Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum [Satmar Rebbe (Sighet)] (טייטלבוים), הרבי מסטמר זצ"ל (1914 - 2006) MP

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Nicknames: "Satmar Rebbe", "אדמו"ר מסאטמאר"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Újfehértó (Ratzfert), Hungary
Death: Died
Cause of death: באוהל הקדוש על יד דודו בעל דברי יואל זצ"ל
Occupation: ADMOR of SATMAR
Managed by: Yigal Burstein / יגאל בורשטיין
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum [Satmar Rebbe (Sighet)] (טייטלבוים), הרבי מסטמר זצ"ל

Moshe Teitelbaum (Satmar) (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Rabbi Moshe (Moses) Teitelbaum (November 1, 1914 – April 24, 2006) was a Hasidic rebbe and the world leader of the Satmar Hasidim, which is believed to be the largest Hasidic community in the world, with some 100,000 followers.

Early life

Moshe was the second son of Rabbi Chaim Tzvi Teitelbaum, author of Atzei Chaim, the previous Sigheter Rebbe and brother of Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum. His mother was Bracha Sima Halberstam. Moshe was born in Ratzfert, Hungary. He and his older brother, Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum, were orphaned in 1926, when they were eleven and fourteen, respectively. Moshe was raised by family friends and relatives, including his uncle, Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, and his grandfather, Rabbi Shulem Eliezer Halberstam of Ratzfert.

In 1936, he married his cousin Leah Meir, daughter of Rabbi Hanoch Heinoch Meir of Karecska, where Moshe held the position of rosh yeshiva (dean). In 1939, he became the rabbi of Zenta, Yugoslavia (now Serbia).

In late spring 1944, the Hungarian government, assisted by Nazi forces led by Adolf Eichmann, began deporting Jews en-masse. Rabbi Moshe and his wife were sent to Auschwitz, where Leah and their three children died. Moshe was then transferred to Traglitz and after than to Theresienstadt, where he was liberated in 1945.

Post-war

After the war, Rabbi Moshe married the daughter of Rabbi Aaron Teitelbaum of Volovo, and moved back to Sighet, and briefly revived Jewish life in his father's home town. Fleeing Communist persecution, the couple eventually immigrated to New York City, where Rabbi Moshe became known as the Sigheter Rebbe. Moshe initially established a beth midrash, Atzei Chaim Siget in his uncle Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum's Satmar enclave in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, and later moved to Boro Park in 1966. He succeeded his uncle as Satmar rebbe, following his death in 1979, though some dissidents in Satmar opposed him, including the Bnei Yoel (or Kagners, opponents), a group of Satmar Hasidim that did not accept Rebbe Moshe as Rebbe and remained loyal to Rebbe Yoel's Wife, the Rebbetzin Alta Fayga Teitelbaum, and her candidate for rebbe, Nachman Brach.

Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum was the author of a five-volume Hasidic commentary on the Bible entitled Berach Moshe. He was survived by his wife, four sons, two daughters (his eldest daughter from his second marriage died in his lifetime), over eighty-six grandchildren, many great grandchildren, and one great-great granddaughter, born earlier on the day that he died.

Death and succession

On April 24, 2006, at the age of 91, the Rebbe passed away. Tens of thousands of members of the Jewish community attended his funeral and burial procession in Williamsburg, Brooklyn and later in Kiryat Yoel, Monroe, New York. Eulogies in the main Satmar synagogue in Williamsburg were said by all the Rebbe's children or their husbands in order of their respective ages. The Rebbe was buried near his uncle, the previous Rebbe, in the sect's cemetery in Kiryat Yoel.

Following the Rebbe's death, a major split developed among the Satmar Hasidim as to who should become their leader. Two of Rabbi Moshe's sons, Rabbi Aaron and Rabbi Zalman were crowned by their fellow supporters to succeed their father. Rabbi Aaron main residence is in Kiryas Joel, New York and Rabbi Zalman's main residence is in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, though each has supporters and institutions in both locations.

Reactions

   * George Pataki, Governor of New York State: "The Rebbe . . . touched and inspired the countless people who came into contact with him while shepherding his congregation to enormous growth over the past decades of his leadership. May his memory be a blessing for all of us."
   * Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City: "[The] Rebbe . . . was a gentle soul who carried himself with poise and distinction. From the fires of the Holocaust, the grand rebbe and his uncle [Joel Teitelbaum] performed a miracle here in New York by rebuilding their community to match its glory days in Europe. Our hearts and prayers are with the Satmar community in this city and worldwide as they mourn the passing of their beloved spiritual leader."

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http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Jewish_Dynasties

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(הרבי מסאטמאר זצ"ל (ברך משה's Timeline

1914
November 1, 1914
Újfehértó (Ratzfert), Hungary
1935
1935
- 1939
Age 20
Carecska, Hungary
1936
1936
Age 21
1939
1939
- 1944
Age 24
Senta (Zenta), Serbia
1944
1944
- 1945
Age 29
Czechoslovakia and, Poland
1945
1945
- 1947
Age 30
Sighet, Hungary
1946
December, 1946
Age 32
1946
Age 31
Volova, Russia
1947
1947
- 1976
Age 32
Brooklyn, New York, United States