Alberic Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford

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Alberic / Aubrey III de Vere

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hedingham, Essex, UK
Death: Died in Halstead, Essex, UK
Place of Burial: Colne, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Alberic / Aubrey de Vere, Lord of Hedingham Castle, Justiciar of England and Sheriff of London and Adelize de Clare
Husband of Euphemia de Cantilupe and Agnes of Essex
Ex-husband of Béatrix de Guînes, châtelaine de Bourbourg
Father of Aubrey de Vere, 2nd Earl of Oxford; Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford; Ralph de Vere; Henry de Vere and Alice de Vere
Brother of Rohese de Vere, Countess of Essex; Alice de Vere; Felice de Vere, Baroness Rayne; Juliane de Vere, Countess of Norfolk; Sir Robert de Vere, lord of Twywell and 6 others

Occupation: First Earl of Oxford, Earl of Oxford, Count of Guînes, Earl of Essex, 1st Earl of Oxford
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Alberic / Aubrey III de Vere

Aubrey was born in 1120 in Hedingham, Essex, England.1 Aubrey's father was Earl of Oxford, Justiciar of England Aubrey de Vere II and his mother was Adeliza (Alice) de Clare. His paternal grandparents were Alberic (The Monk) de Vere and Countess of Guines Beatrice de Gand; his maternal grandparents were 1st Earl of Pembroke, Earl de Clare, Abbot of Ely Gilbert FitzRichard de Clare and Adeliza de Clermont. He had three brothers and five sisters, named Robert, William, Geoffrey, Adeliza, Rohese, Juliana, Alice and Cecilia. He died at the age of 74 on December 26th, 1194.2

Marriage 1.

Earl of Oxford Aubrey de Vere III & Agnes de Essex

had a daughter named Alice.

Marriage 2.

Earl of Oxford Aubrey de Vere III & Lucy de Abrincis Earl of Oxford Aubrey de Vere III & Lucy de Abrincis had six children:

1. Aubrey,

2. Robert,

3. Henry,

4. William,

5. Adeliza

6. Sarah.

General Notes

   * Sir Aubrey or Alberic III, eldest son, was born before 1140, 3rd Baron by tenure of Kensington, Count of Ghines. For his fidelity to the Empress Maud (daughter of Henry I and mother of Henry II), he was confirmed by her in his inheritance of the Lord Chamberlainship and all his father's possessions. He was also given choice of several earldoms and selected that of Oxford. He died 1194. He married Lucia, daughter of William, 3rd Baron d'Abrancis.
     (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 994)
     Aubrey de Vere III (c. 1115-Dec. 1194) was created Earl of Oxford by the empress Matilda in July 1141. He inherited the barony of Hedingham on the death of his father Aubrey de Vere II in May 1141, when he was already Count of Guines by right of his wife Beatrice. He lost the latter title on the annulment of their marriage 1144-46. Earl Aubrey was little involved in national political affairs after this period. His attempt to divorce his third wife, Agnes of Essex, was a celebrated marriage case that Agnes appealed successfully to Pope Alexander III.

Sources:

 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jdp-fam&id=I24383

2 http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=jdp-fam&id=I81205&style=TABLE

     

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Aubrey Vere I Earl of Oxford (M)

b. circa 1110, d. 26 December 1194, #961

Relationship=24th great-grandfather of Raymond John Newcombe.

Appears on charts:

    Pedigree for Susan Drake
    Compressed Pedigree for Raymond John Newcombe to his 79th great-grandparents Adam and Eve
    Aubrey Vere I Earl of Oxford was born circa 1110. He married Agnes Essex circa 1162. Aubrey Vere I Earl of Oxford died on 26 December 1194.
    Children of Aubrey Vere I Earl of Oxford and Agnes Essex:
   Aubrey Vere II Earl of Oxford   b. c 1163, d. c 1214
   Robert Vere Earl of Oxford+   b. c 1164, d. c Oct 1221 

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Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Aubrey de Vere III (c. 1115-Dec. 1194) was created Earl of Oxford by the empress Matilda in July 1141. He had inherited the barony of Hedingham on the death of his father Aubrey de Vere II in May 1141, when he was already Count of Guînes by right of his wife Beatrice. In July 1141 he was granted an earldom by the Empress Matilda, and was confirmed as the first earl of Oxford by her son King Henry II of England. On the annulment of his first marriage, between 1144-46, he lost Guînes. Earl Aubrey was little involved in national political affairs after this period. His attempt to divorce his third wife, Agnes of Essex, was a celebrated marriage case that Agnes appealed successfully to Pope Alexander III. In 1153 he was present with King Stephen's army at the siege of Wallingford and attested at the Treaty of Wallingford, finally signed at Westminster. Two of his sons by Agnes, Aubrey IV and Robert, became earls of Oxford. Robert, the third earl, was one of the 25 rebel barons who were to hold King John to the terms of Magna Carta. He was buried at the family mausoleum founded by his grandfather, Colne Priory, Essex.

Family The son of Aubrey de Vere II and Adeliza of Clare, earl Aubrey married three times. His marriage to Beatrice, heiress of Guînes, in 1137 made him count of Guînes by her right on the death of her grandfather but their marriage was annulled 1144-46. His second wife, Eufemia, died in 1153-4, leaving the earl still childless. He and his third wife, Agnes of Essex, had five children, four sons and a daughter: Aubrey, Roger, Robert, Henry, and Alice. The earl had eight siblings, outliving all but his two youngest brothers and youngest sister.

Lands From his father he inherited estates in Essex, Cambridgeshire, Suffolk, Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire and Middlesex. These were traditionally assessed at approximately 30 knights' fees.[1]

Aubrey III de Vere - was born in 1114/1120 and died on 26 Dec 1194 and was buried in Colne Priory .

Aubrey married Agnes de Essex in 1162.

Aubrey - The principal residence of the de VERES was Castle Hedingham. The keep still stands sentry guard over the River Colne in the North of Essex, probably erected by Aubrey de Vere, who died in 1194. The Hedingham keep ranks with that of Rochester as the finest of the square keeps in England.


(Note: this next statement about Oxford Castle is in dispute. THe Oxford Castle may not be associated with the DeVeres family) (See email reference) Oxford Castle was the seat of the Earls de Vere. It now consists of little more than a Norman tower which stands inside the walls of a county jail. It was here that King Stephen laid siege to Matilda in 1141. She escaped by a rope ladder fashioned from bed sheets during the night and, fleeing, found refuge at Wallingford.


Oxford Castle is thought to be one of the oldest in all England. The Norman structure was built in 1071 by Robert d'Oilly. From what is left of it we can conclude that it was originally a pre-Norman motte and bailey fort. After the 1071 rebuilding, alterations were made by Henry II, between 1165 and 1173. He added the houses inside the shell keep, and also the well. He presumably built the diagonal keep on the motte, the foundations of which were discovered in the 18th Century.

Sources:

Title: email from RaGena DeAragon

Author: RaGena DeAragon

Publication: Dec 2006

Text: Dear webmaster to the de Vere web page:

I am a scholar who has been researching the early de Veres for over 25 years, and I am in the finishing stages of writing a book on the family to 1221. There is much incorrect information on the family in print and on-line, so it is not a simple matter to achieve accuracy on a page like yours. I noted a number of factual errors on your page, some of which I can attribute to specific sources you likely used, some rather mystifying to me.

1. Aubrey III: the Complete Peerage states that he was born circa 1110, not in 1110. My personal estimate is that he was born sometime between 1114 and 1120, probably 1114-1116.

2. Castle Hedingham, not Castle Headingham

3. Oxford Castle had nothing to do with the de Veres nor they with it. (It is also most likely not the oldest castle in England.)

4. Robert de Vere died by Oct. 25,1221, so probably within a week or so of that date.

5. Isabel de Bolebec was born probably by 1168, as her father Hugh died circa 1165. (circa means about, and historians of this period would mean within a year or two either side of that date. If she was born posthumously, she could have been born in 1168. She gave birth to her son Hugh in 1208-1210, so she was probably born later rather than earlier.) She was co-heiress of her niece, another Isabel de Bolebec.

6. Hugh was born (as above) 1208-10. His parents had married in 1207, and Isabel was nearly at the end of her childbearing years. His birthplace is anyone's guess. Since his uncle earl Aubrey (IV) was still alive, they may have been living on one of Isabel's properties when he was born.

Sincerely,

RaGena DeAragon, Director of Women's Studies

Associate Prof. of History

AD Box 35

Gonzaga University

Spokane, WA 99258-0001

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1st Earl of Essex

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Aubrey de Vere III. was a crusader, who was known as Aubrey the Grim, perhaps because of his height and stern appearance. He married [1] Euphemia Cantilupe, daughter of William de Cantilupe, by whom he had no issue, and [2] Lucia Abrincis, a.k.a. Agnes of Essex, daughter and heiress of William de Abrincis. See W.H. Turton, The Plantagenet Ancestry, p.113, 1928.

http://www.freewebs.com/weirfamilyorigins/

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Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Aubrey de Vere III)

Aubrey de Vere III (c. 1115-Dec. 1194) was created Earl of Oxford by the empress Matilda in July 1141. He had inherited the barony of Hedingham on the death of his father Aubrey de Vere II in May 1141, when he was already Count of Guînes by right of his wife Beatrice. In July 1141 he was granted an earldom by the Empress Matilda, and was confirmed as the first earl of Oxford by her son King Henry II of England. On the annulment of his first marriage, between 1144-46, he lost Guînes. Earl Aubrey was little involved in national political affairs after this period. His attempt to divorce his third wife, Agnes of Essex, was a celebrated marriage case that Agnes appealed successfully to Pope Alexander III. In 1153 he was present with King Stephen's army at the siege of Wallingford and attested at the Treaty of Wallingford, finally signed at Westminster. Two of his sons by Agnes, Aubrey IV and Robert, became earls of Oxford. Robert, the third earl, was one of the 25 rebel barons who were to hold King John to the terms of Magna Carta.

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Aubrey III de Vere - was born in 1114/1120 and died on 26 Dec 1194 and was buried in Colne Priory .

Aubrey married Agnes de Essex in 1162.

Aubrey - The principal residence of the de VERES was Castle Hedingham. The keep still stands sentry guard over the River Colne in the North of Essex, probably erected by Aubrey de Vere, who died in 1194. The Hedingham keep ranks with that of Rochester as the finest of the square keeps in England.


(Note: this next statement about Oxford Castle is in dispute. THe Oxford Castle may not be associated with the DeVeres family) (See email reference) Oxford Castle was the seat of the Earls de Vere. It now consists of little more than a Norman tower which stands inside the walls of a county jail. It was here that King Stephen laid siege to Matilda in 1141. She escaped by a rope ladder fashioned from bed sheets during the night and, fleeing, found refuge at Wallingford.


Oxford Castle is thought to be the oldest in all England. The Norman structure was built in 1071 by Robert d'Oilly. From what is left of it we can conclude that it was originally a pre-Norman motte and bailey fort. After the 1071 rebuilding, alterations were made by Henry II, between 1165 and 1173. He added the houses inside the shell keep, and also the well. He presumably built the diagonal keep on the motte, the foundations of which were discovered in the 18th Century. (Sources: - 1) Lord Great Chamberlain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search

This article does not cite any references or sources.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2007)

The Lord Great Chamberlain of England is the sixth of the Great Officers of State, ranking beneath the Lord Privy Seal and above the Lord High Constable. The Lord Great Chamberlain has charge over the Palace of Westminster, and especially of the House of Lords, and technically bears the Sword of State at state openings and closings of Parliament, though this duty is usually delegated to a Lord of Parliament who is also a Field Marshal. The Lord Great Chamberlain also has a major part to play in royal coronations, having the right to dress the monarch on coronation day and to serve the monarch water before and after the coronation banquet, and also being involved in investing the monarch with the insignia of rule.

The position is a hereditary one, held in gross. At any one time, a single person actually exercises the office of Lord Great Chamberlain. The various individuals who hold fractions of the Lord Great Chamberlainship are technically each Joint Hereditary Lord Great Chamberlain, and the right to exercise the office for a given reign rotates proportionately to the fraction of the office held. For instance, the Marquesses of Cholmondeley hold one-half of the office, and may therefore exercise the office or appoint a deputy every alternate reign. (A Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain is a person exercising the office who is not personally a co-heir to the office; historically these have been sons or husbands of co-heirs as the office has never been exercised by a female, females having been forbidden to sit in the Lords until the present reign).

The office of Lord Great Chamberlain is distinct from the non-hereditary office of Lord Chamberlain of the Household, a position in the monarch's household. This office arose, in fact, as a deputy of the Lord Great Chamberlain, to fulfil the latter's duties in the royal household, but now they are quite distinct.

The House of Lords Act 1999 removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, but the Act provided that a hereditary peer exercising the office of Lord Great Chamberlain (as well as the Earl Marshal) be exempt from such a rule, so that they may continue to carry out their ceremonial functions.

Contents [hide]

1 History of the office

2 Lords Great Chamberlain, 1485-present

3 Persons exercising the office of Lord Great Chamberlain, 1780-present

4 Current rotation

5 References


[edit] History of the office

The office was originally held by Robert Malet, a son of one of the leading companions of William the Conqueror. In 1133, however, King Henry I declared Malet's estates and titles forfeit, and awarded the office of Lord Great Chamberlain to Aubrey de Vere, whose son was created Earl of Oxford. Thereafter, the Earls of Oxford held the title almost continuously until 1526, with a few intermissions due to the forfeiture of some Earls for treason. In 1526, however, the fourteenth Earl of Oxford died, leaving his aunts as his female heirs. The earldom was inherited by a more distant heir-male, his second cousin. The Sovereign then declared that the office belonged to the Crown, and was not transmitted along with the earldom. The Sovereign appointed the fifteenth Earl to the office, but the appointment was deemed for life and were uninheritable. The family's association with the office was briefly interrupted in 1540, when the fifteenth earl died and Thomas Cromwell, the king's chief adviser, was appointed Lord Great Chamberlain.[1] However, after Cromwell's attainder and execution later the same year, the office passed to the sixteenth Earl of Oxford, again with an uninheritable life appointment. Later, Queen Mary I ruled that the Earls of Oxford were indeed entitled to the office of Lord Great Chamberlain on an hereditary basis.

Thus, the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth Earls of Oxford held the position on a hereditary basis until 1626, when the eighteenth Earl died, again leaving a distant relative as a male heir, but a closer one as a female heir. The House of Lords eventually ruled that the office belonged to the male heir, Robert Bertie, 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, who later became Earl of Lindsey. The office remained vested in the Earls of Lindsey, who later became the Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. In 1779, however, the fourth Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven died, leaving two sisters as female heirs, and an uncle as a male heir.

The uncle became fifth Duke, but the House of Lords ruled that the two sisters were jointly Lord Great Chamberlain, and could appoint a deputy to fulfil its functions. The barony of Willoughby de Eresby went into abeyance between the two sisters, but the Sovereign terminated the abeyance and granted the title to the elder sister Priscilla. The younger sister later married the first Marquess of Cholmondeley. The office of Lord Great Chamberlain, however, was divided between Priscilla and her younger sister Georgiana. Priscilla's share was eventually split between two of her granddaughters, and has been split several more times since then. By contrast, Georgiana's share has been inherited by a single male heir each time; that individual has in each case been the Marquess of Cholmondeley, a title created for Georgiana's husband.

[edit] Lords Great Chamberlain, 1485-present

See Earl of Oxford for earlier Earls of Oxford who have served as Lord Great Chamberlain.

Years Holder of the Lord Great Chamberlainship Share

1485–1513 John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford 1

1513–1526 John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford 1

1526–1540 John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford 1

1540–1562 John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford 1

1562–1604 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford 1

1604–1625 Henry de Vere, 18th Earl of Oxford

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Aubrey de Vere III (c. 1115-Dec. 1194) was created Earl of Oxford by the empress Matilda in July 1141. He had inherited the barony of Hedingham on the death of his father Aubrey de Vere II in May 1141, when he was already Count of Guînes by right of his wife Beatrice. In July 1141 he was granted an earldom by the Empress Matilda, and was confirmed as the first earl of Oxford by her son King Henry II of England. On the annulment of his first marriage, between 1144-46, he lost Guînes. Earl Aubrey was little involved in national political affairs after this period. His attempt to divorce his third wife, Agnes of Essex, was a celebrated marriage case that Agnes appealed successfully to Pope Alexander III. In 1153 he was present with King Stephen's army at the siege of Wallingford and attested at the Treaty of Wallingford, finally signed at Westminster. Two of his sons by Agnes, Aubrey IV and Robert, became earls of Oxford. Robert, the third earl, was one of the 25 rebel barons who were to hold King John to the terms of Magna Carta. He was buried at the family mausoleum founded by his grandfather, Colne Priory, Essex.

The son of Aubrey de Vere II and Adeliza of Clare, earl Aubrey married three times. His marriage to Beatrice, heiress of Guines, in 1137 made him count of Guines by her right on the death of her grandfather but their marriage was annulled 1144-46. His second wife, Eufemia, died in 1153-4, leaving the earl still childless. He and his third wife, Agnes of Essex, had five children, four sons and a daughter: Aubrey, Roger, Robert, Henry, and Alice. The earl had eight siblings, outliving all but his two youngest brothers and youngest sister.

--------------------

Aubrey de Vere III (c. 1115-Dec. 1194) was created Earl of Oxford by the empress Matilda in July 1141. He had inherited the barony of Hedingham on the death of his father Aubrey de Vere II in May 1141, when he was already Count of Guînes by right of his wife Beatrice. In July 1141 he was granted an earldom by the Empress Matilda, and was confirmed as the first earl of Oxford by her son King Henry II of England. On the annulment of his first marriage, between 1144-46, he lost Guînes. Earl Aubrey was little involved in national political affairs after this period. His attempt to divorce his third wife, Agnes of Essex, was a celebrated marriage case that Agnes appealed successfully to Pope Alexander III. In 1153 he was present with King Stephen's army at the siege of Wallingford and attested at the Treaty of Wallingford, finally signed at Westminster. Two of his sons by Agnes, Aubrey IV and Robert, became earls of Oxford. Robert, the third earl, was one of the 25 rebel barons who were to hold King John to the terms of Magna Carta. He was buried at the family mausoleum founded by his grandfather, Colne Priory, Essex.

The son of Aubrey de Vere II and Adeliza of Clare, earl Aubrey married three times. His marriage to Beatrice, heiress of Guines, in 1137 made him count of Guines by her right on the death of her grandfather but their marriage was annulled 1144-46. His second wife, Eufemia, died in 1153-4, leaving the earl still childless. He and his third wife, Agnes of Essex, had five children, four sons and a daughter: Aubrey, Roger, Robert, Henry, and Alice. The earl had eight siblings, outliving all but his two youngest brothers and youngest sister.

view all 46

Alberic Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford's Timeline

1110
1110
Hedingham, Essex, UK
1136
1136
Age 26
London, England
1152
1152
Age 42
Of, Essex, England
1155
1155
Age 45
created, Earl of, Oxford, Henry II
1155
Age 45
created, Earl of, Oxford, Henry II
1155
Age 45
created, Earl of, Oxford, Henry II
1162
1162
Age 52
Hatfield, Broad Oak, Essex, England
1163
1163
Age 53
Hatfield, Broad Oaks, Essex, England
1164
1164
Age 54
Hatfield, Broad Oaks, Essex, England
1168
1168
Age 58
Hatfield,Broad Oak,Essex,England