About Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич (Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich)
- Rostropovich plays the Prelude from Bach's Cello Suite No. 1
- Rostropovich Playing Part 1 of the Dvorak Cello Concerto with Carlo Maria Giulini and the London Philharmonic Orchestra
- Mstislav Rostropovich - Bach Cello Suite 1 V. Menuets
- Prokofiev Sinfonia concertante, in E minor, Op. 125; Mstislav Rostropovich, cello; National Orchestra of Monte-Carlo, Ollu Kamu, Conductor
Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich, KBE (Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич, (March 27, 1927 – April 27, 2007), was a Soviet and Russian cellist and conductor. He is considered by many to have been the greatest cellist of the second half of the 20th century, and one of the greatest of all time. In addition to his outstanding interpretations and technique, he was well known for both inspiring and commissioning new works, which enlarged the cello repertoire more than any cellist before or since. He gave the premieres of over 100 pieces, forming long-standing friendships and artistic partnerships with composers including Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Prokofiev, Henri Dutilleux, Witold Lutoslawski, Olivier Messiaen, Luciano Berio, Krzysztof Penderecki, Alfred Schnittke, Norbert Moret, Andreas Makris and especially Benjamin Britten.
Rostropovich was internationally recognized as a staunch advocate of human rights, and was awarded the 1974 Award of the International League of Human Rights. He was married to the soprano Galina Vishnevskaya and had two daughters, Olga and Elena Rostropovich.
Rostropovich was a huge influence on the younger generation of cellists. Many have openly acknowledged their debt to his example. In the Daily Telegraph, Julian Lloyd Webber called him "probably the greatest cellist of all time."
Rostropovich either commissioned or was the recipient of compositions by many composers including Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Prokofiev, Benjamin Britten, Henri Dutilleux, Olivier Messiaen, Witold Lutosławski, Luciano Berio, Krzysztof Penderecki, Leonard Bernstein, Alfred Schnittke, Aram Khachaturian, Ástor Piazzolla, Sofia Gubaidulina, Arthur Bliss and Lopes Graça. His commissions of new works enlarged the cello repertoire more than any previous cellist: he gave the premiere of 117 compositions.
Rostropovich is also well known for his interpretations of standard repertoire works, including Dvořák's Cello Concerto in B minor and Haydn's cello concerti in C and D, Prokofiev's Symphony-Concerto and the two cello concerti of Shostakovich.
Between 1997 and 2001 he was intimately involved in the development and testing of the BACH.Bow, a curved bow designed by the cellist Michael Bach. In 2001 he invited Michael Bach for a presentation of his BACH.Bow to Paris (7ème Concours de violoncelle Rostropovitch). In July 2011, the city of Moscow announced plans to erect a statue of Rostropovich in a central square.
He was also a notably generous spirit. Seiji Ozawa relates an anecdote: on hearing of the death of the baby daughter of his friend the sumo wrestler Chiyonofuji, Rostropovich flew unannounced to Tokyo, took a 1 1/2 hour cab ride to Chiyonofuji's house and played his Bach sarabande outside, as his gesture of sympathy—then got back in the taxi and returned to the airport to fly back to Europe. Awards and recognitions
Rostropovich received about 50 awards during his life, including:
Russian Federation and USSR
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
- 1st class (24 February 2007) - for outstanding contribution to world music and many years of creative activity
- 2nd class (25 March 1997) - for services to the state and the great personal contribution to the world of music
- Medal Defender of a Free Russia (2 February 1993) - for courage and dedication shown during the defence of democracy and constitutional order of 19–21 August 1991
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
- Medal "For Valiant Labor. To commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin"
- Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
- Medal "For development of virgin lands"
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow"
- People's Artist of the USSR
- People's Artist of the RSFSR (1964)
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1955)
- State Prize of the Russian Federation (1995)
- Lenin Prize (1964)
- Stalin Prize (1951)
- Commemorative Medal for the 850th anniversary of Moscow
- Praemium Imperiale (1993)
- Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class (2001)
- Heydar Aliyev Order (Azerbaijan, 2007)
- Order "Independence" (Azerbaijan, 3 March 2002)
- Order of "Glory" (Azerbaijan, 1998)
- Order de Mayo (Argentina, 1991)
- Order of Freedom (Argentina, 1994)
- Commander of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín (Argentina, 1994)
- Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold (Belgium, 1989)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary (2003)
- Order of Francisco de Miranda (Venezuela, 1979)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (2001)
- Commander of the Order of the Phoenix (Greece)
- Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog (Denmark, 1983)
- Commander of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spain, 1985)
- Commander of the Order of Charles III (Spain, 2004)
- Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (31 August 1984)
- Grand Officer of the National Order of the Cedar (Lebanon, 1997)
- Grand Officer of the Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas (Lithuania, 24 November 1995)
- January 13 Commemorative Medal (Lithuania, 10 June 1992)
- Commander of the Order of Merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (1999; previously Knight, 1982)
- Commander of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau (Luxembourg, 1991)
- Commander of the Order of Saint-Charles (Monaco, 1989)
- Commander of the Order of Cultural Merit (Monaco, November 1999)
- Commander of the Order of the Dutch Lion (Netherlands, 1989)
- Commander of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (1997)
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint James of the Sword (Portugal)
- Order "For merits in the sphere of culture" (Romania, 2004)
- Presidential Medal of Freedom (USA, 1987)
- Knight of the Order of Brilliant Star (Taiwan, 1977)
- Knight of the Order of the Lion of Finland
- Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour (France, 1998; previously Commander, 1987, and Officer, 1981)
- Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters (France, 1975)
- Order of Arts and Letters (Sweden) (1984)
- National Order "For Merit" (Ecuador, 1993)
- Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star (2nd class) (Japan, 2003)
- Citizen of Honor of Orenburg, Russia (1993)
- Sharaf Order (Order of Honor) of the Republic of Azerbaijan
- Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (1987)
- Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance (1984): Mstislav Rostropovich & Rudolf Serkin for Brahms: Sonata for Cello and Piano in E Minor, Op. 38 and Sonata in F, Op. 99.
- Polar Music Prize, 1995.
- Gold Medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society (1970).
- Ernst von Siemens Music Prize 1976.
- Sonning Award (1981; Denmark).
- Prince of Asturias Award, 1997 (jointly with Yehudi Menuhin).
- Citizen of honor of Vilnius, Lithuania (2000).
- Konex Decoration granted by de Konex Foundation of Argentina in 2002.
- Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands awarded him the rare Medal for Art and Science (Dutch: "Eremedaille voor Kunst en Wetenschap") of the House-Order of Orange.
- Laurea ad honorem at the University of Bologna in Political Science, 2006.
- Sanford Medal (Yale University).
- Honorary Membership of the Royal Academy of Music, London.
- Gold UNESCO Mozart Medal (2007)
Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич's Timeline
March 27, 1927
April 27, 2007
Moscow, gorod Moskva, Moscow, Russia
Moscow, gorod Moskva, Moscow, Russia