Alexander Henderson

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Alexander Henderson

Birthplace: Blantyre Parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Prince William, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard Archibald Henderson and Jane (Janet) Henderson
Husband of Sarah Moore Henderson
Father of Brev. Brig. Gen. Archibald Henderson, Commandant, USMC; James Linger Henderson; Richard Henry Henderson and Alexander Henderson, Jr.

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About Alexander Henderson

First Henderson to come to America in 1756 from Glasgow, Scotland.

Owned land in Prince William and Fairfax Counties in Virginia

Owned a farm on Pignut Ridge in Fauquier County and property at Reedy Creek and Cow Creek

Member of House of Burgess before the Revolution

Virginia General Assembly 1783-85 in Fairfax County

                                        1789-90 in Prince William County

Magistrate of Fairfax and Prince William counties, Virginia.

Vestryman of Old Pohick Church

Started out as a Factor of John Galsford of Scotland, later to become partners with him.

Father of the Chain Store

Owned stores in Colchester, Occoquan, Alexandria, and Dunfries Virginia

Virginia delegate to the “Compact of 1785”. Partially held at Mount Vernon, at the behest of George Washington, the meetings resulted in guarenteed free navigation of the Potomac and Chesapeake Bay. This “compact” laid the ground work for the Annapolis Convention of 1786, which resulted in the famous Constitutional Convention of 1787.

Will dated 2/24/1815

Historic Henderson House still stands on Duke Street in Dumfries.

Plaque on house reads:

Henderson House

Built 1785

Alexander Henderson

Patriot of American Revolution

Placed by the Bill of Rights Chapter

Daughters of American Revolution


On September 21, 2003, the Colonel Fielding Lewis Chapter, Virginia Society, Sons of the American Revolution commemorated the patriotism of Alexander and Sarah Henderson. Two of Henderson’s descendants were in attendance.

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Alexander Henderson's Timeline

March 3, 1737
Blantyre Parish, Lanarkshire, Scotland
January 7, 1773
Age 35
Colchester, Virginia, United States
January 21, 1783
Age 45
Colchester, Fairfax, Virginia
October 16, 1786
Age 49
Fairfax, Virginia, United States
December 8, 1794
Age 57
Moorehill, Fairfax, Virginia, United States
October 22, 1815
Age 78
Prince William, Virginia, United States