Andres Gómez Robledo

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Andres Gómez Robledo

Birthdate:
Birthplace: San Gabriel de Yungue, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
Death: Died in Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
Cause of death: Killed in the Pueblo Revolt
Immediate Family:

Son of Francisco Gómez and Ana Robledo Romero
Husband of Juana Gomez Robledo and María Juana Ortiz y Baca
Father of Francisca Roybal; Francisca Gómez Robledo; María Gómez Robledo; Lucía Gómez Robledo; Margarita Gómez Robledo and 2 others
Brother of Doña Francisca Gómez y Robledo; José Gómez Robledo; Juan Gómez Robledo; Sargento Mayor Francisco Gómez Robledo; Alférez Bartolomé Gómez Robledo and 6 others

Occupation: Maese de Campo of Sante Fe
Managed by: Rachel Anne Alarid de Gowen
Last Updated:

About Andres Gómez Robledo

Andrés Gómez Robledo born about 1643 in Santa Fe, New Mexico

The son of the Portugese-born Francisco Gómez, who arrived in San Gabriel, New Mexico, about 1604. There Francisco met and married Andres’ mother, Ana Robledo Romero, a native of New Mexico. Ana’s grandparents and parents had been original colonists of New Mexico in 1598. Ana and Francisco had eight children, including Andrés.

His wife, Juana Ortiz Baca, was the daughter of Diego Montoya [1589-1661] and María Ortiz de Vera [abt. 1616-after 1680]. She was born in New Mexico about 1648. Juana and Andrés married about 1666. By 1680, they had been married about fourteen years and had six children. Andrés was a soldier in the presidio at Santa Fe.

The family lived at Las Barrancas, named for the high bluffs in the Río Abajo area. The Gómez Robledo hacienda had developed into an important stop along this section of El Camino Real. In 1665 Andrés and his brother Juan helped Governor Peñalosa cheat on sacks of piñon pine nuts kept at the Gómez estancia.

With two of his brothers Andrés served in the General Council of the Kingdom. He had risen in rank to be the Maese de Campo, the military leader at Santa Fe.

On 10 August 1680, the family was forced to leave their home due to the Pueblo Revolt. They retreated into Santa Fe, where the Pueblos then laid siege to the town. Meanwhile the Indians destroyed the family’s Las Barrancas hacienda.

In Santa Fe, the terrorized Spanish citizens who had taken refuge there saw their food supply dwindle. There wasn’t a lot of actual fighting during the siege, but in one skirmish Andres Gómez Robledo was killed. He was one of only four Spanish soldiers to die and was the only officer to perish. He was buried in the besieged city. Finally Governor Otermin decided to abandon the city to the Pueblos, and the newly-widowed Juana Ortiz Baca and her children left the town and Andrés’ fresh grave in the exodus south along the Río Grande to Guadalupe del Paso [El Paso].

Thirteen years later Juana and her children re-entered New Mexico, but they could not return to their destroyed home at Las Barrancas. Apache raids prevented Spanish resettlement of this area until Sabinal was established in 1741. The family remained in Santa Fe.

Six daughters survived Andrés, and they grew up glorifying the statue of La Conquistadora, making and caring for her wardrobe, etc. The statue of the Virgin Mary was taken to Guadalupe del Paso during the 1680 Revolt and returned to Santa Fe with the 1693 re-entry of the Spanish into New Mexico. The historic wooden statue, brought to New Mexico in 1625 by the Spanish, is today housed in the Cathedral of St. Francis in Santa Fe. A Catholic confraternity was named in her honor, and there is a festival every year in Santa Fe to honor her.

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Andres Gómez Robledo's Timeline

1643
1643
San Gabriel de Yungue, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1660
1660
Age 17
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1664
1664
Age 21
San Ildefonso Pueblo, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1674
1674
Age 31
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1675
1675
Age 32
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1677
1677
Age 34
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1680
August 10, 1680
Age 37
Nuevo México, Nuevo España

On 10 August 1680, the family was forced to leave their home due to the Pueblo Revolt. They retreated into Santa Fe, where the Pueblos then laid siege to the town. Meanwhile the Indians destroyed the family’s Las Barrancas hacienda. Three days later Andres is killed by Indians and Juana and the children manage to escape to Guadalupe del Norte (El Paso).

August 13, 1680
Age 37
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
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Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España