Hyde Parker, Admiral Sir (1739 - 1807)

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Death: Died
Occupation: Naval Officer/Commander
Managed by: Erin Spiceland
Last Updated:

About Hyde Parker, Admiral Sir

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyde_Parker_(admiral)

Admiral Sir Hyde Parker (1739–1807), second son of Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet (1714–1783), entered the Royal Navy at an early age, and became lieutenant on 25 January 1758, having passed most of his early service in his father's ships.


On 16 December 1762 was promoted to command the Manila, from which, on 18 July 1763, he was posted to the Baleine. From 1766 onwards for many years he served in the West Indies and in North American waters, particularly distinguishing himself in breaking the defences of the North River at New York in 1776. His services on this occasion earned him a knighthood in 1779. In 1778 he was engaged in the Savannah expedition, and in the following year his ship was wrecked on the hostile Cuban coast. His men, however, entrenched themselves, and were in the end brought off safely. Parker was with his father at the Battle of Dogger Bank, and with Richard Howe in the two actions in the Straits of Gibraltar. He reached flag rank on 1 February 1793, the same day that war was declared against the new French Republic. As Rear Admiral, he served under Samuel Hood at Toulon and in Corsica. He was promoted to Vice-Admiral on 4 July 1794 and took part, under The Lord Hotham, in the indecisive fleet actions on 13 March 1795 and 13 July 1795. From 1796 to 1800 he was in command at Jamaica and ably conducted the operations in the West Indies.


He became a full Admiral on 14 February 1799. In 1801 he was appointed to command the fleet destined to break up the northern armed neutrality, with Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson as his second-in-command. Copenhagen, the first objective of the expedition, fell in the Battle of Copenhagen on 2 April 1801 to the fierce attack of Nelson's squadron – Parker, with the heavier ships, taking little part. At the height of the battle Parker raised the flag to disengage. Famously, Nelson ignored the order from his commander by raising his telescope to his blind eye and exclaiming "I really do not see the signal". Nelson pressed on with the action and ultimately compelled the Danish forces to capitulate. Parker's hesitation to advance up the Baltic Sea after his victory was later severely criticised. Soon afterwards he was recalled and Nelson succeeded him. In 1800, he married his second wife, Frances, daughter of Sir Richard Onslow, 1st Baronet, and made their home at the manor house Benhall Lodge in Suffolk. He died on 16 March 1807.


His son – the third Hyde Parker (1786–1854) – became a Rear-Admiral in turn on 23 November 1841 and Vice-Admiral on 4 June 1852. From 1853 he served as First Sea Lord of the Royal Navy, but died on 25 May 1854.

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