Alfonso II II De Oviedo (De Galicia), II (deceased)

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Occupation: Rei das Astúrias
Managed by: Paul Douglas Van Dillen
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About Alfonso II II De Oviedo (De Galicia), II

Alfonso II of Asturias

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alfonso II (759-842), called the Chaste, was the king of Asturias from 791 to his death, Alfonso I's reputed grandson, the son of Fruela I and the Basque Munia.

He was born in Oviedo in 759 or 760. He was put under the guardianship of his aunt Adosinda after his father's death, but one tradition relates his being put in the monastery of Samos. He was the governor of the palace during the reign of Adosinda's husband Silo. On Silo's death, he was elected king by Adosinda's allies, but the magnates raised his uncle Mauregatus to the throne instead. Alfonso fled to Álava to live with his maternal relatives.

Mauregatus was succeeded by Bermudo, Alfonso's cousin, who abdicated after his defeat at Burbia. Alfonso was subsequently elected king on 14 September 791. The events of his reign are in reality almost unknown. Poets of a later generation invented the story of the secret marriage of his sister Ximena with Sancho, count of Saldana, and the feats of their son Bernardo del Carpio. Bernardo is the hero of a cantar de gesta (chanson de geste) written to please the anarchical spirit of the nobles.

What is known is that he maintained contact with the court of Charlemagne. He sent delegations to Aachen in 796, 797, and 798, but we do not know the purposes. They may have dealt with the security of his kingdom from the ongoing attacks of the Ibn Mugait brothers. On the other hand, they may have been related to the adoptionist controversy which had brought Bermudo's kingdom into Charlemagne's view.

Militarily, Alfonso did much to secure his own realm against the Moors. He took Lisbon in 798. He defeated the Moslems at Narón and Anceo (825) and, thanks to these victories, began the repopulation of parts of Galicia, León, and Castile.

Alfonso also moved the capital from Pravia, where Silo had located it, to Oviedo, the city of his father's founding and his birth. There he constructed churches and a palace. He built San Tirso, where he is buried, and Santullano, on the outskirts. The Crónica Sebastianense records his death in 842, saying:

tras haber llevado por 52 años casta, sobria, inmaculada, piadosa y gloriosamente el gobierno del reino

[after having held for 52 years chastely, soberly, immaculately, piously, and gloriously the government of the realm]

Tradition relates that in 814, the body of Saint James the Greater was discoverred in Compostela and that Alfonso was the first pilgrim to that famous medieval (and modern) shrine.

-------------------- Alfonso II de Asturias (c.760 - 842), apodado el Casto. Rey de Asturias en dos periodos distintos: primero, en el año 783, y posteriormente, entre los años 791 y 842, en que falleció.

Era hijo de Fruela I y Munia. Nació en Oviedo hacia el año 760. Al morir su padre quedó al cargo de su tía Adosinda, esposa del rey Silo; aunque hay una tradición que dice que fue llevado al monasterio de Samos, en Galicia. Durante el reinado de Silo desempeñó el gobierno del Palacio. A la muerte de éste es elegido rey gracias al apoyo de su tía Adosinda y de los magnates de la corte, pero su tío Mauregato organizó una fuerte oposición y consiguió deponer a Alfonso, que buscó refugio en Álava entre sus parientes maternos.

Cuando Bermudo I renuncia al trono debido a su derrota en la batalla de Burbia, Alfonso regresa a Asturias y es proclamado rey el 14 de septiembre de 791.

Contrajo matrimonio con Berta, emparentada según algunos historiadores con la Casa real francesa.[4] Sin embargo, las crónicas de la época señalan que el rey Alfonso II no mantuvo relaciones íntimas con su esposa y que falleció sin dejar descendencia.

in: Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre <http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_de_Asturias> -------------------- 9° rey de Asturias, 791-842. Durante su reinado fue descubierto el cuerpo del Apóstol Santiago (808). Falleció sin sucesión

FUENTES:

-http://www.abcgenealogia.com/Asturias00.html