Amalric II (Amaury) de Lusignan, King of Cyprus (c.1148 - 1205) MP

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Nicknames: "Amalric I of Cyprus", "born Amalric of Lusignan; of Jerusalem", "KIng Amalric II of Jerusalem"
Birthplace: Château de Lusignan, Lusignan, France
Death: Died in Acre, Israel
Occupation: King of Jerusalem, Comte, de Jaffa, Connétable, de Jérusalem, Sieur, Roi, de Chypre
Managed by: Constantinos Melissas
Last Updated:

About Amalric II (Amaury) de Lusignan, King of Cyprus

Amalric II of Jerusalem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Amalric II of Jerusalem or Amalric I of Cyprus, born Amalric of Lusignan (1145 – April 1, 1205), King of Jerusalem 1197–1205, was an older brother of Guy of Lusignan.

The Lusignan family was noted for its many Crusaders. Amalric and Guy were sons of Hugh VIII of Lusignan, who had himself campaigned in the Holy Land in the 1160s. After being expelled from Poitou by their overlord, Richard the Lion-hearted, for the murder of Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury, Amalric arrived in Palestine c. 1174, Guy possibly later. Amalric married Eschiva, daughter of Baldwin of Ibelin. He then took service with Agnes of Courtenay, wife of Reginald of Sidon and mother of Baldwin IV of Jerusalem. The pro-Ibelin Chronicle of Ernoul later claimed that he was her lover, but it is likely that she and Baldwin IV were attempting to separate him from the political influence of his wife's family. He was appointed Constable of Jerusalem soon after April 22, 1179. Guy married the king's widowed older sister, Sibylla of Jerusalem in 1180, and so gained a claim to the kingdom of Jerusalem.

Amalric was among those captured with his brother after the disastrous Battle of Hattin in 1187. In 1194, on the death of Guy, he became King of Cyprus as Amalric I. By his first wife, Eschiva of Ibelin, he was the father of Hugh I of Cyprus and was crowned in Nicosia on September 22, 1197. After Eschiva's death in October, 1197 he married Isabella, the daughter of Amalric I of Jerusalem by his second marriage, and became King of Jerusalem in right of his wife and crowned at Acre in January, 1198.

In 1198 he was able to procure a five years' truce with the Muslims, owing to the struggle between Saladin's brothers and his sons for the inheritance of his territories. The truce was disturbed by raids on both sides, but in 1204 it was renewed for six years.

Amalric died of dysentery (allegedly brought on by "a surfeit of white mullet") or even poisoned at Saint Jean d' Acre in 1205, just after his son Amalric and just before his wife, and was buried at Saint Sophia, Nicosia. The kingdom of Cyprus passed to Hugh, his son by Eschiva, while the kingdom of Jerusalem passed to Maria, the daughter of Isabella by her previous marriage with Conrad of Montferrat.

[edit]Wives and Children

His first wife, married before October 29, 1174, was Éschive d'Ibelin (c. 1160 – Cyprus in Winter, 1196/1197), daughter of Baldwin of Ibelin and first wife Richilde de Bethsan or Bessan. They had six children:

Bourgogne de Lusignan (1176-1180 or c. 1178 – c. 1210), married as his third wife Raymond VI of Toulouse 1193, repudiated and divorced 1194 or 1196 without issue, married Gauthier I de Montfaucon aka Walter of Montbéliard (killed in action at the Battle of Satalia, June 20, 1212) 1197 or bef. 1205

Guy de Lusignan, died young 1197-1205

Jean de Lusignan, died young 1197-1205

Hugues I de Lusignan (c. 1194-1218)

Héloise/Helvis de Lusignan (c. 1190 – 1216-1219, 1216/1219 or c. 1217), married firstly c. 1205 Eudes de Dampierre sur Salon, Lord of Chargey-le-Grey, div. 1210, married secondly before 1210 or in September, 1210 Raymond-Roupen of Antioch

Alix de Lusignan, died young 1197-1205

His second wife was Queen Isabella of Jerusalem, married January, 1198 in Acre. They had three children:

Sybille de Lusignan (October/November, 1198-c. 1230 or 1252), married King Leo II of Armenia

Mélissende de Lusignan (c. 1200 – aft. 1249), married January 1, 1218 Bohemund IV of Antioch

Amalric or Amaury de Lusignan (1201 – February 2, 1205, Acre)

References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

-------------------- Aimery of Jerusalem or Aimery of Cyprus, born Aimery of Lusignan (1145 – 1 April 1205), King of Jerusalem 1197–1205, was an older brother of Guy of Lusignan.[1]

Note: Older scholarship mistook the two names Amalric and Aimery as variant spellings of the same name, so these historians erroneously added numbers: Amalric I, r. 1163-1174 and Amalric II, r. 1197-1205. Now scholars recognize that the two names were not the same and no longer add the number for either king: Amalric, r. 1163-1174 and Aimery, r. 1197-1205.

The Lusignan family was noted for its many Crusaders. Aimery and Guy were sons of Hugh VIII of Lusignan, who had himself campaigned in the Holy Land in the 1160s. After being expelled from Poitou by their overlord, Richard the Lion-hearted, for the murder of Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury, Aimery arrived in Palestine c. 1174, Guy possibly later. Aimery married Eschiva, daughter of Baldwin of Ibelin. He then took service with Agnes of Courtenay, wife of Reginald of Sidon and mother of Baldwin IV of Jerusalem. The pro-Ibelin Chronicle of Ernoul later claimed that he was her lover, but it is likely that she and Baldwin IV were attempting to separate him from the political influence of his wife's family. He was appointed Constable of Jerusalem soon after 22 April 1179. Guy married the king's widowed older sister, Sibylla of Jerusalem in 1180, and so gained a claim to the kingdom of Jerusalem.

Aimery was among those captured with his brother after the disastrous Battle of Hattin in 1187. In 1194, on the death of Guy, he became King of Cyprus. By his first wife, Eschiva of Ibelin, he was the father of Hugh I of Cyprus and was crowned in Nicosia on 22 September 1197. After Eschiva's death in October 1197 he married Isabella, the daughter of Amalric of Jerusalem by his second marriage, and became King of Jerusalem in right of his wife and was crowned at Acre in January 1198. This was only possible, because the candidacy for the crown of Aimery, who was a vassal of Roman-German Emperor Henry VI., was supported by the German crusaders.

In 1198, at the end of the Crusade of 1197, he was able to procure a five years' truce with the Muslims, owing to the struggle between Saladin's brothers and his sons for the inheritance of his territories. The truce was disturbed by raids on both sides, but in 1204 it was renewed for six years.

Many members of the royal family died in rapid succession in early 1205, including Aimery himself. Aimery's two older sons, Guy and John, boys of about eight years of age, died early in 1205. Aimery died of dysentery (allegedly brought on by "a surfeit of white mullet") or even poisoned at Saint Jean d'Acre on 1 April 1205, just after his son Aimery and four days before his wife, and was buried at Saint Sophia, Nicosia. The kingdom of Cyprus passed to Hugh, his only surviving son, while the Kingdom of Jerusalem passed to Maria, the daughter of Isabella by her previous marriage with Conrad of Montferrat.

Wives and children[edit]

His first wife, married before 29 October 1174, was Eschiva of Ibelin (c. 1160 – Cyprus in Winter 1196–1197), daughter of Baldwin of Ibelin and first wife Richilde de Bethsan or Bessan. They had six children: 1.Bourgogne of Lusignan (1176–1180 or c. 1178 – c. 1210); married as his third wife Raymond VI of Toulouse 1193, repudiated and divorced 1194 or 1196 without issue, married Gauthier I de Montfaucon aka Walter of Montbéliard (killed in action at the Battle of Satalia, 20 June 1212) 1197 or bef. 1205, by whom she had issue. 2.Guy of Lusignan (1197–1205); died young 3.John of Lusignan (1197–1205); died young 4.Hugh I of Lusignan (c. 1194–1218) 5.Héloise/Helvis of Lusignan (c. 1190 – 1216–1219, 1216/1219 or c. 1217); married firstly c. 1205 Eudes de Dampierre sur Salon, Lord of Chargey-le-Grey, div. 1210, married secondly before 1210 or in September 1210 Raymond-Roupen of Antioch 6.Alix de Lusignan (1197–1205), died young

His second wife was Queen Isabella of Jerusalem, married January 1198 in Acre. They had three children: 1.Sybilla of Lusignan (October–November 1198 – c. 1230 or 1252), married King Leo I of Armenia 2.Melisende of Lusignan (c. 1200 – aft. 1249), married 1 January 1218 Bohemund IV of Antioch 3.Aimery or Amaury of Lusignan (1201 – 2 February 1205, Acre)

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Amaury II, King of Jerusalem and Cyprus's Timeline

1148
1148
Château de Lusignan, Lusignan, France
1175
1175
Age 27
Cyprus
1175
Age 27
Of,Rama,,Palestine
1178
1178
Age 30
Cyprus
1180
1180
Age 32
Cyprus
1180
Age 32
Cyprus, Italy
1182
1182
Age 34
Cyprus
1194
1194
Age 46
Cyprus, Italy
1198
October 1198
Age 50
Akko, , , , Israël,
1198
Age 50