About Andrew Jackson, Sr.
Jackson was born on March 15, 1767. His parents were Scots-Irish colonists Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Presbyterians who had emigrated from Ireland two years earlier. Jackson's father was born in Carrickfergus, County Antrim, in current-day Northern Ireland, around 1738. Jackson's parents lived in the village of Boneybefore, also in County Antrim. Their former house is preserved as the Andrew Jackson Centre and is open to the public.
When they emigrated to America in 1765, Jackson's parents probably landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They would have traveled overland down through the Appalachian Mountains to the Scots-Irish community in the Waxhaws region, straddling the border between North and South Carolina. They brought two children from Ireland, Hugh (born 1763) and Robert (born 1764).
Jackson's father died in an accident in February 1767, at the age of 29, three weeks before his son Andrew was born in the Waxhaws area. His exact birth site is unclear because he was born about the time his mother was making a difficult trip home from burying Jackson's father. The area was so remote that the border between North and South Carolina had not officially been surveyed.
In 1824, Jackson wrote a letter saying that he was born at an uncle's plantation in Lancaster County, South Carolina. But he may have claimed to be a South Carolinian because the state was considering nullification of the Tariff of 1824, which Jackson opposed. In the mid-1850s, second-hand evidence indicated that he may have been born at a different uncle's home in North Carolina.
"Andrew Jackson". Information Services Branch, State Library of North Carolina.
"Andrew Jackson Cottage and US Rangers Centre". Northern Ireland Tourist Board.
Gullan, Harold I. (c2004). First fathers: the men who inspired our Presidents. Hoboken, N.J. : J: John Wiley & Sons. pp. xii, 308 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0471465976. LCCN 2003020625. OCLC 53090968. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s about Andrew Jackson Sr. Name: Andrew Jackson Year: 1765 Place: Charleston, South Carolina Family Members: With wife & 2 sons Source Publication Code: 4628.40 Primary Immigrant: Jackson, Andrew Annotation: Date and port of arrival or date and place of first mention in the New World. The monograph on The Irish Scots and the "Scotch-Irish" originally appeared in the The Granite Monthly, (January-March, 1888), of Concord, New Hampshire. Extensive genealogical Source Bibliography: LINEHAN, JOHN C. The Irish Scots and the "Scotch- Irish," An Historical and Ethnological Monograph, with Some Reference to Scotia Major and Scotia Minor, To Which is Added a Chapter on "How the Irish Came as Builders of the Nation." Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1997. 138p. Page: 98
Source Citation: Place: Charleston, South Carolina; Year: 1765; Page Number: 98. Source Information: Gale Research. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc, 2010. Original data: Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2010.
Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson died of illness contracted while nursing prisoners during Revolutionary War.
Jackson was born to Presbyterian Scotch-Irish colonists Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, on March 15, 1767, two years after they had emigrated from Ireland. Jackson's father was born in Carrickfergus, County Antrim, in Ireland around 1738. He married Elizabeth, sold his land and emigrated to America in 1765. The Jacksons probably landed in Pennsylvania and made their way overland to the Scotch-Irish community in the Waxhaws region, straddling the border between North and South Carolina. Jackson had two brothers, Hugh (born 1763) and Robert (born 1764). Jackson's father died in an accident in February 1767, at the age of 29, three weeks before Jackson was born. The house that Jackson's parents lived in is now preserved as the Andrew Jackson Centre and is open to the public.
According to her son, Andrew Jackson Jr., Elizabeth Hutchinson died in Charleston, SC in Nov 1781, after contracting "ship's fevr" from nursing two nephews, Joseph and William Crawford on a British prison hulk in Charleston Harbor.
Andrew Sr. was politically active in Ulster and was a member of the "United Men" or "United Irishmen", an organization opposed to England of Ireland. The British government outlawed the organization and make memebership punishable by death. Andrew's member ship was discovered and he fled on a few hours notice.
Andrew visited his brother David and his half-sister Margaret (Jackson) McCaughey in Pennsylivania and then settled in Cecil County Maryland. After a few years, the family moved to North Carolina. Andrew died in North Carolina in February 1767. -------------------- The chart provided as a source comes from:
As Andrew Jackson's formative years were marred with suffering and death, it is understandable that there is some confusion as to Jackson's family history. Although historians differ in opinion regarding the distant ancestry of President Jackson, his father, Andrew Jackson Senior, was born in Northern Ireland on July 20, 1737 to Hugh Jackson, a linen draper, and Elizabeth Creath. According to a family bible discovered in North Carolina, his parents were married on October 12, 1727 by Reverend James Craig at the parish church of Dundee, Northern Ireland. Andrew Jackson Sr. married Elizabeth Hutchinson, youngest daughter of Charles Hutchinson and Sarah McConnell at the parish church of Carrickfergus, Northern Ireland on February 7, 1759. Of this union came three boys, Hugh Jackson, born October 10, 1762 in Antrim, Northern Ireland; Robert Jackson, born October 16, 1765, in Northern Ireland, town not known; and Andrew Jackson Jr., born March 15, 1767 in Waxhams, North Carolina.
Andrew Jackson Sr. and Elizabeth made the difficult choice to uproot themselves, as well as their two children Hugh and Robert, to sail across the Atlantic to the American colonies in search of prosperity and opportunity. It is believed they arrived soon after their son Robert was born and settled in the town of Waxhams, on the border of North and South Carolina. Life became very difficult for the Jackson family as their father, Andrew Sr. died shortly after Andrew Jr. was born. During his early childhood, Andrew Jr. received sporadic education and when the American Revolution began, the Jackson family made their allegiance known.
This war for American freedom caused terrible heartbreak to Andrew Jr., forcing him to ally himself, heart and soul to fighting for freedom, or allowing himself to be destroyed. A young 14 years old Andrew Jr. decided to join the American forces in the War, subsequently being captured at the battle of Hanging Rock. While a prisoner of war he received a wound to his arm for refusing to blacken the boots of his British captors. His brothers Hugh and Robert enlisted in the conflict as well and both were killed; Robert from wounds received as a prisoner of war after being captured with Andrew and Hugh at the battle of Stono. His mother, Elizabeth, fell ill with ship fever returning from Charleston, South Carolina, where she had been helping friends and neighbors held as prisoners of war in Charleston Harbor.
After the horrific formative period of the Revolutionary War, Andrew Jackson chose to study law in Salisbury, North Carolina. He then moved to Jonesboro, Tennessee and began his political career as the Solicitor of the Western District of North Carolina. During this time he married Rachel Donelson. Later, during his first campaign for the presidency he received criticism for marrying Rachel before her divorce was final. Jackson blamed her early death in 1828 partially upon this harsh criticism. They were unable to have their own children but adopted a son, Andrew, born December 4, 1808 in Davidson, Tennessee. From this son came a limited amount of Jackson descendants as Andrew III had four sons, two of which died in infancy, one dying during the Civil War, and one daughter. Their surviving son Andrew IV had two children and their daughter Rachel had nine children, thus limiting the amount of "Jackson" descendants.
Andrew Jackson lead a very politically prominent life, elected to the fourth and fifth congresses after Tennessee entered the Union, the United States Senate, the State Supreme Court and ultimately the United States Presidency, elected to two terms. President Jackson was also a very well respected military leader serving during the Creek War, becoming Major General in 1814 during the War of 1812, defeating the British in New Orleans, as well as serving in the 1st Seminole War, overthrowing the Spanish governor in Florida. President Jackson is not only one of the most beloved US presidents, but one of the most revered historical figures in US history, proving that anyone, no matter the economic or personal circumstance, can rise to greatness.
Andrew Jackson, Sr.
by Louise Pettus
In early March of 1931, a stranger drove into the yard of the Old Waxhaw Presbyterian Church in Lancaster County. He asked J.H. McClintock, an elder of the church, to show him the location of the grave of Andrew Jackson, Sr., the father of the president. McClintock graciously showed the man an unmarked granite stone that was said to mark the grave.
The stranger told McClintock that he was a former governor of Tennessee and that he had been commissioned to return a stone that had been for years at "The Hermitage," Andrew Jackson's home near Nashville. The stranger went back to his car and carried the large stone to the grave, deposited it, and then drove away.
The "stranger" had delivered the last fragment of the original stone marker. The previous fall, a larger piece of rock had come from Tennessee along with the story that when Andrew Jackson was buried in the cemetery in 1767, the granite rock used to mark his grave had been dropped and broken. One of the men had taken the broken pieces to Tennessee, where they were kept as a family heirloom.
When the Tennessee people hard that the Catawba Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution were celebrating the 150th anniversary of the Battle of the Waxhaws with the unveiling of a marker identifying the grave of Andrew Jackson, Sr., they returned the larger missing area of the boulder.
The man who brought the rock in the fall "stepped off the distance from the large oak tree...[and] after digging for about ten inches, the other half of the rock, which was placed at the grave in 1767, was found." The two pieces of the rock fit exactly. This was the proof that the correct marker had been found.
Joseph G. Sassi, a Rock Hill stonemason, cut the inscription, which reads: "Here lies the buried Andrew Jackson, Sr., father of the seventh president of the United States. Born in Ireland. Died in February, 1767. Erected by Catawba chapter, D.A.R., Rock Hill, S.C., April 9, 1931." The old rock boulder was used as a footstone.
An overflow crowd was at the church on April 9. The presiding officer was Mrs. C.K. Schwrar of Rock Hill, who introduced two speakers, R.E. Wylie of Lancaster and Prof. John W. McCain of Winthrop College. Wylie gave a biographical sketch of the elder Jackson, and Prof. McCain, a native of the Waxhaws, gave a historical setting of the section, a history of the church, and an account of the Battle of the Waxhaws.
Andrew Jackson Sr. had died, at the age of 29, after straining himself lifting a log only a few days before the future president was born. His neighbors sat up all night with the coffin, as was the old world custom. A whiskey-filled gourd passed from hand to hand through the long night.
In the early light of morning, Jackson's body was placed on a mule-drawn seld. Mrs. Jackson and her two small boys, Hugh and Robert, rode in a wagon through snow and ice. The men had whiskey and fortified themselves at every creek and branch. The procession stopped at the McKemey and Crawford relatives' for refreshment. It was twilight before they crossed the ford at Waxhaw Creek.
When the sled was pulled into the Waxhaw Presbyterian Church cemetery, it was discovered that the coffin was missing. The disconcerted pallbearers retraced their path in near-darkness and located the coffin snagged on a branch on the steep bank of Waxhaw Creek.
William Richardson, the minister who preached the funeral sermon, was a graduate of Edinburgh University in Scotland and is credited with making the Waxhaws the Presbyterian center of the South Carolina backcountry.
After Andrew Jackson, Jr. became the hero of New Orleans, both North and South Carolina were eager to claim him as a native son. In fact, four states and Ireland have all claimed to be his birthplace. The debate still rages in spite of the fact that Andrew Jackson himself never had any doubt but that he was born in Lancaster District at the home of his Uncle Robert Crawford.
CarlGhent1913added this on 22 Jul 2011
Taken from the Lancaster Genology
Andrew Jackson Sr's Timeline
July 20, 1737
Carrickfergus, Carrickfergus, Antrim, Northern Ireland
Carrickfergus, Northern Ireland, Ireland
March 1, 1767
Waxhaws Region, North Carolina, United States
March 15, 1767
Waxhaw, Lancaster, South Carolina