Þorsteinn "rauði (the Red)" Ólafsson (c.850 - 888)

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Nicknames: "Thorstein", "Hebrides"
Birthplace: Dublin, Dublin City, Co. Dublin, Ireland
Death: Died in Dala, Iceland
Occupation: Warrior King (Herkongungr) In The Hebrides, Roi, de Dublin, Konungur í Skotlandi, крал в Шотландия, Kongur í Skotlandi, Konge af Skotland, Skotakonungur, Skottekonge. Men skotterne gjorde oprør imod ham og dræbte ham. (?), King over the
Managed by: Bianca May Evelyn Brennan
Last Updated:

About Þorsteinn "rauði (the Red)" Ólafsson

Thorstein "Raude" Olafsson (ca 850-890), settler in Iceland

Wikipedia (English)

Basics

  • Father: Olaf "Hviti" Ingladsson
  • Mother: Aud den Djupaugde Ketilsdotter
  • Wife: Turid, daughter of Eyvind the Easterner
    • Son: Olaf Feilan
    • Daugher: Groa
    • Daughter: Alof
    • Daughter: Osk
    • Daughter: Thorhild
    • Daughter: Thorgerd
    • Daughter: Vigdis

Sources

Landnamabok chapter XV says:

Thorstein married Thurid, the daughter of Eyvind the Easterner, and sister of Helgi the Lean; they had many children. Their son was named Olaf Feilan, and their daughters, Groa and Alof, Osk, and Thorhild, Thorgerd and Vigdis.

http://www.northvegr.org/sagas%20annd%20epics/miscellaneous/landnamabok/011.html

THE LAXDAELA SAGA CHAPTER IV Ketill goes to Scotland, A.D. 890.

Ketill Flatnose brought his ship to Scotland, and was well received by the great men there; for he was a renowned man, and of high birth. They offered him there such station as he would like to take, and Ketill and his company of kinsfolk settled down there all except Thorstein, his daughter's son, who forthwith betook himself to warring, and harried Scotland far and wide, and was always victorious. Later on he made peace with the Scotch, and got for his own one-half of Scotland. He had for wife Thurid, daughter of Eyvind, and sister of Helgi the Lean. The Scotch did not keep the peace long, but treacherously murdered him. Ari Thorgils' son the Wise, writing of his death, says that he fell in Caithness. Unn the Deepminded was in Caithness when her son Thorstein fell. When she heard that Thorstein was dead, and her father had breathed his last, she deemed she would have no prospering in store there. So she had a ship built secretly in a wood, and when it was ready built she arrayed it, and had great wealth withal; and she took with her all her kinsfolk who were left alive; and men deem that scarce may an example be found that any one, a woman only, has ever got out of such a state of war with so much wealth and so great a following. From this it may be seen how peerless among women she was. Unn had with her many men of great worth and high birth. A man named Koll was one of the worthiest amongst her followers, chiefly owing to his descent, he being by title a "Hersir". There was also in the journey with Unn a man named Hord, and he too was also a man of high birth and of great worth. When she was ready, Unn took her ship to the Orkneys; there she stayed a little while, and there she married off Gro, the daughter of Thorstein the Red. She was the mother of Greilad, who married Earl Thorfinn, the son of Earl Turf-Einar, son of Rognvald Mere-Earl. Their son was Hlodvir, the father of Earl Sigurd, the father of Earl Thorfinn, and from them come all the kin of the Orkney Earls. After that Unn steered her ship to the Faroe Isles, and stayed there for some time. There she married off another daughter of Thorstein, named Olof, and from her sprung the noblest race of that land, who are called the Gate-Beards.

-------------------- In the book "The Highland Clans", Sir Iain Moncreiffe shows Þorsteinn as ancestor of both Clan Sinclair of Caithness and Clan Gunn of Kilearnan. Þorsteinn had six daughters and a son (Olafur feilan).

-------------------- Skotakonungur. -------------------- Thorstein the Red From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thorstein the Red or Thorstein Olafsson was a viking chieftain who flourished in late ninth-century Scotland. He was born around 850 AD and was the son of Olaf the White, King of Dublin, and Aud the Deep-minded, who was the daughter of Ketil Flatnose.[1] After the death of Olaf, Aud and Thorstein went to live in the Hebrides, then under Ketil's rule.[2] Thorstein eventually became a warlord and allied with the Jarl of Orkney, Sigurd Eysteinsson.[3] Together Thorstein and Sigurd waged a series of campaigns in Caithness, Sutherland, Ross, Moray, and a number of other regions, eventually receiving tribute from half of Scotland.[4] However, the Scottish chieftains plotted against Thorstein, and he was killed; the exact nature of his death is unknown but it probably took place around 880 or 890. After Thorstein's death Aud left Caithness, sojourning for a while in Orkney before settling with other members of her clan in Iceland.[5]

Thorstein married Thurid, the daughter of Eyvind the Easterner. Thorstein and Thurid had a son, Olaf Feilan, and a number of daughters, including Groa, Thorgerd, Olof, Osk, Thorhild, and Vigdis.[6] A woman named Unn, wife of Thorolf Mostur-beard, claimed to be the daughter of Thorstein, but this claim was viewed by other Icelanders with skepticism.[7]

[edit] Notes ^ Eirik the Red's Saga § 1 (Jones 126); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51). ^ According to some, Olaf repudiated Aud and sent her back to her father's court c. 857. Forte 86. ^ Eirik the Red's Saga § 1 (Jones 126); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51). ^ Id.; Harald Finehair's Saga § 22 (Snorri 22); Orkneyinga Saga § 9 (Palsson 27). ^ Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51-52). ^ Eirik the Red's Saga § 1 (Jones 127); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 52); Njal's Saga § 1 (Cook 3); Grettir's Saga § 26 (Thorsson 62); Landnámabók passim. ^ Eyrbyggja Saga § 7 (Palsson 32). -------------------- OBS: Tórstein Reyði. Thorstein "Den Røde" Olafsson, ( Tórstein Reyði) født. ca. 858 i Dublin, Leinster, Ireland. Død. ca. 891 i Caithness, Scotland Fader: Olaf "Den Hvide" Ingjaldsson, Konge af Dublin, f. ca. 830, d. ca. 885 Moder: Auður/ Aud "Den Dybsindige" Ketilsdatter, f. ca. 840 i Raumsdal, Telemark, Norge, d. 920 i Hvamm, Dalir, Island Thorstein og Thurid (Datter af Eyvind "Austmann" Bjarnasson og Rafertach MacCearbhall) havde en datter Olof/Óluva. Gøte-Skæggerne på Færøerne siges at nedstamme fra hende. Thorstein sluttede sig sammen med Sigurd ”Den Mægtige” jarl af Orkeneyøerne og sammen erobrede de halvdelen af Skotland. De indtog ”Caitness” og landet helt syd til ”Ekkjalsbakke”. Efter at Sigurds død, sluttede Thorstein fred med Skotterne. Men de forrådte ham senere og dræbte ham.

-------------------- OBS: Tórstein Reyði. Thorstein "Den Røde" Olafsson, ( Tórstein Reyði) født. ca. 858 i Dublin, Leinster, Ireland. Død. ca. 891 i Caithness, Scotland Fader: Olaf "Den Hvide" Ingjaldsson, Konge af Dublin, f. ca. 830, d. ca. 885 Moder: Auður/ Aud "Den Dybsindige" Ketilsdatter, f. ca. 840 i Raumsdal, Telemark, Norge, d. 920 i Hvamm, Dalir, Island Thorstein og Thurid (Datter af Eyvind "Austmann" Bjarnasson og Rafertach MacCearbhall) havde en datter Olof/Óluva. Gøte-Skæggerne på Færøerne siges at nedstamme fra hende. Thorstein sluttede sig sammen med Sigurd ”Den Mægtige” jarl af Orkeneyøerne og sammen erobrede de halvdelen af Skotland. De indtog ”Caitness” og landet helt syd til ”Ekkjalsbakke”. Efter at Sigurds død, sluttede Thorstein fred med Skotterne. Men de forrådte ham senere og dræbte ham.

-------------------- Thorstein the Red or Thorstein Olafsson was a viking chieftain who flourished in late ninth-century Scotland. He was born around 850 CE and was the son of Olaf the White, King of Dublin, and Aud the Deep-minded, who was the daughter of Ketil Flatnose.[1] After the death of Olaf, Aud and Thorstein went to live in the Hebrides, then under Ketil's rule.[2] Thorstein eventually became a warlord and allied with the Jarl of Orkney, Sigurd Eysteinsson.[3] Together Thorstein and Sigurd waged a series of campaigns in Caithness, Sutherland, Ross, Moray, and a number of other regions, eventually receiving tribute from half of Scotland.[4] However, the Scottish chieftains plotted against Thorstein, and he was killed; the exact nature of his death is unknown but it probably took place around 880 or 890. After Thorstein's death Aud left Caithness, sojourning for a while in Orkney before settling with other members of her clan in Iceland.[5]

Thorstein married Thurid, the daughter of Eyvind the Easterner. Thorstein and Thurid had a son, Olaf Feilan, and a number of daughters, including Groa, Thorgerd, Olof, Osk, Thorhild, and Vigdis.[6] A woman named Unn, wife of Thorolf Mostur-beard, claimed to be the daughter of Thorstein, but this claim was viewed by other Icelanders with skepticism.[7]

-------------------- Thorstein the Red or Thorstein Olafsson was a viking chieftain who flourished in late ninth-century Scotland. He was born around 850 CE and was the son of Olaf the White, King of Dublin, and Aud the Deep-minded, who was the daughter of Ketil Flatnose.[1] After the death of Olaf, Aud and Thorstein went to live in the Hebrides, then under Ketil's rule.[2] Thorstein eventually became a warlord and allied with the Jarl of Orkney, Sigurd Eysteinsson.[3] Together Thorstein and Sigurd waged a series of campaigns in Caithness, Sutherland, Ross, Moray, and a number of other regions, eventually receiving tribute from half of Scotland.[4] However, the Scottish chieftains plotted against Thorstein, and he was killed; the exact nature of his death is unknown but it probably took place around 880 or 890. After Thorstein's death Aud left Caithness, sojourning for a while in Orkney before settling with other members of her clan in Iceland.[5] Thorstein married Thurid, the daughter of Eyvind the Easterner. Thorstein and Thurid had a son, Olaf Feilan, and a number of daughters, including Groa, Thorgerd, Olof, Osk, Thorhild, and Vigdis.[6] A woman named Unn, wife of Thorolf Mostur-beard, claimed to be the daughter of Thorstein, but this claim was viewed by other Icelanders with skepticism.[7] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thorstein_the_Red

-------------------- Thorstein the Red or Thorstein Olafsson was a viking chieftain who flourished in late ninth-century Scotland. He was born around 850 AD and was the son of Olaf the White, King of Dublin, and Aud the Deep-minded, who was the daughter of Ketil Flatnose.[1] After the death of Olaf, Aud and Thorstein went to live in the Hebrides, then under Ketil's rule.[2] Thorstein eventually became a warlord and allied with the Jarl of Orkney, Sigurd Eysteinsson.[3] Together Thorstein and Sigurd waged a series of campaigns in Caithness, Sutherland, Ross, Moray, and a number of other regions, eventually receiving tribute from half of Scotland.[4] However, the Scottish chieftains plotted against

Thorstein, and he was killed; the exact nature of his death is unknown but it probably took place around 880 or 890. After Thorstein's death Aud left Caithness, sojourning for a while in Orkney before settling with other members of her clan in Iceland.[5]

Thorstein married Thurid, the daughter of Eyvind the Easterner. Thorstein and Thurid had a son, Olaf Feilan, and a number of daughters, including Groa, Thorgerd, Olof, Osk, Thorhild, and Vigdis.[6] A woman named Unn, wife of Thorolf Mostur-beard, claimed to be the daughter of Thorstein, but this claim was viewed by other Icelanders with skepticism.[7] -------------------- Óláfr inn hvíti [Olaf the White] harried in the Western Seas and he won Dublin in Ireland, and the District of Dublin, and there he established himself as king. He married Auðrinn djúpauðga [Aud the Deep-minded], the daughter of Ketil flatnefr [Ketil Flatnose]. Their son was called Þorsteinn raudðr [Thorstein the Red]. Óláfr fell in battle in Ireland, but Auðrinn and Þorsteinn went to the Hebrides. Þorsteinn became a warrior-king (herkonungr). He entered into an alliance with jarl Sigurðr inn ríki [of Orkney] the son of Eysteinn glumra. They won Caithness and Sunderland, Ross and Moray, and more than half of Scotland. Þorsteinn became king over that region, but the Scots soon slew him and he fell there in battle.

The later 'earls of the Isles' belong to this family. -------------------- Skotakonungur. -------------------- Thorstein stood to inherit quite a kingdom since his father, Olaf, was King of Dublin and his mother's father, Ketil Flatnose was ruler of the Hebrides. Things didn't work out that way as there were some disputes between his father and grandfather. Thorstein decided to carve out his own kingdom and together with Sigurd the Mighty of the Orkneys, they made themselves masters of northern Britain, Caithness and Sutherland, and possibly parts of Moray and Ross. Although he wished to extend his authority into Scotland he was killed in an ensuing battle with the Scots in about 900. After this, his mother, Aud gathered up friends and family and sailed to Iceland. Thorstein's son, Olaf was the ancestor of a great dynasty in Iceland which is long told and remembered in the sagas.

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Þorsteinn "rauði (the Red)" Ólafsson's Timeline

850
850
Dublin, Dublin City, Co. Dublin, Ireland
868
868
Age 18
Of, , Dala, Iceland
870
870
Age 20
Scotland, United Kingdom
870
Age 20
Scotland, United Kingdom
873
873
Age 23
Scotland, United Kingdom
874
874
Age 24
Scotland, United Kingdom
878
878
Age 28
Scotland, United Kingdom
878
Age 28
Scotland, United Kingdom
888
888
Age 38
Dala, Iceland
890
890
Age 38
Hebriderne, Britain (UK)