Aryeh Leib ben Saul Lowenstam, [Chacham Zvi son-in-law]

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Aryeh Leib ben Saul Lowenstam (Schaul), [Chacham Zvi son-in-law]

Hebrew: אריה לייב לוונשטאם, [Chacham Zvi son-in-law]
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Krakow, Kraków County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland
Death: Died in Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands
Place of Burial: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Son of R' Sheul H'Rishon Babad Lowenstam and Esther Hinda Lowenstamm
Husband of Miriam Arie Leib ben Saul /LÖWENSTAM Lowenstamm; Chachamo Schaul and Miriam Lowenstam, (d. #2)
Father of Sarah Leah Halevi; Yochanan Schmuel Schaul; Rabbi Saul "Binyan Ariel" Lowenstam; Zvi Hirsch (Hirschel) (Rabbi Hart Lion) Levin; Haim Heschel Loewenstam and 3 others
Brother of Yehoshua Heschel

Occupation: Chieff Rabbi and ABD, אב"ד אמסטרדם (חתן החכם צבי)
Managed by: Avraham Oz
Last Updated:

About Aryeh Leib ben Saul Lowenstam, [Chacham Zvi son-in-law]

Wikipedia:

Aryeh Leib ben Saul Lowenstam (ca. 1690, Cracow – April 2, 1755, Amsterdam) was a Polish rabbi.

Life

Aryeh Leib came of a famous family of rabbis. His father Saul had been rabbi of Cracow from 1700 to 1704, his grandfather was Rabbi Hoeschl of Cracow. In 1707 in Berlin he married Miriam, the oldest daughter of Ẓebi Ashkenazi, then rabbi in Altona, and continued his studies under his father-in-law, with whom he went to Amsterdam, and thence to Poland.

His first known rabbinical position was in Dubno. He was elected rabbi of Dukla in 1717. Through the influence of his relatives he then obtained the rabbinical position in Tarnopol in 1720[1] (or 1718?), the former incumbent having been ousted by the officials of the government to make room for him. This interference on the part of the civic authorities naturally aroused great opposition to him in the congregation, and Aryeh Loeb was deposed in 1724. Subsequently he was elected Rabbi of Rzeszów from 1724-1728. In 1728 he was appointed as Rabbi of both the towns of Glogau and Lviv, a position held until 1740. In 1740 he was appointed Rabbi of Amsterdam (a position that was offered to his father Saul years earlier), a position he held until his death in 1755. A call was extended to him from Prague in 1751, but he did not accept it. While the Jewish Encyclopedia is doubtful of whether he was rabbi in Lviv, as stated by Buber (Anshe Shem, p. 38), Dembitzer in the Klilat Yofi and Reuven Margaliot provide proof of his position in Lviv/Lemberg, with Dembitzer stating that he held both positions simultaneously, while Margaliot is of the opinion that he changed positions a number of times in those years between the rabbinate of Glogau and Lviv.

Works

Aryeh did not publish any books, and what there is of his exists in the works of others—as in the responsa of Ẓebi Ashkenazi, No. 76; in those of Mordecai of Düsseldorf (Maamar Mordecai, Nos. 62, 63, Brünn, 1790), and in the works of his son Saul, Binyan Ariel (Amsterdam, 1778)—and shows no originality. He took an active part in the controversy between Jacob Emden and Jonathan Eybeschütz, and sided with the former, who was his wife's brother. His letters on that controversy are full of invectives against Eybeschütz (see Emden's Sefat Emet, p. 16, Lemberg, 1877). According to the testimony of his brother-in-law, Jacob Emden (see the latter's autobiography, Megillat Sefer, pp. 21, 68, Warsaw, 1896), he was a man of mediocre abilities, whose scientific attainments were not above the practical requirements for the rabbinical office.

Descendants

Of his sons, one, Saul Aryeh, was his successor, while the other, who called himself Hirschel Lewin or Levin, was Chief rabbi in London and Berlin. The son of the latter was Chief rabbi Solomon Herschell, first Chief Rabbi of the British Empire. Saul's daughter Sarah Leah was the wife of Yitzhak HaLevi, the rabbi of Kraków from 1776 till his death in 1799. Yitzhak HaLevi's son Tzvi Hirsch David Ha-Levi was Acting Rabbi of Kraków from 1799 and formally appointed Rabbi of Kraków in 1816 till his death in 1831.

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Aryeh Leib came of a famous family of rabbis. His father Saul had been rabbi of Cracow from 1700 to 1704, his grandfather was Rabbi Hoeschl of Cracow. In 1707 in Berlin he married Miriam, the oldest daughter of Ẓebi Ashkenazi, then rabbi in Altona, and continued his studies under his father-in-law, with whom he went to Amsterdam, and thence to Poland.

His first known rabbinical position was in Dubno[1]. He was elected rabbi of Dukla in 1717[1]. Through the influence of his relatives he then obtained the rabbinical position in Tarnopol in 1720[1] (or 1718[citation needed]), the former incumbent having been ousted by the officials of the government to make room for him. This interference on the part of the civic authorities naturally aroused great opposition to him in the congregation, and Aryeh Loeb was deposed in 1724. Subsequently he was elected Rabbi of Rzeszów from 1724-1728[2]. In 1728 he was appointed as Rabbi of both the towns of Glogau and Lviv, a position held until 1740[2]. In 1740 he was appointed Rabbi of Amsterdam (a position that was offered to his father Saul years earlier[2]), a position he held until his death in 1755. A call was extended to him from Prague in 1751, but he did not accept it. While the Jewish Encyclopedia is doubtful of whether he was rabbi in Lviv, as stated by Buber (Anshe Shem, p. 38), Dembitzer in the Klilat Yofi [2] and Reuven Margaliot [1] provide proof of his position in Lviv/Lemberg, with Dembitzer stating that he held both positions simultaneously, while Margaliot is of the opinion that he changed positions a number of times in those years between the rabbinate of Glogau and Lviv.

[edit] Works

Aryeh did not publish any books, and what there is of his exists in the works of others—as in the responsa of Ẓebi Ashkenazi, No. 76; in those of Mordecai of Düsseldorf (Maamar Mordecai, Nos. 62, 63, Brünn, 1790), and in the works of his son Saul, Binyan Ariel (Amsterdam, 1778)—and shows no originality. He took an active part in the controversy between Jacob Emden and Jonathan Eybeschütz, and sided with the former, who was his wife's brother. His letters on that controversy are full of invectives against Eybeschütz (see Emden's Sefat Emet, p. 16, Lemberg, 1877). According to the testimony of his brother-in-law, Jacob Emden (see the latter's autobiography, Megillat Sefer, pp. 21, 68, Warsaw, 1896), he was a man of mediocre abilities, whose scientific attainments were not above the practical requirements for the rabbinical office.

[edit] Descendants

Of his sons, one, Saul (1717 - 20 June, 1790), was his successor, while the other, who called himself Hirschel Lewin or Levin, was Chief rabbi in London and Berlin. The son of the latter was Chief rabbi Solomon Herschell, first Chief Rabbi of the British Empire. His daughter Sarah Leah was the wife of Yitzhak HaLevi, the rabbi of Kraków from 1776 till his death in 1799. Yitzhak HaLevi's son Tzvi Hirsch David Ha-Levi was Acting Rabbi of Kraków from 1799 and formally appointed Rabbi of Kraków in 1816 till his death in 1831. --------------------

LEIB Fishles Der Hoicher (The Tall) and Yuta's daughter Ester married Shaul LOWENSTAM son of Abraham Yehoshua Heschel (1596-1663).

Chacham Zvi Ashkenazi They had a son Aryeh LEIB (1690-1756) who married Miriam ASHKENAZI the daughter of the Chacham Zvi ASHKENAZI and his wife Sara MIRLES. (See this 1700 painting of the Chacham Zvi on the right. One copy of this painting is in the Jewish Mueseum in London. Another copy is in Jerusalem at Josh BUSH's father's cousin's house. A third copy is in the possession of a family in London, a relative of Paul SHAVIV. There is a great story around this painting. It is probably the very first time that a Rabbi was actually painted. Since than, it became more acceptable. One story is that the Chacham Zvi was interviewing for a rabbinical position in London. Another story is that he was called to London to settle a dispute amoung the Sephardim - possibly to check a controversial sermon preached by Chacham David Nieto for heresy. In any case, the door was left open a bit and seemingly, without his knowledge the painter painted him. His son Yakov Emden (The YaBetz: Yakov Ben Zvi) writes about it in his very famous biography entitled Megilat Sefer.) A slightly different portrait of the Hakham Tzvi appears in M. H. GANS, Memorbook, Baarn, 1977, p. 163 (top), together with the more famous copy in London.

Zvi Hersch Berlin (Rabbi Hart Lion) The son of Arie LEIB and Miriam was Zvi Hersch Berlin (Rabbi Hart Lion)

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Aryeh Leib ben Saul Lowenstam, [Chacham Zvi son-in-law]'s Timeline

1690
1690
Krakow, Kraków County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland
1707
1707
Age 17
Rzeszów, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland
1707
Age 17
1715
1715
- 1717
Age 25
Dubno, Ukraine
1717
1717
- 1720
Age 27
Dukla, Poland
1720
1720
- 1724
Age 30
Tarnopol, Poland
1721
1721
Age 31
Rzeszow, Poland
1724
1724
- 1728
Age 34
Rzeszów, Ukraine
1725
1725
Age 35
1728
1728
Age 38