Albert de Greslet, Lord Of Manchester (c.1050 - c.1100) MP

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Birthplace: Avranches, Manche, Normandy, France
Death: Died in Manchester, Lancashire, England
Managed by: Michael Kevin Dolan, Sr.
Last Updated:

About Albert de Greslet, Lord Of Manchester

  • ....../ -- prob. not Richard le Goz' of CREULLY (1025? - 1084+)
  • ......|........... \ -- Judith de MONTROLIER (1004? - ?)
  • ....../ ............ | or: Turnvisa
  • - Albert de GRELLEY
  • .......\ ..... / -- Robert de GRANDMESNIL .
  • ........\ -- prob. not Emma(?) of GRANDMESNIL (1031? - ?)
  • ....... | OR: prob. not Emma de CONTEVILLE + ====> [ 255 ,gc,t,&]

http://fabpedigree.com/s020/f790147.htm

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Name: Albert de Greslet, ABT 1050 - ABT 1100, <- 42 60-> , [12] Birth: ABT 1050 at Avranches; Manche; Normandy; France Christening: ? at ? Marriage: ? at ? to , - [ ] Death: ABT 1100 at Manchester; Lancashire; England Burial: ? at ? Sex: M son of Richard d Avranches Vicomte D' Avranches & Emma Burgh de Conteville

http://www.royalblood.co.uk/D430/I430574.html

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In 1066 William the Conqueror granted the land between the River Mersey and the River Ribble to Roger Poictou. He was a very ambitious and self-willed man, and was exiled to the continent by Henry I in 1101. Albert de Greslet, later Grelley, was a favourite of Pioctou and succeeded to the Barony of Manchester.

http://www.createwrt.net/Irene_Prestons_Historical_Writing/EARLY_MANCHESTER_Part_One.htm

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Medieval Period

In the period 1069-1070 William the Conqueror led a ruthless campaign in the area against the Saxon Earl Edwin and subsequently gave his kinsman, Roger de Poictou, all the lands set between the rivers Mersey and Ribble. Part of these lands was given to Albert de Greslet, who in turn during the reign of King John (1199-1216) bestowed as much land as a team of oxen could plough in one year (one caracute) upon Orme, the son of Edward Aylward. This area became know as Orme's Tun (dwelling) and subsequently, Orme Eston, Ormeston and finally Urmston. Nevertheless Flixton, which has been spelt as Fleece-Town, Fflxton, Fluxton, Flyxton, was the most important village in the area and remained so for the next 700-800 years.

http://www.urmston.net/local_history.asp

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Church Gresley Trade Directory Descriptions Gresley, Church and Castle, the former two miles west of Hartshorn. A pretty good church and square steeple, a small benefice and lands about it mean, enclosed pasture ground, having pretty good coal delphs, but ordinary coal. CASTLE GREISLEY, so called from a castle belonging to the family of GREASLEY seated herein, but long since demolished. It stands about half a mile from Church Greisley southward. In Church Greisley was a Priory of Cannons Regular of St Augustine, founded by William FITZ NIGEL, son of Nigel de STAFFORD. In 3 Edward II [1309/10], the King granted to the Prior of Greisley to impropriate the church of Lullington, and 37 Edward III [1363] John de GREASLEY gave to the Prior of Greisley several lands at Hartcoat, Swarkston, Swadlingcoats and Church Greasley. It was formerly called Gressall and was part of Earl FERRERS' lands, under whom the GREISLEYS who took their name from the place, held it. This family is the most ancient in the county and derive their original from Nigil de STATFORD, who was the brother of the great Robert de STATFORD, who lived in the Conqueror's time [1066-87] and held Drakelow and several other lordships in this county and this is their seat. William de GREISLEY lived in King John's time [1199-1216], Godfrey de GRESSALL or GREASLEY, who gave ..... [blank] .... in Leicestershire to the Knights Templars at Jerusalem, they held Gressall or Greasley under Ralph de BAKEPAIRE, who seems to have been a Trustee for the FERRERS in their troubles. [A Descent of the GREASLEY family:-]....

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brett/gresley/gresley_tdtrans.htm

The first Greasley family member recorded with the Greasley name was Albert de Greslet (1050 -1100), son of Richard D’Avranches (1025 – 1066).[18] They were descended from the Kings of Austrasia, Burgundy and Visigoth in Dark Age Europe and came over with the Norman invasion, their lineage can be traced back to 410AD

Thoroton recorded that the de Gresleys were descended from another - Richardus de Grisele.[21] ‘Appearing in the Roll of Battle Abbey (Hastings, 1066) the family name first appears as 'Greile', in Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Greslet', and in various later documents as, Gressy, Greslé, Grylle, Grelly, Grelley, Greslai, Greseleye, Grisele, Greasley and Gresley’

http://www.greasleyparish.com/medievalgreasleypeople.htm

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The family of Greslet, as they are styled in the Doomsday Survey, or Gresley or Gressy as designated in the Battle Roll Catalogue of Hastings Abbey, also came to England with the Conqueror. At times this family were also known by the name Grelle.

By an alliance of marriage between Albert de Gresley and Maud, daughter of William Fitz-Nigel (Nigellus?), Baron of Halton and Widnes, the Manor of Mamecestre came into the family of the Gresleys.

In 1086, Albert de Gresley obtained a grant of the Manor of Mamecestre, which became part of the Barony of Gresley. Albert was, therefore, the first Baron of Mamecestre. Albert, his son succeeded him, and Robert de Gresley eventually succeeded him.

In 1215 Robert, a knight of the King, had a warrant for 6 harts (stags) to be taken in the Royal forest of Clive for restocking his park at Blackley and/or at Horwich Chase. The Lord's Deer Park was located at Blackley.

Robert was described as a patriotic Baron whose name ranks high in the annals of the country. In 1215 he was one of a number of Northern Barons who went to London to demand from [King] John the laws of Edward the Confessor and the rights and privileges of Henry I.

http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Manchester/Blackley/history.html

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Annals of Manchester ANNALS OF MANCHESTER: A CHEONOLOGICAL RECOED FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE END OF 1885.

1102. William Peverel, Lord of Nottingham, a natural son of William the Conqueror, succeeded to some of the possessions of Roger of Poictou, including the hundred and town of Salford. It is under his rule that Albert Gresley received his grant of lands forming the greater proportion of the barony of Manchester. Gresley is, however, said to have been a favourite of Roger Pictavensis, and is thought to have held the barony from 1086 to 1100.

1135. Albert Grelle, senex, third baron, lived in the time of Stephen and Henry III. [? 1135—1106], and married a daughter of William Fitz-Nigel, Baron of Halton, with whom he acquired lands in the upper bailiwick of Mamcestre. Amongst his grants were four oxgangs to Ulric de Mamcestre and four oxgangs to the church in Mamcestre (supposed to be the site of the old Parsonage, Deansgate), and a croft to the Abbey of Swineshead. He is beUeved to have died about 110(5.

1166. Albert Gresley, senex, was succeeded by Albert Gresley, juvenis, as fourth baron, who in 1166 confirmed the grants of his father and grandfather to Swineshead Abbey. Albert, juvenis, married Isabel, daughter of Thomas Basset, and was dead in 1182

http://archive.org/stream/annalsofmanchest00axon/annalsofmanchest00axon_djvu.txt

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Albert Grelley gave one knight's fee in Dalton, Parbold, and Wrightington to Orm, son of Ailward in marriage with his daughter Emma. The heirs of Orm held this land in 1212 (Testa ii., f. 822). In this Fine we have the names of the three heirs, viz., (1) Robert, son of Bernard of Goosnargh, whose three daughters and co-heirs by his wife, Hawise, conveyed his estates in Catterall, Goosnargh and Wrightington to the families of Catterall, Longford and Mitton.

(2) Orm, son of Roger, who was probably Orm de Ashton. His son and heir, Roger, son of Orm was sometimes called "de Wrightington," but ultimately assumed the name of "de Burton," from an estate acquired in Burton-inKendal, from Gilbert Fitz Reinfred (Cockersand Chartulary, ff. 68b. 146b).
(3) Roger, brother of Orm de Ashton. Henry, son of Bernard, who held 4 oxgangs in Parbold (Vide next Fine, No. 27), may have been a brother of Robert, son of Barnard (1). In 1242, Robert de Lathom held 1 knight's fee in Dalton, Parbold and Wrightington; the heirs of the persons above named holding under him, and Henry, son of Richard de Torbock holding Dalton in like manner (Cf. note on Fine, No. 1, p. 8).   http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=52530

Albert de Gresle was the first baron of Manchester. Initially the Gresle family, who were Normans, were not residents in Manchester. Stewards represented the lords of the manor and it continued to grow in their absence.

The first lord of the manor to actually live in Manchester was Robert Gresle (1174–1230), his presence led to an influx of skilled workers. In the early 13th century, Manchester was not under the control of the Gresle family for a period of time. Robert Gresle was one of the barons who made King John sign the Magna Carta. Gresle was excommunicated for his role in the rebellion and when King John later ignored the terms of the Magna Carta, Gresle forfeited his lands. King John died in 1216 and the land was returned to Robert Gresle on behalf of King Henry III. Medieval Manchester was centered around the manor house and the church of St Mary mentioned in the Domesday Book. The castle in Manchester overlooked the rivers Irk and Irwell where the Chethams School of Music stands today. The Gresle family directly leased land to tenants and created burgage tenements for indirect rent.

The following is an abstract of the charter quoted in the note to the concord No. 29, page 162.

Albert Gresle, to all his friends, as well French as English, sendeth greeting. Know ye that I have given, and by this my charter confirmed to Roger Gresle, son of Horm, and his heirs, all my lands of Haistune, with all the appurtenances, and all the land called Osolue's Crouet, and all Hetune with all the appurtenances, and large liberties, easements, and free customs; to hold of me and my heirs, as the same Roger held of my father, and for the same service, to wit, for Haistun twenty shillings, or one sor sparrow-hawk, and for Hetune in like manner twenty shillings. Witnesses, Roger de Merci (Marsey, who died 1185), John de Ancotes, Ralph de Birun, Robert son of Seifrid, Robert son of Henry, Geoffrey Gresle, William de Merci (Marsey), and Bernard Gresle.[1]

— Albert Gresle, Kuerden s MSS., Heralds' College, London, Vol. III., K. fol. 6 b.

[S.D. 1160–1182].

Notes[edit]

Mamchestre pg 36 chap IV

Albert favorite of Roger De poictiu living 1086 -1100 held land in a wide circle of lands of which Horwich Moor was the center, later termed the Upper Bailiwick of the Lordship. He is generally regarded as the first baron of manchester. Robert was succeeded by his son Albert who lived 1135 - 1166 he called himself senex or old Albert his son having the same name. In 1166 this Albert gave Thomas de Perponte three carves of land at Ruhwinton and Lestoc for the third of one knights fee.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_de_Gresle

The Grelley Family of Manchester

Appearing in the Roll of Battle Abbey (Hastings, 1066) the family name first appears as 'Greile', in Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Greslet', and in various later documents as Grelle, Gressy, Greslé, Grille, Grylle, Grelly, Grelley, Greslai, Gredle, Gredley, Gradley, Gredlai, Greidley, Gresley, and Greddle. Modern versions also include Gradwell, Gradell and Gresley.

After the Norman Invasion of 1066, the Salford Hundred, along with extensive other lands in Lancashire, (all the lands between the Rivers Ribble and Mersey), were given by William the Conqueror to one of his favourite barons, Rogier de Poitevin (also known as Roger de Pitou). These lands included several fiefdoms, the Manor of Manchester amongst them. Later, de Poitevin granted this manor, in turn, to one of his own supporters, Albert de Greslé (also known as Albert Greslet or Grelley). Grelley was a Norman knight who had taken part in the Battle of Hastings and was to become the first Baron of Manchester, and his family held the manor thereafter for the next 200 years. Peter de Gresley was patron of the rectory of Manchester in 1276. The family lived in Grelley Manor, which is now Chethams Library, located adjacent to Manchester Cathedral.
The last of the family to bear the title was Thomas Greddle, (or Grelly), the eighth Baron of Manchester, and when he died in 1347, unmarried, the vast estates of the family passed, through the marriage of his sister Johanna with John de la Warre, in to the de la Warre Family. 
Later branches, notably the Gradells of Ulneswalton, in Croston were known to have settled in Clifton near Kirkham in the 18th century, and they have continued under the name Gradwell to the present day. There is also a Gresley family in Derbyshire and a Greasley family in Nottinghamshire (occasionally appears as
Gresley), but whether or not these are related is open to question and a matter for others to conclude

http://www.manchester2002-uk.com/history/old-families3a.html

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Manchester Cathedral

In 1075 the land between the River Ribble and the River Mersey was given by William the Conqueror to Roger de Poitou, son of the Earl o Shrewsbury. He in turn gave the Manor of Manchester to the Greslet/Gresley family.

http://www.bowker.info/Places/ManchesterCathedral.htm

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church in Manchester

1215

The present church is built within the precincts of the Baron’s Court, beside the Manor House (which is now part of Chetham’s Music School). The Lords of the Manor were the Greslet family, sometimes spelled Grelley or Gresley and the family coat of arms is still in use in the church today. 
Before 1311 
The Gresley family build and endow the first Chantry, the St Nicholas Chantry.

1311

The succession of the Gresley family ends and the estate is passed, by marriage, to the de la Warre family.

http://www.manchestercathedral.org/history/timeline

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Albert de Greslet, Lord Of Manchester's Timeline

1050
1050
Avranches, Manche, Normandy, France
1067
1067
Age 17
England
1085
1085
Age 35
France
1100
1100
Age 50
Manchester, Lancashire, England
1102
1102
Age 50
Manchester, Lancashire, , England