Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Nobel Prize in Physics, 1901 (1845 - 1923) MP

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Birthplace: Lennep, Germany
Death: Died in München, Oberbayern, Bavaria, Germany
Occupation: Professor der Physik in Würzburg (Germany)
Managed by: Pieter de Haan
Last Updated:

About Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Nobel Prize in Physics, 1901

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923) was a German physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.

Biography

Röntgen was born in Lennep (which is today a borough of Remscheid) in Rhenish Prussia as the only child of a merchant and manufacturer of cloth. His mother was Charlotte Constanze Frowein of Amsterdam. In March 1848, the family moved to Apeldoorn and Wilhelm was raised in the Netherlands. He received his early education at the boarding school, Institute of Martinus Herman van Doorn, in Apeldoorn. From 1861 to 1863, he attended the ambachtsschool in Utrecht. He was expelled for refusing to reveal the identity of a classmate guilty of drawing an unflattering portrait of one of the school's teachers. Not only was he expelled, he subsequently found that he could not gain admittance into any other Dutch or German gymnasium.

In 1865, he tried to attend the University of Utrecht without having the necessary credentials required for a regular student. Upon hearing that he could enter the Federal Polytechnic Institute in Zurich (today known as the ETH Zurich), he passed its examinations, and began studies there as a student of mechanical engineering. In 1869, he graduated with a Ph.D. from the University of Zurich; once there, he became a favorite student of Professor August Kundt, whom he followed to the University of Strassburg in 1873.

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Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Nobel Prize in Physics, 1901's Timeline

1845
March 27, 1845
Lennep, Germany
1872
January 19, 1872
Age 26
Apeldoorn, Netherlands
1881
December 12, 1881
Age 36
1923
February 10, 1923
Age 77
München, Oberbayern, Bavaria, Germany
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