Amos Arledge (c.1765 - 1845) MP

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Birthplace: Fairfield, SC, USA
Death: Died in Green River Cove, Rutherford (now Polk) County, NC
Managed by: Pam Wilson
Last Updated:

About Amos Arledge

From the research notes of Pam Wilson <wilsonpam@mindspring.com>:

The son of Isaac and Anna Arledge of Fairfield Co, SC, Amos apparently became head of his father's household upon the death of his father Isaac, Sr., in 1790. In this census, his household (AMOS ARLEDGE) consisted of 2 males over 16, 2 males under 16, and 3 females. These were perhaps Amos and his wife and their son Jonathan, his mother Anna, his brothers Isaac and William, and a young sister.

In a separate analysis, Graham Louer (personal correspondence) came to a similar but only slightly different conclusion: An "analysis of the location of the Fairfield Arledges on 1 March 1790 (the effective date of the census) suggests that 2 of the 3 unmarried daughters of Isaac Sr., are in the household of Amos their brother, where Isaac Sr. and wife Anna are also thought to be, and the third unmarried daughter [living with] her brother Clement." However, Louer's interpretation does not account for a wife for Amos, nor for his son or sons (Jonathan and/or Green Bandy).

Arledge, Amos State : SC County : Fairfield Dist. (Camden Dist) Year : 1790

Page # : 020 Age ranges in household : 02-02-03-00-00

Amos Arledge is listed in the 1792 Fairfield Tax List with 25 acres of 2nd quality land and 25 acres of third quality land [Chester Bulletin 9-1990 p. 82].

Some oral traditions say Amos had a son named Green Bandy (half-brother of Jonathan) who went to Tennessee; I recently found documentation that there was a man named Greenberry Bandy who lived near the Arledge families and wonder if he might have perhaps been the one in question. He is supposedly the son of a David and Morning Bandy, but perhaps family folklore is that Amos fathered him? DNA tests would need to be done to find out for sure, I guess. I've not corresponded with any members of teh Bandy family.

Details of Amos' wife are unknown, but she is believed to have been a Sallie Wright, since he somehow inherited the land holdings of Randolph Wright [need to find Randolph Wright's will]. She apparently died sometime after 1800, since Amos was listed as a head of household in the 1800 Fairfield County census: 1 male under 10, 1 aged 26-45 and one female 26-45. 10010-00010-00

Graham Louer cites an LDS IGI source naming a wife for Amos--Mary--as the mother of Jonathan, born 1788 according to this unnamed source.

In 1797, AMOS ARLIDGE received a SC State Grant for 100 acres on the Catawba River in Camden District, Fairfield Co, on Cedar Branch. In 1805 he sold this land, as well as his other land holdings in Fairfield Co, SC, including the land inherited from his father, to John Pickett (2 land releases, Fairfield Co Book P, pp. 173, 175).

Graham Louer writes (May 1999) about the settlement of Isaac Sr's estate:

sarah bishop and anne bishop received their shares in april and june of

1800, respectively. then, more than 3 years later, william, isaac,

amos and jesse ginn [signing in his capacity of attorney for jesse

wright, husband of huldah] all sign one receipt acknowledging receipt

of their respective shares of the estate of isaac.

23 April 1803 Some SC County Records: Fairfield, pp. 143-145: Warrant of appraisement of estate of Bartlett Henson, to John King Jr, Moses King, Amos Mildredge (?) [ARLEDGE], Clemt. Auldredge, Isaac Gibson. Rec. 23 Apr 1803.

In 1806 and 1807 he bought 2 tracts of land (180 acres) in the SE section of Fairfield Co, but transferred these to his brothers Isaac and William in 1816 (Fairfield Co Book X, pp. 286, 365). These were land transactions on Thorntree Creek, a tributary of the Wateree River. There is a release from Richard Campbell to Amos Arledge in Book X, p. 285 for 120 acres on Thorntree Creek dated 7 Nov 1806 but not proven until 20 Dec 1815 when witnesses were sworn. There is a deed from Enoch Seal to Amos (several times spelled Adam) Arledge for 60 acres adjacent to his other property dated 13 June 1807 but sworn 2 Dec 1815. Then on 1 Jan 1816 Amos transferred to Isaac Arledge (his brother?) "all that plantation lying on the South side of Big Thorntree Creek", 180 acres. On 21 Dec 1815, he deeded 640 acres, originally granted to Randolph Wright (his father-in-law??) on the waters of Wateree Creek, to William Arledge (his brother??). He must have inherited this land from his wife, since there is no record of him purchasing it. {Need to look for Randolph Wright's will in Fairfield County to see if this land was willed to an Arledge.}

An Isaac Arledge (probably the brother of Moses Arledge of Fairfield County and son of John and Elizabeth) moved to Polk Co, NC and settled in the Green River Cove in 1804, purchasing 100 acres on the south side of the Green River from Thomas Justice for $300. Amos joined him in 1809 when he purchased 210 acres, on the opposite side of the Green River from Isaac's land, from John Chisolm, Wm Riddle and Wm Fisher, for $600, in the area known as Bright's Creek (Rutherford Co Deed Book 25 p. 99, dated 22 Nov 1809, wit by Isaac Arledge and Gatewood Chisolm).

Amos moved from his home in SC to Green River Cove in Rutherford County, North Carolina around 1809.

There is a land transaction recorded November 22, 1809 in Rutherford County, NC, between Amos Arledge and John Chisolm, William Riddle, and William Fisher. Isaac Arledge was listed as witness. This Isaac was probably his cousin (not his brother), who was married to Sally McCormick and who died in Rutherford Co. in 1820, leaving a will. He and Sally were the foster parents to Harriett, who married Amos' son Jonathan.

1830 census, Rutherford Co, NC:

Johnathan Arledge 2(<5)1(5-10)1 (10-15)101000//011001 (Jonathan & Harriet 30-40)

Sarah Arledge 000000000//010000001(one 5-10- year-old girl plus 60-plus)

Amous Arledge 000000001//0000000//001 (one male slave 25-35; amos over 60)

1840 census, Rutherford Co:

(p. 35)

Ben Holbird 0221001//2012001

Ben Edwards

ISAAC ARLEDGE 00002/0000 (Isaac and Greenberry?)

Joshua Camp

Rebecca Young

LEVY ARLEDGE 00001//0001 (Levi 20-30, Cynthia 15-20)

Greenberry Bandy 11001//0001 (next door)

(p 49)

Anson Nelson

Jonathan ARLEDGE 0021001 // 1111101 plus 1 male slave 36-55

Ann Thompson

(p 65) Coleman Bradley

Amos ARLEDGE 0000000001 (age 70-80, alone)

Henry Utley

__________________________________

The following is excerpted from a letter written by one of Amos' descendants, A. Yates Arledge of Raleigh, NC, to his brother Roone P. Arledge in 1951. The Nun he mentions was probably David "Nunn" Arledge (1862-1945), son of Clement and Elizabeth Holbert Arledge:

"Amos was said to have been a thrifty old man and accumulated a considerable number of slaves. He raised cattle there in the mountains and drove them to Charleston, SC to market, as a means of getting hold of money. In those days I suppose there was very little money in that community. Finally he sold his slaves for a considerable amount which together with such money as he is reputed to have had, amounted to a considerable sum. Nun said he had a half-bushel measure of gold coins."

"I recall right well some of the things Nun told us about the old story which you have probably heard about old man Amos' gold presumably being buried and still undiscovered in that section. He mentioned someone, and I have forgotten who it was, some of the family, probably Nun's father, Levi, who told him, Nun, that as a small boy he saw the old man Amos bring his money, which consisted of gold coins, down to the river, and scrubbed them in the sand on a sand bar to make them shine, as he evidently admired the looks of the gold very much. Most folks do, or did before abolishing the gold standard. He said he brought it in a half bushel measure and it was full. The mystery, of course, if whatever became of the money. There were no banks, and of course he had to keep it hidden or buried. The old man lived by himself in a log house there in the river bottom, and one night the house burned and he perished in it. Careful search was made in the remains of the house for the money, but they only found three or four hundred dollars in gold coin. This they discovered to be in parts of the logs which had not been completely consumed. Her had bored holes in the log sills under the floor boards and placed the coins in the holes and had driven a peg in on the top of the coins. The log sills did not completely burn up and the money was found in the charred pieces that remain."

"You have heard Dad tell the story of his grandmother or great-grandmother, who as a young married woman dreamed one night that Amos' money was hidden under a rock cliff on the side of one of the Green River mountains, nearby the old Amos place. She told her husband about it with great faith and tried to get him to go with her up to this place and look for the money. He hooted at the idea and would not go. She kept nagging at him and finally he gave in, as most men do under the constant nagging of his wife, and went with her, and there they found $2500 in gold coin hidden in the place she had seen so vividly in her dream. With this money they bought two slaves and thereby got started in the slave business. SO far as anyone knows that, and the few hundred dollars that was found in the burned house, was all of the old man's gold that was ever found. It was thought that he had much more than that. Nun said at that time people in the community were still on the lookout for the money which they felt was buried there somewhere. And occasionally evidence was seen whereby someone had been digging, probably by people who were not as accurate dreamers as was that ancestral lady."

In a second letter, dated 14 September 1951, Yates Arledge wrote:

"Today I went to see Easor Arledge at the home of his son Reese above Mill Springs, Polk County [NC]. .. . He was 88 in January, born in 1863, son of Clem Arledge, who was a son of Jonathan. His mind was bright and clear and his recollections seemed clear. I discussed family history with him. Of course, he had no first-hand information as to Amos or of his grandfather Jonathan but he seemed to know a great deal about those of his own generation and remembered what his elders had told him about the family background."

"He said that Ellen Aiken--a daughter of Isaac (son of Jonathan) told him many years ago that Amos came from Fairfield County, SC. But he never heard how he came to be at Fairfield or any of the family history back of there, but had heard it was generally believed the Arledges came from Ireland. "Uncle Isaac" (he didn't know whether he was a brother of Amos or what relation) also settled and lived in the same neighborhood, one on one side of Green River and the other on the other, or the lower end as he called it. Amos lived in the "hackberry bottom" (named for a big hackberry tree which stood there). "Uncle Isaac" it seems had no children, but raised a girl, Harriet Jones (he thought her name was). He didn't know where Harriet came from or anything about her background, only that Isaac raised her. Amos had a son named Jonathan and a son named Greenbandy; they were half-brothers. Jonathan married Harriet and lived there on the Amos land, and Greenbandy went to Tennessee. If Amos had any other children, Easor did not know about it."

"Easor said it was Harriet, wife of Jonathan, who dreamed of where part of Amos' gold was hidden and found some of it--he said $1500. I failed to ask Easor the hearsay as to how Amos got his gold. No doubt he brought it with him, as I don't see how he could have accumulated much gold at that time in that section."

IN September 2008, Jamie Constance sent me the following letter in response:

Hi Pam;

I have wondered for sometime whether a possible reason Amos Arledge had for selling 650 plus acres of beautiful rolling arable land in Fairfield County, South Carolina and moving to the then remote, rocky Green River Cove with its limited area of bottom land for farming might have been the North Carolina Gold Rush. This was the nations first

Gold rush. In 1799 a young son of the Reid family found a several pound gold rock

which started it in Cabarrus County and it quickly spread it to neighboring counties, especially Rutherford where Bechtler (Sp) founded his mint and minted the first gold coins and went on to mint something in the $2,000,000 range until the government mint

was opened in Charlotte. I believe he started minting gold in 1824. Before that people

that wished to have their dust and nuggets minted into coins had to go all the way to

Philadelphia. Christopher Bechtler began minting gold coins about 1831.

I visited Eleasor and Reece Arledge about the same time Yates did. In fact it was they that told me that Yates had been there and was visiting his wife!s family,the Carpenters in Landrum. The next day I went see Yates at the Carpenter house and sat on their front porch in conversation with him. Eleasor and Reece told me the same stories they had related to Yates, took me to the Amos home site, Levi!s spring, the cemetery and across the river to a large flat rock that had an imprint in it that was very much like the foot print of a giant person. They called it the giant!s foot print. They told me that long, ancient, ditches and berms were where The Arledges, including Amos had mined their gold.They also said that Amos lived alone in his house with a male slave named Pompei. [didn!t every slave holder have one with that name?] One of their stories related to a hunter in the woods near the old place many years later who leaned against an old dead tree that collapsed revealing a jug, jar, or some sort of container filled with gold coins.

I have copied info from some deeds of the Splawns in the Rutherfordton court house which describes the land purchase as “ including the gold mine”. and more recently than that, My grandfather A.L. Pitman owned a gold mine on a property he had near Collinsville in Polk County. There are also many places in fairly close proximity where people pay to pan or dig for gold and precious and semi-precious gemstones. It's just a speculation (pardon the unintended pun). Do you think Amos may have had “gold fever”?

All good wishes,

Jamie

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Amos Arledge's Timeline

1765
1765
Fairfield, SC, USA
1790
1790
Age 25
Fairfield Co, SC; HOH 1840 Rutherford Co NC
1790
Age 25
Fairfield Co, Camden Dist, SC 2/3/3//no slaves; who were the additional people in his household??
1845
1845
Age 80
Green River Cove, Rutherford (now Polk) County, NC
????
he may have had a different mother than Jonathan; there is a Greenberry BANDY (b 1810-20) living next door to Levi Arledge in the 1840 Rutherford Co, NC census; a David bandy was living in Rutherford Co in 1800 & 1830 census and later in Burke Co.
????
SC