Alain Fergant de Cornouaille, Duc de Bretagne, Comte de Rennes et Nantes (c.1067 - 1119) MP

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Nicknames: "Fergant (o Jovem)", "Fergent", "Alan IV of /Cornwall/", "which in Breton means "Alan the Younger"", "He was known as Alan Fergant", "Alan IV "Fergant" de Bretagne", "Duke of Britany"
Birthplace: Châteaulin, Finistère, Bretagne, France,
Death: Died in Redon, Ille et Vilaine, Bretagne, France,
Occupation: Duc, de Bretagne, Comte, de Rennes, de Cornouailles, de Nantes, Chevalier, Croisé, Moine, Duke of Brittany 1084-1112, Count of Nantes, Count of Rennes, Duke of Brittany, comte de Cornouaille, de Rennes et de Nantes, duke of brittany
Managed by: Catherine "Erin" Serafina Liora Spiceland
Last Updated:

About Alain Fergant de Cornouaille, Duc de Bretagne, Comte de Rennes et Nantes

Alan IV, Duke of Brittany From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alan IV Fergant (died 13 October 1119) was Duke of Brittany, from 1084 until his abdication in 1112. He was also Count of Nantes and Count of Rennes. He was son of Hawise, Duchess of Brittany and Duke Hoel II. He was known as Alan Fergant, which in Breton means "Alan the Younger". Through his father, he was of the Cornwall dynasty, (Breton: Kerne dynasty)

Norman Conflict

A traditional rivalry between Brittany and Normandy continued at the close of the 11th century. The Breton-Norman war of 1064–1065 was the result of William I of England's support of rebels in Brittany against Alan's grandfather, Conan II. Hostilities continued, and by 1086 Conan was forced to abandon his duchy after William I of England invasion.

Peace was reached that same year, and in the negotiations that followed Alan IV was forced into marriage with King William I's second daughter Constance.[1] The marriage ceremonies may have taken place in Bayeux in Normandy. William of Malmesbury wrote that Constance was unpopular at the Breton court because of her "sever and conservative" manner.[1] William of Malmesbury also alleged that Alan VI had Constance poisoned to death, but this remained unverified[1] However, Orderic Vitalis wrote that as duchess Constance did all she could to further the welfare of the Bretons, who grieved deeply at her death in 1090.[1]

In 1092 Alan IV donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter, and by 1093 married Ermengarde of Anjou, as a political alliance with Fulk IV of Anjou to counter Anglo-Norman influence.[1] With Ermengarde he had two sons, Geoffrey, who died young, and Conan, and a daughter, Hawise (who married Count Baldwin VII of Flanders), who was possibly named after Alan's mother.[1]

Crusader

In 1098 Alan went on the First Crusade, leaving Ermengarde as his regent, and returned in 1101.

Abdication and Death

Alan IV abdicated in 1112, and he and Ermengarde were separated after this. The former Duke retired to the monastery of Redon, where he died in 1119.

His illegitimate son was Brien FitzCount.

See also

   * Dukes of Brittany family tree

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Brittany Genealogy extracted Feb 1, 2008

External links

   * http://patp.us/genealogy/conq/richmond.aspx

Preceded by Hawise Hoel II regent from 1072-1084 Duke of Brittany 1084–1112 Succeeded by Conan III -------------------- Alan IV Fergant (died 13 October 1119) was Duke of Brittany, from 1084 until his abdication in 1112. He was also Count of Nantes and Count of Rennes. He was son of Hawise, Duchess of Brittany and Duke Hoel II. He was known as Alan Fergant, which in Breton means "Alan the Younger". Through his father, he was of the Cornwall dynasty, (Breton: Kerne dynasty)

From www.wikipedia.org at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_IV,_Duke_of_Brittany -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_IV,_Duke_of_Brittany -------------------- Alan IV, Duke of Brittany From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Alan IV Fergant (died 13 October 1119) was Duke of Brittany, from 1084 until his abdication in 1112. He was also Count of Nantes and Count of Rennes. He was son of Hawise, Duchess of Brittany and Duke Hoel II. He was known as Alan Fergant, which in Breton means "Alan the Younger". Through his father, he was of the Cornwall dynasty, (Breton: Kerne dynasty)

Norman Conflict

A traditional rivalry between Brittany and Normandy continued at the close of the 11th century. The Breton-Norman war of 1064–1065 was the result of William I of England's support of rebels in Brittany against Alan's grandfather, Conan II. Hostilities continued, and by 1086 Conan was forced to abandon his duchy after William I of England invasion. Peace was reached that same year, and in the negotiations that followed Alan IV was forced into marriage with King William I's second daughter Constance.[1] The marriage ceremonies may have taken place in Bayeux in Normandy. William of Malmesbury wrote that Constance was unpopular at the Breton court because of her "sever and conservative" manner.[1] William of Malmesbury also alleged that Alan VI had Constance poisoned to death, but this remained unverified[1] However, Orderic Vitalis wrote that as duchess Constance did all she could to further the welfare of the Bretons, who grieved deeply at her death in 1090.[1] In 1092 Alan IV donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter, and by 1093 married Ermengarde of Anjou, as a political alliance with Fulk IV of Anjou to counter Anglo-Norman influence.[1] With Ermengarde he had two sons, Geoffrey, who died young, and Conan, and a daughter, Hawise (who married Count Baldwin VII of Flanders), who was possibly named after Alan's mother.[1] [edit]Crusader

In 1098 Alan went on the First Crusade, leaving Ermengarde as his regent, and returned in 1101. Abdication and Death

Alan IV abdicated in 1112, and he and Ermengarde were separated after this. The former Duke retired to the monastery of Redon, where he died in 1119. His illegitimate son was Brien FitzCount. See also

Dukes of Brittany family tree References

^ a b c d e f Brittany Genealogy extracted Feb 1, 2008 -------------------- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alan IV Fergant (died 13 October 1119) was Duke of Brittany, from 1084 until his abdication in 1112. He was also Count of Nantes and Count of Rennes. He was son of Hawise, Duchess of Brittany and Duke Hoel II. He was known as Alan Fergant, which in Breton means "Alan the Younger". Through his father, he was of the Cornwall dynasty, (Breton: Kerne dynasty)

Norman Conflict A traditional rivalry between Brittany and Normandy continued at the close of the 11th century. The Breton-Norman war of 1064–1065 was the result of William I of England's support of rebels in Brittany against Alan's grandfather, Conan II. Hostilities continued, and by 1086 Conan was forced to abandon his duchy after William I of England invasion.

Peace was reached that same year, and in the negotiations that followed Alan IV was forced into marriage with King William I's second daughter Constance.[1] The marriage ceremonies may have taken place in Bayeux in Normandy. William of Malmesbury wrote that Constance was unpopular at the Breton court because of her "sever and conservative" manner.[1] William of Malmesbury also alleged that Alan VI had Constance poisoned to death, but this remained unverified[1] However, Orderic Vitalis wrote that as duchess Constance did all she could to further the welfare of the Bretons, who grieved deeply at her death in 1090.

In 1092 Alan IV donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter, and by 1093 married Ermengarde of Anjou, as a political alliance with Fulk IV of Anjou to counter Anglo-Norman influence.[1] With Ermengarde he had two sons, Geoffrey, who died young, and Conan, and a daughter, Hawise (who married Count Baldwin VII of Flanders), who was possibly named after Alan's mother.

Crusader In 1098 Alan went on the First Crusade, leaving Ermengarde as his regent, and returned in 1101.

Abdication and Death Alan IV abdicated in 1112, and he and Ermengarde were separated after this. The former Duke retired to the monastery of Redon, where he died in 1119.

His illegitimate son was Brien FitzCount.

See also http://patp.us/genealogy/conq/richmond.aspx -------------------- Dès le début de son règne, Alain Fergent se heurte à Guillaume le Conquérant, il refuse de lui rendre hommage. Guillaume le Conquérant envahit la Bretagne, ravage le Comté de Rennes et met le siège devant Dol qu'il ne quittera pas avant de l'avoir prise. Le Duc leva une forte armée et Guillaume le Conquérant leva le siège, laissant un énorme butin aux Bretons. Puis il offrit la main de sa fille en échange de la paix. La duchesse décède trois ans après. Alain se remarie avec Ermengarde d'Anjou. Après avoir mis de l'ordre dans son duché, Alain fergent se croise avec l'élite de sa noblesse. En ces cinq années d'absence la Duchesse Ermengarde dirige avec autorité le Duché. Le Duc participe à la bataille de Tinchebray en 1106. Il abdique en 1112 en faveur de son fils CONAN et se retire au monastère de Saint-Sauveur à Redon où il meurt le 13 octobre 1119 et y est inhumé. -------------------- Alain was lso called Alan Comes Brittannie, and also Alain IV "Fergent," and also Alan "the Younger."

Alain IV, duc de Bretagne, was the successor of Hoël II, comte de Cornoüaille & de Dol; Count of Cornouille.

Alain led, along with Aimeri IV, Vicomte de Thouars, the left wing of William the Conqueror's army in the invasion of England in 1066.

Alain first married Constance de Normandie, daughter of King William I (the Conqueror, or the Bastard) Queen Mathilda of Flanders, in 1068.

Alain was Earl of Richmond between 1068 and 1119. He had large holdings in Yorkshire, and twelve other counties, in 1086. He was Count of Brittany between 1087 and 1112.

Alain married Ermengarde d' Anjou, daughter of Foulques IV "le Rechin", comte d' Anjou and Hildegarde Lancelote de Beaugency, in 1093.

Alain went on the First Crusade with Robert of Normandy in 1099. He assisted King Henry I at Tinchebrai in 1106.

Alain died a monk on 13 October 1119.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p360.htm#i7818 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) -------------------- Birth: ABT 1070 in Bretagne, Indre, FRANCE Death: 13 OCT 1119 in Monastery of Redon, Brittany, FRANCE Event: Note 1086 Listed as a landowner in The Domesday Book (England) Event: Note 1112 Became a monk and resided in the Monastery of Redon (FRANCE). Event: Title (Facts Pg) BET 1084 AND 1112 duc de Bretagne (Duke of Brittany), Maison de Cornouailles (House of ......), Fergent Event: Name 2 'Alain Fergant', which in Breton means "Alan the Younger". Burial: 14 OCT 1119 Monastery of Redon Cemetery, Brittany, FRANCE

rittany, Count Alan of - Married daughter of William I, Constance. Also called Earl of Richmond. Head of Bretons in England. Large holdings in Yorks., and also in twelve other counties.

SOURCE: Domesday Book extract.

Alan IV of Cornwall (died 1119) was duke of Brittany, from 1084 to 1112. He was also Count of Nantes and Count of Rennes. He was son of Duke Hoel II and Havise of Brittany. He was known as Alain Fergant, which in Breton means "Alan the Younger".

Alan IV had to face an invasion of William I of England and was forced to abandon his duchy in 1086. Peace was made in the same year and Alan married Princess Constance of England, William's daughter. This marriage was forced upon Alan and he is presumed responsible for Constance's death by poisoning in 1090 -- William of Malmesbury says she was killed because she was too conservative for the Breton court. Alan married again in 1093 with Ermengarde of Anjou, a formidable woman who became the real ruler of Brittany. By her he had a son Geoffrey, a daughter Havise (married to count Baldwin VII of Flanders) and his heir Conan. In 1098 Alan went on Crusade, leaving Ermengarde as his regent, and returned in 1101. Alan IV was not a popular duke and was forced to abdicate in 1112. He retired to the monastery of Redon and died there in 1119.

His illegitimate son was Brien FitzCount.

SOURCE: "Wikipedia, free encyclopedia", http://en.wikipedia.org/

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Alain IV "Fergant" de Cornouaille, duc de Bretagne's Timeline

1067
1067
Châteaulin, Finistère, Bretagne, France,
1082
1082
Age 15
Of,,,France
1086
1086
Age 19
Caen, Normandy
1090
1090
Age 23
Brittany, France
1092
1092
Age 25
1093
1093
Age 26
Bretagne, France
1093
Age 26
France
1110
1110
Age 43
Bretagne, France
1119
October 13, 1119
Age 52
Redon, Ille et Vilaine, Bretagne, France,
1119
Age 52
Abbaye de St-Sauveur de Redon, BRETAGNE