Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves of Gravesend
|Birthplace:||Cornwall, United Kingdom|
|Death:||Died in United Kingdom|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Adm. Sir Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves of Gravesend
Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves KB (23 October 1725 – 9 February 1802) was a British Admiral and colonial official.
Graves was the second son of Rear-Admiral Thomas Graves of Thanckes in Cornwall.
In the first year of the Seven Years' War, Graves failed to confront a French ship which gave challenge. He was tried by court-martial for not engaging his ship, and reprimanded. Graves became Commodore-Governor of Newfoundland in 1761 and given the duty of convoying the seasonal fishing fleet from England to the island. In 1762 he learned that French ships had captured St. John's, Newfoundland. Graves, Admiral Alexander Colville and Colonel William Amherst retook the port city.
With the end of the Seven Years' War, Labrador came under his responsibility as French fishing fleets returned to the French Shore and St. Pierre and Miquelon. Graves strictly enforced the treaties to the extent that the French government protested. Graves' governorship ended in 1764. He returned to active service during the American War of Independence and became commander-in-chief of the North American Squadron in 1781 when Mariot Arbuthnot returned home.
During the American War of Independence, his fleet was defeated by the Comte de Grasse in the Battle of the Chesapeake at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay on 5 September 1781 leading to the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. In September 1782, a fleet under his command was caught in a violent storm off the banks of Newfoundland. The captured French ships, Ville de Paris (110 guns) and Glorieux (74 guns) and the British ships HMS Ramillies (74 guns) and HMS Centaur (74 guns) foundered, along with other merchant ships, with the loss of 3,500 lives. In 1788 he became Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth.
With the French Revolutionary Wars, Graves was second in command to Admiral Richard Howe at the British victory over the French at the Battle of the Glorious First of June 1794. Graves became a full admiral and was awarded an Irish peerage as Baron Graves, of Gravesend in the County of Londonderry.
He died in February 1802, aged 76, and was succeeded in the barony by his son Thomas.
Lord Graves married Elizabeth, daughter of William Peere Williams, in 1771.
" Lord Graves, Baron of Gravesend, in the County of Londonderry, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1794 for the naval commander Admiral Thomas Graves. He was second in command at the Battle of the Glorious First of June in 1794. His son, the second Baron, represented Okehampton, Windsor and Milborne Port. He was succeeded by his son, the third Baron. This line of the family failed on the death of his son, the fourth Baron, in 1904.
The fourth Baron was succeeded by his first cousin, the son of the Hon. Henry Richard Graves, third son of the second Baron. On the death of his own son and only male heir, this line of the family also failed.
The sixth Baron was succeeded by his first cousin, the son of Claude Thomas Graves, younger son of the Hon. Henry Richard Graves, third son of the second Baron. His son, the eighth Baron, was an actor (as Peter Graves). When the eighth Baron died in 1994, this line of the family also failed. He was succeeded by his second cousin, the ninth Baron, the grandson of the Hon. Adolphus Edward Paget Graves, younger son of the Hon. Henry Richard Graves, third son of the second Baron. As of 2013 the title is held by his son, the tenth Baron, who succeeded in 2002, and who, like his father, also lives in Australia. "
- Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves (1725–1802)
- Thomas North Graves, 2nd Baron Graves (1775–1830)
- Thomas William Graves, 3rd Baron Graves (1804–1870)
- Clarence Edward Graves, 4th Baron Graves (1847–1904)
- Henry Cyril Percy Graves, 5th Baron Graves (1847–1914)
- Clarence Percy Rivers Graves, 6th Baron Graves (1871–1937)
- Henry Algernon Claude Graves, 7th Baron Graves (1877–1963)
- Peter George Wellesley Graves, 8th Baron Graves (1911–1994)
- Evelyn Paget Graves, 9th Baron Graves (1926–2002)
- Timothy Evelyn Graves, 10th Baron Graves (b. 1960)
Adm. Sir Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves of Gravesend's Timeline
October 23, 1725
Cornwall, United Kingdom