Alfonso XI el Justo, rey de Castilla y León

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Alfonso XI 'el Justo' de Castilla y León, rey de Castilla y León

Portuguese: Afonso XI de Castela de Castilla y León, rey de Castilla y León
Also Known As: "Alfonso XI "el justiciero" de Castilla y León", ""The Just"", "King Alfonso XI of /Castille/", "o /Vingador/", "Castile & Leon /(Twin)/", "Alfonso /De Castela/", "XI", "O Vingador", "Alfonso /XI/", "Rey De Castilla Y León", "The Just", "el Justo", "El Nobre", ""El Justiciero"", "..."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Salamanca, Castilla y León, Spain
Death: Died in Gibraltar, Spain
葬于: Capilla de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
直系亲属:

父母:Fernando IV el Emplazado, rey de Castilla y LeónConstanza de Portugal Borgonha, Rainha consorte de Castela
妻子:Aldonza Martins da SilvaMaría de Portugal, reina consorte de Castilla y León
前妻:Constanza Manuel de Villena y Barcelona, infanta de Castilla
伴侣:Leonor Núñez de Guzmán, señora de Medina Sidonia
子女:Juana Alfonso De Castilla; Sancho Alfonso, señor de Ledesma; Fadrique Alfonso, I señor de Haro; Enrique II él de las Mercedes, rey de Castilla; Fernando Alfonso, señor de Ledesma另外6个
兄弟姐妹:Leonor de Castilla, reina consorte de AragónConstanza de Castilla y León

Occupation: Rey de Castilla, León, Toledo, Galicia, Sevilla, Córdoba, Murcia, Jaén, el Algarve, Algeciras y Señor de Molina, Rei de Castela e Leão, KING OF CASTILLE, Roi de Castille et Leâon, King of Castilla y León, King Alfonso XI, Died of plague, Rey
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Alfonso XI el Justo, rey de Castilla y León

http://en.fundacionmedinaceli.org/casaducal/fichaindividuo.aspx?id=599

Alfonso XI of Castile

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Alfonso XI)

A Status of Alfonso XI is in Algeciras

Alfonso XI (Salamanca, August 13, 1311 – March 26/27, 1350 in Gibraltar) was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal.

He is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "He of Salado River." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorder of the nobles after a long minority; the third by his victory in the Battle of Rio Salado over the last formidable Marinid invasion of Spain in 1340.

Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Pedro of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods. He killed for reasons of state without form of trial. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, and had an ostentatious passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children. This set Peter an example which he failed to better. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far.

Marriage and children

Alfonso XI first married Costanza Manuel of Castile on 1325, but divorced her two years later. His second marriage, on 1328, was to Maria of Portugal, daughter of Alfonso IV of Portugal. She was the mother of his sons Fernando (Valladolid, 1332 – 1333) and Pedro of Castile.

By his mistress, Eleanor of Guzman, he had ten children:

   * Pedro, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1330 - 1338)
   * Juana, 1st Lady of follar Trastamara (born 1330)
   * Sancho, 1st Lord of Ledesma (1331 - 1343)
   * Henry of Trastamara (1334 - 1379)
   * Fadrique, Master of the Order of Santiago and 1st Lord of Haro; (born 1335)
   * Fernando, 2nd Lord of Ledesma
   * Tello, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1337-1370)
   * Juan, 1st Lord of Badajoz and Jerez de la Frontera (1341 - 1359)
   * Sancho of Alburquerque (1342-1375)
   * Pedro (1345 - 1359)

After Alfonso's death, his widow Maria had Eleanor arrested and later killed (1).

References

   * This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
   * 1)A history of Spain By Charles Edward Chapman, Rafael Altamira, page 26.

Referencias:

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_XI_de_Castilla_y_Le%C3%B3n#Descendencia

Alfonso XI de Castilla y de León, el Justiciero (Salamanca, 13 de agosto de 1311 – Gibraltar, 26 de marzo de 1350), fue rey de Castilla y de León

Descendencia:

Tras un primer matrimonio no consumado, y posteriormente anulado, con Constanza Manuel, hija del Infante don Juan Manuel; contrajo matrimonio en 1328 con su prima hermana María de Portugal (1313 - 1357), hija de Alfonso IV el Bravo, de la que tuvo dos hijos:

   * Fernando (1332), muerto antes de cumplir un año y;
   * Pedro el Cruel (1334 - 1369), futuro rey de Castilla con el nombre de Pedro I.

A partir del año 1329 tuvo diez hijos con Leonor Núñez de Guzmán (1310 - 1351) (tataranieta de Alfonso IX de León):

   * Pedro Alfonso (1330 - 1338), Señor de Aguilar;
   * Juana Alfonso (1330 - ¿?), Señora de Trastámara;
   * Sancho Alfonso (1331 - 1343), Señor de Ledesma;
   * Enrique Alfonso el de Las Mercedes (1333 - 1379), señor de Trastámara, fundador de la Casa de Trastámara y futuro rey de Castilla y de León con el nombre de Enrique II;
   * Fadrique Alfonso (1333 - 1358), gemelo del anterior, Maestre de la Orden de Santiago y Señor de Haro; de quien descienden los Almirantes de Castilla-Duques de Medina de Rioseco (Casa de Enríquez);
   * Fernando Alfonso (¿? - ¿?), Señor de Ledesma;
   * Tello Alfonso (1337 - 1370), primer Señor de Aguilar de Campoo y Lara, Conde de Vizcaya y de quien descienden los Marqueses de Aguilar de Campoo;
   * Juan Alfonso (1341 - 1359), Señor de Badajoz y de Jerez de la Frontera;
   * Sancho Alfonso (1345 - 1352), Conde de Alburquerque;
   * Pedro Alfonso (1345 - 1359), gemelo del anterior.

Alfonso XI of Castile

Born in Salamanca, August 13, 1311 – Died in Gibraltar, March 26, 1350, was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal.

He is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "He of Salado River." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorder of the nobles after a long minority; the third by his victory in the Battle of Rio Salado over the last formidable Marinid invasion of Spain in 1340.

Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Pedro of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods. He killed for reasons of state without form of trial. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, and had an ostentatious passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children. This set Peter an example which he failed to better. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far.

Alfonso XI first married Costanza Manuel of Castile on 1325, but divorced her two years later. His second marriage, on 1328, was to Maria of Portugal, daughter of Alfonso IV of Portugal. She was the mother of his sons Fernando (Valladolid, 1332 – 1333) and Pedro of Castile.

By his mistress, Eleanor of Guzman, he had ten children:

Pedro Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1330 - 1338).

Juana Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lady of Trastamara (born 1330).

Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Ledesma (1331 - 1343).

Enrique Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Trastamara (1334 - 1379).

Fadrique Alfonso of Castile, Master of the Order of Santiago and 1st Lord of Haro; (born 1335).

Fernando Alfonso of Castile, 2nd Lord of Ledesma.

Tello Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1337-1370).

Juan Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Badajoz and Jerez de la Frontera (1341 - 1359).

Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Alburquerque (1342-1375).

Pedro Alfonso of Castile (1345 - 1359).

Alfonso XI de Borgoña, el Justiciero (Salamanca, 13 de agosto de 1311 – Gibraltar, 26 de marzo de 1350), fue rey de Castilla y de León, biznieto de Alfonso X el Sabio. Muerto su padre, Fernando IV, en 1312, se desarrollaron multitud de disputas entre varios aspirantes al trono, resueltos en 1313 con el acuerdo de Palazuelos. Su abuela Doña María de Molina, Doña Constanza y los infantes don Juan y don Pedro, formaron regencia. Cuando murió Doña Constanza y tras una campaña militar donde perecieron los infantes en Granada en el año 1319, Doña María quedó como única regente. Al morir en 1321 los infantes don Felipe, don Juan Manuel y don Juan el Tuerto se dividieron el reino mientras era saqueado por los moros y nobles levantinos. Alfonso, una vez mayor de edad, asumió el trono, consiguiendo durante su reinado el fortalecimiento del poder real, la resolución de los problemas del estrecho de Gibraltar y la conquista de Algeciras. (See http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_XI)

Alfonso XI (Salamanca, August 13, 1311 – March 26/27, 1350 in Gibraltar) was the king of Castile, León and Galicia the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal.

He is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "He of Salado River." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorder of the nobles after a long minority; the third by his victory in the Battle of Rio Salado over the last formidable Marinid invasion of Iberian Peninsula in 1340.

Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Peter of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods. He killed for reasons of state without form of trial. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, and had an ostentatious passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children. This set Peter an example which he failed to better. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far.

[edit] Marriage and children

Alfonso XI first married Costanza Manuel of Castile on 1325, but divorced her two years later. His second marriage, on 1328, was to Maria of Portugal, daughter of Alfonso IV of Portugal. They had:

   * Ferdinand (Valladolid, 1332 – 1333)
   * Peter of Castile.

By his mistress, Eleanor of Guzman, he had ten children:

   * Pedro, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1330–1338)
   * Juana, 1st Lady of follar Trastamara (born 1330)
   * Sancho, 1st Lord of Ledesma (1331–1343)
   * Henry of Trastamara (1334–1379)
   * Fadrique, Master of the Order of Santiago and 1st Lord of Haro; (born 1335)
   * Fernando, 2nd Lord of Ledesma
   * Tello, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1337–1370)
   * Juan, 1st Lord of Badajoz and Jerez de la Frontera (1341–1359)
   * Sancho, 1st Count of Alburquerque (1342–1375)
   * Pedro (1345–1359)

After Alfonso's death, his widow Maria had Eleanor arrested and later killed.

Alfonso XI of Castile

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alfonso XI of Castile (Salamanca, August 13, 1311 – Gibraltar, March 26/27, 1350) was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal.

He is variously known among Castillian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "He of Salado River." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorder of the nobles after a long minority; the third by his victory in the Battle of Rio Salado over the last formidable African invasion of Spain in 1340.

Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Pedro of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods. He killed for reasons of state without form of trial. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, and had an ostentatious passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children. This set Peter an example which he failed to better. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far. He was the only European monarch to die during the Black Death.

Marriage and children

Alfonso XI first married Costanza Manuel of Castile on 1325, but divorced her two years later. His second marriage, on 1328, was to Maria of Portugal, daughter of Alfonso IV of Portugal. She was the mother of his sons Fernando (Valladolid, 1332 – 1333) and Pedro of Castile.

By his mistress, Eleanor of Guzman, he had ten children:

Pedro Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1330 - 1338).

Juana Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lady of Trastamara (born 1330).

Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Ledesma (1331 - 1343).

Enrique Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Trastamara (1334 - 1379).

Fadrique Alfonso of Castile, Master of the Order of Santiago and 1st Lord of Haro; (born 1335).

Fernando Alfonso of Castile, 2nd Lord of Ledesma.

Tello Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1337-1370).

Juan Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Badajoz and Jerez de la Frontera (1341 - 1359).

Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Alburquerque (1342-1375).

Pedro Alfonso of Castile (1345 - 1359).

[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_XI_of_Castile

Alfonso XI of Castile (Salamanca, August 13, 1311 – Gibraltar, March 26/27, 1350) was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal.

He is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "He of Salado River." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorder of the nobles after a long minority; the third by his victory in the Battle of Rio Salado over the last formidable Marinid invasion of Spain in 1340.

Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Pedro of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods. He killed for reasons of state without form of trial. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, and had an ostentatious passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children. This set Peter an example which he failed to better. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far.

Alfonso XI first married Costanza Manuel of Castile on 1325, but divorced her two years later. His second marriage, on 1328, was to Maria of Portugal, daughter of Alfonso IV of Portugal. She was the mother of his sons Fernando (Valladolid, 1332 – 1333) and Pedro of Castile.

By his mistress, Eleanor of Guzman, he had ten children:

Pedro Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1330 - 1338).

Juana Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lady of Trastamara (born 1330).

Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Ledesma (1331 - 1343).

Enrique Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Trastamara (1334 - 1379).

Fadrique Alfonso of Castile, Master of the Order of Santiago and 1st Lord of Haro; (born 1335).

Fernando Alfonso of Castile, 2nd Lord of Ledesma.

Tello Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1337-1370).

Juan Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Badajoz and Jerez de la Frontera (1341 - 1359).

Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Alburquerque (1342-1375).

Pedro Alfonso of Castile (1345 - 1359).

Alfonso XI of Castile (Salamanca, August 13, 1311 – Gibraltar, March 26/27, 1350) was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal.

He is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "He of Salado River." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorder of the nobles after a long minority; the third by his victory in the Battle of Rio Salado over the last formidable Marinid invasion of Spain in 1340.

Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Pedro of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods. He killed for reasons of state without form of trial. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, and had an ostentatious passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children. This set Peter an example which he failed to better. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far.

Alfonso XI first married Costanza Manuel of Castile on 1325, but divorced her two years later. His second marriage, on 1328, was to Maria of Portugal, daughter of Alfonso IV of Portugal. She was the mother of his sons Fernando (Valladolid, 1332 – 1333) and Pedro of Castile.

By his mistress, Eleanor of Guzman, he had ten children:

Pedro Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1330 - 1338).

Juana Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lady of Trastamara (born 1330).

Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Ledesma (1331 - 1343).

Enrique Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Trastamara (1334 - 1379).

Fadrique Alfonso of Castile, Master of the Order of Santiago and 1st Lord of Haro; (born 1335).

Fernando Alfonso of Castile, 2nd Lord of Ledesma.

Tello Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Aguilar de Campoo (1337-1370).

Juan Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Badajoz and Jerez de la Frontera (1341 - 1359).

Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Alburquerque (1342-1375).

Pedro Alfonso of Castile (1345 - 1359).


En mi nuevo libro LA SORPRENDENTE GENEALOGÍA DE MIS TATARABUELOS, encontrarán a este y muchos otros de sus ancestros con un resumen biográfico de cada uno. El libro está disponible en: amazon.com barnesandnoble.com palibrio.com. Les será de mucha utilidad y diversión. Ramón Rionda

In my new book LA SORPRENDENTE GENEALOGÍA DE MIS TATARABUELOS, you will find this and many other of your ancestors, with a biography summary of each of them. The book is now available at: amazon.com barnesandnoble.com palibrio.com. Check it up, it’s worth it. Ramón Rionda

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Alfonso XI el Justo, rey de Castilla y León's Timeline

1311
1311年8月13日
Salamanca, Castilla y León, Spain
1330
1330年
18岁
1331
1331年
19岁
1332
1332年1月13日
20岁
Seville, Seville, Andalusia, España
1332年1月13日
20岁
Seville, Seville, Andalusia, España
1332年
20岁
Valladolid, Castille and Leon, Spain