Adolf Avraham Berman (1906 - 1978)

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Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Death: Died in Tel Aviv, Israel
Occupation: psychologist, member of Poale Zion Left party, editor of Arbeter Cajtung[1], who held a leadership role in Żegota, the World War II underground organization in Poland whose aim was to rescue Jews from the Holocaust
Managed by: Mattan Segev
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About Adolf Avraham Berman

Adolf Abraham Berman (17 October 1906, Warsaw – 3 February 1978, Tel-Aviv) was a Polish-Jewish psychologist, member of Poale Zion Left party, editor of Arbeter Cajtung[1], who held a leadership role in Żegota, the World War II underground organization in Poland whose aim was to rescue Jews from the Holocaust.

World War II:

As German occupation held Poland in its grip, Berman operated under the codename "Borowski" and ran CENTOS, a Jewish charitable organization which cared for the children of the Warsaw Ghetto. His ability to aid Jews in escaping the Ghetto was enhanced by the fact that his own facial features did not have what was considered a Jewish appearance.[citation needed] He was thus able to maintain contacts with Poles as well as move about relatively freely. His mission was put in danger once by szmalcownicy (civilians engaged in the extortion by blackmail of Jews, with threats of turning them over to Gestapo) demanding 500,000 złoty ransom.[2]

After the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, he continued to work in the underground, keeping in mind that he had a duty to posterity in preserving the historical record of the times, which included risking his life to save the last manuscript prepared by ghetto historian Emanuel Ringelblum.

After the war, he became one of the founders of Berihah, the clandestine organized effort to smuggle Polish Jews to Palestine. In 1950, as Stalinist hardliners, including his own brother Jakub, a high official of Poland's state security apparatus, were instituting ever more repressive measures, Adolf Berman made the decision to immigrate to Israel.

In succeeding years, he testified at the 1961 Eichmann trial, was elected to the legislative body, the Knesset, as a member of the Communist Party of Israel and wrote two books in Hebrew about his eventful life and experiences.

Adolf Berman died in Israel at the age of 72.

The Adolf Berman documents collection at the Holocaust Museum: http://infocenters.co.il/gfh/query.asp?lang=HEB&dlang=HEB&module=search&page=criteria&rsvr=1¶m=%3Cuppernav%3Egeneralq%3C/%3E%3Cnob%3E0%3C/%3E%3Ccnob%3E0%3C/%3E%3Cquery_type%3Epublic%3C/%3E%3Cquery_operation%3Eload%3C/%3E%3Cquery_id%3E7_53%3C/%3E¶m2=&site=gfh

The Adolf Berman photographs collection at the Holocaust Museum: http://infocenters.co.il/gfh/query.asp?lang=HEB&dlang=HEB&module=search&page=criteria&rsvr=1¶m=%3Cuppernav%3Egeneralq%3C/%3E%3Cnob%3E0%3C/%3E%3Ccnob%3E0%3C/%3E%3Cquery_type%3Epublic%3C/%3E%3Cquery_operation%3Eload%3C/%3E%3Cquery_id%3E7_52%3C/%3E¶m2=&site=gfh

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Adolf Berman's Timeline

1906
October 17, 1906
Warsaw, Poland
1978
March 3, 1978
Age 71
Tel Aviv, Israel
March 3, 1978
Age 71
Tel Aviv, Israel
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