Adalrich I (Eticho), duke of Alsace

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Adalrich / Eticho, duc d'Alsace

Also Known As: "Adalric", "Adalrich", "Adalricus", "Adelricus", "Atleico", "Ethic", "Eticho", "Eticho I Von Schelde duke of Alsace"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Alsace, Bas-Rhin, France (Frankrijk)
Death: Died in Alsace, Lorraine, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Dux Adalrich and Hultrude of Burgundy
Husband of Berswinde d'Austrasie
Father of Saint Odile, Abbess of Strasbourg; Adalrich II (Eticho), count in Nordgau; Count Haicho; Adalbert I, duke of Alsace; Didon (Desiderius) of Poitiers and 1 other

Occupation: Duke of Alsace (666-690), Mayor of the Palace of Neustria (673-674), Comte de Sundgau et de Nordgau
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Adalrich I (Eticho), duke of Alsace

His ancestry is speculative. He has long been identified as a son of Leudisius, Mayor of the Palace of Neustria, with a re-constructed ancestry extending back to Tonantius Ferreolus, a Gallo-Roman senator. However, more recent research suggests he was more probably son of another Adalric, a dux in the region of Dijon.

- Justin Swanstrom, September 23, 2010

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Adalrich (died after 683), also known as Eticho,[1] was the Duke of Alsace, the founder of the family of the Etichonids, and an important and influential figure in the power politic of late seventh-century Austrasia.

Adalrich's family originated in the pagus Attoariensis[2] around Dijon in northern Burgundy. In the mid-seventh century they began to be major founders and patrons of monasteries in the region under a duke named Amalgar and his wife Aquilina.[3] They founded a convent at Brégille and an abbey for men at Bèze, installing children in both abbacies. They were succeeded by their third child, Adalrich,[4] who was the father of Adalrich, Duke of Alsace.

Civil war of 675–679

Adalrich first enters history as a member of the faction of nobles which invited Childeric II to take the kingship of Neustria and Burgundy in 673 after the death of Chlothar III. He married Berswinda, a relative of Leodegar, the famous Bishop of Autun, whose party he supported in the civil war which followed Childeric's assassination two years later (675). Adalrich was duke by March 675, when Childeric had granted him honores in Alsace with the title of dux and asked him to transfer some land to the recently-founded (c. 662) abbey at Gregoriental[5] on behalf of Abbot Valedio. This grant was most probably the result of his support for Childeric in Burgundy, which had often disputed possession of Alsace with Austrasia. Later writers saw Adalrich as the successor in Alsace of Duke Boniface. After Childeric's assassination, Adalrich threw his support behind Dagobert II for the Austrasian throne.

Adalrich abandoned Leodegar and went over to Ebroin, the mayor of the palace of Neustria, sometime before 677, when he appears as an ally of Theuderic, who granted him the monastery of Bèze.[6] Taking advantage of the assassination of Hector of Provence in 679 to bid for power in Provence, he marched on Lyon but failed to take it and, returning to Alsace, switched his support to the Austrasians once more, only to find himself dispossessed of his lands in Alsace by King Theuderic III, an ally (and puppet) of Ebroin's who had opposed Dagobert in Austrasia since 675, who gave them to the Abbey of Bèze that year (679).

[edit] Power in Alsace

Adalrich maintained his power in a restricted dukedom which did not encompass land west of the Vosges as it had under Boniface and his predecessors. This land was a part of the kingdoms of Neustria and Burgundy, and only the land between the Vosges and the Rhine south to the Sornegau, later Alsace proper, remained with Austrasia under Adalrich. The west of Vosges was under duke Theotchar.

In Alsace, however, the civil war had resulted in a curtailed royal power and Adalrich's influence and authority, though restricted in territory, was augmented in practical scope. After the war, parts of the Frankish kingdom saw a more powerful viceregal hand under the exercise of the mayors of the palaces, while other regions were even less directly affected by the royal prerogative. The Merovingian palace at Marlenheim in Alsace was never visited by a royal figure again in Adalrich's lifetime. While southern Austrasia had been the centre of Wulfoald's power, the Arnulflings were a north Austrasian family, who took scarce interest in Alsatian affairs until the 730s and 740s.

Adalrich had initially made his allies counts, but in 683 he granted the comital office to his son and eventual successor Adalbert. By controlling monasteries and counties in the family, Adalrich built up a powerful regional duchy to pass on to his Etichonid heirs.

[edit] Relationship with monasteries

Adalrich had a rocky relationship with the monasteries of his realm, upon which he relied for his power. He is infamous for the suppression of that of Grandval and for lording it over monasteries, including his own foundations. According to the Life of Germanus of Grandval, Adalrich "wickedly began oppressing the people in the vicinity [Sornegau] of the monastery and to allege that they had always been rebels against his predecessors." He removed the centenarius ruling in the region and replaced him with his own man, Count Ericho. He exiled the people of the Sornegau, who denied being rebels against previous dukes. Many of the people exiled from the valley were attached to Grandval and could not thus be exiled. Adalrich marched into the valley of the Sornegau with a large army of Alemanni at one end while his lieutenant Adalmund entered with a host by the other. The abbot, Germanus himself, and his provost Randoald met Adalrich with books and relics in order to persuade him not to make violence. The duke granted a wadium,[7] a device of recompense or promise, and offered thus to spare the valley devastation, but for unknown reasons Germanus refused it. The region was ravaged.

Perhaps as penance for his relationship to the deaths of two future saints, Leodegar and Germanus of Grandval, or perhaps out of a secret desire — disclosed it is said to his intimate friends — to found a place to the service of God and take up the religious life, Adalrich founded two monasteries in north central Alsace between 680 and 700: Ebersheim in honour of Saint Maurice and Hohenburg on the site of an old Roman fort (of the emperor Maximian) discovered by his huntsmen and which he appropriated for his own military uses. Adalrich's daughter Odilia served as Hohenburg's first abbess and was later named patron saint of Alsace by Pope Pius VII in 1807.

[edit] Veneration as a saint

His daughter Odilia was reputedly born blind, which Adalrich took as a punishment for some offence done to God. In order to save face with his retainers, he tried to persuade his wife to kill the infant child in secret. Berswinda instead sent the child into hiding with a maid at the monastery of Palma. According to the Life of Odilia, a bishop named Erhard baptised the adolescent girl and smeared a chrism on her eyes, which miraculously restored her sight.

The bishop tried to restore the duke's relationship with his daughter, but Adalrich, fearing the effect of admitting to having a daughter hiding in poverty in a monastery would have on his subjects, refused. A son of his, ignoring Adalrich's orders, brought his sister back to Hohenburg, where Adalrich was holding court. When Odilia arrived, Adalrich, in a rage, struck a blow with his sceptre to his son's head, accidentally killing him. Disgraced, he reluctant allowed Odilia to live in the monastery, which had not abbess, with a minimal wage under a British nun.

Towards the end of his life he was reconciled to her and made her the first abbess of his foundation, handing the abbey over as if it were private property.[8] Through his daughter Adalrich was reconciled to God and as early as the twelfth century was regarded as a saint with a local cult. His burial garments were displayed to pilgrims in his foundation at Hohenburg and a feast day was celebrated annually by the nuns. The portrayal of Adalrich as a nobleman who became holy while retaining his noble status and rank was very popular in the Rhineland and as far away as Bavaria in the Middle Ages. The Life probably sought to show how by simply maltreating a blind daughter in order to save face, Adalrich ended up far more dishonoured than he otherwise would have.

Adalrich (died after 683), also known as Eticho, was the Duke of Alsace, the founder of the family of the Etichonids, and an important and influential figure in the power politic of late seventh-century Austrasia.

Adalrich's family originated in the pagus Attoariensis around Dijon in northern Burgundy. In the mid-seventh century they began to be major founders and patrons of monasteries in the region under a duke named Amalgar and his wife Aquilina. They founded a convent at Brégille and an abbey for men at Bèze, installing children in both abbacies. They were succeeded by their third child, Adalrich, who was the father of Adalrich, Duke of Alsace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adalrich,_Duke_of_Alsace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eticho

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His ancestry is speculative. He has long been identified as a son of Leudisius, Mayor of the Palace of Neustria, with a re-constructed ancestry extending back to Tonantius Ferreolus, a Gallo-Roman senator. However, more recent research suggests he was more probably son of another Adalric, a dux in the region of Dijon.

Adalric (Eticho) was 3rd Duke of Alsace (673), and a Patrician of Provence. His relationship, if any, to the 1st and 2nd dukes, Gundoin and Boniface, is unknown. He founded the Etichonid dynasty, which took its name from him.

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Other Event(s)

Note 1:     
 Duke of Alsace     
AKA (Facts Page):     
 Ethic; Adalric   

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"The Chronicon Besuense names 'Adalsinda Abbatissa…germanus meus Adalricus' and their parents 'genitor…Amalgarius et Aquilina mater.'" [Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.]

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http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etichon-Adalric_d'Alsace (translated from the french)

Etichon Adalric-Alsace 1, also called Eticho or Attich 2, was born around 635the pagus Attoariensis and died February 20 690at the castle of Hohenbourg.

Descending and allied to the royal and aristocratic families, Etichon-Adalric Alsace is named Duke of Alsace and the rest 662to 689. He founded the dynasty Etichonids . Father of St. Odile , patron saint of Alsace , it is certainly also the ancestor of the illustrious family of Habsburg , .. The property of Etichonids , absolute masters of the Alsace Middle Ages , in fact find themselves in the hands of the Habsburgs few centuries later. Adalric certainly also the ancestor of Eguisheim-Dabo, the House of Baden , the House of Lorraine and the Counts of Flanders 4.

Summary [hide]

1 Family

2 Biography

2.1 His youth

2.2 A princely marriage (to 655)

2.3 The wars of Etichon Adalric-Alsace

2.4 Founder of Abbey Hohenbourg

2.5 Etichon Adalric-Alsace and monastic foundations

2.6 Etichon Adalric-Alsace makes the hereditary duchy

2.7 The end of his life

3 Descent

Etichon Adalric-Alsace is the son of Adalric, Duke of pagus Attoariensis and the descendant of Waldelenus and Aelia Flavia 5. Her mother is perhaps Hultrude of Burgundy, the daughter of Guillebaud, patrician , a descendant of several kings and Burgundian Ferreol. They have ancestors among the Alemanni, Romans, Franks, Gauls and Burgundians, sometimes famous. His grandfather, the Duke of Dijon Amalgarde Aquilina and his wife are already Jura founding several monasteries and abbeys. His parents are relatives of French kings, the great servants of different kingdoms. Jean de Turckheim, in his illustrious House of Tablets Genealogy of the Dukes of Zaeringen 6however, shows that assumptions about its origins are numerous and the descendants of his children except Adalbert and Etichon It is a mystery.

Biography [change]

The most famous Etichonids is Etichon-Adalric Duke of Alsace , of 662at6894.

His youth [change]

In the middle of vii th century century saw, in Alsace, a powerful lord named Adalric, wealthy landowner, a native of pagus Attoariensis, the region around Dijon . He moved to Oberehnheim in a royal villa and the future town grew from this house. Here he dispensed justice to his vassals. There is already an influential figure in political and military Austrasia.

The territory is Etichon Adalric-Alsace is smaller than that of the Duke Boniface, his predecessor. It is located east of the crest of the Vosges, Abbey Surbourg , south of Sauer (river) , to south of the abbey of Moutier-Grandval , located in the north of Jura . It includes the Breisgau and part of the Rhine valley across the Rhine.

Historians of the time we represent him as an upright man, sincere, generous, firm in its resolutions and truly Christian, even if sometimes harsh and cruel behavior.

A princely marriage (to 655) [edit]

Martyr Léger of Autun

Etichon Alsace-Adalric married or Bérhésinde Berswinde to 655. Berswinde parents are not known, but the Chronicon Ebersheimense says she is the daughter of a sister of St. Leger , Bishop of Autun , and one of his sisters was queen of the Franks 7. The single queen who can match is Chimnéchilde 8, wife of Siegbert III , King of Austrasia . Here stop the certainty on the Family Berswinde9.

This alliance further increases the credit Adalric, he asserts his power local to be appointed by the king Childeric II, , Duke of Alsace , as 662successor to the Duke Boniface.

The king sent him in 663a second degree donation to the abbey of Munster10.

Besides the splendor of birth, we admire her as a sincere piety, which it will continue forever. The woman Adalric, Berswinde is very Christian and would benefit from his wealth to spread in the breast of the poor. Each day she retired in the most isolated part of his palace, to devote his leisure to reading books and holy exercises of piety.

She also asks to have a child, and only after several years, 662that their first born daughter, who is blind.

The wars of Etichon Adalric Alsace- [edit]

Map retrospective kingdom of Syagrius the Frankish kingdoms , until the Carolingian Empire under Charlemagne.

Ambitious, Etichon Adalric-Alsace benefits disorders of the kingdom to assert his power plays and rivalries among the great. Thus he argues first Dagobert II , then Ebroin , the mayor of the palace of Neustria . But it's the enemy bishop of Autun St. Leger , the uncle of the wife of Adalric. Having become master of his person, he puts out his eyes, then beheaded at Sarcinium ) in Artois , to678.

Etichon Alsace-Adalric closer then Pepin of Herstal , the powerful mayor of the palace of Austrasia . This alliance allows it to cope with threats of Ebroin and even significantly expand its influence southward toward the Jura 11. It also participates in the struggles Burgundy . It is one of the main actors of civil war following the assassination of King Childeric II , in 675. While pregnant, the sister of his wife, Berswinde, Queen Bilichilde , wife of Childeric II was murdered in the forest Livry same time as her husband.

Taking advantage of the assassination of Hector, Prince of Provence, 679. Etichon-Adalric Alsace invaded Provence . He tries to Lyon , but in vain. Returning in Alsace, he notes that the king of Neustria Thierry III , said his land to a lord of Burgundy, which is totally dedicated.

Ebroin death 681, Adalric involved in the struggle between Neustria and Austrasia and stands by Pepin of Herstal , at the Battle of Tertry in June 687. He was at the height of his power.

Founder of Abbey Hohenbourg [edit]

Main article: Mont Sainte-Odile.

Adalric eager to have a residence far from the madding crowd, to remove them from time to time with his wife. He therefore ordered some of his officers to go through the nearby mountains, and choose the one that would be most conducive to the execution of his design. Shortly after, the faithful servants of the Duke just announced that they discovered, at the very top of the Hohenbourg (later called Mont Sainte-Odile), the extensive ruins of ancient buildings , and a good place to build a fortress and a church.

The duke is soon to build a palace, where he resides with Berswinde during the summer season. After the birth of his daughter, Odile and her five other children, the court moved to the mountain, where Adalric lives more and more frequently.

Odile, back to the castle built by his father, it gives food to the sick and relieve the poor. The fame of his eminent qualities it also attracts the most distinguished.

Adalric Odile gives the castle itself with all its dependencies, this ancient fortress, which hosts a court will be in the hands of the future saint, a shelter open to those wishing to escape contact with the world. Between the years 680and 690that are necessary to appropriate the work of Hohenbourg home to its new destination. The Duke provides liberally to all expenditures and often chairs himself to work. When the buildings are completed, Odile takes possession at the head of a religious community of one hundred thirty of the nobility from the Rhine.

The convent of Mont Sainte-Odile

To boost its power, Etichon Adalric-Alsace murdered Germain, the abbot of the abbey of Moutier-Grandval , scion of a senatorial family Gallo-Roman12.

The monk accused of oppressing the people and offend in any way the monks of Moutier-Grandval calling them rebels against the authority of his predecessor and his own. At the head of a band of Alemanni , as bellicose as looters, he approached the monastery. Germain, together with the community librarian, goes to meet the enemy. At the sight of burned houses and its poorer neighbors pursued and murdered by soldiers, he bursts into tears and reproaches:

"Enemy of God and the truth is that how you deal with a Christian country and how do you afraid of ruining the monastery I built myself."

The Duke plays without irritation and promised peace. But when they returned to Moutier-Grandval Germain on the route of the soldiers, he also began to preach:

"Dear son did not commit so many crimes against the people of God!"

Instead of bending his words exasperate them, they tore off his clothes and the slaughter and his companion.

From this crime, Adalric change in attitude towards the monks who are trying to Christianize, to clear and populate the impenetrable forests of his duchy, full of robbers and wild beasts. He appealed to Benedictines in Alsace and founded many religious institutions, guarantors of his power, which Ebersheim and Gregoriental 13. Etichon Adalric Alsace-created especially Abbey of Hohenbourg , he gives his daughter Odile, and that of Ebersmunster , where towards 675the Irish abbot Deodat (later Saint Die ) founded a monastic community on the domain given by Adalric. The march of Soultz is given 667to the abbey Ebersmunster by the Duke of Alsace. Etichon-Adalric Alsace gives the Abbey of Hohenbourg nascent several of its fields situated in the Haute-Alsace , and so the tithes of a large number of villages in Lower Alsace and Breisgau . It actually make a deed of gift he places on the altar of St. Maurice14.

Adalric also gives his monastery Middle Moutier , the land of Feldkirch . One of the most favored monasteries was that of Moyenmoutier , whose founder Saint Hydulphe had restored sight to Saint Odile daughter Duke. In recognition of this miracle, Etichon gave Moyenmoutier great possessions in Alsace , inter alia, the land around Thanvillé 15. In 667other goods also located near Thanvillé were given to the abbey of Ebersmunster . This property included meadows, fields and woods16.

Etichon Adalric-Alsace makes the hereditary duchy [change]

The civil war has resulted in a Duchy of Alsace reduced in size to the east of the Vosges. But according to Duke takes a real sense, and Alsace is less dependent on mayors of the palace that other regions of the kingdom. The palace in Merovingian Marlenheim , in Alsace, no longer sees the residence of a new king from the end of the life-Etichon Adalric Alsace. His descendants have no rivals for fifty years, which allows them to retain power.

Early in his reign, Adalric Alsace needed allies and therefore counts, but 683in a regional assembly, it means his successor, his son Adalbert. By controlling the monasteries and counts who become parents, creates a powerful duchy Adalric who starts taking the name of Alsace and send it to his heirs Etichonids . It also breaks a tradition of sharing power between the Church and the local lords, the benefit of a single leader, the Duke.

The end of his life [change]

Etichon Adalric-Alsace died Feb. 20 689 in his castle of Mont Sainte-Odile, where he is buried.

Alsace is in peace. Monks and their serfs clearing the forests. A strong government succeeds instability. The old Duke has struggled to gain power and transmit it. Some say he has changed in character, because of his Christian faith. But is it not rather the noble Rhine and the local church have changed. The Counts and dignitaries are due to the alliance game, his relatives. Odile became a saint while retaining its status as a great lady and her rank, will become a model for the noble Rhine and even Western Middle Ages.

In 1785, in one of the chapels of Hohenbourg, the tomb of the famous Duke of Alsace was still visible. C is a monument worthy because it contains the body of one who has given so many emperors as sovereigns of Germany to Austria and Lorraine, and so many heroes in Europe 17. It should be borne in mind that the claims of houses Habsburg and Lorraine are down that claims not confirmed by contemporary documents.

Some historians and writers have given him the name of St.18.

Descendancy [edit]

Adalric Etichon-Alsace and Bereswinde ( 653- 700) have six children:

Sainte Odile was born around 662to Obernai and died towards 720the monastery of Hohenbourg . Aldaric dream in vain to marry Odile to some powerful lord of his friends. She will be canonized in the xi th century by Pope Leo IX , and proclaimed patron saint of Alsace by Pope Pius XII in1946.

After the death of Adalric, his son the Duke Adalbert of Alsace (c. 665region of Obernai - † 722) succeeded him. It is also Earl of Sundgau . Adalbert built the royal residence of Koenigshoffen and abbeys of Honau and Saint-Etienne Strasbourg . Alsace is very powerful then a duchy in the Australasia . He married Gerlinde, daughter of Odo.

Hugues of Alsace Count. He leaves wife and three children Hermentrude in infancy, for he may be killed by his father. He is originally from the monastery of Honau13.

Etichon Nordgau II (c. 670- 723), Count of Nordgau, possible ancestor of the houses of Lorraine and Eguisheim, and Pope Leo IX , but it is a certainty. He is originally from the monastery of Honau19.

Baducon Bathicon or Alsace, Count of Alsace, died 725. He is originally from the monastery of Honau and that of Wissembourg 20. The abbey of Saints Peter and Paul is based on the site in the vii th century by Saint Pirmin on an island in the Lau (River).

The future saint, Roswinde, is the last daughter of the Duke Adalric. She imitates his pious sister, dedicating themselves to God in the same monastery of Hohenbourg.

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died 20 February 0720 France

Adalric was Duke of Alsatia, Allmannia, Suevia and upper Germany; m. Bersvinda, sister of Blidechildis, wife of Childeric

II, King of France. He is son of Lendisius, Major-Domo of King Theodoric II. This line is from "Royal Ancestors of

Magna Carta Barons," Carr P. Collins, Jr. (Dallas: 1959), pp. 19-20 - there are apparent inconsistencies - compare

"Ancestral Roots of Sixty New England Colonists," Frederick L. Weis (Lancaster, Mass.: 1950), which also states (p.

142): "Adalric (or Ethic), obtained the Duchy of Alsace, 662; d. Feb. 20, 690, head of the Alsatian House of the

Ethiconides, Duke of Alsace, 662-690; m. Berswinde, aunt to Count Warinus...."

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Erhållit hertigdömet Alsace 662, chef för Elsass House of the Ethiconides, hertig av Alsace 662-690.

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Occupation: Count of Alsatia

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Adalrich, Duke of Alsace

Adalrich (died after 683), also known as Eticho,[1] was the Duke of Alsace, the founder of the family of the Etichonids, and an important and influential figure in the power politic of late seventh-century Austrasia.

Adalrich's family originated in the pagus Attoariensis[2] around Dijon in northern Burgundy. In the mid-seventh century they began to be major founders and patrons of monasteries in the region under a duke named Amalgar and his wife Aquilina.[3] They founded a convent at Brégille and an abbey for men at Bèze, installing children in both abbacies. They were succeeded by their third child, Adalrich,[4] who was the father of Adalrich, Duke of Alsace.


Civil war of 675–679

Adalrich first enters history as a member of the faction of nobles which invited Childeric II to take the kingship of Neustria and Burgundy in 673 after the death of Chlothar III. He married Berswinda, a relative of Leodegar, the famous Bishop of Autun, whose party he supported in the civil war which followed Childeric's assassination two years later (675). Adalrich was duke by March 675, when Childeric had granted him honores in Alsace with the title of dux and asked him to transfer some land to the recently-founded (c. 662) abbey at Gregoriental[5] on behalf of Abbot Valedio. This grant was most probably the result of his support for Childeric in Burgundy, which had often disputed possession of Alsace with Austrasia. Later writers saw Adalrich as the successor in Alsace of Duke Boniface. After Childeric's assassination, Adalrich threw his support behind Dagobert II for the Austrasian throne.

Adalrich abandoned Leodegar and went over to Ebroin, the mayor of the palace of Neustria, sometime before 677, when he appears as an ally of Theuderic, who granted him the monastery of Bèze.[6] Taking advantage of the assassination of Hector of Provence in 679 to bid for power in Provence, he marched on Lyon but failed to take it and, returning to Alsace, switched his support to the Austrasians once more, only to find himself dispossessed of his lands in Alsace by King Theuderic III, an ally (and puppet) of Ebroin's who had opposed Dagobert in Austrasia since 675, who gave them to the Abbey of Bèze that year (679).

Power in Alsace

Adalrich maintained his power in a restricted dukedom which did not encompass land west of the Vosges as it had under Boniface and his predecessors. This land was a part of the kingdoms of Neustria and Burgundy, and only the land between the Vosges and the Rhine south to the Sornegau, later Alsace proper, remained with Austrasia under Adalrich. The west of Vosges was under duke Theotchar.

In Alsace, however, the civil war had resulted in a curtailed royal power and Adalrich's influence and authority, though restricted in territory, was augmented in practical scope. After the war, parts of the Frankish kingdom saw a more powerful viceregal hand under the exercise of the mayors of the palaces, while other regions were even less directly affected by the royal prerogative. The Merovingian palace at Marlenheim in Alsace was never visited by a royal figure again in Adalrich's lifetime. While southern Austrasia had been the centre of Wulfoald's power, the Arnulflings were a north Austrasian family, who took scarce interest in Alsatian affairs until the 730s and 740s.

Adalrich had initially made his allies counts, but in 683 he granted the comital office to his son and eventual successor Adalbert. By controlling monasteries and counties in the family, Adalrich built up a powerful regional duchy to pass on to his Etichonid heirs.

Relationship with monasteries

Adalrich had a rocky relationship with the monasteries of his realm, upon which he relied for his power. He is infamous for the suppression of that of Grandval and for lording it over monasteries, including his own foundations. According to the Life of Germanus of Grandval, Adalrich "wickedly began oppressing the people in the vicinity [Sornegau] of the monastery and to allege that they had always been rebels against his predecessors." He removed the centenarius ruling in the region and replaced him with his own man, Count Ericho. He exiled the people of the Sornegau, who denied being rebels against previous dukes. Many of the people exiled from the valley were attached to Grandval and could not thus be exiled. Adalrich marched into the valley of the Sornegau with a large army of Alemanni at one end while his lieutenant Adalmund entered with a host by the other. The abbot, Germanus himself, and his provost Randoald met Adalrich with books and relics in order to persuade him not to make violence. The duke granted a wadium,[7] a device of recompense or promise, and offered thus to spare the valley devastation, but for unknown reasons Germanus refused it. The region was ravaged.

Perhaps as penance for his relationship to the deaths of two future saints, Leodegar and Germanus of Grandval, or perhaps out of a secret desire — disclosed it is said to his intimate friends — to found a place to the service of God and take up the religious life, Adalrich founded two monasteries in north central Alsace between 680 and 700: Ebersheim in honour of Saint Maurice and Hohenburg on the site of an old Roman fort (of the emperor Maximian) discovered by his huntsmen and which he appropriated for his own military uses. Adalrich's daughter Odilia served as Hohenburg's first abbess and was later named patron saint of Alsace by Pope Pius VII in 1807.

Veneration as a saint

His daughter Odilia was reputedly born blind, which Adalrich took as a punishment for some offence done to God. In order to save face with his retainers, he tried to persuade his wife to kill the infant child in secret. Berswinda instead sent the child into hiding with a maid at the monastery of Palma. According to the Life of Odilia, a bishop named Erhard baptised the adolescent girl and smeared a chrism on her eyes, which miraculously restored her sight.

The bishop tried to restore the duke's relationship with his daughter, but Adalrich, fearing the effect of admitting to having a daughter hiding in poverty in a monastery would have on his subjects, refused. A son of his, ignoring Adalrich's orders, brought his sister back to Hohenburg, where Adalrich was holding court. When Odilia arrived, Adalrich, in a rage, struck a blow with his sceptre to his son's head, accidentally killing him. Disgraced, he reluctant allowed Odilia to live in the monastery, which had not abbess, with a minimal wage under a British nun.

Towards the end of his life he was reconciled to her and made her the first abbess of his foundation, handing the abbey over as if it were private property.[8] Through his daughter Adalrich was reconciled to God and as early as the twelfth century was regarded as a saint with a local cult. His burial garments were displayed to pilgrims in his foundation at Hohenburg and a feast day was celebrated annually by the nuns. The portrayal of Adalrich as a nobleman who became holy while retaining his noble status and rank was very popular in the Rhineland and as far away as Bavaria in the Middle Ages. The Life probably sought to show how by simply maltreating a blind daughter in order to save face, Adalrich ended up far more dishonoured than he otherwise would have.

Sources

Hummer, Hans J. Politics and Power in Early Medieval Europe: Alsace and the Frankish Realm 600 – 1000. Cambridge University Press: 2005. See mainly pp 46–55.

Lewis, Archibald Ross. "The Dukes in the Regnum Francorum, A.D. 550-751." Speculum, Vol. LI, No. 3. July, 1976. pp 381–410.

-------------------- See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adalrich,_Duke_of_Alsace

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The following is from http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps04/ps04_363.htm

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died 20 February 0720 France

Adalric was Duke of Alsatia, Allmannia, Suevia and upper Germany; m. Bersvinda, sister of Blidechildis, wife of Childeric II, King of France. He is son of Lendisius, Major-Domo of King Theodoric II. This line is from "Royal Ancestors of Magna Carta Barons," Carr P. Collins, Jr. (Dallas: 1959), pp. 19-20 - there are apparent inconsistencies - compare "Ancestral Roots of Sixty New England Colonists," Frederick L. Weis (Lancaster, Mass.: 1950), which also states (p. 142): "Adalric (or Ethic), obtained the Duchy of Alsace, 662; d. Feb. 20, 690, head of the Alsatian House of the Ethiconides, Duke of Alsace, 662-690; m. Berswinde, aunt to Count Warinus...." -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adalrich,_Duke_of_Alsace -------------------- Duc d'Alsace -------------------- Eticho I 1 2 •Sex: M •Title: Duke Of Alsatia Adalricus •Birth: ABT 645 in Alsace, Lorraine, Kingdom of the Franks 3 •Death: 2 FEB 689/90 in Kingdom of the Franks 3

Father: Lendisius b: ABT 620 in Kingdom of the Franks (France)

Marriage 1 Berswinde De France b: BET 650 AND 654 in Metz, Austrasia, France •Married: in France 2

Duke Of Alsatia Adalricus Descendant Register, Generation No. 1

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Duke Of Alsatia ADALRICUS ( LENDIFIUS3, ERCHEMBALDUS2, LEUTHARIUS1) was born 650, and died 20 FEB 689. He married Berchinde Berswinde MEROVING, daughter of Siegbert III King Of AUSTRASIA and Immachilde OF SWABIA. She was born 650 in France.

   
Child of Duke Of Alsatia ADALRICUS and Berchinde Berswinde MEROVING is:

+ 2 i. Duke Of Alsatia ADALBERTUS was born 690 in France, and died 720.


http://adalrich-duke-of-alsace.co.tv/

Adalrich (died after 683), also known as Eticho,His name is also given as Adalricus, Chadelricho, Hetticho, Etichon, Cathicus, Cathic, or Athich. was the Duke of Alsace, the founder of the family of the Etichonids, and an important and influential figure in the power politic of late seventh-century Austrasia.

Adalrich's family originated in the pagus AttoariensisThe placename survived in the ninth-century title of Isembard, comte d'Attuyer/Atuyer son of Adalard, comte de Chalon. ("Les comtes de Chalon-sur-Saône"). around Dijon in northern Burgundy. In the mid-seventh century they began to be major founders and patrons of monasteries in the region under a duke named Amalgar and his wife Aquilina.The duke Amalgar and his wife Aquilina, said to be the daughter of Waldelenus, dux in the region between the Alps and the Jura, and Flavia, feature in a reconstructed genealogy linking the Etichonids of Alsace with a Gallo-Roman ancestry through Flavia, were noted in Christian Settipani, "La transition entre mythe et réalité", Archivum 37 (1992:27-67); Settipani speculates on Flavia's connections with Felix Ennodius and Syagria. They founded a convent at Brégille and an abbey for men at Bèze, installing children in both abbacies. They were succeeded by their third child, Adalrich,He is referred to as Liutheric, a mayor of the palace, in the Life of Odilia. who was the father of Adalrich, Duke of Alsace. -------------------- http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Of_Alsatia-1

Adalricus Of Alsatia


  • Born 0640 [location unknown]
  • Son of Lendifius Of Alsatia and [mother unknown]
  • [sibling(s) unknown]
  • [spouse(s) unknown]
  • Father of Adalbertus Of Alsatia
  • Died 0720 [location unknown]

-------------------------------------------

http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getperson.php?personID=I169946&tree=00

Eticho I Von Schelde, duke of Alsace

  • Suffix duke of Alsace
  • Birth 0645 Alsace-Lorraine, France
  • Gender Male
  • Name Adalric I or Eticho I d'Alsace [3]
  • Name Adalric Von Elsaas
  • Name Ethicus Of Alsatia
  • Name Ethieus Adalricus
  • Name Eticho I, Duke Of Alsace
  • AFN 9GBR-0G
  • Died 20 Feb 0690 Brosse, Île-de-France, France [3]
  • Age ~ 44 years
  • Person ID I169946
  • Last Modified 11 Jul 2009
  • Father Lendisius Or Lendisius Major Domus Von Schelde, Steward, b. Abt 0617, Brosse, Île-de-France, France , d. Abt 0620 (~ 3 years)
  • Mother Berswinde, duchess, b. Abt 0624, Brosse, Île-de-France, France , d. Yes, date unknown
  • Family ID F67397 Group Sheet
  • Family Berswinde d'Autun, princess of Austrasia, b. 0649, Alsace, Lorraine, France , d. Yes, date unknown
  • Married Alsace, Lorraine, France [3]

Children

   
  • 1. Saint Odile d'Alsace, b. Abt 0673, Alsace, Lorraine, France , d. 5 Dec 0720 (~ 47 years)
  • > 2. Alberic Or Adalric II Eticho Von Schelde, count of Lower Alsace, b. Abt 0673, Alsace, France , d. Abt 0723 (~ 50 years)
  • > 3. Adelbertus Von Schelde, duc de Alsace, b. 0675, Alsace-Lorraine, France , d. 5 Dec 0741, Brosse, , Île-de-France, France (~ 66 years)
  • > 4. Adalric II or Eticho II d'Alsace, comte de Bas-Alsace, b. Abt 0665,
  • 5. Otillia Von Schelde, ,
  • 6. Rosvinda Von Schelde, ,
  • 7. Hugo Von Schelde, ,

  • Last Modified 17 Jul 2008
  • Family ID F65657 Group Sheet
view all 16

Adalrich I (Eticho), duke of Alsace's Timeline

645
645
Alsace, Bas-Rhin, France (Frankrijk)
672
672
Age 27
Alsace, Lorraine, France
673
673
Age 28
Alsace, France
673
Age 28
Alsace, France
675
675
Age 30
Alsace, France
679
679
Age 34
Alsace, France
689
February 20, 689
Age 44
Alsace, Lorraine, France
1935
May 8, 1935
Age 44
1936
May 1, 1936
Age 44
1993
January 27, 1993
Age 44