Alexander Armstrong, Prince of Scotland (1264 - 1320)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Lindores, Fife, Fifeshire, Scotland
Managed by: Kerry L. Cunningham
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About Alexander Armstrong, Prince of Scotland

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Alexander of Scotland, Prince of Scotland, (21 January 1264 - 17 January 1284) was the son of Alexander III of Scotland and his Queen Consort Margaret of England, and heir to the throne of Scotland. He was the grandson of Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland.

Alexander was born at Jedburgh. He married Margaret of Flanders (d. 1331), daughter of Guy of Dampierre, Count of Flanders, on 14 November 1282 at Roxburgh. No children were born of this union.

He died at Lindores Abbey in 1284 - note discrepancy in date of death compared to date listed in profile above, and was buried at Dunfermline Abbey. His death created a succession crisis, as his younger brother David of Scotland (1273-1281) had died at the age of 8, three years earlier, and his widowed father had no other legitimate sons. This caused Alexander's father to induce the Estates to recognize as his heir-presumptive, Margaret, Maid of Norway, Alexander's niece by his sister Margaret, and to contract a second marriage to Yolande de Dreux on 1 November 1285, though only a stillborn child would result of this union.

The far reaching effects of Alexander's death on Scotland cannot be underestimated. Had he lived and inherited the throne, John Balliol would not have been appointed as King of Scotland by Edward I of England, bringing Scotland under the control of England, and resulting in the eventual war between the two countries.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander,_Prince_of_Scotland ____________________________________________

ALEXANDER (Jedburgh, Roxburghshire 21 Jun 1264-Lindores Abbey, Fife 28 Jan 1283, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife). John of Fordun´s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records the birth "apud Jedword XII Kal Jan" in 1264 of "regi Alexandro filius, paterno nomine vocatus"[624]. The Liber Pluscardensis records the death "apud Lundoris" in 1283 of "Alexander filius Alexandri tercii et…Margaretæ sororis Edwardi Langschankiæ regis Angliæ" aged 20 and his burial "apud Dunfermlyng cum fratre"[625]. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records the death "in festo Sancte Agnetis secundo" in 1283 of "Alexander filius regis Alexandri" aged 20 and his burial "in Dunfermling"[626]. m (Roxburgh 15 Nov 1282) as her first husband, MARGUERITE de Flandre, daughter of GUY de Dampierre Count of Flanders & his second wife Isabelle de Luxembourg (-1331). The Liber Pluscardensis records the marriage at Roxburgh in 1279 of "Alexander filius Alexandri tercii et…Margaretæ sororis Edwardi Langschankiæ regis Angliæ" and "filiam comitis Flandreæ"[627]. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records the marriage "apud Roxburgh…dominica proxima post festum Martini" of "Alexander filius regis Alexandri" and "filiam comitis Flandrie" and the celebration which lasted 15 days, adding that she returned to Flanders after her husband died[628]. She married secondly (Namur 3 Jul 1286) as his second wife, Reinald I Graaf von Gelderland. The Kronik van Arent toe Bocop records that "Rennolt…grave van Gelre" married secondly "dye dochter van dye grave van Flanderen", naming her "Mergreta" in a later passage[629]. The contract of marriage between "Renauls cuens de Ghelre et dus de Lemburgh" and "Guyon conte de Flandre et marchis de Namur et…dame Ysabel se feme…et noble damoisel Margherite fille dou conte et delle contesse devant ditte" is dated 21 Apr 1286[630]. The Kronik van Arent toe Bocop records that "dye gravinne van Gelre, Mergreta dochter van Flanderen" died in 1321 and was buried "toe Groenendaell" (http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm#AlexanderIIdied1249A); Source: The book, 'The Oxford History of the British Monarchy'

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jdathey/GedTree/np71.htm#iin1591 - First Lord of Mangerton Castle. Murdered by Lord Soulis at Hermitage Castle.

Source: Chart of the Ten Lords of Mangerton Castle, Scotland.

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Alexander Armstrong, Prince of Scotland's Timeline

1264
December 21, 1264
Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland
1282
November 15, 1282
Age 17
Roxburgh, Roxburghshire, SCT
1283
January, 1283
Age 18
Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland
1320
1320
Age 55
Lindores, Fife, Fifeshire, Scotland