Alfonso III 'el Liberal' de Aragón, rey de Aragón (1265 - 1291) MP

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Nicknames: "called the Liberal (el Liberal) or the Free (also "the Frank", "" from el Franc)", ""El Liberal""
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Valencia,Valencia,Spain
Death: Died in Barcelona,Barcelona,Spain
Managed by: Gustavo Latorre (c)
Last Updated:

About Alfonso III 'el Liberal' de Aragón, rey de Aragón

Alfonso III 'The Liberal', King of Aragon, Valencia, Sardinia, Corsica and Mallorca, Count of Barcelona (Valencia, ?, 1265 – Barcelona, 18 June 1291); married in Barcelona on August 15, 1290 Princess Eleonor of England (18 June 1269 – 29 August 1298)

Dynasty: Barcelona

Predecessor: King Pedro III of Aragon

Succeeded by: King Jaime II of Aragon

Children: None

Parents Alfonso: King Pedro III of Aragon and Princess Constantia of Sicily

Parents Eleonor: King Edward I of England and Princess Leonor of Castile

Siblings Alfonso: King Jaime II of Aragon; Queen Isabel of Portugal; King Federico II of Sicily; Queen Violante of Napels and Prince Pedro of Aragon

Siblings Eleonor: Princess Joan, Prince John, Prince Henry, Princess Alice and Princess Juliana of England, Countess Joan of Hertford; Prince Alphons of England, Earl of Chester; Duchess Margaret of Brabant; Princess Berengaria, Princess Mary and Princess Isabella of England; Countess Elizabeth of Holland, later countess of Hereford and Essex; King Edward II, Princess Beatrice and Princess Blanche of England

Half Siblings of Eleonor: Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk; Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and Princess Eleonor of England

Alfonso III of Aragon

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Alfonso III of AragonAlfonso III (1265 – 18 June 1291), called the Liberal (el Liberal) or the Free (also "the Frank," from el Franc), was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona (as Alfons II) from 1285. He conquered the Kingdom of Majorca between his succession and 1287.

He was a son of Peter III of Aragon and his Queen consort Constantia of Sicily, daughter and heiress of Manfred of Sicily. His maternal grandmother Beatrice of Savoy was a daughter of Amadeus IV of Savoy and Anne of Burgundy.

Soon after assuming the throne, he conducted a campaign to reincorporate the Balearic Islands into the Kingdom of Aragon - which had been lost due to the division of the kingdom by his grandfather, James I of Aragon. Thus in 1285 he declared war on his uncle, James II of Majorca, and conquered both Majorca (1285) and Ibiza (1286), effectively reassuming suzerainty over the Kingdom of Majorca. He followed this with the conquest of Minorca - until then, an autonomous Muslim state (Manûrqa) under the Kingdom of Majorca - on 17 January 1287, the anniversary of which now serves as Minorca's national holiday.

He initially sought to maintain the Aragonese control over Sicily early in his reign by supporting the claims to island of his brother, James II of Aragon. However, he later pressed his brother to retract the claims and instead supported claim from the Papal States.

His reign was marred by a constitutional struggle with the Aragonese nobles, which eventually culminated in the articles of the Union of Aragon - the so called "Magna Carta of Aragon", which devolved several key royal powers into the hands of lesser nobles. His inability to resist the demands of his nobles was to leave a heritage of disunity in Aragon and further dissent amongst the nobility, who increasingly saw little reason to respect the throne, and brought the Kingdom of Aragon close to anarchy.

During his lifetime a dynastic marriage with Princess Eleanor of England [1] , daughter of King Edward I of England, was arranged. However Alfonso died before meeting his bride. He died at the age of 27 in 1291, and was buried in Barcelona.

Dante Alighieri, in the Divine Comedy, recounts that he saw Alfonso's spirit seated outside the gates of Purgatory with the other monarchs whom Dante blamed for the chaotic political state of Europe during the 13th century.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_III_of_Aragon

Alfonso III (1265 – 18 June 1291), called the Liberal (el Liberal) or the Free (also "the Frank," from el Franc), was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona (as Alfons II) from 1285. He conquered the Kingdom of MajorcaKingdom of Majorca

The Kingdom of Majorca was created by James I of Aragon as a vassal kingdom of the Kingdom of Aragon....

between his succession and 1287.

He was a son of Peter III of AragonPeter III of Aragon

Peter III , called the Great, was the king of Aragon and Kingdom of Valencia and count of Barcelona from 1276 to 1285....

and his Queen consortQueen consort

A queen consort is the wife and consort of a reigning monarch.In contrast the husband of a queen regnant is usually not called "king consort", although this was more common in the past; rather, he is popularly called "prince consort"....

Constantia of SicilyConstantia of Sicily

Constantia or Constance was the Queen consort of Peter III of Aragon....

, daughter and heiress of Manfred of SicilyManfred of Sicily

Manfred, King of Sicily from 1258, was an illegitimate son of the emperor Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor by Bianca Lancia, or Lanzia, who is reported on somewhat slender evidence to have been married to the emperor just before his death....

. His maternal grandmother Beatrice of Savoy was a daughter of Amadeus IV of SavoyAmadeus IV of Savoy

Amadeus IV was Count of Savoy 1233–1253. He married twice:# Anne of BurgundyCategory:1197 births...

and Anne of Burgundy.

Soon after assuming the throne, he conducted a campaign to reincorporate the Balearic IslandsBalearic Islands

The Balearic Islands are an archipelago in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the coast of Spain....

into the Kingdom of AragonKingdom of Aragon

Aragn was a Frankish feudal county before becoming a self-proclaimed kingdom, which was united to the kingdom of Pamplona in 925....

- which had been lost due to the division of the kingdom by his grandfather, James I of AragonJames I of Aragon

James I of Aragon surnamed the Conqueror, was the Kings of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276....

.

http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Alfonso_III_of_Aragon#encyclopedia


ALFONSO III

, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona

1265–91, king of Aragón and count of Barcelona (1285–91), son and successor of Peter III. He was forced to grant wide privileges to the cortes of the Aragonese nobles. At first he supported the claim to Sicily of his brother James (later James II of Aragón) against Charles II of Naples. Later, however, he recognized papal suzerainty over Sicily and pressed James to abandon his claim. He also made war on Castile and on his uncle, James I of Majorca. James II succeeded him.

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Alfonso III of Aragon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alfonso III (1265 – 18 June 1291), called the Liberal (el Liberal) or the Free (also "the Frank," from el Franc), was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona (as Alfons II) from 1285. He conquered the Kingdom of Majorca between his succession and 1287.

He was a son of Peter III of Aragon and his Queen consort Constantia of Sicily, daughter and heiress of Manfred of Sicily. His maternal grandmother Beatrice of Savoy was a daughter of Amadeus IV of Savoy and Anne of Burgundy.

Soon after assuming the throne, he conducted a campaign to reincorporate the Balearic Islands into the Kingdom of Aragon - which had been lost due to the division of the kingdom by his grandfather, James I of Aragon. Thus in 1285 he declared war on his uncle, James II of Majorca, and conquered both Majorca (1285) and Ibiza (1286), effectively reassuming suzerainty over the Kingdom of Majorca. He followed this with the conquest of Minorca - until then, an autonomous Muslim state (Manûrqa) under the Kingdom of Majorca - on 17 January 1287, the anniversary of which now serves as Minorca's national holiday.

He initially sought to maintain the Aragonese control over Sicily early in his reign by supporting the claims to island of his brother, James II of Aragon. However, he later pressed his brother to retract the claims and instead supported claim from the Papal States.

His reign was marred by a constitutional struggle with the Aragonese nobles, which eventually culminated in the articles of the Union of Aragon - the so called "Magna Carta of Aragon", which devolved several key royal powers into the hands of lesser nobles. His inability to resist the demands of his nobles was to leave a heritage of disunity in Aragon and further dissent amongst the nobility, who increasingly saw little reason to respect the throne, and brought the Kingdom of Aragon close to anarchy.

He died at the age of 27 in 1291, and buried in Barcelona. He bore no children, despite being married on August 15, 1290 to Princess Eleanor of England, daughter of Edward I of England and Princess Eleanor of Castile.

Dante Alighieri, in the Divine Comedy, recounts that he saw Alfonso's spirit seated outside the gates of Purgatory with the other monarchs whom Dante blamed for the chaotic political state of Europe during the 13th century.

[edit]References

Alighieri, Dante, Purgatorio, Canto VII, l. 115ff.

Nelson, Lynn. The Chronicle of San Juan De LA Pena: A Fourteenth-Century Official History of the Crown of Aragon (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991) ISBN 0-8122-1352-1

O'Callaghan, Joseph. A History of Medieval Spain (Cornell University Press, 1983) ISBN 0-8014-9264-5

-------------------- Afonso III de Aragão, apelidado de o Liberal ou o Franco (1265-1291) foi rei de Aragão como Afonso III, do Valência como Afonso I, Conde de Barcelona como Afonso II entre 1285 e 1291, e rei de Maiorca como Afonso I entre 1286 e 1291. Monarca de débil carácter que nos seus seis anos de reinado cedeu ante as exigências dos nobres e da curia romana. A conquista de Menorca, a assinatura do Tratado de Tarascón devido aos conflitos derivados da posse da Sicília e os conflitos com a nobreza aragonesa foram os aspectos mais significativos de seu reinado.

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Alfonso III el Liberal, rey de Aragón's Timeline

1265
November 4, 1265
Valencia,Valencia,Spain
1282
August 15, 1282
Age 16
Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England
1291
June 18, 1291
Age 25
Barcelona,Barcelona,Spain
1291
Age 25
King of Aragon
1993
August 14, 1993
Age 25
September 16, 1993
Age 25
1996
January 16, 1996
Age 25
1997
December 6, 1997
Age 25
????