Adelais Rescinde de Dreux (de Amboise) (c.844 - c.890) MP

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Nicknames: "Adelais", "Adele", "Aelinda", "Aelinde", "Alendis", "Rescinde", "Roescinde", "de Amboise", "de Buzancais"
Birthplace: Orléans, (Present département du Loiret), (Present Région Centre), (Present France)
Death: Died in Angers, Anjou (present Maine-et-Loire département), (Present région Pays de la Loire), France
Occupation: Senhora de Amboise, Countess Adelaide Rescinse De Gatinais of AMBROISE, Aelinde was a nickname, it seems.
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Adelais Rescinde de Dreux (de Amboise)

Ben M. Angel notes:

Names and sources:

Adelais: The Medieval Lands Project authors (from the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy), Wikipedia, Bernhard Bachrach (author of "Fulk Nerra, the Neo-Roman Consul")

Aelinde: Apparently from the Latin "Aelindis" in the "Historia Comitum Andegavorum"

Rescinde: Dan Pomerleau, Leo van de Pas (?) [Clarification: Leo van de Pas does not call her Rescinde. He calls her Aelinde, citing Paget, and does not attempt to identify her parents. See http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020232&tree=LEO]

Based on this comparison, the name should be Adelais.

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Aelinde (Rescinde) De Amboise [Countess Ofanjo-4005 [Parents] was born about 844 in Of, Tours, , France. She married Ingelger I Count Anjou And Orlean-4020 about 869 in Of, , , France.

They had the following children:

M i Foulques I "Le Anjou-3067 was born about 870. He died in 938.

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Source: Dan Pomerleau, Leo van de Pas

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Franksih Nobility (covering her birth family): http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FRANKISH%20NOBILITY.htm#AdelaisMIngelger

Q. FAMILY of HUGUES [DUKE of BURGUNDY]

1. HUGUES . m ---.

The name of Hugues's wife is not known. Hugues & his wife had two children:

a) HUGUES .

The Gestis Consulum Andegavensium names "Hugo Dux Burgundiæ, filius alterius Hugonis" was "ex parte matris suæ [Fulco] consanguineus"[547]. [Duke of Burgundy]. This is the only reference so far identified to a duke of Burgundy in the late 9th century and should presumably therefore be treated with caution.

b) PETRONILLA .

The Gesta Consulum Andegavensium records the marriage of "Tertullus nobilem dux" and "ducis Burgundiæ filiam nomine Petronillam"[548]. The Chronico Turonensi names "Ingelgerius comes Andergavensis" as "nepos Hugonis Ducis Burgundiæ"[549].

m TERTULLUS, son of TORQUATIUS & his wife ---.


The precise relationship between the following family sub-group and Hugues [Duke of Burgundy] (their "propinquus", see below) has not been identified. The issue is complicated by the fact that Ingelger, husband of Adelais, was the son of Petronilla and Tertullus (see above). This suggests that the relationship (if there was one) may have been a remote one, maybe indirectly through one of the wives of Hugues or his father.

1. ---. m ---. One child:

a) ADELAIS .

The Historia Comitum Andegavorum records that Ingelgerius married "Rursus Adelardus et Raymo ambo germani fratres, Turonensium et Andegavensium pontifices, neptem suam Aelindis" and that her dowry consisted of "alodiis suis…Ambazio, Busenciaco et Castellione"[550].

The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that Ingelger married "Landonensis castri sive Gastinensis pagi consul nomine Gaufredus…filiam unicam…Adelam", and thereby inherited "Landonensi castro" as she was her father's heir as he had no surviving male issue[551], but this text may confuse Ingelger's wife with the first wife of Comte Foulques II "le Bon", Gerberge de Gâtinais.

The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that, after the death of her husband, Adelais was unjustly accused of adultery by a group of nobles led by "Guntrannus parens Ingelgerii" but later exonerated[552].

m INGELGER Comte [d'Anjou], son of TERTULLUS & his wife Petronilla of Burgundy (-[888], bur Châteauneuf église Saint-Martin).

2. ADALHARD . "Karolus…imperator augustus" confirmed a donation by "Hugo…propinquus noster" of property "villam Apiarias in pago Aurelianensi" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" at the request of "Odo comes" by charter dated 27 Oct 886[553]. Bishop of Tours.

3. RAINO . Bishop of Angers.

References:

[547] Gestis Consulum Andegavensium, RHGF IX, p. 29. [548] Gestis Consulum Andegavensium, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 36, footnote 3 noting that 2 mss record her as "consanguinea" not "filia". [549] Chronico Turonensi, RHGF IX, p. 47. [550] Historia Comitum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 320. [551] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 40-1. [552] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 41-4. [553] Angers 14, p. 34.

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Anjou (covering her married family): http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ANJOU,%20MAINE.htm#_Toc256354719

INGELGER, son of [TERTULLUS & his wife Petronilla of Burgundy] (-[888], bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin).

Foulque I "le Roux" Comte d´Anjou names "Ingelgerio genitore meo…" in a charter dated to [929/30][34].

There is doubt whether the other references to Ingelger which follow accurately reflect the historical reality of his life. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius" as son of "Tertullus nobilem dux" & his wife[35]. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius…iuvenis filius Tortulfi"[36]. The Chronico Turonensi names "Ingelgerius comes Andergavensis" as "nepos Hugonis Ducis Burgundiæ"[37].

Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks gave him "a piece of a fief in the castle of Landonense".

He was installed as viscount of the city of Orléans by Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, and appointed royal representative at Tours. The Historia Comitum Andegavorum records that Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, therefore dated to [877/79], granted "dimidium Andegavis comitatum" to "Ingelgerius"[38].

The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that Ingelger died from "focositatem, phthisim et hydropisim"[39]. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of "Ingelgerius" at "ecclesia beati Martini Castrinovi"[40].

m ADELAIS, niece of ADALHARD Bishop of Tours and of RAINO Bishop of Angers, daughter of ---.

The Historia Comitum Andegavorum records that Ingelgerius married "Rursus Adelardus et Raymo ambo germani fratres, Turonensium et Andegavensium pontifices, neptem suam Aelindis" and that her dowry consisted of "alodiis suis…Ambazio, Busenciaco et Castellione"[41]. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that Ingelger married "Landonensis castri sive Gastinensis pagi consul nomine Gaufredus…filiam unicam…Adelam", and thereby inherited "Landonensi castro" as she was her father's heir as he had no surviving male issue[42], but this text may confuse Ingelger's wife with the first wife of Comte Foulques II "le Bon" (see below).

The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that, after the death of her husband, she was unjustly accused of adultery by a group of nobles led by "Guntrannus parens Ingelgerii" but later exonerated[43].

Comte Ingelger & his wife had one son:

1. FOULQUES ([888]-[Aug 941/942], bur Châteauneuf, église Saint-Martin).

The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius…filius eius Fulco cognominatus Rufus"[44]. Comte de Nantes 908-919. Vicomte de Tours et d'Anjou. "Domni Fulconis Andecavorum comitis, Tedbaldi Turonorum vicecomitis" subscribed the charter dated 30 Oct 909 under which the testamentary executors of "domni Gauzuini" donated property to Saint-Martin de Tours[45].

He was installed as FOULQUES I "le Roux" Comte d'Anjou in 929 by Raoul King of France.

His lay abbacies are noted in the charter dated to [929/30] under which "Fulco Andecavorum comes abbas quoque Sancti Albini Sanctique Lizinii necnon et uxor mea Roscilla et filii mei Widdo ac Fulco" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers for the souls of "Ingelgerio genitore meo atque Ingelgerio filio meo necnon…Warnerio socro meo et uxore sua Tescenda"[46].

The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the burial of "Fulco Rufus" at "ecclesia beati Martini iuxta patrem suum"[47]. "Domni Fulconis et filii ipsius…quoque Fulconis" are named as a present in a charter dated Aug 941 which records a lawsuit concerning land claimed by "sacerdos Sancti Martini…Tesmunnus"[48].

m (before 5 Jul 905) ROSCILLE [de Loches], daughter of GARNIER Seigneur de Loches, Villentrasti et Haia & his wife Tescenda --- ([870]-).

The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the marriage of Comte Foulques and "de pago Turonico…Roscillam, Warnerii filiam", specifying that "Warnerius…filius Adalaudi" had three castles "in Turonico…Lochas atque Villentrasti et Haia" which Foulques later acquired[49]. "Falco comes Andecavorum iuvenis" names "uxor mea Roscila et filii mei Guido et Fulco" in a donation of property "pro anima Ingelgerii patris mei et iterum Ingelgerii filii mei et Vuarnerii soceri mei et uxoris suæ Tescendæ" by charter dated 929[50]. "Fulco Andecavorum comes abbas quoque Sancti Albini Sanctique Lizinii necnon et uxor mea Roscilla et filii mei Widdo ac Fulco" donated property to Saint-Aubin d'Angers for the souls of "Ingelgerio genitore meo atque Ingelgerio filio meo necnon…Warnerio socro meo et uxore sua Tescenda" by charter dated to [929/30][51].

Comte Foulques I & his wife had five children.

---

FOULQUES d'Anjou, son of FOULQUES I "le Roux" Comte d'Anjou & his wife Roscille de "Loches" ([920]-11 Nov 958) who succeeded his father in 942 as FOULQUES II "le Bon" Comte d'Anjou m firstly (937) GERBERGE, daughter of --- (-before 952).

"Gaufridus…Andecavorum comes" names "patris mei Fulconis, matris quoque meæ Gerbergæ" in his charter dated 19 Jun 966[62].

Maurice Chaume suggested that she was Gerberge, daughter of Geoffroy Vicomte d'Orléans [Comte de Gâtinais], based on onomastic reasons only to explain the use of the name Geoffroy in the family of the Comtes d'Anjou[63].

References:

[34] Broussillon, B. de (ed.) (1903) Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Aubin d'Angers (Paris) (“Angers Saint-Aubin”) Tome I, 177, p. 203. [35] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 36. [36] Gestis Consulum Andegavensium, RHGF IX, p. 27. [37] Chronico Turonensi, RHGF IX, p. 47. [38] Marchegay, P. and Salmon, A. (eds.) (1856) Chroniques d'Anjou Tome I (Paris), Historia comitum Andegavensium, p. 320. [39] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 41. [40] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 63. [41] Historia Comitum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 320. [42] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 40-1. [43] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, pp. 41-4. [44] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 63. [45] Mabille, E. (1871) Chroniques des comtes d´Anjou par Marchegay et Salmon, Introduction, (Paris), Pièces justificatives, IV, p. xcvi. [46] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 177, p. 203. [47] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 67. [48] Mabille (1871), Pièces justificatives, VIII, p. civ. [49] Chronica de Gesta Consulum Andegavorum, Chroniques d'Anjou, p. 65. [50] Angers 33, p. 74. [51] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 177, p. 203. [62] Angers Saint-Aubin, Tome I, 2, p. 4. [63] Saint-Phalle, E. de 'Les comtes de Gâtinais aux X et XI siècles', Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. and Settipani, C. (eds.) (2000) Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval (Prosopographica et Genealogica, Vol. 3), p. 239, citing Chaume, M. (1925) Les origines du duché de Bourgogne (Dijon) Vol. I, p. 534.

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From the Wikipedia page of her husband, Ingelger: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ingelger

At Orléans Ingelger made a matrimonial alliance with one of the leading families of Neustria, the lords of Amboise. He married Adelais, whose maternal uncles were Adalardus, Archbishop of Tours (875-890), and Rainon, Bishop of Angers (according to French Wikipedia's list of Bishops of Angers, 881-906)

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From "Fulk Nerra, the neo-Roman consul, 987-1040", pg. 4, Family Background and Childhood: http://books.google.cl/books?id=KCMUeOEjf8AC&pg=PA37&lpg=PA37&dq=Gatinais+Amboise&source=bl&ots=fT4XCV3519&sig=dEr8vBODLk4NhDyFLD5FiD9EtI0&hl=es&ei=h23VTJ3sGsP98Aab_J20DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CCsQ6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=Gatinais%20Amboise&f=false

King Charles then saw to it that Tertullus was granted a substantial beneficium at Chateau-Landon and also made him casatus both in Francia and in the Gatinais, that is, the wasteland west of Chateau-Landon as far as Orleans.[8]

Tertullus' son Ingelgarius inherited his father's holdings about 877 under what appears to have been the stipulations of the capitulary of Quierzy, which Charles the Bald had issued before leaving for Rome to receive the imperial title.[9] Ingelgarius is described as a soldier of great ability, miles optimus, and he recieved preferment from Louis II (877-879) and Louis III (879-882) (see genealogy 11, the Carolingians). These monarchs were both under the tutelage of Hugh the Abbot, to whom Ingelgarius was related through his mother Petronilla.[10]

Ingelgarius' fortunes gradually took him west from Chateau-Landon, with what appears to have been an initial posting as viscount at Orleans. There he had primary responsibility for orchestrating the defense of the urbs, which was essentially under episcopal rule. At Orleans, Ingelgarius came into close and friendly contact with members of the Adelardus-Raino family, who were prominent in the city, and he arranged to marry Adelais, one of the family whose grandfather controlled the formidable castrum of Amboise. Adelais' uncles Adelardus and Raino were prominent churchmen; Adelardus was archbishop of Tours and Raino was bishop of Angers.[11]

From Orleans, Ingelgarius continued his odyssey westward to Tours, where he was appointed prefectus, military commander, in the city ruled by his wife's uncle.[12] That affairs at Tours should have been cast in a Roman or neo-Roman manner during the latter 9th century should not surprise us. At least one noted contemporary, the father of Odo, the future abbot of Cluny, had a well-established reputation in tours as an expert in Roman law.[13] It is also of some importance that when the castrum was built to defend the community of St-Martin, about 800 meters beyond the walls of the urbs during the early 10th century, it was constructed according to the plan of a Roman legionary camp.[14]

Perhaps most noteworthy in this summary of Fulk Nerra's ancestors is the appointment of Ingelgarius as count of the Angevins. At the time that he obtained this title, the pagus extended only as far west as the Mayenne River. The western half of the pagus was first in the hands of Count Lambert of Nantes (see genealogy 9) and then passed to the Bretons Salomon, Erispoe, and Alan the Great.[15] Like Ingelgarius' advancement at Tours, his posting to Angers should be seen in light of the influence of his wife's family, for her uncle Raino was bishop of Angers.

Ingelgarius' preferment can be seen as the result of the propitious combination of his military talents with his relation through his mother to Hugh the Abbot and through his wife to a family of major importance in the west from Orleans to Angers. A sense of how high Ingelgarius and Adelais had risen in the estimation of powerful contemporaries can be gauged by the marriage of their son Fulk the Red to Roscilla, daughter of Warnerius, a magnate who controlled the important strongholds of Loches, Villentrois, and la Haye in the southern Touraine (see genealogy 3).[16] This Warnerius has been identified as a son of Count Adalhard, the seneschal of Louis the Pious, who was King of the Franks and Emperor (814-840).[17] Irmentrude, who became Charles the Bald's queen, was the niece of Adalhard and a cousin of Warnerius.[18] Thus Roscilla, Fulk the Red's wife, was a not-too-distant cousin of the royal family.

While this connection to the family of the Carolingian monarch surely brought the Fulconians prestige and status, Roscilla's maternal lineage was also important to her young husband's success and to that of their descendants. Roscilla's mother was either the daughter or granddaughter of the Widonian lords of the Breton march in whose family were to be found the Counts of Nantes. These Widonians intermittently bore the responsibility for the defense of the western frontier of Francia Occidentalis as far east as the Angevin pagus [19]. This responsibility brought Roscilla's maternal relatives into close contact with members of Fulk the Red's maternal lineage as led by his uncle, Bishop Raino of Angers.

Fulk the Red's family connections enabled him to expand his interests and acquisition of lands and titles westward from the Gatinais as Amboise, Loches, Villentrois, and la Haye came to form the nucleus of Fulconian holdings in the Touraine.[20] At Tours itself, where his maternal uncle Adalhard had been archbishop, Fulk obtained the title of Viscount no later than 898 with military responsibility for the defense of the urbs.[24] In addition, he garnered the key position of treasurer of the prestigious and rich church of St-Martin located in its own castrum only 800 meters from the walled city. As treasurer of St-Martin, Fulk controlled the fisc and used its resources to reward his supporters. Among those who benefited from Fulk's largess was a youth named Odo, the future abbot of Cluny. Odo (d. 942) maintained warm and friendly relations with the Fulconians throughout his career and influenced his friend and successor Maiolus in the same direction.[22] In addition, Fulk saw to it that two of his own sons, Fulk the Good and Guy, were made canons of St-Martin at Tours; Guy was to become Bishop of Soissons.[23]

The influence of Roscilla's maternal relatives combined with recognition of Fulk the Red's skill as a military administrator seems to have won him preferment far to the west of Tours. By 914 at the latest, he has the title Count of Nantes.[24] The combination of Roscill's Widonian relatives and Fulk's maternal connections also made it possible to bring the Fulconians back to Angers.

(References 8-24 are not available on the free online copy.)

view all 21

Adelais d'Amboise's Timeline

844
844
Orléans, (Present département du Loiret), (Present Région Centre), (Present France)
869
869
Age 25
France
870
870
Age 26
Anjou, Isere, Rhone-Alpes, France
875
875
Age 31
France
890
890
Age 46
Angers, Anjou (present Maine-et-Loire département), (Present région Pays de la Loire), France
894
894
Age 46
France
909
909
Age 46
France?
1935
April 24, 1935
Age 46
SG
April 25, 1935
Age 46
????