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Frank James Cooper

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Helena, Mt, USA
Death: Died in Los Angeles, CA, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Charles Henry Cooper and Alice Cooper
Husband of Sandra Shaw
Father of <private> קופר Cooper (Cooper)
Brother of Unknown קופר Cooper

Occupation: Actor
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Gary Cooper

He was an American film actor. He was renowned for his quiet, understated acting style and his stoic, individualistic, emotionally restrained, but at times intense screen persona, which was particularly well suited to the many Westerns he made. His career spanned from 1925 until shortly before his death, and comprised more than one hundred films.

Cooper received five Academy Award nominations for Best Actor, winning twice for Sergeant York and High Noon. He also received an Honorary Award in 1961 from the Academy.

Decades later, the American Film Institute named Cooper among the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Stars, ranking 11th among males from the Classical Hollywood cinema period. In 2003, his performances as Will Kane in High Noon, Lou Gehrig in The Pride of the Yankees, and Alvin York in Sergeant York made the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains list, all of them as heroes.

Cooper was born Frank James Cooper in Helena, Montana, one of two sons of a Bedfordshire, England, farmer turned American lawyer and judge, Charles Henry Cooper (1865-1946), and Kent, England-born Alice (née Brazier) Cooper (1873-1967).His mother hoped for their two sons to receive a better education than that available in Montana and arranged for the boys to attend Dunstable Grammar School in Bedfordshire, England between 1910 and 1913. Upon the outbreak of World War I, Mrs. Cooper brought her sons home and enrolled them in a Bozeman, Montana, high school.

When Cooper was 13, he injured his hip in a car accident. He returned to his parents' ranch near Helena to recuperate by horseback riding at the recommendation of his doctor. Cooper studied at Iowa's Grinnell College until the spring of 1924, but did not graduate. He had tried out, unsuccessfully, for the college's drama club. He returned to Helena, managing the ranch and contributing cartoons to the local newspaper. In 1924, Cooper's father left the Montana Supreme Court bench and moved with his wife to Los Angeles. Gary, unable to make a living as an editorial cartoonist in Helena, joined them, moving there that same year, reasoning that he "would rather starve where it was warm, than to starve and freeze too."

Failing as a salesman of electric signs and theatrical curtains, as a promoter for a local photographer and as an applicant for newspaper work in Los Angeles,Cooper found work as an actor in 1925. He earned money as an "extra" in the motion picture industry, usually cast as a cowboy. He is known to have had an uncredited role in the 1925 Tom Mix Western, Dick Turpin. The following year, he had screen credit in a two-reeler, Lightnin' Wins, with actress Eileen Sedgwick as his leading lady.

After the release of this short film, Cooper accepted a long-term contract with Paramount Pictures. He changed his name to Gary in 1925, following the advice of casting director Nan Collins, who felt it evoked the "rough, tough" nature of her native Gary, Indiana.

"Coop," as he was called by his peers, went on to appear in over 100 films. He became a major star with his first sound picture, The Virginian, in 1929. The lead in the screen adaptation of A Farewell to Arms (1932) and the title role in 1936's Mr. Deeds Goes to Town furthered his box office appeal. Cooper was producer David O. Selznick's first choice for the role of Rhett Butler in the 1939 film Gone with the Wind.When Cooper turned down the role, he was passionately against it. He is quoted as saying, "Gone with the Wind is going to be the biggest flop in Hollywood history. I’m glad it’ll be Clark Gable who’s falling flat on his nose, not me". Alfred Hitchcock wanted him to star in Foreign Correspondent (1940) and Saboteur (1942). Cooper later admitted he had made a "mistake" in turning down the director. For the former film, Hitchcock cast look-alike Joel McCrea instead.

In 1942, Cooper won his first Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance as the title character in Sergeant York. Alvin York refused to authorize a movie about his life unless Gary Cooper portrayed him.

In 1953, Cooper won his second Best Actor Academy Award for his performance as Marshal Will Kane in High Noon, considered his finest role. Ill with an ulcer, he wasn't present to receive his Academy Award in February 1953. He asked John Wayne to accept it on his behalf, a bit of irony in light of Wayne's stated distaste for the film.[12]

Cooper continued to appear in films almost to the end of his life. Among his later box office hits was his portrayal of a Quaker farmer during the American Civil War in William Wyler's Friendly Persuasion in 1956. His final motion picture was a British film, The Naked Edge (1961), directed by Michael Anderson. Among his final projects was narrating an NBC documentary, The Real West, in which he helped clear up myths about famous Western figures.

Cooper appeared in live radio "remakes" of several of his films.

In 1944, Cooper joined the anti-communist Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals. While filming Good Sam, he testified before the House Un-American Activities Committee on October 23 1947, characterized as a "friendly" witness. Asked if he had observed "communistic influence in Hollywood", Cooper named no one in particular but said he had "turned down quite a few scripts because I thought they were tinged with communistic ideas";[4] he also said he had heard statements such as "don't you think the Constitution of the United States is about a 150 years out of date?" and "perhaps this would be a more efficient government without a Congress"— statements he characterized as "very un-American." He also told the committee the following:[4]

       Several years ago, when communism was more of a social chit-chatter in parties for offices, and so on when communism didn't have the implications that it has now, discussion of communism was more open and I remember hearing statements from some folks to the effect that the communistic system had a great many features that were desirable. It offered the actors and artists — in other words, the creative people — a special place in government where we would be somewhat immune from the ordinary leveling of income. And as I remember, some actor's name was mentioned to me who had a house in Moscow which was very large — he had three cars, and stuff, with his house being quite a bit larger than my house in Beverly Hills at the time — and it looked to me like a pretty phony come-on to us in the picture business. From that time on, I could never take any of this pinko mouthing very seriously, because I didn't feel it was on the level.

Cooper's testimony occurred a month before the Hollywood blacklist was established.

Cooper had high-profile relationships with actresses Clara Bow, Lupe Vélez, and the American-born socialite-spy Countess Carla Dentice di Frasso (née Dorothy Caldwell Taylor, formerly wife of British pioneer aviator Claude Grahame-White). He is also believed to have had an affair with actor Anderson Lawler, with whom he lived, and who introduced him to Hollywood society.

On December 15, 1933, Cooper wed Veronica Balfe, (May 27 1913 - February 16 2000), known as "Rocky." Balfe was a New York Roman Catholic socialite who had briefly acted under the name of Sandra Shaw. She appeared in the film No Other Woman, but her most widely seen role was in King Kong, as the woman dropped by Kong. Her third and final film was Blood Money. Her father was governor of the New York Stock Exchange, and her uncle was Cedric Gibbons. During the 1930s she also became the California state women's skeet shooting champion. They had one child, Maria, now Maria Cooper Janis, married to classical pianist Byron Janis.

Eventually, Cooper's wife persuaded Cooper to convert to Catholicism in 1958. After he was married, but prior to his conversion, Cooper had affairs with several famous co-stars, including Marlene Dietrich, Grace Kelly, and Patricia Neal. He pressured Neal to have an abortion in 1950, since fathering a child out of wedlock could have destroyed his career. Cooper's daughter Maria, when she was a little girl, famously spat at Neal,but many years later, the two became friends. Cooper separated from his wife between 1951 and 1954.

Cooper was friends with Ernest Hemingway and spent many vacations with the writer in Sun Valley, Idaho.

In April 1960, Cooper underwent surgery for prostate cancer after it had spread to his colon. It spread to his lungs and bones shortly thereafter.

Cooper was too ill to attend the Academy Awards ceremony in April 1961, so his close friend James Stewart accepted the honorary Oscar on his behalf. Stewart's emotional speech hinted that something was seriously wrong, and the next day newspapers ran the headline, "Gary Cooper has cancer." One month later Cooper died.

Cooper was interred in Holy Cross Catholic Cemetery in Culver City, California. Years later, when his wife Veronica remarried and moved to New York, she had Cooper's body moved to Sacred Heart Cemetery, Southampton, New York.

- For his contribution to the film industry, Cooper has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6243 Hollywood Blvd.

- In 1966, he was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

- Cooper was mentioned in the lyrics to Irving Berlin's song "Puttin' on the Ritz": "Trying hard to look like Gary Cooper, (super duper)".

- Charlton Heston often cited Cooper as a childhood role model,[citation needed] and later worked with him on The Wreck of the Mary Deare (1959). Heston praised Cooper[citation needed] for doing his own stunts despite his age and poor health.

- Gary Cooper's photograph from High Noon was used on a famous poster for campaign before first free elections in communist Poland in 1989.

- In the HBO series The Sopranos, Tony Soprano on more than one occasion remarks on his admiration for Gary Cooper, the "strong, silent type".

- In September 2009, Cooper was featured on a commemorative U.S. postage stamp.

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Cooper

IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000011/ --------------------

Gary Cooper From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the English actor, see Garry Cooper. For other uses, see Gary Cooper (disambiguation). Gary Cooper Gary cooper promo image.jpg Promotional image for Meet John Doe (1941) Born Frank James Cooper May 7, 1901 Helena, Montana, U.S. Died May 13, 1961 (aged 60) Los Angeles, U.S. Cause of death Prostate cancer Resting place Sacred Heart Cemetery, Southampton, New York Nationality American Education Dunstable Grammar School Gallatin Valley High School Alma mater Grinnell College Occupation Actor Years active 1925–1960 Political party Republican Religion Roman Catholic Spouse(s) Veronica Cooper (m. 1933–61) Children Maria (b. 1937) Gary Cooper (born Frank James Cooper; May 7, 1901 – May 13, 1961) was an American film actor.[1] Noted for his stoic, understated style, Cooper found success in a number of film genres, including westerns (High Noon), crime (City Streets), comedy (Mr. Deeds Goes to Town) and drama (The Pride of the Yankees). Cooper's career spanned from 1925 until shortly before his death, and comprised more than one hundred films. Cooper received five Academy Award nominations for Best Actor, winning twice for Sergeant York and High Noon. He also received an Honorary Award in 1961 from the Academy. Decades later, the American Film Institute named Cooper among the AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars, ranking 11th among males. In 2003, his performances as Will Kane in High Noon, Lou Gehrig in The Pride of the Yankees, and Alvin York in Sergeant York made the AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains list, all of them as heroes. Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Legacy 6 Filmography 7 References 8 External links Early life[edit]

Cooper was born in Helena, Montana, one of two sons of an English immigrant couple, Alice (née Brazier; 1873–1967) and Charles Henry Cooper (1865–1946). His father was a farmer from Houghton Regis, Bedfordshire, who later became an American lawyer and judge, and his mother was from Kent.[2] His mother hoped for their two sons to receive a better education than was available in Montana and arranged for the boys to attend Dunstable Grammar School[3] in Bedfordshire, England, between 1910 and 1913.[4][5] Following the outbreak of World War I, Cooper's mother brought her sons home and enrolled them at Gallatin Valley High School in Bozeman, Montana.[6] When Cooper was 13, he injured his hip in a car accident. He returned to his parents' ranch near Helena to recuperate by horseback riding at the recommendation of his doctor. Cooper studied at Iowa's Grinnell College until the spring of 1924, but did not graduate. He had tried out, unsuccessfully, for the college's drama club.[7] He returned to Helena, managing the ranch and contributing cartoons to the local newspaper. In 1924, Cooper's father left the Montana Supreme Court bench and moved with his wife to Los Angeles. Their son, unable to make a living as an editorial cartoonist in Helena, joined them,[8] moving there that same year,[9] reasoning that he "would rather starve where it was warm, than to starve and freeze too."[7] Career[edit]

Cooper in Mr. Deeds Goes to Town with Jean Arthur (1936)

Gary Cooper and Joan Fontaine holding their Oscars at an Academy Awards after party in 1942 Unsuccessful as a salesman of electric signs and theatrical curtains, as a promoter for a local photographer, and as an applicant for newspaper work in Los Angeles,[8] Cooper found work as an actor in 1925.[9] Beginning as an extra in the film industry, usually being cast as a cowboy, he is known to have had an uncredited role in the Tom Mix Western Dick Turpin (1925).[10] The following year, he received a screen credit in a two-reeler, Lightnin' Wins, with actress Eileen Sedgwick as his leading lady. After the release of this short film, Cooper accepted a long-term contract with Paramount. He changed his name to Gary in 1925, following the advice of casting director Nan Collins,[11] who felt it evoked the "rough, tough" nature of her native Gary, Indiana.[12] "Coop", as he was called by his peers, went on to appear in over 100 films. With help from established silent star Clara Bow, Cooper broke through in a supporting role in the late silent Wings (1927), the first film to win an Academy Award for Best Picture, following it with Nevada (1927) co-starring Thelma Todd and William Powell, based on the Zane Grey novel. (This was remade as an early Robert Mitchum vehicle released in 1944, the only time Cooper and Mitchum played the same role.) Cooper became a major star with his first sound picture, The Virginian (1929) which features Walter Huston as the villainous Trampas. The Spoilers appeared the following year with Betty Compson (which was remade in 1942 with Marlene Dietrich, who resembled Compson, and John Wayne in Cooper's role). Cooper followed this action film with Morocco (1930), starring Dietrich, in which he played a Foreign Legionnaire. Devil and the Deep (1932) featured Cary Grant in a supporting role with Tallulah Bankhead and Cooper in the leads alongside Charles Laughton. The following year, Cooper was the second lead in the sophisticated Ernst Lubitsch comedy production of Noël Coward's Design for Living. He was billed under Fredric March in the kind of fast-talking role Cooper never played again after Cary Grant staked out the light comedy leading man field with The Awful Truth four years later. The screen adaptation of A Farewell to Arms (1932), directed by Frank Borzage, and the title role in Frank Capra's Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936) furthered Cooper's box-office appeal. Cooper was producer David O. Selznick's first choice for the role of Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind.[13] (1939). When Cooper turned down the role, he was passionately against it. He is quoted as saying, "Gone with the Wind is going to be the biggest flop in Hollywood history. I’m glad it'll be Clark Gable who’s falling flat on his nose, not me."[14][15] Instead, in 1939 he played Michael Geste ("Beau") in the first "talkie" remake of the classic Beau Geste. Alfred Hitchcock wanted him to star in Foreign Correspondent (1940) and Saboteur (1942). Cooper later acknowledged he had made a mistake in turning down the director. For the former film, Hitchcock cast look-alike Joel McCrea instead.

Cooper in Along Came Jones (1945) Cooper cemented his cowboy credentials again in The Westerner (1940), with Walter Brennan as Judge Roy Bean, and followed that immediately afterward with the lavish North West Mounted Police (1940), directed by Cecil B. DeMille and featuring Paulette Goddard. Cooper won his first Academy Award for Best Actor in 1942 for his performance as the title character in Sergeant York (1941). It often has been rumored that Alvin York refused to authorize a movie about his life unless Cooper portrayed him. Evidence has since surfaced that the film's producer, Jesse L. Lasky, sent a telegram pleading with Cooper to take the part and signed York's name to it. Meet John Doe had been released earlier in 1941, a great success under the direction of Frank Capra. Cooper worked with Ingrid Bergman in For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943), directed by Sam Wood and based on a novel by Cooper's close friend Ernest Hemingway; they spent many vacations in Sun Valley, Idaho together. A Western comedy lampooning his hesitant speech and mannerisms and his own image in general followed, called Along Came Jones (1945), in which he relied on gunslinging Loretta Young to save him. Cooper also starred with Patricia Neal in the original screen adaptation of the Ayn Rand novel The Fountainhead (1949).

Gary Cooper in Vera Cruz (1954) Cooper won his second Best Actor Academy Award for his performance as Marshal Will Kane in High Noon (1952), sometimes thought his finest role. Ill with an ulcer and busy filming Blowing Wild (1953) in Mexico, he wasn't present to receive his Academy Award in February 1953. He asked John Wayne to accept it on his behalf, a bit of irony in light of Wayne's stated distaste for the film.[16] The following year Cooper was filmed reading the list of nominees for the Best Actress award which went to Audrey Hepburn. Cooper continued to play the lead in films almost to the end of his life. Among his later box office hits were the stark Western adventure Garden of Evil (1954) with Susan Hayward and Richard Widmark; Vera Cruz (1954), an extremely influential Western in which he guns down villain Burt Lancaster in a showdown; his portrayal of a Quaker farmer during the American Civil War in William Wyler's Friendly Persuasion (1956); Billy Wilder's Love in the Afternoon (1957) with Audrey Hepburn; and Anthony Mann's Man of the West (1958), a hard-edged action Western with Lee J. Cobb. His final motion picture was a British film, The Naked Edge (1961), made in London in the autumn of 1960. His final project was narrating an NBC documentary, The Real West, in which he helped clear up myths about legendary Western figures. Personal life[edit]

Religion[edit] In the 1950s Cooper was slowly drawn to Catholicism[N 1] and was baptized a Catholic on April 9, 1959. Cooper had several high-profile relationships with actresses Clara Bow, Lupe Vélez, and the American-born socialite-spy, Countess Carla Dentice di Frasso (née Dorothy Caldwell Taylor, former wife of British pioneer aviator Claude Grahame-White).[18]

Una Merkel (right) with Phyllis Brooks and Gary Cooper at a Brisbane press conference on their way to entertain the troops (1943)

Cooper won an Academy Award for High Noon (1952), and the film is widely considered a classic. On December 15, 1933, Cooper married Veronica Balfe, aka 'Rocky'. Balfe was a New York, Roman Catholic socialite who briefly had acted under the name of Sandra Shaw. She appeared in the film No Other Woman, but her most widely seen role was in King Kong (1933), as the woman dropped by Kong. Her third and final film was Blood Money (also 1933). Her stepfather was governor of the New York Stock Exchange, and her uncle was motion-picture art director Cedric Gibbons. During the 1930s she also became the California state women's skeet shooting champion. Cooper and Balfe had one child, Maria, in 1937, who later married classical pianist, Byron Janis. After Cooper was married, but prior to his conversion to Catholicism, he had affairs with several famous co-stars, including Marlene Dietrich, Grace Kelly, Tallulah Bankhead and Patricia Neal.[19] Cooper and Neal began their affair after meeting on the set of The Fountainhead. The relationship eventually became an open secret in Hollywood. Cooper's wife, Rocky, confronted him with the rumors which he admitted were true and also confessed that he was in love with Neal. Rocky later told the couple's daughter, Maria, of the affair; she blamed Neal. The next time Maria saw Neal, she angrily spat on the ground in front of Neal. Cooper and his wife kept up a front of a happy marriage, but Cooper continued to see Neal.[20] In 1950 Neal discovered she was pregnant. Cooper arranged and paid for her to have an abortion to avoid the public scandal of having a child out of wedlock.[20] Cooper and his wife separated in May 1951. Cooper and Neal continued to see each other, but Cooper was hesitant to divorce Rocky, fearing he would lose the respect of his daughter, Maria.[21] Neal finally ended the affair at Christmas 1951.[20] Cooper, however, would not reunite with his wife until February 1954. He continued to have occasional affairs, including one with Anita Ekberg in April 1955. Politics and appearances before Congress[edit] Cooper was a staunch supporter of the Republican Party. He voted for Calvin Coolidge in 1924 and Herbert Hoover in 1928 and 1932. He campaigned for Wendell Willkie in 1940.[22] Cooper attended a rally organized by David O. Selznick in 1944 in the Los Angeles Coliseum in support of the Dewey-Bricker ticket as well as Governor Earl Warren of California, who would become Dewey's running mate in 1948. The gathering drew 93,000, with Cecil B. DeMille as the master of ceremonies and short speeches by Hedda Hopper and Walt Disney. Among others in attendance were Ann Sothern, Ginger Rogers, Adolphe Menjou, Randolph Scott, and Walter Pidgeon. Despite the good turnout at the rally, most Hollywood celebrities who took a public position sided with the Roosevelt–Truman ticket.[23] In 1944, Cooper joined the anti-communist Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals. While filming Good Sam, he testified before the House Committee on Un-American Activities on October 23, 1947, characterized as a "friendly" witness. Asked if he had observed "communistic influence in Hollywood", Cooper named no one in particular but said he had "turned down quite a few scripts because I thought they were tinged with communistic ideas";[9] he also said he had heard statements such as "don't you think the Constitution of the United States is about 150 years out of date?" and "perhaps this would be a more efficient government without a Congress"—statements he characterized as "very un-American". He also told the committee: Several years ago, when communism was more of a social chit-chatter in parties for offices, and so on when communism didn't have the implications that it has now, discussion of communism was more open and I remember hearing statements from some folks to the effect that the communistic system had a great many features that were desirable. It offered the actors and artists—in other words, the creative people—a special place in government where we would be somewhat immune from the ordinary leveling of income. And as I remember, some actor's name was mentioned to me who had a house in Moscow which was very large—he had three cars, and stuff, with his house being quite a bit larger than my house in Beverly Hills at the time—and it looked to me like a pretty phony come-on to us in the picture business. From that time on, I could never take any of this pinko mouthing very seriously, because I didn't feel it was on the level.[9] Cooper's testimony occurred a month before the Hollywood blacklist was established. Other members of the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals included Clark Gable, Ginger Rogers, Victor Fleming, Ronald Reagan, and Barbara Stanwyck, among many others. At the end of 1959 Cooper and his family toured the Soviet Union at the invitation of Soviet Premier Nikita Kruschev. Death[edit]

On April 14, 1960 Cooper underwent surgery for prostate cancer after it had metastasized to his colon. He fell ill again on May 31 and underwent further surgery in early June. However, the cancer had already begun to spread to his lungs and bones. Cooper, however, was not informed his cancer was terminal until February 1961. Typically, the actor telephoned the doctor the very next day to apologize for the ordeal of having to tell him the fatal news.[24] Cooper was too ill to attend the Academy Awards ceremony in April 1961, so his close friend, James Stewart, accepted the honorary Oscar on his behalf. Stewart's emotional speech hinted that something was seriously wrong, and the next day newspapers ran the headline, "Gary Cooper has cancer". One month later on May 13, 1961, six days after his 60th birthday, Cooper died.[25] On his final birthday Cooper was reported to have said, "I know that what is happening is God's will. I am not afraid of the future." Cooper was originally interred in Holy Cross Catholic Cemetery in Culver City, California. In May 1974 his body was removed from the Grotto Section of Holy Cross Cemetery, when his widow Veronica remarried and moved to New York. She had Cooper's body exhumed and reburied in Sacred Heart Cemetery in Southampton, New York, on Long Island.[26][27] Veronica "Rocky" Cooper-Converse died in 2000 and was buried near Cooper at Sacred Heart Cemetery. Legacy[edit]

For his contribution to the film industry, Cooper has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6243 Hollywood Blvd. Cooper was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City in 1966. Cooper was featured on a commemorative U.S. postage stamp in 2009.[28] Cooper was referenced in the 1929 song "Puttin' on the Ritz" by Irving Berlin, introduced by Harry Richman in the musical film Puttin' on the Ritz (1930). Cooper's popularity is directly responsible for the popularity of the given name Gary from the 1930s to the present day.[29] Filmography[edit]

Further information: Gary Cooper filmography References[edit]

Notes[edit] Jump up ^ "In the mid to late fifties, my father's conversion to Catholicism started silently. He never discussed much about it but simply started joining us for Mass more often ... My father was still well at the time of his becoming a Catholic. His reasons for converting are his to know. He did say to [his friend Ernest] Hemingway toward the end, 'You know, that decision I made was the right one'."[17] Citations[edit] Jump up ^ "Gary Cooper Obituary." Variety, May 17, 1961 Jump up ^ Arce 1979, pp. 17–18. Jump up ^ Benson 1986, pp. 191–195. Jump up ^ "125 Montana Newsmakers: Gary Cooper." Great Falls Tribune, August 28, 2011. Retrieved: November 18, 2011. Jump up ^ "Gary Cooper Biography (1901-1961)." FilmReference.com. Retrieved: September 3, 2011. Jump up ^ Swindell 1980, p. 33. ^ Jump up to: a b Current Biography 1941, pp. 170–171. ^ Jump up to: a b Arce 1979, pp. 22–23. ^ Jump up to: a b c d "Actor Gary Cooper: Testimony to House Un-American Activities Committee." CNN for the Peabody Award-winning 1998 documentary Cold War. Retrieved: November 18, 2011. Jump up ^ Gary Cooper at the Internet Movie Database Jump up ^ "Gary Cooper Profile". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved August 6, 2011. Jump up ^ Arce 1979, p. 25. Jump up ^ Selznick 2000, pp. 172–173. Jump up ^ "Biography: Gary Cooper". GoneMovie. Retrieved November 18, 2011. Jump up ^ Donnelley 2003, pp. 279–280. Jump up ^ Arce 1979, p. 252. Jump up ^ Janis 1999, p. 160. Jump up ^ Swindell 1980, pp. 104–105. Jump up ^ Shearer 2006, p. 123. ^ Jump up to: a b c Shearer 2006, pp. 88–89. Jump up ^ Shearer 2006, pp. 114, 122. Jump up ^ Meyer 1998, p. 202. Jump up ^ Jordan 2011, pp. 231–232. Jump up ^ Arce 1979, p. 274. Jump up ^ Arce 1979, p. 282. Jump up ^ Janis 1999, p. 167. Jump up ^ "Gary Cooper". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 7, 2013. Jump up ^ "Postal Service Previews 2009". Commemorative Stamp Program. Retrieved November 18, 2011. Jump up ^ Hanks and Hodges 2003, p. 106. Bibliography[edit] Arce, Hector. Gary Cooper: An Intimate Biography. New York: Bantam Books, 1980, First edition 1979. ISBN 978-0-553-14130-6. Benson, Nigel. Dunstable in Detail. Dunstable, UK: The Book Castle, 1986. ISBN 978-0-950-97732-4. Donnelley, Paul. Fade To Black: A Book Of Movie Obituaries, 2nd Edition. London: Omnibus Press, 2005, First edition 2003. ISBN 978-1-84449-430-9. Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-1-9860-605-2. Janis, Maria Cooper. Gary Cooper Off Camera: A Daughter Remembers. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1999. ISBN 978-0-8109-4130-4. Jordan, David M. FDR, Dewey, and the Election of 1944. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-25300-970-8. Meyer, Jeffrey. Gary Cooper: American Hero. New York: William Morrow, 1998. ISBN 978-0-688-15494-3. Rogers, Ginger. Ginger: My Story. New York: Harper Collins, 1991. ISBN 978-0-06-156470-3. Selznick, David O. Memo from David O. Selznick. New York: Modern Library, 2000. ISBN 0-375-75531-4. Shearer, Stephen Michael. Patricia Neal: An Unquiet Life. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8131-2391-2. Swindell, Larry. The Last Hero: A Biography of Gary Cooper. New York: Doubleday, 1980. ISBN 0-385-14316-8. External links[edit]

Portal icon Biography portal Portal icon Montana portal Portal icon Los Angeles portal Portal icon California portal Portal icon Film portal Portal icon Television portal Portal icon Conservatism portal Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gary Cooper. Official Website Gary Cooper at the Internet Movie Database Gary Cooper at AllRovi Gary Cooper at the TCM Movie Database Profile @ Turner Classic Movies Photographs of Gary Cooper from virtual-history.com Gary Cooper in the 1910 US Census, 1920 US Census, 1930 US Census, and Social Security Death Index. [hide] v t e Academy Award for Best Actor 1928–1940 Emil Jannings (1928) Warner Baxter (1929) George Arliss (1930) Lionel Barrymore (1931) Fredric March / Wallace Beery (1932) Charles Laughton (1933) Clark Gable (1934) Victor McLaglen (1935) Paul Muni (1936) Spencer Tracy (1937) Spencer Tracy (1938) Robert Donat (1939) James Stewart (1940) 1941–1960 Gary Cooper (1941) James Cagney (1942) Paul Lukas (1943) Bing Crosby (1944) Ray Milland (1945) Fredric March (1946) Ronald Colman (1947) Laurence Olivier (1948) Broderick Crawford (1949) José Ferrer (1950) Humphrey Bogart (1951) Gary Cooper (1952) William Holden (1953) Marlon Brando (1954) Ernest Borgnine (1955) Yul Brynner (1956) Alec Guinness (1957) David Niven (1958) Charlton Heston (1959) Burt Lancaster (1960) 1961–1980 Maximilian Schell (1961) Gregory Peck (1962) Sidney Poitier (1963) Rex Harrison (1964) Lee Marvin (1965) Paul Scofield (1966) Rod Steiger (1967) Cliff Robertson (1968) John Wayne (1969) George C. Scott (1970) Gene Hackman (1971) Marlon Brando (1972) Jack Lemmon (1973) Art Carney (1974) Jack Nicholson (1975) Peter Finch (1976) Richard Dreyfuss (1977) Jon Voight (1978) Dustin Hoffman (1979) Robert De Niro (1980) 1981–2000 Henry Fonda (1981) Ben Kingsley (1982) Robert Duvall (1983) F. Murray Abraham (1984) William Hurt (1985) Paul Newman (1986) Michael Douglas (1987) Dustin Hoffman (1988) Daniel Day-Lewis (1989) Jeremy Irons (1990) Anthony Hopkins (1991) Al Pacino (1992) Tom Hanks (1993) Tom Hanks (1994) Nicolas Cage (1995) Geoffrey Rush (1996) Jack Nicholson (1997) Roberto Benigni (1998) Kevin Spacey (1999) Russell Crowe (2000) 2001–present Denzel Washington (2001) Adrien Brody (2002) Sean Penn (2003) Jamie Foxx (2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman (2005) Forest Whitaker (2006) Daniel Day-Lewis (2007) Sean Penn (2008) Jeff Bridges (2009) Colin Firth (2010) Jean Dujardin (2011) Daniel Day-Lewis (2012) [hide] v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Paul Lukas (1943) Alexander Knox (1944) Ray Milland (1945) Gregory Peck (1946) Ronald Colman (1947) Laurence Olivier (1948) Broderick Crawford (1949) José Ferrer (1950) Fredric March (1951) Gary Cooper (1952) Spencer Tracy (1953) Marlon Brando (1954) Ernest Borgnine (1955) Kirk Douglas (1956) Alec Guinness (1957) David Niven (1958) Anthony Franciosa (1959) Burt Lancaster (1960) Maximilian Schell (1961) Gregory Peck (1962) Sidney Poitier (1963) Peter O'Toole (1964) Omar Sharif (1965) Paul Scofield (1966) Rod Steiger (1967) Peter O'Toole (1968) John Wayne (1969) George C. Scott (1970) Gene Hackman (1971) Marlon Brando (1972) Al Pacino (1973) Jack Nicholson (1974) Jack Nicholson (1975) Peter Finch (1976) Richard Burton (1977) Jon Voight (1978) Dustin Hoffman (1979) Robert De Niro (1980) Henry Fonda (1981) Ben Kingsley (1982) Robert Duvall / Tom Courtenay (1983) F. Murray Abraham (1984) Jon Voight (1985) Bob Hoskins (1986) Michael Douglas (1987) Dustin Hoffman (1988) Tom Cruise (1989) Jeremy Irons (1990) Nick Nolte (1991) Al Pacino (1992) Tom Hanks (1993) Tom Hanks (1994) Nicolas Cage (1995) Geoffrey Rush (1996) Peter Fonda (1997) Jim Carrey (1998) Denzel Washington (1999) Tom Hanks (2000) Russell Crowe (2001) Jack Nicholson (2002) Sean Penn (2003) Leonardo DiCaprio (2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman (2005) Forest Whitaker (2006) Daniel Day-Lewis (2007) Mickey Rourke (2008) Jeff Bridges (2009) Colin Firth (2010) George Clooney (2011) Daniel Day-Lewis (2012) Matthew McConaughey (2013) Authority control WorldCat VIAF: 64191304 LCCN: n79116412 ISNI: 0000 0003 6864 311X GND: 118522043 SUDOC: 027312127 BNF: cb13892714x (data) NDL: 00620522 Categories: 1901 births1961 deaths20th-century American male actorsAcademy Honorary Award recipientsAmerican male film actorsMale actors from MontanaAmerican people of English descentAmerican Roman CatholicsAmerican male silent film actorsAmerican male television actorsBest Actor Academy Award winnersBest Drama Actor Golden Globe (film) winnersCalifornia RepublicansCancer deaths in CaliforniaConverts to Roman CatholicismDeaths from prostate cancerGrinnell College peoplePeople educated at Dunstable Grammar SchoolPeople from Helena, MontanaMale Western (genre) film actorsParamount Pictures contract playersMale actors from Los Angeles, CaliforniaAmerican anti-communists

About Gary Cooper (עברית)

גרי קופר

גרי קופר, 1952

גרי קופר עם אלינור רוזוולט בשנת 1950 גרי קופר (באנגלית: Gary Cooper;‏ 7 במאי 1901 - 13 במאי 1961) היה שחקן קולנוע אמריקני ממוצא בריטי אשר הקריירה שלו החלה בשנות ה-20 והמשיכה עד מותו. הוא היה ידוע בשל סגנון משחקו השקט והמאופק והדמויות האינדיבידואליסטיות והמרוסנות שגילם, אשר הסתירו לרוב סערת רגשות מאחורי התדמית המרוסנת. דמות זו התאימה במיוחד למערבונים, ואכן קופר שיחק במספר מערבונים הנחשבים לטובים בסוגם, לרבות המערבון הקלאסי "בצהרי היום" שביים פרד זינמן בשנת 1952. קופר זכה בשני פרסי אוסקר במהלך הקריירה שלו, והיה מועמד לפרס חמש פעמים. בשנת 1961 זכה לפרס אוסקר של כבוד על תרומתו לאומנות הקולנוע. קופר נולד כ"פרנק ג'יימס קופר" בעיירה הלנה במונטנה אך את ילדותו בילה באנגליה ביחד עם אמו ואחיו. כאשר היה בן שלוש עשרה שנים נפצע בתאונת מכונית, והחלים בחוות הבקר של אביו במונטנה, שם רכש את כישורי הרכיבה ששימשו אותו כשחקן. בתקופה זו התיידד עם ילדה בשם מירנה לוי אשר לימים תהא אף היא לשחקנית קולנוע מפורסמת. ב-1924 קופר עבר ללוס אנג'לס ובכוונתו היה להיות לצייר מקצועי, אך הוא נכשל בכך. לאחר שלושה חודשים החל להתפרנס כניצב בתעשיית הקולנוע, ובתוך שנה קיבל תפקיד בסרט קצר. לאחר פרסום הסרט נקרא לאולפני פאראמאונט והוצע לו חוזה ארוך טווח. הוא שינה את שמו ל"גרי קופר" בעצת סוכנו, שחש כי השם "גרי" הינו "חזק ומחוספס" ומזכיר את העיר גרי באינדיאנה. תפקידו החשוב הראשון היה בדרמה "כיבושה של ברברה וורת'" בשנת 1926, ודמות השחקן הגבוה והנאה כבשה את המסך, והצליחה (בניגוד לרבים מבני דורו) במעבר מן הסרט האילם אל מסך הקולנוע. במהלך הקריירה שלו הופיע קופר בלמעלה ממאה סרטים, כעשרים מתוכם מערבונים. בסרטיו שיחק את הטיפוס האמריקני האידאלי - שתקן, מאופק, אך עומד על שלו, ואינו מהסס לנקוט באלימות כאשר הדבר מצדיק זאת. קופר שיחק בשני סרטים קלאסיים של הבמאי פרנק קאפרה "מר דידס הולך העירה" ו"פגוש את ג'ון דו" בהם ביסס את דמות הטיפוס "הכל אמריקאי" הנדהם מול השחיתות של המערכת הפוליטית ושל העיר הגדולה. בשנת 1941 זכה בפרס אוסקר לשחקן הטוב ביותר על הופעתו בדרמה המלחמתית "סרג'נט יורק", העוסקת באיכר פציפיסט ההופך לגיבור מלחמה בזמן מלחמת העולם הראשונה. עם תחילת שנות החמישים דעכה מעט הקריירה של קופר, אך היא התחדשה וזכתה לתנופה כאשר בשנת 1952 זכה שוב בפרס האוסקר על הופעתו כשריף ויל קיין, הננטש על ידי אנשי עיירתו מהם הוא מבקש עזרה כנגד פושעים המבקשים את נפשו בסרט "בצהרי היום". תפקיד זה נחשב עד היום לטוב שבתפקידיו. קופר לא הגיע לטקס, וביקש מידידו ג'ון ויין כי יקבל את הפרס עבורו. לאחר "בצהרי היום" המשיך קופר להופיע בסרטים במשך כעשור נוסף עד מותו. קופר, שנחשב לגבר נאה ומושך, גילה סימני זקנה בעשור האחרון לחייו. יש שהשכילו לנצל את סימני הגיל, אשר שירתו היטב במאי כפרד זינמן בסרט "בצהרי היום", אך הופעתו בסרטים כגון הקומדיה של בילי ויילדר "אהבה אחר הצהריים" בשנת 1957, אל מול אודרי הפבורן שהייתה בשנות העשרים לחייה, שידרה עייפות ותשישות. ויילדר סיפר בזכרונותיו כי נאלץ לצלם את הסרט כשדמותו של קופר מצולמת באופן מטושטש והוא שרוי באפלה, על מנת להסתיר את גילו. חייו הפרטיים של קופר היו סוערים. לאחר מספר רומנים עם שחקניות ונשות חברה נחשבות נישא קופר לורוניקה בלף, אשת חברה קתולית מניו יורק אשר עבדה תקופה קצרה כשחקנית תחת השם "סנדרה שאו". נולדה להם ילדה אחת בשם מריה, ובהשפעתה המיר קופר את דתו לדת הקתולית. על אף שקופר נותר נשוי לבלף עד מותו, הדבר לא הפריע לו לקשור מערכות יחסים עם שחקניות מפורסמות שהופיעו בסרטיו כגרייס קלי ופטרישיה ניל. בשנת 1961 מת קופר מסרטן הריאות. לפני מותו העניקה לו האקדמיה לאומנות הקולנוע פרס אוסקר של כבוד, אך הוא היה חולה מכדי להגיע לטקס, ואת הפרס קיבל עבורו ג'יימס סטיוארט אשר כקופר היה מן הכוכבים האהובים על הבמאי פרנק קאפרה וגילם בסרטיו תפקידים דומים לתפקידיו הקלאסיים של קופר, בדמות האמריקני התמים והשתקן. קופר היה ידידו הטוב של ארנסט המינגוויי והופיע בעיבודים קולנועיים רבים ליצירותיו, לרבות "הקץ לנשק" (1932) ו"למי צלצלו הפעמונים" (1943). קופר נחשב עד ימינו לאחד מגדולי שחקני הקולנוע שפעלו אי פעם. דמותו הונצחה בבול דואר של ארצות הברית בשנת 1990. הבול, חלק מסדרה העוסקת בסרטים שהופקו בשנת 1939, מראה את דמותו של קופר כפי שהופיע בסרט "בו ג'סט". פילמוגרפיה חלקית[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

כנפיים (1927) - הסרט הראשון שזכה בפרס אוסקר לסרט הטוב ביותר. קופר הופיע בסרט בתפקיד קטן והכיר במסגרתו את קלרה בואו, עמה ניהל רומן מתוקשר. מרוקו (1930) - סרט הרפתקאות רומנטי בו הופיע לצד מרלן דיטריך, שזו הייתה הופעתה הראשונה בסרט אמריקני. הקץ לנשק (1932) - עיבוד לספרו המפורסם של ארנסט המינגוויי. מר דידס הולך העירה (1936) - קומדיה של הבמאי פרנק קאפרה על משורר הזוכה בירושה, מגיע לעיר הגדולה, ומפתיע את כולם ביושרו. בו ג'סט (1939) - עיבוד לרומן ההרפתקאות הקלאסי העוסק בחיילי לגיון הזרים הצרפתי. נא להכיר: ג'ון דו (1941) - קומדיה נוספת של פרנק קאפרה העוסקת בנווד תמים הנקלע למערבולת פוליטית ועיתונאית. גאוות הינקים (1942) - סיפורו של שחקן הבייסבול לו גריג אשר לקה במחלה הניוונית הקרויה על שמו. סרג'נט יורק (1943) - דרמה מלחמתית העוסקת בחוואי תמים ההופך לגיבור מלחמה במהלך מלחמת העולם הראשונה. למי צלצלו הפעמונים (1943) - עיבוד לרומן של ארנסט המינגוויי העוסק במלחמת האזרחים בספרד. כמעיין המתגבר (1949) - עיבוד לספרה של איין ראנד. בצהרי היום (1952) - מערבון קלאסי על שריף העומד לבדו מול חבורת פושעים. אהבה אחרי הצהריים (1957) - קומדיה רומנטית שביים בילי ויילדר, בה הופיע עם אודרי הפבורן. קישורים חיצוניים[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה]

מיזמי קרן ויקימדיה ויקישיתוף תמונות ומדיה בוויקישיתוף: גרי קופר גרי קופר, במסד הנתונים הקולנועיים IMDb (באנגלית) אורי קליין, פרש בודד: כשגרי קופר רכב אל השקיעה, באתר הארץ, 27 במאי 2011

[הסתרה] פרס אוסקר לשחקן הטוב ביותר

1928‏-1940 אמיל יאנינגס (1928) • ורנר בקסטר (1929) • ג'ורג' ארליס (1930) • ליונל ברימור (1931) • פרדריק מארץ'/ואלאס בירי (1932) • צ'ארלס לוטון (1933) • קלארק גייבל (1934) • ויקטור מקלגלן (1935) • פול מוני (1936) • ספנסר טרייסי (1937) • ספנסר טרייסי (1938) • רוברט דונט (1940) • ג'יימס סטיוארט 1941‏-1960 גרי קופר (1941) • ג'יימס קאגני (1942) • פול לוקאס (1943) • בינג קרוסבי (1944) • ריי מילאנד (1945) • פרדריק מארץ' (1946) • רונלד קולמן (1947) • לורנס אוליבייה (1948) • ברודריק קרופורד (1949) • חוזה פרר (1950) • המפרי בוגרט (1951) • גרי קופר (1952) • ויליאם הולדן (1953) • מרלון ברנדו (1954) • ארנסט בורגנין (1955) • יול ברינר (1956) • אלק גינס (1957) • דייוויד ניבן (1958) • צ'רלטון הסטון (1959) • ברט לנקסטר (1960) 1961‏-1980 מקסימיליאן של (1961) • גרגורי פק (1962) • סידני פואטייה (1963) • רקס הריסון (1964) • לי מרווין (1965) • פול סקופילד (1966) • רוד סטייגר (1967) • קליף רוברטסון (1968) • ג'ון ויין (1969) • ג'ורג' סי. סקוט (1970) • ג'ין הקמן (1971) • מרלון ברנדו (1972) • ג'ק למון (1973) • ארט קרני (1974) • ג'ק ניקולסון (1975) • פיטר פינץ' (1976) • ריצ'רד דרייפוס (1977) • ג'ון ווייט (1978) • דסטין הופמן (1979) • רוברט דה נירו (1980) 1981‏-2000 הנרי פונדה (1981) • בן קינגסלי (1982) • רוברט דובאל (1983) • פ. מוריי אברהם (1984) • ויליאם הרט (1985) • פול ניומן (1986) • מייקל דאגלס (1987) • דסטין הופמן (1988) • דניאל דיי לואיס (1989) • ג'רמי איירונס (1990) • אנתוני הופקינס (1991) • אל פצ'ינו (1992) • טום הנקס (1993) • טום הנקס (1994) • ניקולס קייג' (1995) • ג'פרי ראש (1996) • ג'ק ניקולסון (1997) • רוברטו בניני (1998) • קווין ספייסי (1999) • ראסל קרואו (2000) 2001-היום דנזל וושינגטון (2001) • אדריאן ברודי (2002) • שון פן (2003) • ג'יימי פוקס (2004) • פיליפ סימור הופמן (2005) • פורסט ויטאקר (2006) • דניאל דיי לואיס (2007) • שון פן (2008) • ג'ף ברידג'ס (2009) • קולין פירת' (2010) • ז'אן דוז'רדן (2011) • דניאל דיי לואיס (2012)

[הסתרה] פרס גלובוס הזהב לשחקן הטוב ביותר - סרט דרמה

1943‏-1960 פול לוקאס (1943) • אלכסנדר נוקס (1944) • ריי מילאנד (1945) • גרגורי פק (1946) • רונלד קולמן (1947) • לורנס אוליבייה (1948) • ברודריק קרופורד (1949) • חוזה פרר (1950) • פרדריק מארץ' (1951) • גרי קופר (1952) • ספנסר טרייסי (1953) • מרלון ברנדו (1954) • ארנסט בורגנין (1955) • קירק דאגלס (1956) • אלק גינס (1957) • דייוויד ניבן (1958) • אנתוני פראנסיוסה (1959) • ברט לנקסטר (1960) 1961‏-1980 מקסימיליאן של (1961) • גרגורי פק (1962) • סידני פואטייה (1963) • פיטר או'טול (1964) • עומר שריף (1965) • פול סקופילד (1966) • רוד שטייגר (1967) • פיטר או'טול (1968) • ג'ון ויין (1969) • ג'ורג' סי. סקוט (1970) • ג'ין הקמן (1971) • מרלון ברנדו (1972) • אל פצ'ינו (1973) • ג'ק ניקולסון (1974) • ג'ק ניקולסון (1975) • פיטר פינץ' (1976) • ריצ'רד ברטון (1977) • ג'ון ווייט (1978) • דסטין הופמן (1979) • רוברט דה נירו (1980) 1981‏-2000 הנרי פונדה (1981) • בן קינגסלי (1982) • רוברט דובאל (1983) • פ. מוריי אברהם (1984) • ג'ון ווייט (1985) • בוב הוסקינס (1986) • מייקל דאגלס (1987) • דסטין הופמן (1988) • טום קרוז (1989) • ג'רמי איירונס (1990) • ניק נולטי (1991) • אל פצ'ינו (1992) • טום הנקס (1993) • טום הנקס (1994) • ניקולס קייג' (1995) • ג'פרי ראש (1996) • פיטר פונדה (1997) • ג'ים קארי (1998) • דנזל וושינגטון (1999) • טום הנקס (2000) 2001-היום ראסל קרואו (2001) • ג'ק ניקולסון (2002) • שון פן (2003) • לאונרדו דיקפריו (2004) • פיליפ סימור הופמן (2005) פורסט ויטאקר (2006) • דניאל דיי לואיס (2007) • מיקי רורק (2008) • ג'ף ברידג'ס (2009) • קולין פירת' (2010) • ג'ורג' קלוני (2011) • דניאל דיי לואיס (2012) • מתיו מקונוהיי (2013) קטגוריות: שחקני קולנוע וטלוויזיה אמריקאיםזוכי פרס גלובוס הזהב - שחקניםזוכי אוסקר: השחקן הטובזוכי אוסקר: פרסי כבוד

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Gary Cooper's Timeline

1901
May 7, 1901
Helena, Mt, USA
1933
1933
Age 31
1961
May 13, 1961
Age 60
Los Angeles, CA, USA