Zvi Hirsch (Hirschel) (Rabbi Hart Lion)

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Zvi Hirsch (Hirschel) (Rabbi Hart Lion) (Levin)

Hebrew: Zvi Hirsch (Hirschel) (Rabbi Hart Lion) טעביל
Nicknames: "Zvi Hirsch Berlin", "Hirschel Levin", "Rabbi Hart Lion", ""Rabbi Hart Lion"", "Reveren Hart /Lyon/"
Birthplace: Rzeszow, Poland
Death: Died in Berlin, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of R' Arya Leib Lowenstam, [Chacham Zvi son-in-law] and Miriam Lowenstam, (d. #2)
Husband of Golda Rahel Berlin Loewenstamm and Sprinze Israel
Father of Shaul Saul Hirschel Berliner-Lewin; Sara Herschel Löwenstamm; Shlomo Hirschel Lewin Berliner; Beila; Rabbi David Tevele and 2 others
Brother of Rabbi Saul "Binyan Ariel" Lowenstam; Haim Heschel Loewenstam; Sarah Leah HaLevi Preger; Nitashi Nechama Neitshe Ashkenazi and Dina Esther Heschel
Half brother of Yochanan Schmuel Schaul

Occupation: Rabbi of the Kollel of Berlin and Prussia for approximately thirty years, Gaon
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Zvi Hirsch (Hirschel) (Rabbi Hart Lion)

Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Berlin (also known as Hirschel Levin or the Reverend Hart Lyon). He was born in Rzeszow in 1721. In his youth he studied under his father and went with him to Amsterdam in 1740 when he was 19 years old. He developed knowledge of the Talmud, Hebrew Grammar, Jewish History, Philosophy, Physics and Geometry. He also took part in the Emden-Eybeschutz controversy, siding with Rabbi Emden, his maternal uncle.

After his father died in 1755, he was elected to the post of Chief Rabbi of the Great and Hambro Synagogues of the Ashkenazi community in London, and accepted in 1758.

In London he became known as the Rev. Hart Lyon and was painted by the famous artist Turner. He remained in London for 7 years and left because he was prevented from publishing a defense of Shechitah (Ritual Slaughtering). He became A.B.D. Halberstadt, and also head of the Yeshiva there until 1770, when he became A.B.D. Mannheim, and 3 years later A.B.D. Berlin.

He was a close friend of Moses Mendelssohn and even wrote an approbation to his German translation of the Bible.

He married

1.  Golda, daughter of Rabbi David Tebele HaKohen, who died in Berlin in 1794
2.  Shprintze (in 1797) when he was 78 years old. She was thedaughter of R. Abraham (of the family of the Chacham Zvi). After his death, some three years later, she remarried R. Zobel Eger A.B.D. Braunsweig.

Levin supported and defended his son, Saul Berlin in the dispute in which he was involved, especially with the forged Responsa Besamim Rosh, published in Berlin in 1793.

He was the author of : Ateret Zekeinim, only in manuscript; Hagahot, in manuscript on Sefer Yochasin, Sefer Hachinuch, Kaftor ve-Perach, Sefatei Yeshamim;Minchat Ahava, published in Rotterdam in 1811; and a commentary on Mishna Lechem Shnaiyim(on Pirkei Avot), published together with his uncle R. Emden in Berlin 1834.

A poem written by him can be found in the Binyan Ariel, by his brother R. Saul Lowenstam.


The Unbroken Chain by Neil Rosenstein. Volume 11 G 8.2 p 821-822. http://www.loebtree.com/kloizner.html

-------------------- ראה http://www.bil-is.com/story%20of%20a%20tombstone.html

About הג"ר צבי הירש טעביל אב"ד ברלין (עברית)

הרב צבי הירש לוין ברלינר רב בברלין לונדון ומנהיים, היה נכדו

של החכם צבי הירש אשכנזי

אב"ד ברלין בעמח"ס "צבי לצדיק" ו"צבא רב" על הש"ס

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Zvi Hirsch (Hirschel) (Rabbi Hart Lion)'s Timeline

Rzeszow, Poland
Age 19
Age 27
Amersfoort, Utrecht, The Netherlands
February 12, 1762
Age 41
London, England
Age 52
ABD of Berlin
Age 75
August 26, 1800
Age 79
Berlin, Germany
Age 79