Alifair Maynard

Is your surname Maynard?

Research the Maynard family

Alifair Maynard's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Related Projects

Alifair Maynard (McCoy)

Birthplace: Kentucky, United States
Death: Died in Pike, Kentucky, United States
Cause of death: Shot and Killed "New Years Day Massacre"
Place of Burial: Pike, Kentucky, USA
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Randall McCoy and Sarah "Sally' McCoy
Wife of James Mitchell Maynard
Sister of James H. McCoy; Floyd McCoy; Tolbert McCoy; Infant Daugher McCoy; Roseanna McCoy and 9 others
Half sister of Josephine McCoy

Managed by: Patti Kay Gourley
Last Updated:

About Alifair Maynard

Alifair Mc\Coy suffered from childhood polio.

She was caught in the violence as the vicious feud between the Hatfield and McCoy families raged on. Determined to leave no living witnesses to convict them of their crime, the Hatfields raided the McCoy family home on New Year's Day 1888, killing daughter Alifair and son Calvin and burning the cabin to the ground. Suddenly public opinion shifted against the Hatfields, and Phillips began his work with glee and new names on his list, though he lacked properly executed extradition papers. In response, West Virginia's governor put up his own reward offers, sued his neighboring state for unlawful arrest of nine prisoners and eventually saw the case to the United States Supreme Court before the men were returned to Kentucky for sentences of death and prison terms. But there was little joy at the many lives had been destroyed during the 20+ year feud.

Alifair was shot and killed in the legendary Hatfield/McCoy "New Years Day Massacre" when the Hatfield clan retaliated against the McCoys. The McCoy clan was headed by Alifair's father, Randolph (aka Randall or Ole/Old Randel) and the Hatfield side was ruled by William Anderson "Devil Anse" Hatfield. The two families had an ongoing feud for a quarter of a century over petty issues that erupted into murderous rage several times. The New Years Day Massacre was the climax to the violence.

On the first day of the new year, the Hatfields and their accomplices set out to finish off the McCoys, specifically Randolph McCoy, Sr. in their home. This was a Hatfield move to end a bounty placed on the Hatfield's heads over the revenge killings of three of Randolph's sons. Tolbert, Pharmer and Bud were shot to death after being strung to paw paw bushes by the Hatfields. On election day, August 7, 1882 in Pike County, Kentucky, Tolbert McCoy got into a heated argument with a Hatfield cousin, Elias. The patriarch of the Hatfield Clan,"Devil Anse" Hatfield's younger brother Ellison wound up mortally stabbed and shot by the McCoy boys. Devil Anse and his sons, brothers and other family members intercepted the transport of the arrested McCoy boys and executed them on August 9th, the day Ellison died of his injuries.

The Hatfield group that included the leader of the New Year's Massacre, Valentine "Wall" Hatfield, Devil Anse's oldest brother, Cotton Top Mounts (the son of murdered Hatfield, Ellison), Jonse Hatfield* (Devil Anse's lothario son), Doc D. Mahon and Pilant Mahon (brother-in-laws of Wall Hatfield). They set fire to the house to flush out the sleeping McCoys. Randolph escaped, but Alifar and her brother, Calvin "Cal" were shot as they ran out of the house and their mother, Sarah, was left barely alive with a crushed skull. All of Randolph McCoy's buildings: his home, outhouses, barn, storage sheds, were burned to the ground.

Posse leader Frank Phillips rounded up nine of the participants, including the ones listed above and brought them to Kentucky for trial for the murder of Alifair McCoy. Years of legal wrangling over extradition issues tied up the trial. In the end, seven of the participants were found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. The eighth, and the only one executed, was the mentally disabled son of Ellison Hatfield, Cotton Top.

Alifair, her brother Calvin, and other brothers, Randolph "Bud" McCoy, Jr., Pharmer, and Tolbert McCoy are all buried at the McCoy Family Cemetery located on a wooded hillside east of highway 319, 300 yards from the old McCoy home in Blackberry Fork of Pond Creek in Pike County, Kentucky.

The source for the cemetery and the burials there is the application of the site for the National Register of Historic Places. The cemetery and other key locations of the feud are documented as the Hatfield and McCoy Historic District. The application also notes that at the time of application (1976), three graves were marked with fieldstones, one with the name "Cal McCoy" crudely incised into it. Tolbert, Pharmer and Bud were buried in a single grave in one large coffin according to the testimony of Sarah McCoy at the trial of her daughter's murderers.

Site location: begin at a point approximately 1000 yards east of the intersection of Mudlick Branch and Hwy. 319, continue northwest 70 yards along access road, then south along ravine 20 yards to Hwy. 319, and west 70 yards along highway to starting point.

  • Johnson "Jonse" Hatfield also played a main role in the animosity between the two families when he seduced, impregnated then abandoned Roseanna McCoy, Randolph and Sarah's daughter. Randolph could not bear the shame Roseana had brought to the McCoys and sent her to live with her Aunt Bettie in Stringtown. Roseanna contracted measles during the end of her pregnancy as did the baby girl, Sarah Elizabeth. The baby died in 1881 shortly after birth and is buried beside Roseanna's Aunt Bettie in a small Stringtown cemetery on private property, not far from the McCoy homestead. This site, too, is included in the historic district.

Find A Grave Memorial # 90986683. This memorial tells the tragic story of Alifair and her family.

view all

Alifair Maynard's Timeline

June 10, 1858
Kentucky, United States
January 1, 1888
Age 29
Pike, Kentucky, United States
Pike, Kentucky, USA