 1030), a "beautiful, powerful and intriguing Irish woman" who later married Boru at the same time Sigtrygg married Sláine.[3]


Amlaíb had four half-brothers: Artalach (d. 999),[4] Oleif (d. 1013), Godfrey (d. 1036), Glúniairn (d. 1031).[1] Oleif was killed in immediate vengeance for the burning of the Norse city of Cork.[5] Glúniairn was killed by the people of South Brega in 1031.[6] Godfrey was killed in Wales, possibly by a first cousin.[7] Amlaíb was outlived by his half-sister Cellach, who died in 1042 in the same month as her father.[8]


Politics


In 1027, after the death of Máel Sechlainn in 1022 and the chaos which accompanied the subsequent bids for the High Kingship by the Irish princes, Sigtrygg Silkbeard was forced to make a new alliance with the men of Brega.[9] Amlaíb joined Donnchad of Brega in a raid on Staholmock, County Meath.[10] The army of Sigtrygg and Donnchad was defeated by the men of Meath under their king, Roen Ua Mael Sechlainn.[10][11] Sigtrygg rallied to the fight again, and fought a battle at Lickblaw where Donnchad and Roen were slain.[10][11]


In 1029, Amlaíb was taken prisoner by the new lord of Brega, Mathghamhain Ua Riagain, who exacted a ransom of 1200 cows.[2] Further conditions of the agreement necessitated payment of another 140 British horses, 60 ounces of gold and of silver, "the sword of Carlus", the Irish hostages of Leinster and Leath Cuinn, "four hostages to Ua Riagain as a security for peace, and the full value of the life of the third hostage."[2] Added to the total, 80 cows "for word and supplication"[2] were to be paid to the man who entreated for Amlaíb's release.[12] The incident illustrates the importance of ransoming noble captives, as a means of political manipulation, increasing one's own revenues and exhausting the resources of one's foes.[12] The demand of British horses also suggests that Dublin was one of the main ports for importing horses into 11th century Ireland, and that Amlaíb's family may have been personally involved in husbandry.[12]


According to the 17th century Annals of the Four Masters, Amlaíb mac Sitriuc "was slain by the Saxons" on his way on a pilgrimage to Rome in 1034.[13] He was survived by one Ragnhild, who was the mother of Gruffudd ap Cynan, from whom the Kings of Gwynedd were descended.[1]

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Óláfr the White Sigtryggsson, King of Dublin's Timeline

993
993
Dublin, Ireland
1015
1015
Age 22
1025
1025
Age 32
Dublin, Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
1025
Age 32
Dublin, Leinster, Dublin, Ireland
1031
1031
Age 38
Dublin, Fingal, Ireland
1034
1034
Age 41
pilgrimage to Rome

Died on a pilgrimage to Rome.

????
????
????
Dublin, Ireland