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About Alexander Rigby
Alexander Rigby (1594 – 18 August 1650) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1640 and 1650. He was a colonel in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War.
Rigby was the son of Alexander Rigby and his wife Ann Asshaw of Wigan and was baptised on 9 July 1594 in Flixton, a village that was historically within the boundaries of Lancashire. He was a member of the puritan branch of the Rigby family seated at Middleton in Goosnargh near Preston. He was admitted to Grey's Inn in 1610 and became a lawyer.
In April 1640, Rigby was elected Member of Parliament for Wigan in the Short Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Wigan in November 1640 for the Long Parliament and sat until his death in 1650. He was Deputy Lieutenant for Lancashire in 1641 and became a colonel in the Parliamentary army in 1643.
Also in 1643 he purchased the Plough Patent for land in Lygonia, Maine between the Sagadohoc River and Kennebec River. This territory was supposed to be to the east of Sir Ferdinando Gorges' holding but in reality they significantly overlapped. The western bound of Lygonia was held to be Cape Porpoise, and the eastern bound the Kennebec, placing present-day Portland, Saco, and Scarborough under its control. Rigby sent George Cleeve, a settler who had fallen out with Gorges and then engineered the sale, back to Maine with a commission as his deputy president. The dispute over their respective territories was decided in 1646 by a judgment in England in favor of Rigby. Cleeve governed until Rigby's death in 1650, after which Lygonia's settlers progressively agreed to Massachusetts rule.
Rigby was chief commander of forces in Lancashire and at the beginning of 1644, led the attack on Lathom House defended by Charlotte Stanley, Countess of Derby in the Siege of Lathom House. After withdrawing his forces from Lathom, he was caught in the Bolton Massacre when the parliamentarians were surprised in an attack by Prince Rupert. He took his surviving forces to meet the main parliamentarian army at York, and led a regiment at the Battle of Marston Moor on 2 July 1644.
In 1649 Rigby was nominated one of judges in the trial of the King, but declined to act. He was appointed Serjeant-at-law to the Commonwealth in May 1649 and became a Baron of the Exchequer on 1 June 1649.
Rigby contracted an infection at Croydon while on circuit and died at the age of 56.
Rigby married Lucy Legh of Manchester and was succeeded by his son Alexander.