Adélaïs of Paris

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Adélaïs

Also Known As: "Abdelheid", "Adelahide", "Adelaide", "Adélaïde", "Adelheid", "Adelajda", "Adalheidis", "Aélis"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Paris, (Present région Ile-de-France), Francie occidentale (Present France)
Death: Died in Laon, (Present département de l'Aisne), (Present région Picardie), Francie occidentale (Present France)
葬于: L'église abbatiale Saint-Corneille, Compiègne, (Present département de l'Oise), (Present région Picardie), Francie occidentale (Present France)
直系亲属:

Daughter of Adalhard, count of ParisN.N. Matfridingen
Wife of Louis II "le bègue", roi des Francs
Mother of Ermentrude of FranceCharles III "the Simple", King of the Franks
Sister of Wulfard, abbé de Flavigny

Occupation: Queen Consort of Western Francia 885 -901, 875 Reine d´AQUITAINE (Königin von AQUITANIEN) Reine de FRANCONIE OCCIDENTALE (Königin von Westfranken) (877 - 879)
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Adélaïs of Paris

Traditionally, she is said to have been the daughter of Begue II of Paris. However, there is some reason to believe that she might have been a daughter of Count-Palatine Adalhard.

Adelais, daughter of Adalhard de Flavigny (Comte Palatin and Comte de Paris)--NOT daughter of Beggo de Paris, according to the FMG.

married Louis II "le Bègue" King of Western Francia

Children:

  1. Ermentrude
  2. Charles III

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Frankish Nobility (covering her birth family):

F. DESCENDANTS of VULFARD COMTE de FLAVIGNY (later COMTES d'ANGOULÊME)

ADALHARD ([830]-after 890).

His parentage is established by the charter dated 2 Nov 889 under which "Vulfardus" donated property to Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire for the souls of "genitoris mei Vulfardi et genetrice mea Susannane necnon et germanorum fratrum meorum Adelardo, Vulgrino, Ymo et sorore mee Hildeburga vel nepote meo Vulgrino"[185].

He inherited the villa Sennecey from his maternal uncle comte Eberhard.

Comte 875. Comte palatin 877. Comte de Paris [885].

m ---. The name of Adalhard's wife is not known.

Adalhard & his wife had two children:

i) VULFARD ([855]-6 Sep [880/93]). Vulfhard is named sororius of King Louis II[186]. The source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. He founded the Benedictine abbey of Flavigny. Abbé de Flavigny 875. ---

ii) ADELAIS ([855/60]-18 Nov [901], bur Compiègne, église abbatiale Saint-Corneille).

Regino names "Adalheidis" second wife of "Hludowicus rex filius Caroli", stating that he married her after repudiating his first wife[187]. Her paternity is indicated by Vulfhard (who would have been the brother of Adelais) being named sororius of King Louis II[188].

Her marriage was not recognised by the church which did not accept her husband's separation from his first wife. The Pope refused to crown Adelais with her husband at Troyes 878, considering that she was not his legitimate wife. Her children were considered illegitimate by the church.

m ([875][189]) as his second wife, LOUIS King of Aquitaine, son of CHARLES II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks & his first wife Ermentrude [d'Orléans] (1 Nov 846-Compiègne 10 Apr 879, bur Compiègne, église collégiale Saint-Corneille).

He succeeded his father in 875 as LOUIS II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks.

References:

[185] Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire XXXI, p. 85. [186] Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987, 1ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), p. 316 footnote 857 which does not cite the source for this reference. [187] Reginonis Chronicon 878, MGH SS I, p. 589. [188] Settipani (1993), p. 316 footnote 857 which does not cite the source for this reference. [189] Jackman, D. C. (1997) Criticism and Critique, sidelights on the Konradiner (Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research), p. 119, refers to the different theories concerning the date of King Louis II's second marriage, which support dates ranging from [866/69] to Dec 877. --------------------------- From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Carolingian Kings (covering her marriage family): http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAROLINGIANS.htm#LouisIIleBeguewestFranksB

LOUIS II 877-879, LOUIS III 879-882, CARLOMAN 882-884


LOUIS, son of CHARLES II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks & his first wife Ermentrude [d'Orléans] (1 Nov 846-Compiègne 11 Apr 879, bur Compiègne, église collégiale Saint-Corneille).

The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Hludovicum Karolum Karlomannum et Hlotharium" as the four sons of "Karolus imperator…ex Hyrmentrudi regina"[274].

His father awarded him the duchy of Mans and part of Neustria and arranged his betrothal in Feb 856, from which time he seems to have received the title king. He was expelled from Brittany after the rebellion which followed the murder of King Erispoé, and sought refuge with his father. He was suspected of having helped his sister Judith elope with Comte Baudouin and was obliged to flee in 861.

He revolted against his father in 862, the revolt being instigated by the Rorgonid family[275]. He was pardoned by his father, given the county of Meaux in 862, and entrusted with the governorship of the whole of Neustria with the title king in 865. The latter appointment was removed from him in the following year[276].

His father invested him as Comte d'Autun in 866.

He was installed as King of Aquitaine in Mar 867, following the death of his brother Charles[277]. He succeeded his father in 877 as LOUIS II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, and LUDWIG III King of West Lotharingia, crowned at Compiègne 8 Dec 877 and at Troyes 7 Sep 878 by Pope John VIII.

The Gesta Francorum records the death "879 III Id Apr…apud Compendium…palatium" of "Hludowicus Karoli regis filius" and his burial in the same place[278]. The Annales Fuldenses record the death "879 III Id Apr apud Compendium" of "Hludowicus, Karoli regis filius" and his burial in the same place[279]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "III Id Apr" of "Ludovicus rex"[280].

Betrothed (Feb 856, contract broken end 857) to ---[de Bretagne], daughter of ERISPOE King of Brittany & his wife --. The Annales Bertiniani record the betrothal of "Respogio Brittone…filiam eius" and "Karlus rex…filio suo Ludoico" in early 856[281].

m firstly (Mar 862, repudiated [876/77]) ANSGARDIS, daughter of comte HARDUIN & his wife --- (-2 Nov [880/82]). The Annales Bertiniani record the marriage in 862 of "Hludowicus frater Karoli [regis Aquitannorum, Karoli regis filius]" and "filiam Harduini…sororem…Odonis", against the will of his father[282]. Regino names "Ansgard" wife of "Hludowicus rex filius Caroli" without giving her origin, specifying that they married without the consent of his father who obliged his son to repudiate his wife[283]. The necrology of Reims Cathedral records the death "IV Non Nov" of "Ansgardis regina"[284]. --- m secondly ([875][285]) ADELAIS, daughter of ADALHARD Comte Palatin [Angoulême] & his wife --- ([855/60]-18 Nov [901], bur Compiègne, église abbatiale Saint-Corneille).

Regino names "Adalheidis" second wife of "Hludowicus rex filius Caroli", married after he repudiated his first wife[286]. Her paternity is indicated by Wulfhard (who would have been the brother of Adelais) being named sororius of King Louis II[287].

Her marriage was not recognised by the church which did not accept her husband's separation from his first wife. The Pope refused to crown her with her husband at Troyes 878, considering that she was not his legitimate wife[288]. Her children were considered illegitimate by the church. --- King Louis II & his first wife had five children:

1. LOUIS ([863/65]-Saint Denis 5 Aug 882, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). He succeeded his father in 879 as LOUIS III King of the West Franks. This was challenged by Ludwig III King of the East Franks, who withdrew after receiving compensation[290]. He was crowned with his brother Carloman in Sep 879 at the Abbaye de Ferrières-en-Gâtinais. Ludwig III recognised his cousins' sovereignty by the Treaty of Ribemont in Feb 880. Louis III and Carloman agreed a division of their territories at Amiens in Mar 880, Louis receiving the northern part of the kingdom, Francia and Neustria. He fell from his horse at Tours, dying soon afterwards[291].

2. GISELA (-[11 Apr 879/12 Dec 884]). m ROBERT Comte Palatin de Troyes, son of EUDES Comte de Châteaudun, later Comte de Troyes & his wife Wandilmodis --- (-killed in battle Troyes Feb 886).

3. CARLOMAN ([866/68]-killed accidentally Bézu-la-Forêt, near Andelys, Eure 6 Dec 884, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). He succeeded his brother in 882 as CARLOMAN King of the West Franks. Betrothed (11 Sep 878) to [ENGELBERGA], daughter of BOSO Comte de Vienne [later King] & his wife Ermengardis of Italy.

4. HILDEGARD (-after 896). --- King Louis II & his second wife had two children:

5. ERMENTRUD ([875/78][305]-).

  • The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karolum quoque postumum et Irmintrudim" as children of "Hlodovicus rex…ex Adelheidi regina"[306].
  • According to Settipani, Ermentrudis was the daughter of King Louis by his first marriage[307], although he cites no primary source on which this is based. It is certainly correct that the chronology is tight for Ermentrud to have been the daughter of her father's second marriage, assuming that the affiliation of her supposed daughter Kunegund is correct as shown here.
  • m ---. Nothing is known about the husband of Ermentrud.
  • Ermentrud & her husband had one child: Kunigund (b. 895/905), mother of Siegfried, Count of Luxembourg.

6. CHARLES (posthumously 17 Sep 879-Péronne 7 Oct 929, bur Péronne St Fursy).

  • The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karolum quoque postumum et Irmintrudim" as children of "Hlodovicus rex…ex Adelheidi regina"[311].
  • He was crowned 28 Jan 893 at Reims as CHARLES III "le Simple" King of the West Franks, as anti-king to Eudes, sole king from 1 Jan 898.

--- References:

[274] Genealogiæ Comitum Flandriæ, Witgeri Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis MGH SS IX, p. 303. [275] McKitterick (1983), p. 266. [276] McKitterick (1983), p. 266. [277] Settipani (1993), pp. 313-4. [278] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 879, MGH SS I, p. 392. [279] Annales Fuldensium Pars Tertia, auctore incerto 879, MGH SS I, p. 392. [280] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 314. [281] Annales Bertiniani II 856. [282] Annales Bertiniani III 862. [283] Reginonis Chronicon 878, MGH SS I, p. 589. [284] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 272. [285] Jackman, D. C. (1997) Criticism and Critique, sidelights on the Konradiner (Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research), p. 119, refers to the different theories concerning the date of King Louis II's second marriage, which support dates ranging from [866/69] to Dec 877. [286] Reginonis Chronicon 878, MGH SS I, p. 589. [287] Settipani (1993), p. 316 footnote 857 which does not cite the source for this reference. [288] Annales Bertiniani III, 878. [290] Jackman, p. 115. [291] Settipani (1993), p. 319. [305] Rösch, p. 100, although the author gives no information on which he bases this estimation. [306] Genealogiæ Comitum Flandriæ, Witgeri Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis MGH SS IX, p. 303. [307] Settipani (1993), p. 318. [308] Tabula Genealogica ex Codice Bibl. Regiæ Monacensis, MGH SS II, p. 314. [309] Rösch, p. 119. [310] Havet, J. (ed.) (1889) Lettres de Gerbert 983-997 (Paris), 52, p. 48, and Epistola XXXV, RHGF 9, p. 283. [311] Genealogiæ Comitum Flandriæ, Witgeri Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis MGH SS IX, p. 303. --------------------------- Adélaïde de Paris, second wife of Louis 'the Stammerer', King of the West-Franks Daughter of the count palatine Adalard of Paris, Marquis of Friuli -------------- From the English Wikipedia page on Adelaide of Paris: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelaide_of_Paris

Adélaïde de Paris, also called Adelaide of Friuli (French: Adélaïde de Frioul), or Aélis (c. 850/853 – 10 November 901) was the second wife of Louis the Stammerer, King of Western Francia, and was the mother of Charles the Simple.

Life

Adelaide was the daughter of the count palatine Adalard of Paris, Marquis of Friuli. Her great-grandfather was Bégon, Count of Paris. Her great-grandmother, Alpaïs, wife of Bégon, was the illegitimate daughter of Louis the Pious by an unnamed mistress.

Adelaide was chosen by Charles the Bald, King of Western Francia, to marry his son and heir, Louis the Stammerer, despite the fact that Louis had secretly married Ansgarde of Burgundy against the wishes of his father. Although Louis and Ansgarde already had two children, Louis and Carloman, Charles prevailed upon Pope John VIII, to dissolve the union. This accomplished, Charles married his son to Adelaide in February 875.

However, the marriage was called into question because of the close blood-kinship of the pair. When on 7 September 878 the pope crowned Louis (who had succeeded his father in the previous year), the pope refused to crown Adelaide.[1]

When Louis the Stammerer died in Compiegne on 10 April 879, he had no heirs by Adelaide; she was, however, pregnant, giving birth on 17 September 879, to Charles the Simple.[2] The birth of this child led to a dispute between Adelaide and her deceased husband's repudiated wife, Ansgarde. Ansgarde and her sons accused Adelaide of adultery; Adelaide in turn disputed the right of Ansgarde's sons to inherit. Eventually, Adelaide succeeded in winning the case; but despite this, Ansgarde's sons Louis and Carloman remained kings until their deaths without heirs in 882 and 884 respectively, with the crown then being contested between Odo, Count of Paris and Charles the Fat.

Charles the Simple eventually succeeded to his father's throne in 898; his mother assisted in crowning him.

Adelais of Paris died in Laon on 10 November 901. She was buried in the Abbey of Saint-Corneille, Compiègne, Picardy, France.[3]

Children 1. Ermentrude, born c. 875 2. Charles III "the Simple", King of France 898–923, born 17 September 879

References

1. ^ McKitterick, Rosamond (2005). New Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge University Press. pp. p. 136. ISBN 052136292X. 2. ^ McKitterick, Rosamond (2005). New Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge University Press. pp. p. 138. ISBN 052136292X. 3. ^ My Lines Retrieved on 6 January 2009 (Personal family tree research of R.B. Stewart, but reasonably well-cited.) http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p315.htm#i7258

Queen of Western Francia 877–879 Preceded by Richilde of Provence Succeeded by Richardis

Reign: 6 October 877 – 10 April 879 Spouse: Louis the Stammerer

Issue 1. Ermentrude of France 2. Charles the Simple

Dynasty: Girardids (by birth), Carolingian (by marriage)

Father Adalard of Paris, Marquis of Friuli

Born c. 850/853 Died 10 November 901 (aged 47–51) Burial Compiègne Abbey, Saint-Corneille, France -------------------- From the French Wikipedia page on Adelaide de Frioul: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ad%C3%A9la%C3%AFde_de_Frioul

Adélaïde de Paris (ou Aélis), désignée aussi sous les noms d'Adélaïde de France, d'Adélaïde d'Adalard, est née entre 855 et 8601. Flle du comte palatin Adalhard de Paris, elle est la seconde épouse du roi Louis II Le Bègue, et la mère de Charles III le Simple.

Elle est l'arrière petite-fille du comte Bégon de Paris et d'Alpaïs, fille du roi Louis le Pieux. Selon certaines sources beaucoup plus sûres et réalistes, Alpaïs ne serait pas la fille de Louis le Pieux, mais serait une fille illégitime de Charlemagne et de l'une de ses nombreuses concubines. Si Alpaïs n'est ainsi pas la fille de Louis le Pieux, Adélaïde est donc nièce de Charles le Chauve et cousine de son fils, Louis II le Bègue. Si Alpaïs est une fille illégitime de Charlemagne, Adélaïde est une demi-sœur de Charles le Chauve et tante de Louis le Bègue.

Charles II le Chauve la choisit comme épouse pour son fils, Louis II Le Bègue, alors que celui-ci a déjà été marié secrètement avec Ansgarde de Bourgogne depuis 862, et a déjà cinq enfants dont deux fils Louis et Carloman. Le roi Charles le Chauve parvient à faire répudier Ansgarde par son fils qui peut se marier avec Adélaïde en 875. Ce second mariage de Louis le Bègue était ce qu’il y avait de mieux en matière de consanguinité et c’est à cause de cela que le pape refusa2 de couronner Adélaïde lors du concile de Troyes le 7 septembre 878.

En 879, Louis le Bègue meurt à Compiègne, alors qu'il préparait une expédition punitive contre les comtes de Poitiers et du Mans, mais Adélaïde est enceinte, et donne la vie à un enfant mâle remettant en cause l'héritage des fils d'Ansgarde.

Le mariage d'Adélaïde est attaqué par Ansgarde de Bourgogne et ses deux fils, qui n'hésitent pas à l'accuser d'adultère. Au terme d'un long et difficile procès, Adélaïde finit par l'emporter et son fils Charles le Simple, né en 879, est reconnu comme enfant légitime et seul héritier de la couronne de France, d'autant plus que Louis III (882) et Carloman II (884) meurent tous deux sans postérité. Charles le Simple étant trop jeune pour régner, le royaume est alors confié à l'empereur Charles III le Gros, puis au comte Eudes Ier de Paris.

En 898, Adélaïde assiste à l'avénement de son fils Charles III le Simple et meurt à Laon un 18 novembre d'une année autour de 901. --- In English:

Adelaide of Paris (or Aelis), known also as Adelaide de France or Adelaide d'Adalard, was born between 855 and 860.[1] A daughter of Adalard, Comte Palatin de Paris, she was the second wife of King Louis II "le Begue" ("The Stammerer") and the mother of Charles III, "The Simple".

She was the great granddaughter of Begon, Comte de Paris and Alpais, daughter of King Louis "The Pious." According to some sources more reliable and realistic, Alpais would not be the daughter of Louis "The Pious" but would rather be an illegitimate daughter of Charlemagne with one of his many concubines. If Alpais was the daughter of Louis the Pious, then Adelaide would have been the niece of Charles the Bald and cousin of his son, Louis II "le Begue". If Alpias was an illegitimate daughter of Charlemagne, Adelaid would be a half-sister of Charles the Bald and aunt of Louis "le Begue". (No sources cited.)

Charles the Bald chose her as a wife for his son, Louis II "le Begue", while the latter had already been secretly married to Ansgarde of Burgundy in 862, and had 5 children by her, with two sons, Louis and Carloman. King Charles the Bald managed to convince his son to repudiate Ansgarde so that he could marry Adelaide in 875. This second marriage of Louis 'le Begue" was what could be called at best "consanguineous" and because of this, the pope refused to crown Adelaide at the Council of Troyes on 7 September 878.

In 879, Louis "le Begue" died at Compiegne while preparing for a punitive expedition against the Comte de Poitiers and Le Mans, but Adelaide had been pregnant by him and gave birth to a male child, calling into question the legacy of Ansgarde's son. Ansgarde of Burgundy attacked Adelaide's marriage, and along with her two sons, accuse her of adultery (claiming that the child was not Louis'). After a long and difficult trial, Adelaide finally prevailed and her son, Charles the Simple (born in 879) was recognized as a legitimate child and sole heir to the throne of France (sic), particularly after Louis III (in 882) and Carloman II (in 884) died without issue. Charles the Simple was too young to rule, and so the kingdom was entrusted to Emperor Charles the Fat and Eudes I, Comte de Paris.

In 898, Adelaide attended the accession of her son, Charles III "The Simple" and died at Laon sometime around 901, on the date of 18 November. --- Voir aussi

Notes et références

1. ↑ Sa généalogie sur le site Medieval Lands [archive] http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FRANKISH%20NOBILITY.htm#Adelaisdied901

2. ↑ René François Rohrbacher et Auguste Henri Dufour, Histoire universelle de l'Eglise Catholique [archive], Gaume Frères, volume 12, 1857, p. 357 http://books.google.fr/books?id=2tWPkPR6n6UC&pg=PA357&dq#v=onepage&q&f=false -------------------- Unattributed basic data, no sources:

Adelaide Queen of Franks Born: ABT 0855/0860 - of, Paris, Seine, France Died: AFT 18 Oct 0900 -

1. Ermentrude Princess of Franks Born: ABT 0875 - , , , France Died: - (Mi)

2. Charles III King of the France (Franks) Born: 17 Sep 0879 - , , , France Died: 7 Oct 0929 - , Peronne, Somme, France -------------------- Adélaïde de Paris, also called Adelaide of Friuli (French: Adélaïde de Frioul), or Aélis (c. 850/853 – 10 November 901) was the second wife of Louis the Stammerer, King of Western Francia, and was the mother of Charles the Simple.

Adelaide was the daughter of Aldalard, the Count of the Palace, Marquis of Friuli. Her grandfather was Bégon, the Count of Paris. Her grandmother, Alpaïs, wife of Bégon, was the illegitimate daughter of Louis the Pious by an unnamed mistress.

Adelaide was chosen by Charles the Bald, King of Western Francia, to marry his son and heir, Louis the Stammerer, despite the fact that Louis had secretly married Ansgarde of Burgundy, against the wishes of his father. Although Louis and Ansgarde already had two children, Louis and Carloman, Charles prevailed upon Pope John VIII, to dissolve the union. This accomplished, Charles married his son to Adelaide in February 875.

However, the marriage was called into question due to the close blood-kinship of the pair. When on 7 September 878 the Pope crowned Louis (who had succeeded his father in the previous year), the Pope refused to crown Adelaide.

When Louis the Stammerer died in Compiegne on 10 April 879, he had no heirs by Adelaide; she was, however, pregnant, giving birth on September 17, 879 to Charles the Simple. The birth of this child led to a dispute between Adelaide and her deceased husband's repudiated wife, Ansgarde. Ansgarde and her sons accused Adelaide of adultery; Adelaide in turn disputed the right of Ansgarde's sons to inherit. Eventually, Adelaide succeeded in winning the case; but despite this, Ansgarde's sons Louis and Carloman remained Kings until their deaths without heirs in 882 and 884 respectively, with the crown then being contested between Odo, Count of Paris and Charles the Fat.

Charles the Simple eventually succeeded to his father's throne in 898; his mother assisted in crowning him. She died in Laon in 901. -------------------- Adelaide of Paris

Female, (between 855 and 860 - after 10 November 901)

Adelaide of Paris|b. bt 855 - 860\nd. a 10 Nov 901|p30252.htm|Bègue II Count of Paris|d. a 23 Apr 861|p39888.htm||||Eberhard Count of Paris||p39889.htm||||||||||

    Adelaide of Paris was born between 855 and 860.1 She was the daughter of Bègue II Count of Paris.1 Between 868 and 870 Adelaide married Louis II "the Stammerer" Holy Roman Emperor, son of Charles II "the Bald" King of France and Ermentrude of Orléans.2,1 Adelaide of Paris died after 10 November 901.2,1 

Charts

Ancestry of Edward III

Children of Adelaide of Paris and Louis II "the Stammerer" Holy Roman Emperor

Ermentrude Princess of West Franks+ (a 870 - )1

Charles III "the Simple" King of France+ (17 Sep 879 - 7 Oct 929)2,1

Citations

Stuart, Roderick W. Royalty for Commoners, The Complete Known Lineage of John of Gaunt, Son of Edward III, King of England, and Queen Philippa. Fourth Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002.

Weis, Frederick Lewis. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650. Fifth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982.


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Adelaide of Paris

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Adélaïde de Paris, also called Adelaide of Friuli (French: Adélaïde de Frioul), or Aélis (b. between 850 and 853, d. 10 November 901) was the second wife of Louis the Stammerer, King of Western Francia, and was the mother of Charles the Simple.

Adelaide was the daughter of Aldalard, the Count of the Palace, Marquis of Friuli. Her grandfather was Bégon, the Count of Paris. Her grandmother, Alpaïs, wife of Bégon, was the illegitimate daughter of Louis the Pious by an unnamed mistress.

Adelaide was chosen by Charles the Bald, King of Western Francia, to marry his son and heir, Louis the Stammerer, despite the fact that Louis had secretly married Ansgarde of Burgundy, against the wishes of his father. Although Louis and Ansgarde already had two children, Louis and Carloman, Charles prevailed upon Pope John VIII, to dissolve the union. This accomplished, Charles married his son to Adelaide in February 875.

However, the marriage was called into question due to the close blood-kinship of the pair. When on 7 September 878 the Pope crowned Louis (who had succeeded his father in the previous year), the Pope refused to crown Adelaide.[1]

When Louis the Stammerer died in Compiegne on 10 April 879, he had no heirs by Adelaide; she was, however, pregnant, giving birth on September 17, 879 to Charles the Simple.[2] The birth of this child led to a dispute between Adelaide and her deceased husband's repudiated wife, Ansgarde. Ansgarde and her sons accused Adelaide of adultery; Adelaide in turn disputed the right of Ansgarde's sons to inherit. Eventually, Adelaide succeeded in winning the case; but despite this, Ansgarde's sons Louis and Carloman remained Kings until their deaths without heirs in 882 and 884 respectively, with the crown then being contested between Odo, Count of Paris and Charles the Fat.

Charles the Simple eventually succeeded to his father's throne in 898; his mother assisted in crowning him. She died in Laon in 901.

[edit] References

^ McKitterick, Rosamond (2005). New Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge University Press, p. 136. ISBN 052136292X.

^ McKitterick, Rosamond (2005). New Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge University Press, p. 138. ISBN 052136292X.

Preceded by

Richilde of Provence Queen of Western Francia

877–879 Succeeded by

Richardis

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelaide_of_Paris"

-------------------- http://www.our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p321.htm#i9623

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Adélaïs of Paris's Timeline

853
853年4月10日
Paris, (Present région Ile-de-France), Francie occidentale (Present France)
875
875
Age 21
Paris, Isle De France, France
875
Age 21
877
877
- 879
Age 23
France
879
879年9月17日
Age 26
Orleans, Loiret, France
901
901年11月18日
Age 48
Laon, (Present département de l'Aisne), (Present région Picardie), Francie occidentale (Present France)
1928
1928年4月14日
Age 48
SL
1928年4月14日
Age 48
1928年4月14日
Age 48
1934
1934年2月1日
Age 48