About Addison Crandall Gibbs
Addison Crandall Gibbs (July 9, 1825 – December 29, 1886) was an American politician. He was the second Governor of Oregon from 1862 until 1866, and previously served in the Oregon Territory's legislative body and later the state legislature.
Addison Crandall Gibbs was born on July 9, 1825, in Cattaraugus County, New York. He attended and graduated from a state run normal school before becoming a teacher. Later he passed the bar and moved to California in 1849.
In 1850 A.C. Gibbs moved to the Oregon Territory. There he moved to the town of Gardiner on the Umpqua River where he would become a member of the Oregon Territorial Legislature in 1852. He was also appointed as a customs collector for Gardiner, located at the mouth of the Umpqua.
Then in 1860 Gibbs relocated to Portland, Oregon, where he was elected to the state house. Next, in 1862 he was elected as governor of Oregon, with his term beginning on September 10, 1862 with him serving as the governor during the American Civil War. During the war in 1864, responding to orders from the United States Congress, Gibbs raised an infantry regiment despite opposition from Oregonians. His term ended on September 12, 1866.
After his term as governor, Gibbs was an unsuccessful candidate for the United States Senate in 1866 to replace James W. Nesmith with Henry W. Corbett as the selection of the Oregon Legislature. Gibbs then served as the United States District Attorney for the United States District of Oregon and as a commissioner for the state to settle war claims from the wars against the Native Americans. Addison Crandall Gibbs died in London, England, on December 29, 1886.