Abraham Michaux 1 Immigrant France

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Abraham Michaux, I

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sedan, Champagne-Ardenne, France
Death: Died in Powhatan, VA, USA
Place of Burial: Goochland Co., VA
Immediate Family:

Son of Jacob Michaux and Anne Michaux
Husband of Suzanne or Susanne Laroche Michaux (Rochet)
Father of Jane Magdalen LeGrand; Olive Judith Morgan; Jacques (James) Michaux; Abraham Michaux; Isaac Michaux and 6 others
Brother of elizabeth michaux

Managed by: Private User
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About Abraham Michaux 1 Immigrant France

"History & Will of Abraham Michaux & Suzanne Rachette · 5 May 2015 · 0 Comments MICHAUX 1 "YOUR HERITAGE", BUSH -SNEED; Estella Clark Herdeg; 1984, Mannis Printing, Knoxville; pp. 55-103; Family History Library, Salt Lake City, 929.273 B9&3h; Morton, Woodson, Michaux, and Ferris Families. #19

On page 519 of Barksdale Family History Barksdale writes: While there are no direct alliances between Michaux and Barksdale, Michaux has intermarried with so many families which are collateral with Barksdale, that the following should be included, though it is unnecessary to show it graphically.

ABRAHAM MICHAUX (1672-1717), a native of Sedan, France, was a Huguenot refugee who fled to Amsterdam where he married July 13, 1692, Susanne Rochet, daughter of Moise Rochet, or de la Roche. Moise Rochet, also a Huguenot, was the father of four daughters of whom Susanne was the youngest. He was endeavoring to get them out of France and into Holland by those secret agents who bravely ventured the hazardous business of aiding the escape of the Huguenots. The first attempt failed and all four daughters were seized and imprisoned, but were later returned to their father. The three elder daughters made a second attempt, this time leaving Susanne with their father, and this time they succeeded in reaching Holland. Fearing that letters would be intercepted they wrote their father to send the “little night cap” they left behind, using this phrase to designate their younger sister Susanne, then 15 years of age. Susanne was placed in a hoghead marked as merchandise and carried on board a trading vessel bound for Holland, she was removed from the hogshead when the vessel got fairly out to sea and reached her sisters in safety. Ever afterwards she was known as “The Little Night Cap”. This story has been frequently told and perhaps has lost its savor with those already familiar with it, however, it is repeated for those who may not have heard it. Abraham Michaux and his wife, Susanne, together with four children left Holland in 1701 and went to England; thence they emigrated to Virginia and settled at Manakintown. His will was probated August 5, 1717 in Henrico County and that of his wife December 17, 1744 in Goochland County. They had issue of thirteen children, the first four of whom were born at Amsterdam, the last nine in Virginia. (1) Anne Madelin Michaux b. April, 1693; m. 1715, Richard Woodson (2) Jane Magdelen Michaux, bp. 1697; m. Peter Le Grand. (3) Isaac Michaux, bp 1699. (4) James Michaux, bp 1700. (5) Jacob Michaux, m. Judith Woodson. (6) Susanne Michaux, m. John Quin. (7) John Michaux. (8) Abraham Michaux, d. unm. (9) Olive Judi Michaux, m. Anthony Morgan. (10) John Paul Michaux, m. Judith Wilmore. (11) Elizabeth Michaux, m. Sanburn Woodson. (12) Agnes Michaux, m. Richard Woodson (Will) (13) Ester Mary Michaux, m. Alexander Cunningham

ABRAHAM MICHAUX AND WIFE SUSANNE ROCHETTE (P. 83)

On page 34 of “The Woodsons and Their Connections” this story is given.

“During the religious persecution consequent upon the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, which was signed by Louis XIV, of France, on October 18, 1685, and published four days afterwards, Susanne Rochette lived in Sedan, France. When about fifteen years of age she escaped to Amsterdam where she married Abraham Michaux, a Huguenot, and continued in Holland until she had six children. They immigrated to Virginia and settled in Manikin Town in Goochiand County early in the eighteenth century. Abraham Michaux was a nephew of the celebrated Mr. James Saurin, minister of the French Church of the Savoy in the Strand, London, in the year 1703. A prayer book, with this note in French inscribed on a blank page; ‘M. Saurin, minister, has sent this book of Common Prayer to his nephew Abraham Michaux in Virginia. ‘was presented on 1857, by H. F. Cabell, Esq., through Bishop Meade, to the Theological Seminary at Alexandria, Virginia. (Cabells and their Kin, p. 272.) “Abraham Michaux was born in Sedan, France in 1672 and died in Virginia in 1717. He was ‘inscribed’ member of the French Huguenot Church in Amsterdam, Holland, January 28, 1691. There he married Susanne Rochette on July 13, 1692. “Their children were baptized as follows: Anne, May 7, 1693; Jane, January 3, 1697; Jacob, August 15, 1700. (See Achives of Holland Church.) On May 8, 1701, they left Amsterdam for London, England, and from there came to Virginia, probably the same year or in 1702. His uncle Rev. James Saurin, sent him the above mentioned prayer book in 1703. Abraham Michaux died in 1717 and his wife, Susanne, died in 1744. In her will, recorded in Goochland, she mentions children as follows: (1) Anne Madelin Michaux (born 1693, in Holland; was married in Virginia to Richard Woodson). (2) Susanne Michaux (born in Holland about 1695; was married in Virginia to John Quin of Henrico, and had a daughter, Judith Quin, who married Richard Morton, son of Thomas Morton and Elizabeth Woodson). (3) Jane Magdalen Michaux (born about 1697 in Holland; married Peter Le Grande). (4) Judith Michaux (born 1699 in Holland, and married Anthony Morgan). (5) Jacob Michaux (born in 1700, in Holland, was married in Virginia to Judith Woodson). (6) Elizabeth Michaux (born about 1701. is not known positively whether her birth occurred in Holland, England or Virginia. She married Sanburne Woodson). (7) Esther Mary Michaux (was probably born about 1703 in Virginia, and married Alexander Cunningham). (See Michaux family Bible and Prayer Book, Episcopal Seminary, Alexander, Virginia; and will of Abraham Michaux).” The above Michaux data was received from Mrs. Jeanie Morton Cunningham of Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania. The home of Richard Woodson, in Prince Edward County, was called “Poplar Hill”, and he was sometimes called “Richard Woodson of Poplar Hill”. He died __________ “His wife Agnes Michaux, lived to a great age, but was survived by only two daughters, Agnes and Elizabeth. The tradition of her many virtues is preserved among her numerous descendants to this day. Her strong character and devoted piety made an indelible impression upon those who had the happiness to know her.” (See Mead’s Old Churches and Families of Virginia.)

THE LITTLE NIGHT-CAP A Story of The Huguenots (The following story of the Little Night-Cap is an authentic narrative and was first published when the writer was pastor of the church in Morganfield, Kentucky, in 1882. After being lost for several years the paper was discovered recently and in response to many requests, is now republished. Rev. W. D. Morton, Rocky Mount, North Carolina) —Copied from The Huguenot 1931- 1935.

Letter No. 1 My Dear Isaac Carrington and W. C. Morton: While this little story which I write you as an open letter may prove profitable to many, I desire you to reflect upon God’s goodness to your ancestors in bringing them into His service: and I wish you to remember His mercies to you in giving your Christian parents who had dedicated you to God in baptism. You are old enough to come out and confess Christ as your Savior and claim Him as your Lord-the blessed covenant-keeping God. You will see from the story of this little girl, whose blood flows in your veins, that for many generations the God of Abraham, of Isaac and of Jacob, the covenant-keeping God, has been remembering His promise, to be a God to His people and to their children after them. He is God of your fathers, and you should now take Him for your God and begin to serve Him with all your hearts. It is now almost two hundred years since the wicked King Louis XIV of France broke the solemn promises his crown had made to the Huguenot Presbyterians by revolting what is known as the “Edict of Nances”. His grandfather, Henry the Fourth, had abjured the faith of his pious mother. Jean d’Albert, and had become a Roman Catholic. But he still cherished a warm affection for the Presbyterian church of his parents; and despite the bitter opposition of his new Romish friends he had given to the Huguenots, to whom he owed his throne as well as his education, a solemn vow that they should be at liberty to worship God according to their religious principles. Under this pledge the life of a Protestant Christian was comparably free from persecution until Louis XIV became King of France. Soon his cruel tyrant began to show the most bitter hatred to the Huguenot Christians. He robbed them one right after another, until he finally broke the sacred pledge which had been given to them by repealing the laws which gave them freedom to worship God in France. They were compelled to become Roman Catholics, or to abandon their property and secretly leave their country forever, for the King would hot let them emigrate. This wicked law, known as the “Revocation of the Edict of Nances”, was made in the year 1685. The poor Huguenots were now reduced to the most pitiable state. If they brought their children to the pastor for baptism, they were heavily fined, and were required to bring them to the priest to have them baptized. Their beautiful churches were destroyed, and they were not allowed to build any more. Their children must be educated in Romish schools or grow up in ignorance. Their pastors were required to leave the kingdom in fifteen days; and these poor people were allowed to have no public worship of any kind. More than half of a million of these afflicted Christians were forced to leave their pleasant homes, for, dearly as they loved France, they would not live where they could not worship God and teach their children the doctrine of His word. During these years of great distress there lived in the department of Ardenes a little girl named Susannah Rochette. Her home was on the winding banks of the Meuse, one hundred and thirty miles northeast of Paris, in the beautiful city of Sedan. (The same place where Louis Napoleon surrendered to the Prussian army in 1870.) Sedan was the home of a great many Huguenots. They had here a flourishing university and a large number with Protestant parents, who had directed her education until the cruel king had broken up their schools, and the Roman priests wished to take her from her father’s care and send her to some of their schools that they might make her a Papist. Unwilling to have the principles of this little daughter poisoned by Romish teachers, her father tried to send her out of France. But even this must be done in secret, for the watchful soldiers of King Louis were closely guarding all the roads that led out of the country, to stop the flight of the Huguenots, who were his most valuable subjects. It was doubtless a painful trial for little Susannah to leave her pleasant home to live far away, among the canals and dykes of Holland; for there she was to go and reside with one of her cousins. But if she remained in France she might be forced to forsake the faith of her parents and she must fly from the danger. Some faithful Huguenots, who dressed in women’s clothes to avoid detection, helped the poor refugees to make their escape. These good men who were called night-walkers, took charge of Susannah and her cousin who had a little babe with her. They got away from Sedan, and silently stole past the watch posts and guards of the King in the darkness of the night and were well on their way to the seaport from which they expected to sail for Holland, when Susannah’s cousin stumbled on some rocks in a stream they were crossing. Her babe was awakened and began to cry. This aroused soldiers stationed nearby; these men captured the frightened refugees and took them off to prison. Moses Rochette, Susannah’s father, was allowed to take her back to Sedan, where she remained until two sisters succeeded in escaping to Holland. Here they found a home in Amsterdam, where they were kindly received by Christian friends, who belonged to what is known in America as the Dutch Reformed Church. After they were peacefully settled, her sisters became very anxious about Susannah, and wrote to their father to send her to them at Amsterdam. But fearing their letter might be intercepted and read by enemies, they wrote their father to send them the “Little Night. Cap” they left behind when they left Sedan. After various unsuccessful efforts to send her away, what do you think her father did? He had his little girl put in a hogshead, then the head was hooped on and marked as containing goods. The barrel was entrusted to a friendly sea captain, who had the hogshead placed on board his ship. After they had sailed, and were safely past the watchful .guards who were posted on vessels in the harbor, the hogshead was opened and Susannah was lifted out of her narrow dark chamber, God preserved her and brought her safely to Amsterdam, where her sisters received her with great joy. For some years these three sisters lived in Holland, where you may well suppose they appreciated the precious privileges of a free government and the right to worship God in a Scriptural manner; at the same time they had to deny themselves many comforts they had enjoyed in France. Amsterdam was crowded with their countrymen, who like them had fled from cruel oppression. The generous Hollanders were very liberal to the suffering refugees, but their food was often of the coarsest kind. Upon a visit which Moses Rochette once contrived to make his daughters, he found them eating the cheapest black-bread in the country. He pleasantly remarked, “If I were choosing a stone, I would take the whitest.” Thus they lived for years in the exercise of great self-denial, rather than renounce their faith; but God gave them grace to endure great trials for conscience sake. Qne of them at least was to become the head of a long line of Godly Presbyterians in a western world, and He was fitting her for responsibility. The two oldest sisters married and moved to the West Indies. When grown, Susannah also married. Her husband, Abraham Michaux, was a good industrious man, who was also a Huguenot refugee. Next I will tell you of Susannah’s emigration and life in Virginia.

My Dear Nephew; In my first letter we left the Little Night-Cap, she has now by marriage become Sussannah Michaux, living with her husband in Holland. Here they remained for some years, and by their combined industry acquired a sum of money sufficient to remove to America. They then embraced an offer made to the Huguenot refugees by King William of England to settle in the colony of Virginia. Abraham Michaux, with his wife and six children, embarked for America and landed in Stafford County, Virginia, on the banks of the Potomac River, in a new and strange country, thousands of miles away from the sunny land they had forsaken for their precious faith. But the God of the patriarch Abraham, country and kindred, was with them in their western home. In a few years the Michaux family moved from their Stafford home to the settlement of Huguenots on the James River, called Manakin Town, where they lived in peace and prosperity, Abraham Michaux and the Little Night-Cap reared twelve children, five sons and seven daughters, from whom many of the pious and patriotic citizens of Virginia are descended. They intermarried with the Woodsons, Mortons, Venables, Watkins, Flournoys, Carringtons and others; and their descendants, many of them faithful Presbyterians, are now scattered throughout the South and West. Elizabeth, the tenth and Agnes (Anne Madelin) the eleventh child of the Little Night-Cap, married Sanborne and Richard Woodson. The latter had a daughter, Agnes, who married a Virginia pioneer, Joseph Morton, who moved to Charlotte County and settled near Little Roanoke Bridge. He was in sympathies and Episcopalian, but the Huguenot Church was very dear to his wife, the granddaughter of Little Night-Cap, and she too, became a devout Presbyterian. The history of Joseph Morton’s connections with the Presbyterian Church is very interesting as related by D. Archibald Alexander, who was once pastor of the Briery Church, of which Mr. Morton was an elder for more than twenty years. John Morton, a connection of Joseph, who probably lived in Prince Edward County, had also married a granddaughter of Susannah Michaux—Elizabeth, a daughter of Sanborne Woodson and his wife. A son of John Morton, also named John, was attached to the ministry that preached in Virginia, and was highly recommended for his eloquence and piety. Their son, Captain Morton, once induced Mr. Davies to go with him on a visit to his relatives, the Mortons of Roanoke Bridge. Mr. Davies desired to preach at their house, Mr. Morton, who was a rigid churchman, was reluctant to consent, but after consulting with his wife, he yielded; a messenger was sent around to neighbors, and a congregation assembled. Dr. Alexander states that “Mr. Davies made such an impression on both that when he departed; they accompanied him to Cumberland (more than thirty miles) to the administration of the sacrament. His wife has become deeply impressed from the first evening, and was very anxious about partaking of the Lord’s Supper. But she was afraid that her husband would not agree to it. She however, broke the matter to him on Sunday morning, though surprised, he told her to do as she thought proper. In the intermission, after the sermon, he called out Mr. Davies and told him he wished to join communion with the Church. Mr. Davies, after a little conversation, gave him a token of admission, and the husband and wife went together to the Lord’s table. From this pair sprang a large Presbyterian population, spread far and wide through Prince Edward and Charlotte Counties. Not long after he and a number of others united in building a house of worship at Briery, and in a short time they obtained one-half the labors of the Rev. Robert Henry. When there was no sermon, Mr. Morton regularly attended, read a discourse and catechised the children. So consistent was his character and so beneficial his influence that he was a blessing to the whole community in which he lived. (“Life of Dr. Alexander”.) The records of the Briery Church show that he was one of the first elders of the church which was organized some time between the years of 1755 and 1760; that he died in 1782. Mr. Morton’s wife survived him for twenty years and died in 1802. Dr. Alexander says she lived “to the age of ninety-two, that she was a very pious woman whose house was always open for ministers and religous people, and for the preaching of the Gospel.” From this pair has sprung a large connection, people which for more than a hundred years has been multiplying and giving their children to the service of God; at least seven of these children were members of the Briery Church. Three became ruling elders. The children from this family have now for four, and even five generations, been brought into the service of God by Christ, the covenant-keeping Head of His Church. Their daughters and granddaughters have intermarried with the Venables, the Hoges, the Carringtons and the line of these faithful servants of God has contributed to the strength of the church a long roll of pious ministers, elders and consistent members. The records of Briery Church gives us the names of some thirty of their descendants who became communicates there in less than seventy years from its organization, and many more were afterwards added to this number, besides the large emigration to other churches and beyond the limits of the Synod of Virginia. John Morton, mentioned as the guide of Mr. Davies on his visit to Charlotte, whose mother was the granddaughter of the Little Night-Cap, likewise became the ancestor of a large Presbyterian connection. One of the granddaughters married Dr. John H. Rice of Union Seminary, Virginia. The memory of her beautiful Christian character is still fresh in the minds of the people of Hampden-Sidney.

(Contributed by Mrs. John Benjamin Watkins, Sr. (Lelia Michaux), of Midlothian, Virginia.) Copied: THE HUGUENOT 5-7, 1931-35 pages 113-117 (Ref. #369-129)

THE HUGUENOT ABRAHAM MICHAUX AND DESCENDANTS By J. D. Eggleston Published; page 365 “Virginia Historical Magazine”, Vol. 44 (1936). The following information is taken from this article. Huguenots is the name usually given to the French Protestants of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries; and about the year 1560, was first applied to all partisans of the Protestant Reformation. There was growing friction prior, and subsequent, to this tithe between the Huguenots and Catholics. By the Edict of Nantes in 1598, toleration was granted the Huguenots - proponents of an open Bible and of religious liberty - but the murder of Henry IV left them without a protector and under Louis XIII, the young son and successor of Henry, they had to fight for the rights the Edict was supposed to have granted them. After the death of Maxarin in 1661, several edicts were issued, the ultimate design of which was to exterminate the Huguenots. In 1685 Louis XIV published his famous - or infamous - Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and persecutions and massacre started at once. Hundreds of thousands of Protestants fled from France, most of them taking refuge in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, the Netherlands, South Africa, England and America. This was a frightful loss to France, for, as G. C. Verplanck says, “The Hughnots were the most moral, industrious and intelligent of the French population.” But what was loss to France was gain to every country where these refugees located; Lord Frederic Hamilton speaks of their influence in South Africa: “Wherever these French Huguenots settled they brought civilization in their train, and proved a blessing to the country of their adoption. In England they taught us silk-weaving and clock making, starting the one in Spital Fields, the other in Clerkenwell. In Dublin where a strong colony of them settled, they introduced the making of tabinet, or “Irish poplin”, and I am told that the much sought-after “Irish silver” was almost entirely the work of French Huguenot refugees. Here, at the far off Cape, the Huguenots settled in the valleys of the Drakenstein, of the Hottentot’s Holland, and at French Hoch; and they made the wilderness blossom, and transformed its barren space into smiling wheatfields and oak-shaded vineyards. “I suspect, too, that the artistic impulse which produced the dignified Colonial houses, and built so beautiful a town as Stellenbosch, must have come from the French.” (“Here, There and Everywhere”, pp 364-5.) Mr. Landon C. Bell, in his admirable History of Lunenburg County, says of the Huguenots who came to Virginia: “The French were represented among the early inhabitants of Lunenburg by such families as the Fontai.nes, the Maurys, the LeGrands and the Michaux. These French were the Huguenots who, from the Massacre of St. Bartholemew to and after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, suffered most infamous outrages which forced hundreds of thousands to flee from that country. Of these Huguenots thus driven from France, John Jay said they carried industry, intelligence and prosperity, light, truth and happiness to other lands, including our own.” (The Old Free State, 1:97- 8.) William H. Foote mentions the Michaux family in connection with others of Southside Virginia. He says: “The genealogy for the eighteenth century, of the Morton, Watkins, Venable, Allen, Womack, Smith, Spencer, Michaux, Wilson and Scott families, and many others that occupied Lunenburg in its original boundaries, would offer to the philosophic observer of the human race subjects for profound reflection. Coming from different divisions of the European stock, mingling in society on the frontiers, amalgamating by marriage, moulded by the religious teachings of Robinson and Davies, and their associates and successors, they formed a state of society and morals, in which the excellence of the original constituent parts have all been preserved. The courtly manners of Williamsburg, the cheerfulness and ease of the Hughnots, the honest frankness and stern independence of the English country gentleman, the activity and shrewdness of the merchant, the simplicity of republican life—all have been combined.” “Removed from cities, and not densely crowds in neighborhoods, relieved from the drudgeries of common life and stimulated to activities, to preserve a cheerful independence, the increasing population have improved the opportunities for normal, intellectual, and spiritual advancement and pious example of excellence in manners, morals and religion and domestic intercourse, worthy of rememberance and imitation.” (Sketches of Virginia, Second Series, p 575.) The story of “Little Nightcap” is well known. There are variations of the story but the most interesting account is the one published in 1888 by Rev. William Dennis Morton, D.D. in the Central Presbyterian and republished on April 12, 1916, in “The Presbyterian of the South”. This charming story was republished in 1933 in “The Hughnot, No. 6; the Annual of the Hughnot Society Founders of Manikin in the State of Virginia.” As this story is highly prized by Michaux descendants and has been widely distributed, certain errors in Dr. Morton’s account should be pointed out:

  • 1. Dr. Morton repeats the statement made in the Michaux Bible by Mrs. Venable, that the family first settled “in Stafford County, in Virginia, on the banks of the Potomac River.” I have been unable to find any evidence for this. They were certainly in London in 1702, and if they settled on the Potomac before coming to Manakin Town, they must have stayed only a very short while. The family appeared at the Huguenot Settlement in Henrico County in 1705.
  • 2. Dr. Morton is incorrect in stating that Richard Woodson of Henrico (later of “Poplar Hill”, Prince Edward County) married Agnes Michaux and that the Agnes Woodson who married Joseph Morton was this Richard Woodson’s daughter. Richard Woodson of “Poplar Hill” married Ann Madeljn Michaux, next to the youngest daughter of Abraham Michaux; and the Agnes Woodson who married Joseph Morton was the sister, not daughter, of Richard Woodson of “Poplar Hill”. There was no Agnes Michaux.
  • 3 The “connection” of Joseph Morton, spoken of by Dr. Morton, was Thomas Morton of Henrico, an Uncle of Joseph Morton. This Thomas Morton, who at no time lived in Prince Edward County; married Elizabeth Woodson, sister of Richard Woodson who married Ann Madelin Michaux, Agnes, Richard and Elizabeth Woodson were children of Richard Woodson of Henrico and his wife Ann (incorrectly identified as a daughter of Obadiah Smith). The son mentioned at length by Dr. Morton was John Morton, who moved to Prince Edward County, was a Lieutenant under General Andrew Lewis in the Battle of the Great Kanawha (Point Pleasant) in 1774, was one of the founders of Hampden-Sydney College, and was a Captain in the War of the Revolution.
  • 4 Dr. Morton was in error in stating that Dr. John Holt Rice married a Michaux descendant. He married Ann Morton, daughter of Major James Morton and his wife Mary Smith, daughter of William Smith of “Montrose” and his wife Mary Smith, daughter of Obadiah Smith and his wife Mary Cocke. Major James Morton (“Old Solid Column” of the Revolution) was son of Captain John Morton (mentioned above) and his wife Mary Elizabeth Anderson.

5. Dr. Morton says, “The earnest prayers so often uttered by your aged grandfather came from a great-grandson of Agnes Morton, the “Little Night-Cap’s granddaughter.” His error, as pointed out above was in making Agnes (Woodson) Morton a Michaux descendant. Agnes Woodson, daughter of Richard Woodson and his wife Ann Madelin Michaux, married Francis Watkins, who was for nearly sixty years the Clerk of Prince Edward County Court. The data given on the Michaux Pedigree Chart is taken from records of these families sent by Pasteur U. Weiss, of the Societe de l’Historire de Protestantisme Francais, to a Michaux descendant, who has generously permitted its use but whose name was not permitted to be disclosed. Pastor Weiss sent a very interesting letter from Paris, a part of which is as follows: “It was necessary to go through all the registers of baptism, marriages and burials whose copies are in the library of our Huguenot Society - and to pickup all the Michaux, Severin, Rochet, - so as to be able to find out those you are interested in. Those registers cover the years 1573-1608 (4 registers), and 1631-1682 (14 registers), leaving a big gap, as you see, between 1608 and 1631.” “No trace of Michaux is to be found in the registers from 1573 to 1608. But the three families you are interested in are represented by a great many entries in the registers of 1631 to 1682.” “Sedan and the surrounding towns and villages, making out today part of the dapartement des Ardennes (N.E. of France) was, during the XVIth and the former half of the XVIIth century an independent country, called principaute de Sedan, whose princes became protestants. Most of their subjects adopted the same religion and remained protestants even when the land (1642) was annexed to the Kingdom of France.” “But, at the revocation of the edict of Nantes (1685) they had to choose between forsaking their faith in becoming Roman Catholics — or their home and property. A great number, among then the Michaux, Severin and Rochet, preferred leaving their country. They generally went to Holland, about the nearest protestant country fleeing through the big forests which cover the mountain range called Les Ardennes... I made inquiries in the documents referring to refugees, preserved and partly published in Holland and England - and was fortunate enough to find their names again. After the Revocation Jacob Michaux fled to Holland with his wife and settled in Amsterdam where their sixth child was baptized (March 3, 1689). Two brothers of Anne Severin, Jean and Jacques, who had been pastors in the Palatinate and France, like their grandfather, went to England after the Revocation. Abraham, son of Jacob, followed his father; January 28, 1691, received member of the Walloon-French Church at Amsterdam, where, July 13, 1692 he married Suzanne Rochet. Perhaps at the suggestion of his brothers-in-law, he went to England in 1701, where his wife became a member of the Huguenot Church of Threadneedle Street, London, August 20, 1702. As far as the records show, the first contact made by Abraham Michaux with the French settlement at Manakintowne was in 1705. On November 2 of that year he obtained a patent of 574 acres on the south side of James River, on both sides of Lower Manakintowne Creek; (Land Book 9 :679) and on April 1, 1707, “Abraham Michaux of King William Parish and Henrico County” sold 574 acres to Rane Laforce, “as by patent 2 November, 1705”; witnesses to the deed being Joseph Pleasants and John Cox (Henrico Records 1706-1709, p. 29). On January 27, 1713, Abraham Michaux was granted a patent of 850 acres of land on the south side of James River, in the County of Henrico, “In consideration of the Importation of nine persons to dwell within our Colony of Virginia.” (Land Book 10 ::123). On March 23, 1715, he received a patent of 230 acres on the south side of the James River, in the County of Henrico (Land Book 19 :284). Two years later he died, leaving a good estate to his family. The family tradition that because of his late arrival at Manakin, he did not receive a kindly welcome from some of the earlier settlers, no doubt has a modicum of truth in it. He had not left Amsterdam when the shipload of refugees came in 1700. Arriving in London in 1701, he was there as late as August 1702, and it is possible that he remained there until 1705, unless we accept the family tradition that he came to “Stafford County” before coming to Henrico.

WILL OF ABRAHAM MICHAUX Errors have crept into several of the copies of the will of Abraham Michaux. A correct copy is as follows: (Henrico County Book 1714-1718, page 187; in the Archives Department, State Library of Virginia In the name of God Amen, I Abraham Michaux being born in the city of Cedent in France 1672, now of Virginia in County of Henrico being in a very Sick and weak Condition but of Sound and perfect mind and memory praise be given to Almighty God do ordain this my last will and Testament in manner and form as followeth that is say first and principally, I commend my Soule into the hands of Almighty God hoping through the merits death and passion of my Savior Jesus Christ to have full and free pardon and forgiveness of all my Sins and to inherit everlasting life, and my body I commit to the Earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executors hereafter named and as touching the disposition of such temporal Estate as it hath pleased Almighty God to bestow upon me I give and dispose thereof as followeth, first I will that all my debts and funeral charges be paid and discharged. Item, I give unto my son Jacob Michaux two hundred Acres of the tract of land I now live on to be laid off at the upper end thereof to have and to hold to him and his heirs forever. Item, I give to my Son John Michaux one hundred Acres of the same tract of land joining to Jacob to have and to hold to him and his heirs forever. Item, I give to my son Abraham Michaux one hundred Acres of the afores’d tract of land joyning next to John to have and to hold to him and his heirs forever. Item, I give to my loving Wife Susanna the plantation on which I now live with one hundred Acres of land during her natural life and then to return to my son John Paul Michaux to him and to his heirs forever. I give to my three eldest daughters Anne, Jane Magdalin and Susanna three hundred Acres of the aforesaid Land to be laid off at the lower end and equally divided between them to have and to hold to them and their heirs forever. Item, I give to my Daughter Olive Judi the remaining part of the aforesaid land be the same more or less to be left on one side or other the aforesaid plantation to have and to hold to her and her heirs forever. Item, I give to my loving Wife Susanna my land and plantation at Manakin Town containing two hundred and thirty-three Acres with all appurtenances thereunto belonging during her natural life with privilege to make Saile of the Same to purchase Slaves the which after her decease is to return to my three youngest Daughters Elizabeth, Annmadlin and Ester Mary to them and their heirs forever. All the residue of my personall Estate Goods and Chattles whatsoever I do give and bequest to my loving Wife Susanna whom with my Son Jacob I appoint full and Sole Executors and Executor of this my last will and Testament and I leave my Executors in full power to sell the abovesaid plantation at Manakin Town and make undoupted rits in fee as witness my hand and Seal this 13th day of May 1717. The will of Abraham Michaux was recorded by order of Court on August 5, 1717. He died when only 45 years old.

WILL OF SUSANNA ROCHET MICHAUX Errors have crept into the copies of the will of Susanna (Rochet) Michaux. Her will was recorded in Goochland County December 17, 1744, and was made March 22, 1740. A copy of her will is as follows:

In the name of God, Amen. I, Susanne Michaux do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament in manner and form, as followeth: Imprimis: — “I will that all my just debts be paid by my Executor herein after mentioned. Item: I give to my loving son, John Paul Michaux, this plantation whereon I now live, bequeathed to me by my deceased husband. Abraham Michaux, containing one hundred acres same to him and his heirs forever. Items: I give to my said son, John Paul Michaux all the rest of my estate real and personal, of what nature or kind whatsoever. Lastly, I constitute and appoint my loving son, John Paul Michaux, whole and sole Executor of my last Will and Testament, and that it is my desire, that my estate shall not be appraised. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my and seal this 22nd day of March 1740 (Signed) Susanna Michaux (Seal)

“The word JOHN in the fifth line and the same word in the seventh was interlined before signed.” John Flournoy, Wade Netherland, Anthony Morgan.

At the Court held for Goochland County, Virginia, 17th Day of December 1744, this will was approved by the oaths of John Flournoy and Wade Netherland and solemn affirmation of Anthony Morgan (a Quaker) and was ordered to be recorded. P. G. Miller Dept. Clk. Goochland County Court.

This article is from: "YOUR HERITAGE", BUSH -SNEED; Estella Clark Herdeg; 1984, Mannis Printing, Knoxville; pp. 55-103; Family History Library, Salt Lake City, 929.273 B9&3h; Morton, Woodson, Michaux, and Ferris Families."

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Abraham Michaux 1 Immigrant France's Timeline

1672
February 23, 1672
Sedan, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1692
July 13, 1692
Age 20
Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands
1697
January 3, 1697
Age 24
Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands
1698
April 13, 1698
Age 26
Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands
1699
June 24, 1699
Age 27
Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
1699
Age 26
Henrico?, Henrico County, Virginia
1700
August 15, 1700
Age 28
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands
1700
Age 27
1701
1701
Age 28
1703
1703
Age 30