Richard Hawkins, Jr. (c.1561 - 1622) MP

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Nicknames: "Sir", "Captain"
Birthplace: Plymouth, Devonshire, England
Death: Died in Slapton, Devonshire, England
Occupation: Member of Parliament, Admiral, knighted, title:admiral sir, British Seaman, military
Managed by: Todd McIntyre
Last Updated:

About Richard Hawkins, Jr.

info from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Hawkins

Admiral Sir Richard Hawkins (c. 1562– 17 April 1622, London) (also spelled "Hawkyns") was a 17th century English seaman, explorer and Elizabethan "Sea Dog",and was the only son of Admiral Sir John Hawkins by his first marriage.

He was from his earliest days familiar with ships and the sea, and in 1582 he accompanied his uncle, William Hawkins, to the West Indies. In 1585 he was captain of a galliot in Drake's expedition to the Spanish main, in 1588 he commanded a queen's ship against the Armada, and in 1590 he served with his father's expedition to the coast of Portugal.

In 1593 he purchased the Dainty, a ship originally built for his father and used by him in his expeditions, and sailed for the West Indies, the Spanish Main and the South Seas. It seems clear that his project was to prey on the oversea possessions of the king of Spain. Hawkins, however, in an account of the voyage written thirty years afterwards, maintained, and by that time perhaps had really persuaded himself, that his expedition was undertaken purely for the purpose of geographical discovery. After visiting the coast of Brazil, the Dainty passed through the Straits of Magellan, and in due course reached Valparaíso.

Having plundered the town, Hawkins pushed north, and in June 1594, a year after leaving Plymouth, arrived in the Bay of San Mateo. Here the Dainty was attacked by two Spanish ships. Hawkins was hopelessly outmatched, but defended himself with great courage. At last, when he himself had been severely wounded, many of his men killed, and the Dainty was nearly sinking, he surrendered on the promise of a safe-conduct out of the country for himself and his crew.

Through no fault of the Spanish commander this promise was not kept. In 1597 Hawkins was sent to Spain, and imprisoned first at Seville and subsequently at Madrid. He was released in 1602, and, returning to England, was knighted in 1603.

In 1604 he became Member of Parliament for Plymouth and Vice-Admiral of Devon, a post which, as the coast was swarming with pirates, was no sinecure. In 1620 to 1621 he was vice-admiral, under Sir Robert Mansell of the fleet sent into the Mediterranean to reduce the Algeriar corsairs. He died in London on 17 April 1622.

See his Observations in his Voiage into the South Sea (1622), the most famous Elizabethan adventure, re-published by the Hakluyt Society and reworked in Charles Kingsley's Westward Ho! (1855).

In the anime and manga One Piece, there is a powerful pirate, Basil Hawkins, named after Sir Richard.

[edit] References

   * This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition article "Hawkins, Sir Richard", a publication now in the public domain.

--------------------------- Really good info: http://www.devonheritage.org/Nonplace/History/AdmiralSirRichardHawkins.htm ---------------------------

Richard, like his ancestors, was a sailor and was also knighted. He married Judith (sir name missing) and they had a daughter in 1592. Sir Richard was captured and imprisoned by the Spaniards for several years. There was a ledgend that Judith, thinking her husband was dead, decided to marry again. She was shortly before the ceremony.

There were five more children born to them after his return: John (3) 1600, Richard, Joan and Mary -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Hawkins -------------------- Nephew of Sir Francis Drake. Member of Parliament.

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Admiral Sir Richard Hawkins's Timeline

1561
1561
Plymouth, Devonshire, England
1573
1573
Age 12
Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
1582
1582
Age 21
Broadway, Somerset, England
1587
1587
Age 26
Ashill, Somerset, England
1590
1590
Age 29
Ashill, Somerset, England
1592
November 7, 1592
Age 31
Plymouth, Devon, England
1592
Age 31
Plymouth, Devonshire, England
1593
1593
Age 32
Ashill,,Dorset,England
1593
Age 32
1594
1594
Age 33
Ashill,,Somerset,England