Alan Bartlett Shepard, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy (1923 - 1998) MP

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Birthplace: East Derry, New Hampshire, United States
Death: Died in Pebble Beach, California, United States
Occupation: Rear Admiral US Navy, First American in Space, Fifth person to walk on Earth's Moon, Astronaut
Managed by: Jack William McCullough, Jr.
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Alan Bartlett Shepard, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy

Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998)

Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (Rear Admiral, US Navy, Ret.) was an American naval aviator and NASA astronaut who in 1961 became the second person, and the first American, in space. Ten years later, he commanded the Apollo 14 mission, and became the fifth person to walk on the Moon. He also served as chief of the Astronaut Office from November 1963–July 1969 and from June 1971–August 1, 1974.

Biography

Shepard was born in Derry, New Hampshire to Lt. Col. Alan B. Shepard, Sr. and Renza (nee Emerson) Shepard.

Naval career

Shepard began his naval career after graduation from the United States Naval Academy in 1944, and served on the destroyer USS Cogswell while it was deployed in the Pacific Ocean during World War II. He subsequently entered flight training at Corpus Christi, Texas and Pensacola, Florida, and received his naval aviator wings in 1947. He was assigned to Fighter Squadron 42 based at Norfolk, Virginia and Jacksonville, Florida, and served several tours aboard aircraft carriers in the Mediterranean Sea with the squadron.

In 1950, he attended the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School at Patuxent River, Maryland. After graduation, he participated in flight test work which included high-altitude tests to obtain data on light at different altitudes and on a variety of air masses over the American continent; test and development experiments of the Navy's in-flight refueling system; carrier suitability trials of the F2H-3 Banshee; and Navy trials of the first angled carrier deck. He was subsequently assigned to Fighter Squadron 193 based at Moffett Field, California, a night fighter unit flying Banshee jets. As operations officer of this squadron, he made two tours to the western Pacific on board the carrier USS Oriskany.

Shepard returned to Patuxent for a second tour of duty and engaged in flight testing the F3H Demon, F8U Crusader, F4D Skyray, and F11F Tiger. He was also project test pilot on the F5D Skylancer, and his last five months at Patuxent were spent as an instructor in the Test Pilot School. He later attended the Naval War College at Newport, Rhode Island, and upon graduating (master of arts in military science) in 1958 was assigned to the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet, as aircraft readiness officer.

He logged more than 8,000 hours flying time—3,700 hours in jet aircraft.

NASA career

Mercury: Freedom 7 pilot

In 1959, Shepard was one of 110 military test pilots invited by the newly-formed National Aeronautics and Space Administration to volunteer for the first US manned space flight program. Following a gruelling series of physical and psychological tests, NASA selected Shepard to be one of the original group of seven Mercury astronauts.

n January 1961, Shepard was chosen for the first American manned mission into space. Although the flight was originally scheduled for October 1960, delays by unplanned preparatory work meant that this was postponed several times, initially to March 6, 1961 and finally to May 5.[2] On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin had become the first person in space and to orbit the Earth.

On May 5, 1961, Shepard piloted the Freedom 7 mission and became the second person, and the first American, to travel into space.[3] He was launched by a Redstone rocket, and unlike Gagarin's 108-minute orbital flight, Shepard stayed on a ballistic trajectory—a 15-minute suborbital flight which carried him to an altitude of 116 statute miles (187 km) and to a splashdown point 302 statute miles (486 km) down the Atlantic Missile Range. Unlike Gagarin, whose flight was strictly automatic, Shepard had some control of Freedom 7, spacecraft attitude in particular. The launch was seen live on television by millions.

Shortly before the launch, Shepard said to himself: "Don't fuck up, Shepard..."[4] This quote was reported as "Dear Lord, please don't let me fuck up" in The Right Stuff,[5] though Shepard confirmed this as a misquote. Regardless, the latter quote has since become known among aviators as "Shepard's Prayer."

According to Gene Kranz in his book, Failure Is Not an Option, "When reporters asked Shepard what he thought about as he sat atop the Redstone rocket, waiting for liftoff, he had replied, 'The fact that every part of this ship was built by the low bidder.'"

After a dramatic Atlantic Ocean recovery, Commander Shepard observed, "…didn't really feel the flight was a success until the recovery had been successfully completed. It's not the fall that hurts; it's the sudden stop."[6] After his successful return, Shepard was celebrated as a national hero, honored with parades in Washington, New York and Los Angeles and received a medal from President John F. Kennedy.

Later, he was scheduled to pilot the Mercury-Atlas 10 Freedom 7-II three-day extended duration mission in October 1963. The MA-10 mission was cancelled on June 13, 1963. He was the back-up pilot for Gordon "Gordo" Cooper for the MA-9 mission.

Gemini: Chief astronaut

After the Mercury-Atlas 10 mission was cancelled, Shepard was designated as the command pilot of the first manned Project Gemini mission. Thomas Stafford was chosen as his co-pilot. In early 1964, Shepard was diagnosed with Ménière's disease, a condition in which fluid pressure builds up in the inner ear. This syndrome causes the semicircular canals and motion detectors to become extremely sensitive, resulting in disorientation, dizziness, and nausea. The condition caused him to be removed from flight status for most of the 1960s (Gus Grissom and John Young were assigned to Gemini 3 instead).

Also in 1963, he was designated Chief of the Astronaut Office with responsibility for monitoring the coordination, scheduling, and control of all activities involving NASA astronauts. This included monitoring the development and implementation of effective training programs to assure the flight readiness of personnel for crew assignments on manned space flights; furnishing pilot evaluations applicable to the design, construction, and operations of spacecraft systems and related equipment; and providing qualitative scientific and engineering observations to facilitate overall mission planning, formulation of feasible operational procedures, and selection and conduct of specific experiments for each flight.

Apollo: Apollo 14 commander

Shepard was restored to full flight status in May 1969, following corrective surgery (using a newly-developed method) for Ménière's disease. He was originally assigned to command Apollo 13, but as it was felt he needed more time to train, he and his crewmates (lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell and command module pilot Stuart Roosa) swapped missions with the then crew of Apollo 14 (James Lovell, Ken Mattingly and Fred Haise).

As the oldest astronaut in the program at age 47, Shepard made his second space flight as commander of Apollo 14 from January 31–February 9, 1971, America's third successful lunar landing mission. Shepard piloted the Lunar Module Antares to the most accurate landing of the entire Apollo program. This was the first mission to successfully broadcast color television pictures from the surface of the Moon, using a vidicon tube. (The color camera on Apollo 12 provided a few brief moments of color telecasting before it was inadvertently pointed at the sun, ending its usefulness.) While on the Moon, Shepard used a Wilson six-iron head attached to a lunar sample scoop handle[7] to drive golf balls. Despite thick gloves and a stiff spacesuit which forced him to swing the club with one hand, Shepard struck two golf balls; driving the second, as he jokingly put it, "miles and miles and miles."[8]

Following Apollo 14, Shepard returned to his position as Chief of the Astronaut Office in June, 1971. He was promoted to rear admiral before retiring both from the Navy and NASA on August 1, 1974.

Later years

After Shepard left NASA, he served on the boards of many corporations. He also served as president of his umbrella company for several business enterprises, Seven Fourteen Enterprises, Inc. (named for his two flights, Freedom 7 and Apollo 14).[9]

In 1994, he published a book with two journalists, Jay Barbree and Howard Benedict, called Moon Shot: The Inside Story of America's Race to the Moon. Fellow Mercury astronaut Deke Slayton is also named as an author.[citation needed] The book generated some controversy for use of a staged photo purportedly showing Shepard hitting a golf ball on the Moon[10] The book was also turned into a TV miniseries in 1994.[citation needed]

Shepard died of leukemia near his home in Pebble Beach, California on July 21, 1998, (the 29th anniversary of the first moonwalk), two years after being diagnosed with that disease. He was the second person to die who had walked on the Moon. His wife of 53 years, Louise Brewer, died five weeks afterward. Both were cremated, and their ashes were scattered together by a Navy helicopter over Stillwater Cove, in front of their Pebble Beach home.[9]

They had three daughters, Laura (born in 1947), Juliana (born in 1951) and Alice (born in 1951). Alice was Louise's niece, but raised as their own daughter.[11] He also had six grandchildren. He was one of many famous descendants of Mayflower passenger Richard Warren.[12]

Awards and honors

During his life, Shepard was awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor; two NASA Distinguished Service Medals, the NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal, Naval Astronaut Wings, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. He received of the Langley Award (highest award of the Smithsonian Institution) on May 5, 1964; the Lambert trophy; the Iven C. Kincheloe Award; the Cabot Award; the Collier Trophy; and the City of New York Gold Medal for 1971.

Shepard was appointed by President Nixon in July 1971 as a delegate to the 26th United Nations General Assembly, serving from September to December 1971.

He was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame on May 11, 1990.

The Navy named a supply ship, Alan Shepard (T-AKE-3), for him in 2006. A geodesic dome was built in his honor in Virginia Beach, Virginia but was demolished in 1994.[13]

A model of the Redstone booster used to launch Shepard aboard Freedom 7 is on display in the Warren, New Hampshire town square.

The McAuliffe-Shepard Discovery Center in Concord, New Hampshire is named after Shepard and Christa McAuliffe.

Interstate 93 in New Hampshire, from the Massachusetts border to its intersection with Route 101 in Manchester, is named in his honor. It passes through his native Derry. Interstate 565 in northern Alabama connecting Decatur, Alabama and Huntsville, Alabama is officially the Admiral Alan B. Shepard Highway.

His hometown of Derry has the nickname Space Town in honor of his career as an astronaut.[14] Following an act of Congress,[15] the Post Office in Derry is designated the Alan B. Shepard, Jr. Post Office Building.

His high school alma mater in Derry, Pinkerton Academy, has a building named after him; and the school team name is the Astros after his career as an astronaut.[16] Alan B. Shepard High School, in Palos Heights, Illinois, which opened in 1976, was named in his honor. Framed newspapers throughout the school depict various accomplishments and milestones in Shepard's life. Additionally, an autographed plaque commemorates the dedication of the building. The school newspaper is named Freedom 7 and the yearbook is entitled Odyssey. Its television news show is called NASA - News About Shepard Astros.

Other schools which honor his memory include Alan B. Shepard Middle School, Deerfield, Illinois; Alan B. Shepard Middle School, San Antonio, Texas; Alan B. Shepard Elementary School, Bourbonnais, Illinois, Alan B. Shepard Elementary School, Old Bridge, New Jersey and, formerly, Alan B. Shepard Elementary School in Highland Park, Illinois (closed).

Alan Shepard Park in Cocoa Beach, Florida, a beach-side park south of Cape Canaveral, is named in his honor.[17]

In a 2010 Space Foundation survey, Shepard was ranked as the ninth most popular space hero (tied with astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Gus Grissom).[18]

On May 4, 2011, the US Postal Service issued a first-class stamp in Shepard's honor—the first US stamp to depict a specific astronaut. The first day of issue ceremony was held at NASA's Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex.[19]

Shepard Technology Award

  • 2001 Lori Byrnes
  • 2002 Thomas F. Hunt, Frank E. Waller
  • 2003 Brian Copes
  • 2004 Charles Geach
  • 2005 Ronald F. Dantowitz
  • 2006 Kathy R. Brandon
  • 2007 Luther W. Richardson
  • 2008 Kevin L. Simmons
  • 2009 Ricardo V. Soria[21]
  • 2010 Allen V. Robnett[22]

In media

  • 1965 - the character of Alan Tracy in the Thunderbirds was named after him.[23]
  • 1983 film The Right Stuff - played by Scott Glenn
  • 1998 HBO TV series From the Earth to the Moon - played by Ted Levine
  • 2005 BBC TV series Space Race - played by Todd Boyce
  • 2001 opening montage, Star Trek: Enterprise
  • 2002 film Race to Space, played by Mark Moses
  • 2007 - the player character in BioWare's Mass Effect is named in honor of him.

Notes

  1. Astronaut Bio: Alan B. Shepard, Jr. 7/98 - Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
  2. Swenson, Loyd S.; James M. Grimwood and Charles C. Alexander. "This New Ocean: A History of Project Mercury". NASA SP-4201 (Scientific and Technical Information Division, Office of Technology Utilization, N.A.S.A.). Retrieved 2007-06-28
  3. Swenson Jr., Loyd S.; Grimwood, James M.; Alexander, Charles C. (1989). "11-4 Shepard's Ride". In Woods, David; Gamble, Chris (url). This New Ocean: A History of Project Mercury. NASA. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
  4. Alan Shepard, Deke Slayton, Moon Shot. Turner Publishing, Atlanta. 1994. ISBN 1-878685-54-6, Ch. 9, p. 111.
  5. Wolfe, Tom, The Right Stuff. (hardcover). Farrar-Straus-Giroux, New York. 1979. ISBN 0-374-25033-2, Ch. 10, p. 245
  6. "The Space Race". 1961 Year in Review. UPI. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  7. [1]
  8. "EVA-2 Closeout and the Golf Shots". NASA. NASA.. Retrieved May 29, 2007.
  9. a b http://www.astronautscholarship.org/shepard.html Shepard biography on the official website of the Mercury 7 astronauts, Astronaut Hall of Fame.
  10. "Apollo 14 Lunar Surface Journal: EVA-2 Closeout and the Golf Shots". Retrieved 2011-02-10.
  11. Neal Thompson, Light This Candle: The Life & Times of Alan Shepard—America's First Spaceman. Crown, 2004
  12. "Rootsweb Mayflower-L archives". Retrieved 2011-02-10.
  13. [2]
  14. "Derry, NH". NewHampshire.com. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  15. "H.R.4517". The Library of Congress. Retrieved May 29, 2007.
  16. "Alan B. Shepard, Jr.". NASA. NASA. Retrieved December 29, 2006.
  17. "Alan Shepard Park Review". Fodors. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  18. "Space Foundation Survey Reveals Broad Range of Space Heroes".
  19. Pearlman, Robert Z., "New U.S. Stamps Honor Astronaut Alan Shepard and Mission to Mercury" (May 4, 2011) Space.com
  20. "Alan Shepard Technology in Education Award". National Space Symposium. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
  21. http://www.nationalspacesymposium.org/florida-educator-to-receive-the-alan-shepard-technology-in-education-award-at-25th-national-space-sy
  22. "Aviation, Astronomy Courses Earn Tennessee Teacher the 2010 Alan Shepard Technology in Education Award". National Space Symposium. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
  23. Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree. p. 23. ISBN 1-85283-164-2.

References

  • Kranz, Gene. Failure Is Not an Option: Mission Control from Mercury to Apollo 13 and Beyond. ISBN 0-7432-0079-9.

--------------------

Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998)

Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (Rear Admiral, US Navy, Ret.) was an American naval aviator and NASA astronaut who in 1961 became the second person, and the first American, in space. Ten years later, he commanded the Apollo 14 mission, and became the fifth person to walk on the Moon. He also served as chief of the Astronaut Office from November 1963–July 1969 and from June 1971–August 1, 1974. Biography

Shepard was born in Derry, New Hampshire to Lt. Col. Alan B. Shepard, Sr. and Renza (nee Emerson) Shepard. Naval career

Shepard began his naval career after graduation from the United States Naval Academy in 1944, and served on the destroyer USS Cogswell while it was deployed in the Pacific Ocean during World War II. He subsequently entered flight training at Corpus Christi, Texas and Pensacola, Florida, and received his naval aviator wings in 1947. He was assigned to Fighter Squadron 42 base... read more

Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998)

Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (Rear Admiral, US Navy, Ret.) was an American naval aviator and NASA astronaut who in 1961 became the second person, and the first American, in space. Ten years later, he commanded the Apollo 14 mission, and became the fifth person to walk on the Moon. He also served as chief of the Astronaut Office from November 1963–July 1969 and from June 1971–August 1, 1974. Biography

Shepard was born in Derry, New Hampshire to Lt. Col. Alan B. Shepard, Sr. and Renza (nee Emerson) Shepard. Naval career

Shepard began his naval career after graduation from the United States Naval Academy in 1944, and served on the destroyer USS Cogswell while it was deployed in the Pacific Ocean during World War II. He subsequently entered flight training at Corpus Christi, Texas and Pensacola, Florida, and received his naval aviator wings in 1947. He was assigned to Fighter Squadron 42 based at Norfolk, Virginia and Jacksonville, Florida, and served several tours aboard aircraft carriers in the Mediterranean Sea with the squadron.

In 1950, he attended the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School at Patuxent River, Maryland. After graduation, he participated in flight test work which included high-altitude tests to obtain data on light at different altitudes and on a variety of air masses over the American continent; test and development experiments of the Navy's in-flight refueling system; carrier suitability trials of the F2H-3 Banshee; and Navy trials of the first angled carrier deck. He was subsequently assigned to Fighter Squadron 193 based at Moffett Field, California, a night fighter unit flying Banshee jets. As operations officer of this squadron, he made two tours to the western Pacific on board the carrier USS Oriskany.

Shepard returned to Patuxent for a second tour of duty and engaged in flight testing the F3H Demon, F8U Crusader, F4D Skyray, and F11F Tiger. He was also project test pilot on the F5D Skylancer, and his last five months at Patuxent were spent as an instructor in the Test Pilot School. He later attended the Naval War College at Newport, Rhode Island, and upon graduating (master of arts in military science) in 1958 was assigned to the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet, as aircraft readiness officer.

He logged more than 8,000 hours flying time—3,700 hours in jet aircraft. NASA career

Mercury: Freedom 7 pilot

In 1959, Shepard was one of 110 military test pilots invited by the newly-formed National Aeronautics and Space Administration to volunteer for the first US manned space flight program. Following a gruelling series of physical and psychological tests, NASA selected Shepard to be one of the original group of seven Mercury astronauts.

n January 1961, Shepard was chosen for the first American manned mission into space. Although the flight was originally scheduled for October 1960, delays by unplanned preparatory work meant that this was postponed several times, initially to March 6, 1961 and finally to May 5.[2] On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin had become the first person in space and to orbit the Earth.

On May 5, 1961, Shepard piloted the Freedom 7 mission and became the second person, and the first American, to travel into space.[3] He was launched by a Redstone rocket, and unlike Gagarin's 108-minute orbital flight, Shepard stayed on a ballistic trajectory—a 15-minute suborbital flight which carried him to an altitude of 116 statute miles (187 km) and to a splashdown point 302 statute miles (486 km) down the Atlantic Missile Range. Unlike Gagarin, whose flight was strictly automatic, Shepard had some control of Freedom 7, spacecraft attitude in particular. The launch was seen live on television by millions.

Shortly before the launch, Shepard said to himself: "Don't fuck up, Shepard..."[4] This quote was reported as "Dear Lord, please don't let me fuck up" in The Right Stuff,[5] though Shepard confirmed this as a misquote. Regardless, the latter quote has since become known among aviators as "Shepard's Prayer."

According to Gene Kranz in his book, Failure Is Not an Option, "When reporters asked Shepard what he thought about as he sat atop the Redstone rocket, waiting for liftoff, he had replied, 'The fact that every part of this ship was built by the low bidder.'"

After a dramatic Atlantic Ocean recovery, Commander Shepard observed, "…didn't really feel the flight was a success until the recovery had been successfully completed. It's not the fall that hurts; it's the sudden stop."[6] After his successful return, Shepard was celebrated as a national hero, honored with parades in Washington, New York and Los Angeles and received a medal from President John F. Kennedy.

Later, he was scheduled to pilot the Mercury-Atlas 10 Freedom 7-II three-day extended duration mission in October 1963. The MA-10 mission was cancelled on June 13, 1963. He was the back-up pilot for Gordon "Gordo" Cooper for the MA-9 mission.

Gemini: Chief astronaut

After the Mercury-Atlas 10 mission was cancelled, Shepard was designated as the command pilot of the first manned Project Gemini mission. Thomas Stafford was chosen as his co-pilot. In early 1964, Shepard was diagnosed with Ménière's disease, a condition in which fluid pressure builds up in the inner ear. This syndrome causes the semicircular canals and motion detectors to become extremely sensitive, resulting in disorientation, dizziness, and nausea. The condition caused him to be removed from flight status for most of the 1960s (Gus Grissom and John Young were assigned to Gemini 3 instead).

Also in 1963, he was designated Chief of the Astronaut Office with responsibility for monitoring the coordination, scheduling, and control of all activities involving NASA astronauts. This included monitoring the development and implementation of effective training programs to assure the flight readiness of personnel for crew assignments on manned space flights; furnishing pilot evaluations applicable to the design, construction, and operations of spacecraft systems and related equipment; and providing qualitative scientific and engineering observations to facilitate overall mission planning, formulation of feasible operational procedures, and selection and conduct of specific experiments for each flight.

Apollo: Apollo 14 commander

Shepard was restored to full flight status in May 1969, following corrective surgery (using a newly-developed method) for Ménière's disease. He was originally assigned to command Apollo 13, but as it was felt he needed more time to train, he and his crewmates (lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell and command module pilot Stuart Roosa) swapped missions with the then crew of Apollo 14 (James Lovell, Ken Mattingly and Fred Haise).

As the oldest astronaut in the program at age 47, Shepard made his second space flight as commander of Apollo 14 from January 31–February 9, 1971, America's third successful lunar landing mission. Shepard piloted the Lunar Module Antares to the most accurate landing of the entire Apollo program. This was the first mission to successfully broadcast color television pictures from the surface of the Moon, using a vidicon tube. (The color camera on Apollo 12 provided a few brief moments of color telecasting before it was inadvertently pointed at the sun, ending its usefulness.) While on the Moon, Shepard used a Wilson six-iron head attached to a lunar sample scoop handle[7] to drive golf balls. Despite thick gloves and a stiff spacesuit which forced him to swing the club with one hand, Shepard struck two golf balls; driving the second, as he jokingly put it, "miles and miles and miles."[8]

Following Apollo 14, Shepard returned to his position as Chief of the Astronaut Office in June, 1971. He was promoted to rear admiral before retiring both from the Navy and NASA on August 1, 1974. Later years

After Shepard left NASA, he served on the boards of many corporations. He also served as president of his umbrella company for several business enterprises, Seven Fourteen Enterprises, Inc. (named for his two flights, Freedom 7 and Apollo 14).[9]

In 1994, he published a book with two journalists, Jay Barbree and Howard Benedict, called Moon Shot: The Inside Story of America's Race to the Moon. Fellow Mercury astronaut Deke Slayton is also named as an author.[citation needed] The book generated some controversy for use of a staged photo purportedly showing Shepard hitting a golf ball on the Moon[10] The book was also turned into a TV miniseries in 1994.[citation needed]

Shepard died of leukemia near his home in Pebble Beach, California on July 21, 1998, (the 29th anniversary of the first moonwalk), two years after being diagnosed with that disease. He was the second person to die who had walked on the Moon. His wife of 53 years, Louise Brewer, died five weeks afterward. Both were cremated, and their ashes were scattered together by a Navy helicopter over Stillwater Cove, in front of their Pebble Beach home.[9]

They had three daughters, Laura (born in 1947), Juliana (born in 1951) and Alice (born in 1951). Alice was Louise's niece, but raised as their own daughter.[11] He also had six grandchildren. He was one of many famous descendants of Mayflower passenger Richard Warren.[12] Awards and honors

During his life, Shepard was awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor; two NASA Distinguished Service Medals, the NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal, Naval Astronaut Wings, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. He received of the Langley Award (highest award of the Smithsonian Institution) on May 5, 1964; the Lambert trophy; the Iven C. Kincheloe Award; the Cabot Award; the Collier Trophy; and the City of New York Gold Medal for 1971.

Shepard was appointed by President Nixon in July 1971 as a delegate to the 26th United Nations General Assembly, serving from September to December 1971.

He was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame on May 11, 1990.

The Navy named a supply ship, Alan Shepard (T-AKE-3), for him in 2006. A geodesic dome was built in his honor in Virginia Beach, Virginia but was demolished in 1994.[13]

A model of the Redstone booster used to launch Shepard aboard Freedom 7 is on display in the Warren, New Hampshire town square.

The McAuliffe-Shepard Discovery Center in Concord, New Hampshire is named after Shepard and Christa McAuliffe.

Interstate 93 in New Hampshire, from the Massachusetts border to its intersection with Route 101 in Manchester, is named in his honor. It passes through his native Derry. Interstate 565 in northern Alabama connecting Decatur, Alabama and Huntsville, Alabama is officially the Admiral Alan B. Shepard Highway.

His hometown of Derry has the nickname Space Town in honor of his career as an astronaut.[14] Following an act of Congress,[15] the Post Office in Derry is designated the Alan B. Shepard, Jr. Post Office Building.

His high school alma mater in Derry, Pinkerton Academy, has a building named after him; and the school team name is the Astros after his career as an astronaut.[16] Alan B. Shepard High School, in Palos Heights, Illinois, which opened in 1976, was named in his honor. Framed newspapers throughout the school depict various accomplishments and milestones in Shepard's life. Additionally, an autographed plaque commemorates the dedication of the building. The school newspaper is named Freedom 7 and the yearbook is entitled Odyssey. Its television news show is called NASA - News About Shepard Astros.

Other schools which honor his memory include Alan B. Shepard Middle School, Deerfield, Illinois; Alan B. Shepard Middle School, San Antonio, Texas; Alan B. Shepard Elementary School, Bourbonnais, Illinois, Alan B. Shepard Elementary School, Old Bridge, New Jersey and, formerly, Alan B. Shepard Elementary School in Highland Park, Illinois (closed).

Alan Shepard Park in Cocoa Beach, Florida, a beach-side park south of Cape Canaveral, is named in his honor.[17]

In a 2010 Space Foundation survey, Shepard was ranked as the ninth most popular space hero (tied with astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Gus Grissom).[18]

On May 4, 2011, the US Postal Service issued a first-class stamp in Shepard's honor—the first US stamp to depict a specific astronaut. The first day of issue ceremony was held at NASA's Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex.[19] Shepard Technology Award

  

Notes

  1. Astronaut Bio: Alan B. Shepard, Jr. 7/98 - Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
  2. Swenson, Loyd S.; James M. Grimwood and Charles C. Alexander. "This New Ocean: A History of Project Mercury". NASA SP-4201 (Scientific and Technical Information Division, Office of Technology Utilization, N.A.S.A.). Retrieved 2007-06-28
  3. Swenson Jr., Loyd S.; Grimwood, James M.; Alexander, Charles C. (1989). "11-4 Shepard's Ride". In Woods, David; Gamble, Chris (url). This New Ocean: A History of Project Mercury. NASA. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
  4. Alan Shepard, Deke Slayton, Moon Shot. Turner Publishing, Atlanta. 1994. ISBN 1-878685-54-6, Ch. 9, p. 111.
  5. Wolfe, Tom, The Right Stuff. (hardcover). Farrar-Straus-Giroux, New York. 1979. ISBN 0-374-25033-2, Ch. 10, p. 245
  6. "The Space Race". 1961 Year in Review. UPI. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  7. [1]
  8. "EVA-2 Closeout and the Golf Shots". NASA. NASA.. Retrieved May 29, 2007.
  9. a b http://www.astronautscholarship.org/shepard.html Shepard biography on the official website of the Mercury 7 astronauts, Astronaut Hall of Fame.
 10. "Apollo 14 Lunar Surface Journal: EVA-2 Closeout and the Golf Shots". Retrieved 2011-02-10.
 11. Neal Thompson, Light This Candle: The Life & Times of Alan Shepard—America's First Spaceman. Crown, 2004
 12. "Rootsweb Mayflower-L archives". Retrieved 2011-02-10.
 13. [2]
 14. "Derry, NH". NewHampshire.com. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
 15. "H.R.4517". The Library of Congress. Retrieved May 29, 2007.
 16. "Alan B. Shepard, Jr.". NASA. NASA. Retrieved December 29, 2006.
 17. "Alan Shepard Park Review". Fodors. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
 18. "Space Foundation Survey Reveals Broad Range of Space Heroes".
 19. Pearlman, Robert Z., "New U.S. Stamps Honor Astronaut Alan Shepard and Mission to Mercury" (May 4, 2011) Space.com
 20. "Alan Shepard Technology in Education Award". National Space Symposium. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
 21. http://www.nationalspacesymposium.org/florida-educator-to-receive-the-alan-shepard-technology-in-education-award-at-25th-national-space-sy
 22. "Aviation, Astronomy Courses Earn Tennessee Teacher the 2010 Alan Shepard Technology in Education Award". National Space Symposium. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
 23. Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree. p. 23. ISBN 1-85283-164-2.

References

   * Kranz, Gene. Failure Is Not an Option: Mission Control from Mercury to Apollo 13 and Beyond. ISBN 0-7432-0079-9.
view all

Alan Bartlett Shepard, Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy's Timeline

1923
November 18, 1923
East Derry, New Hampshire, United States
1998
July 22, 1998
Age 74
Pebble Beach, California, United States
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