John Luce, CB (1870 - 1932) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Malmesbury, Wiltshire, UK
Death: Died in Devizes, Wiltshire, UK
Occupation: Admiral
Managed by: Justin Swanström
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About John Luce, CB

http://thepeerage.com/p19005.htm#i190043

He was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. He served in World War I, taking part in many sea battles. He was made a Companion of the Bath in 1914, and retired in 1922. He was High Sheriff of Wiltshire (1930-1931). He lived at Little Cheverell House, Wiltshire, near Devizes. Census 1881 Rodborough House, Percival Rd. Clifton College. John a Boarder.

Wikipedia Biography

Rear Admiral John Luce CB (4 February 1870 – 22 September 1932) was a senior officer in the Royal Navy during and after the First World War. He played a significant role in the early development of British naval aviation and held command during the Battle of Coronel and the Battle of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.

Early and family life

John Luce was born on 4 February 1870 at Halcombe,[1] Malmesbury in the English county of Wiltshire. In 1902, he married Mary Dorothea Tucker[2] and they had two children. John David Luce was born on 23 January 1906 and also joined the Navy, becoming First Sea Lord from 1963 to 1966.[3] William Henry Tucker Luce was born the following year and in later life became the Governor of Aden from 1956 to 1960.[2]

Naval career

In June 1909, Luce was promoted to Captain[4] and from October 1910 to August 1912 he was the captain of the battleship HMS Hibernia[5] during which time she was converted for flight operations and was the platform for the first launch of an aircraft from a warship underway.

In September 1912, Luce took command of HMS Glasgow, a light cruiser.[6] and was still in command at the start of the First World War. In November 1914, he took part in the Battle of Coronel in the South Atlantic. During the Battle, Glasgow together with the cruisers HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth, engaged the German East Asia Cruiser Squadron, including the new cruisers SMS Scharnhorst and SMS Gneisenau. The German light cruisers had only 4.1 in (100 mm) guns, which had left Glasgow relatively unscathed, but these were now joined by the 8.2-inch guns of Gneisenau. Luce determined that nothing was to be gained by staying and attempting to fight. It was noticed that each time he fired, the flash of his guns was used by the Germans to aim a new salvo, so he also ceased firing. One compartment of the ship was flooded, but she could still manage 24 kn (28 mph; 44 km/h). He returned first to Monmouth, which was now dark but still afloat. Nothing was to be done for the ship, which was sinking slowly but would attempt to beach on the Chilean coast. Glasgow turned south and departed.[7] Having inflicted little damage on the enemy, Glasgow escaped with moderate damage considering that an estimated 600 shells were fired at her, although the other British cruisers were lost with all hands.

The following month, Luce, still commanding Glasgow, took part in the Battle of the Falkland Islands. During the battle Glasgow and the armoured cruiser HMS Cornwall had chased down the German light cruiser SMS Leipzig; Glasgow closed to finish Leipzig which had run out of ammunition but was still flying her battle ensign. Leipzig fired two flares, so Glasgow ceased fire. At 21:23, more than 80 mi (70 nmi; 130 km) southeast of the Falklands, Leipzig rolled over, leaving only 18 survivors.

In 1917, Luce was appointed Commodore of the Royal Naval Air Service's Central Depot and Training Establishment at Cranwell. However, the following year when Cranwell became part of the newly founded Royal Air Force, Luce was replaced by Brigadier-General Briggs who had transferred from the Navy to the RAF.[8]

In February 1919, Luce took command of HMS Ramillies and remained as captain until some point in 1920.[9]

Towards the close of 1921, Luce was appointed Admiral in charge of Malta.[10] After he had retired, Luce served as High Sheriff of Wiltshire from 1930 to 1931.[2][11]

Luce died on 22 September 1932 at Little Cheverell House near Devizes. There is a memorial to Luce in Malmesbury Abbey.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b http://www.nmm.ac.uk/memorials/Memorial.cfm?EventGroup=12&MemorialPage=3&MemorialID=M3092&Full=Transcript
  2. ^ a b c http://thepeerage.com/p19005.htm#i190043
  3. ^ http://www.kcl.ac.uk/lhcma/locreg/LUCE1.shtml
  4. ^ http://www.admirals.org.uk/admirals/individual.php?RecNo=406
  5. ^ Captains Commanding Royal Navy Warships p. 25
  6. ^ Captains Commanding Royal Navy Warships p. 120
  7. ^ Massie. Castles of Steel. p. 233.
  8. ^ Haslam, E B (1982). The history of Royal Air Force Cranwell. London: HMSO. p. 10. ISBN 0-11-772359-2.
  9. ^ Captains Commanding Royal Navy Warships p. 45
  10. ^ Edinburgh Gazette: no. 13768. p. 2170. 13 December 1921. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  11. ^ Royal Navy Senior Appointments p. 128
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Admiral John Luce, CB's Timeline

1870
February 4, 1870
Malmesbury, Wiltshire, UK
1902
1902
Age 31
1904
1904
Age 33
London, Greater London, UK
1906
1906
Age 35
UK
1907
1907
Age 36
1907
Age 36
Gosport, Hampshire, UK
1932
September 22, 1932
Age 62
Devizes, Wiltshire, UK