About Admiral Sir Sackville Hamilton Carden KCMG
Admiral Sir Sackville Hamilton Carden KCMG (1857–1930) was a British admiral who, in cooperation with the French Navy, commanded British naval forces in the Mediterranean Sea during World War I.
Carden was born in Barnane near Templemore in North Tipperary, Ireland, the third son of Andrew Carden and Anne Berkeley. Although both his father and grandfather had served in the army, he elected for a naval career, and joined the Royal Navy in 1870.
His early career was marked by service in Egypt and the Sudan, and later, under Harry Rawson in the Benin expedition of 1897. Two years later, he was promoted to captain, and in 1908 to rear admiral. After two years on half-pay, he was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet, and raised his flag aboard HMS London for one year. Following his return to London, he was posted to the Admiralty until August 1912, at which point he was appointed superintendent of the Malta dockyard. In September 1914 he was appointed Commander of the British Squadron operating in the Mediterranean under the leadership of a French admiral.
Following Ottoman Empire's entry intro the war on the side of the Central Powers in November 1914, Carden was asked by the British Admiralty to develop a strategy to force open the Dardanelles Straits (Canakkale Bogazi) in January of the following year. Carden's plan called for the systematic destruction of Turkish fortifications along the Dardanelles while advancing slowly up the strait, in addition to extensive minesweeping operations.
Initially commander-in-chief of British naval forces during the Dardanelles campaign, Carden was successful in early offensives against Turkish defenses from 19 February until early March when he was relieved of command due his failing health and replaced by Admiral John de Robeck.
Resigning from the British Navy two years later with the rank of Admiral, Carden lived in retirement until his death in 1930.