Alexander Hardinge, 2nd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, GCB, GCVO, MC, PC

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Alexander Henry Louis Hardinge

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Paris, Ville-de-Paris, France
Death: Died in Fordwich, Kent, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, KG and Winifred Selina, Baroness Hardinge of Penshurst
Husband of Helen Mary Hardinge
Father of George Hardinge, 3rd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst; <private> Hardinge and Elizabeth R Hardinge
Brother of Edward Charles Hardinge and Diamond Evelyn Violet Abercromby

Managed by: Michael Lawrence Rhodes
Last Updated:

About Alexander Hardinge, 2nd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, GCB, GCVO, MC, PC

Alexander Henry Louis Hardinge, 2nd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst GCB GCVO MC PC (17 May 1894–29 May 1960) was Private Secretary to the Sovereign during the Abdication Crisis of Edward VIII and during most of the Second World War.

  • Born in 1894, the son of The Hon. Charles Hardinge (who was created Baron Hardinge of Penshurst in 1910 and served as Viceroy of India from 1910 to 1916).
  • Commissioned into the Grenadier Guards and fought in the First World War, alongside his brother, rising to the rank of Lieutenant and winning the Military Cross.
  • 1920 - Assistant Private Secretary to King George V and was promoted Captain.
  • 8 February 1921, he married Helen Gascoyne-Cecil (a daughter of Lord Edward Gascoyne-Cecil and his wife, Violet) and they had three children.
  • 1929 he was promoted Major.
  • Served as Assistant Private Secretary up until the King's death in 1936
  • Promoted to Private Secretary upon the accession of King Edward VIII 1936; he continued in this role until his early retirement in 1943.
  • 1936 retired from the Army.

Hardinge's elder brother, Edward, had died from wounds received in action in 1914 and so Hardinge succeeded as Baron Hardinge of Penshurst when his father died a year later, in 1944.

Hardinge died in 1960 and his title was inherited by his son, George.

His wife Helen wrote his biography Loyal to Three Kings, William Kimber, London 1967.

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Alexander Hardinge, 2nd Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, GCB, GCVO, MC, PC's Timeline

1894
May 17, 1894
Paris, Ville-de-Paris, France
1921
1921
Age 26
1927
April 3, 1927
Age 32
England
1960
May 19, 1960
Age 66
Fordwich, Kent, England
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