Kommandant-Generaal Andries Pretorius

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Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Graaff-Reinet, Western District, Eastern Cape, South Africa
Death: Died in Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Place of Burial: Heroes Acre burial, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Immediate Family:

Son of Marthinus Wessel Wessel Pretorius, a1b3c1d5 and Susanna Elizabeth Viljoen, a1b3c4d2e5
Husband of Christina Petronella Pretorius and Petronella Aletta Pretorius
Father of President Marthinus Wessel Pretorius; Johanna Catharina Pretorius; Christiaan Pieter Pretorius, a1b3c1d5e12f3; Andries Pretorius; Susanna Elizabeth Adriana Pretorius and 6 others
Brother of Henning Petrus Nicolaas Petrus Nicolaas Pretorius; Johannes Lodewyk Wynand Pretorius; Hercules Albertus Pretorius, a1b3c1d5e15 and Susanna Elizabeth Adriana Vorster, a1b3c1d5e16
Half brother of Christiaan Hattingh - a1b6c7d1; Johannes Petrus Hattingh, b6c7d2; Anna Catharina Pretorius, b6c7d3; Johannes Dewald Hattingh, b6c7d4; Marthinus Wessel Pretorius b3c1d5e1 and 10 others

Occupation: Kommandant-Generaal, Voortrekkerleier, Farmer, Voortrekker Leader, Commander General
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Kommandant-Generaal Andries Pretorius

Uit Andries Pretorius deur Gustav Preller- Uitgegee deur Colin Pretorius en eGGSA e/winkel. Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus, bestem was om in Piet Retief se plek op te tree, Dingane te verslaan, en die Suid Afrikaanse Republiek vry te maak. Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus, bestem was om in Piet Retief se plek op te tree, Dingane te verslaan, en die Suid Afrikaanse Republiek vry te maak.

Die Generaal het drie broers en éen suster gehad: Johannes Lodewyk, Hercules, Susanna en Henning Petrus Nicolaas. Die jongste broer, Henning, is in 1865, tydens die Basuto-oorlog, met sy drie seuns aan Drakensberg vermoor. Vyf ander kinders van Henning was destyds in Transvaal: Marthinus Wessel (getroud met Debora, 'n dogter van Piet Retief), wat in die Burgeroorlog (1864) te Silkaatsnek geval 't: Hercules Albertus; Henning Petrus Albertus, (in die wandeling bygenaamd, "Karba", lange jare magasynmeester te Pretoria), Johanna en Andries.

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Voortrekker leader left his farm Letskraal, Graaff-Reinet, on 1 OCT 1838 for Natal.

"Parafrase" In die winter van 1845 trou Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus PRETORIUS, die Voortrekker en Kommandant-Generaal van Natal, 1838-1849, se seun Christiaan met sy niggie Johanna Christina VORSTER, en sy dogter Susanna met haar neef Marthinus Wessel VORSTER. Die VORSTERS was PRETORIUS se suster, Susanna Elizabeth Adriana, wat met Jan VORSTER van Graaff-Reinet getroud was se kinders.

Bron: Pretorius in Natal deur B. J. Liebenberg

Added by Y. DROST

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andries_Pretorius

Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (27 November 1798 – 23 July 1853) was a leader of the Boers who was instrumental in the creation of the Transvaal Republic, as well as the earlier but short-lived Natalia Republic, in present-day South Africa.

Early life and education Pretorius was born in 1798, a descendant of one of the earliest Dutch settlers in South Africa. He was educated at home and grew up to become a farmer like his parents in Graaff-Reinet in the Cape Colony.

Career Discontented under British rule, he left his home and joined the Great Trek to the north. By way of the Orange Free State, he crossed the Drakensberg into Natal, arriving in November 1838, when the emigrants were without a recognized leader following the death of Piet Retief and his party in February. They chose Pretorius as commandant-general, and he quickly collected a force to avenge the deaths of Piet Retief and his party, who had been killed by the Zulu king Dingane's forces in February under treacherous circumstances.

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1st Chairman of the United Volksraad

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Born November 27, 1798, Graaff-Reinet, Cape Colony

Died July 23, 1853 (aged 54), Magaliesberg, South African Republic

Birth name: Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius

Children: Marthinus Wessel Pretorius

Military service:

Allegiance: South African Republic, Natalia Republic, Voortrekkers


Years of service 1838-1852

Rank: Commandant-General

Commands: Transvaal and Orange River Commandos

Battles/wars: Battle of Blood River, Battle of Boomplaats

Statue of Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (November 27, 1798 – 23 July 1853) in Pretoria.

On 16 December 1838, Pretorius' force of some 500 men was attacked by over 10,000 Zulus. With superior weaponry, the Dutch beat them off, killing an estimated 3,000 warriors in what became known as the Battle of Blood River.

Afrikaners memorialized the day as "Dingane's Day" until 1910. It was renamed "Day of the Vow" and made a public holiday by the first South African government. After the fall of apartheid in 1994, the new government kept the day as a public holiday as an act of conciliation to Afrikaners, but renamed it "Day of Reconciliation"'.

In January 1840, Pretorius with a commando of 400 burghers, helped Mpande in his revolt against his half-brother Dingane. He was also the leader of the Natal Boers in their opposition to the British. In 1842, Pretorius besieged the small British garrison at Durban, but retreated to Pietermaritzburg on the arrival of reinforcements under Colonel Josias Cloete. Afterward, he exerted his influence with the Boers to reach a peaceful solution with the British, who annexed Natalia.

Remaining in Natal as a British subject, in 1847 Pretorius was chosen by the Boer farmers to present their grievances to the governor of Cape Colony. They were concerned about the continuous migration of natives who were assigned locations to the detriment of Boer land claims. Pretorius went to Grahamstown to seek an audience with the governor, Sir Henry Pottinger, but he refused to see Pretorius or receive any communication from him. Pretorius returned to Natal determined to abandon his farm and move beyond the British dominions.

With a considerable following, he was preparing to cross the Drakensberg when Sir Harry Smith, newly appointed governor of the Cape, reached the emigrants' camp on the Tugela River in January 1848. Smith promised the farmers protection from the natives and persuaded many of the party to remain. Pretorius departed, and, on the proclamation of British sovereignty up to the Vaal River, fixed his residence in the Magaliesberg, north of that river. He was chosen by the burghers living on both banks of the Vaal as their commandant-general. At the request of the Boers at Winburg, Pretorius crossed the Vaal in July and led the anti-British party in their "war of freedom", occupying Bloemfontein on 20 July. In August, he was defeated at Boomplaats by Smith and retreated to the north of the Vaal. He became leader of one of the largest of the parties into which the Transvaal Boers were divided, and commandant-general of Potchefstroom and Rustenburg, his principal rival being Commandant-General A. H. Potgieter.

In 1851, Boer malcontents in the Orange River Sovereignty and the Basotho chief Moshoeshoe I asked Pretorius to come to their aid. He announced his intention of crossing the Vaal to "restore order" in the Sovereignty. His goal was to obtain an acknowledgment of the independence of the Transvaal Boers from the British. Having decided on a policy of abandonment, the British cabinet entertained his proposal. The government withdrew its reward of 2000 pounds, which had been offered for his capture after the Boomplaats battle. Pretorius met the British commissioners near the Sand River. On 17 January 1852 they concluded the convention by which the independence of the Transvaal Boers was recognized by Britain.

Pretorius recrossed the Vaal River, and on 16 March he was reconciled to Potgieter at Rustenburg. The followers of both leaders approved the convention, although the Potgieter party was not represented. In the same year, Pretorius paid a visit to Durban with the object of opening up trade between Natal and the new republic. In 1852, he also attempted to close the road to the interior through Bechuanaland and sent a commando to the western border against Sechele.

Pretorius died at his home at Magaliesberg in July 1853. He is described by Theal as "the ablest leader and most perfect representative of the Emigrant Farmers." In 1855, a new district and a new town were formed out of the Potchefstroom and Rustenburg districts by his son, Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, who named them Pretoria in honour of the late commandant-general. Marthinus Wessel Pretorius was the first president of the Transvaal Republic.

See the wikipedia website for more information.

Y. DROST

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Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (27 November 1798 – 23 July 1853) was a leader of the Boers who was instrumental in the creation of the Transvaal Republic as well as the earlier but short-lived Natalia Republic in present-day South Africa.

Originally a Boer farmer from Graaff-Reinet in the Cape Colony, and a descendant of one of the earliest Dutch settlers in South Africa, he left his home and joined the Great Trek. By way of the Orange Free State, he crossed the Drakensberg into Natal, arriving in November 1838, at a time when the emigrants there were without a recognized leader. Pretorius was at once chosen commandant-general, and he speedily collected a force to avenge the deaths of Piet Retief and his party, who had been killed under orders from the Zulu king Dingane the previous February under treacherous circumstances.

On 16 December 1838, Pretorius' force of some 500 men was attacked by over 10,000 Zulus, who were beaten off with an estimated loss of 3,000 men in what became known as the Battle of Blood River. The day was remembered as Dingane's Day by Afrikaners until 1910, when it was renamed Day of the Vow and recognised as a public holiday by the first South African government. After the fall of Apartheid in 1994, the day was kept as a public holiday as an act of conciliation to Afrikaners, but was renamed Day of Reconciliation. In January 1840, Pretorius, along with a commando of 400 burghers, helped Mpande in his revolt against his half-brother Dingane. He was also the leader of the Natal Boers in their opposition to the British. In 1842, he besieged the small British garrison at Durban, but retreated to Pietermaritzburg on the arrival of reinforcements under Colonel Josias Cloete. Afterwards, he exerted his influence with the Boers in favour of coming to a peaceful solution with the British.

He remained in Natal as a British subject, and in 1847 he was chosen by the Boer farmers there to present their grievances to the governor of Cape Colony. This sprung from the continuous immigration of natives who were assigned locations to the detriment of Boer land claims. Pretorius went to Grahamstown in order to seek an audience with the governor, Sir Henry Pottinger, who refused to see Pretorius or receive any communication from him. Pretorius returned to Natal determined to abandon his farm and once more trek beyond the British dominions.

With a considerable following, he was preparing to cross the Drakensberg when Sir Harry Smith, newly appointed governor of the Cape, reached the emigrants' camp on the Tugela River in January 1848. Smith promised the farmers protection from the natives and persuaded many of the party to remain, but Pretorius departed, and, on the proclamation of British sovereignty up to the Vaal River, fixed his residence in the Magaliesberg, north of that river. He was chosen by the burghers living on both banks of the Vaal as their commandant-general. At the request of the Boers at Winburg, Pretorius crossed the Vaal in July and led the anti-British party in their "war of freedom", occupying Bloemfontein on 20 July. In August, he was defeated at Boomplaats by Smith and retreated to the north of the Vaal, where he became leader of one of the largest of the parties into which the Transvaal Boers were divided, and commandant-general of Potchefstroom and Rustenburg, his principal rival being Commandant-General A. H. Potgieter.

In 1851, he was asked by the Boer malcontents in the Orange River Sovereignty and by the Basotho chief Moshoeshoe I to come to their aid, and he announced his intention of crossing the Vaal to "restore order" in the Sovereignty. His object, however, was rather to obtain an acknowledgment of the independence of the Transvaal Boers from the British. The British cabinet, having decided on a policy of abandonment, entertained the proposal of Pretorius, and the reward of 2000 pounds was withdrawn, which had been offered for his apprehension after the Boomplaats battle. Pretorius met the British commissioners at a farm near the Sand River, and on 17 January 1852 they concluded the convention by which the independence of the Transvaal Boers was recognized by Britain.

Pretorius recrossed the Vaal River, and on 16 March he was reconciled to Potgieter at Rustenburg. The followers of both leaders approved the convention, even though the Potgieter party was not represented. In the same year, Pretorius paid a visit to Durban with the object of opening up trade between Natal and the new republic. In 1852, he also attempted to close the road to the interior through Bechuanaland and sent a commando to the western border against Sechele. During this expedition his men looted David Livingstone's house at Kolobeng and, after attacking the village and dispersing the residents, kidnaped many woman and children and forced them into slavery.

Pretorius died at his home at Magaliesberg in July 1853. He is described by Theal as "the ablest leader and most perfect representative of the Emigrant Farmers." In 1855, a new district and a new town were formed out of the Potchefstroom and Rustenburg districts by his son, Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, and named Pretoria in honour of the late commandant-general. Marthinus Wessel Pretorius was also the first president of the Transvaal Republic.

--------------------

Voortrekker leader after whom Pretoria was named.

Andries Pretorius was born on 27 November 1798 near Graaff-Reinet in the Cape Colony. He was educated by travelling teachers and became an eloquent speaker and writer in his later life.

By 1837 he still lived in Graaff Reinet and owned farms in the district. He became interested in the planning of the Great Trek and even went on a preliminary trip to the interior before he decided to take part in the migration in 1838. He took part in several battles in Natal and bought a farm near Port Natal, or Durban, as it is known today. He only returned to Graaff Reinet to sell his remaining property.

At this time Voortrekker leader Piet Retief and several hundred kinsmen were killed on the orders of Zulu King Dingane following a failed land exchange agreement. Pretorius had advanced to a position of Commandant-General in the Boer army and was asked to lead an expedition against the Zulu leader to avenge the murder of Retief. He accepted and reached the main Voortrekker camp in Natal on 22 November 1838.

On 9 December 1838 the Voortrekkers made a covenant with God to celebrate the day of their triumph over the Zulu every year as a holy day, should they be granted victory. On 16 December led 464 men against Dingane and his warriors near the Ncome River. About 3 500 of the 5 000 Zulu warriors were killed, marking a major blow for Zulu dominance of the region.

The battle location is known as Blood River. Legend has it that the Ncome River turned red with the blood of so many casualties. In keeping with a pre-battle oath, the anniversary of the event was commemorated by Afrikaners as the Day of the Covenant. The Voortrekkers decided to establish a republic on the land Dingane had granted them under the leadership of Pretorius. In 1840 Pretorius joined forces with Dingane's brother, Mpande and defeated Dingane at Magono.

The British had left the area and the Voortrekkers had the independence they had fought for. Within three years the imperial forces returned but Pretorius defeated them. In 1842 Britain annexed Natal, with the Transvaal following in 1848.

In 1847 Pretorius, who had settled near Pietermaritzburg, resigned as leader of the Voortrekkers and became a British subject. He travelled to Grahamstown to discuss the complaints of the Natal Voortrekkers with Sir Henry Pottinger, the British representative in the area. Pottinger refused to see him and enraged Pretorius while causing resentment throughout South Africa. Pottinger's successor, Sir Harry Smith, did meet with Pretorius in 1848, but the discussion was unsatisfactory for both groups.

Smith felt that Natal should remain a British colony while Pretorius supported total independence. The disagreement was so strong that Pretorius and his followers rejected their commitment to Britain. He moved to Rustenburg in the Transvaal and launched a campaign against imperial England. He was declared a rebel with a reward of 2 000 pounds offered for his capture.

At the time there were three factions within the Transvaal Voortrekkers. One group supported Pretorius, while another followed Andries Potgieter with the third in support of the Volksraad. Pretorius felt that these issues could not be resolved unless the Transvaal became an independent republic. He initiated talks with the British government in this regard. He could not join the deputation, as he was still an outlaw. He had been invited by the Voortrekkers to be part of the group in August 1851 and informed the British government of this.

The bounty on his head was reversed and the British crown appointed two commissioners to negotiate a settlement with the Voortrekkers living to the north of the Vaal River. In 1852 he participated in the Sand River Convention, which went ahead without the blessing of the Volksraad. On 17 January 1852 Britain agreed to recognise the independence of the Transvaal.

Pretorius was highly regarded by both the British and local Black leaders and when he died in Magaliesberg on 23 July 1853 many of them visited him to pay their last respects.

Sources:

Potgieter, D.J. (ed)(1978). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Vol.9, Cape Town: Nasou Limited, pp. 333b & 499b.

http://www.southafrica-travel.net/history/eh_blood.htm


-------------------- Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius was born on 27 November 1798 near Graaff-Reinet in the Cape Colony. He was educated by travelling teachers and became an eloquent speaker and writer in his later life.

By 1837 he still lived in Graaff Reinet and owned farms in the district. He became interested in the planning of the Great Trek and even went on a preliminary trip to the interior before he decided to take part in the migration in 1838. He took part in several battles in Natal and bought a farm near Port Natal, or Durban, as it is known today. He only returned to Graaff Reinet to sell his remaining property.

At this time Voortrekker leader Piet Retief and several hundred kinsmen were killed on the orders of Zulu King Dingane following a failed land exchange agreement. Pretorius had advanced to a position of Commandant-General in the Boer army and was asked to lead an expedition against the Zulu leader to avenge the murder of Retief. He accepted and reached the main Voortrekker camp in Natal on 22 November 1838.

On 9 December 1838 the Voortrekkers made a covenant with God to celebrate the day of their triumph over the Zulu every year as a holy day, should they be granted victory. On 16 December led 464 men against Dingane and his warriors near the Ncome River. About 3 500 of the 5 000 Zulu warriors were killed, marking a major blow for Zulu dominance of the region.

The battle location is known as Blood River. Legend has it that the Ncome River turned red with the blood of so many casualties. In keeping with a pre-battle oath, the anniversary of the event was commemorated by Afrikaners as the Day of the Covenant. The Voortrekkers decided to establish a republic on the land Dingane had granted them under the leadership of Pretorius. In 1840 Pretorius joined forces with Dingane's brother, Mpande and defeated Dingane at Magono.

The British had left the area and the Voortrekkers had the independence they had fought for. Within three years the imperial forces returned but Pretorius defeated them. In 1842 Britain annexed Natal, with the Transvaal following in 1848.

In 1847 Pretorius, who had settled near Pietermaritzburg, resigned as leader of the Voortrekkers and became a British subject. He travelled to Grahamstown to discuss the complaints of the Natal Voortrekkers with Sir Henry Pottinger, the British representative in the area. Pottinger refused to see him and enraged Pretorius while causing resentment throughout South Africa. Pottinger's successor, Sir Harry Smith, did meet with Pretorius in 1848, but the discussion was unsatisfactory for both groups.

Smith felt that Natal should remain a British colony while Pretorius supported total independence. The disagreement was so strong that Pretorius and his followers rejected their commitment to Britain. He moved to Rustenburg in the Transvaal and launched a campaign against imperial England. He was declared a rebel with a reward of 2 000 pounds offered for his capture.

At the time there were three factions within the Transvaal Voortrekkers. One group supported Pretorius, while another followed Andries Potgieter with the third in support of the Volksraad. Pretorius felt that these issues could not be resolved unless the Transvaal became an independent republic. He initiated talks with the British government in this regard. He could not join the deputation, as he was still an outlaw. He had been invited by the Voortrekkers to be part of the group in August 1851 and informed the British government of this.

The bounty on his head was reversed and the British crown appointed two commissioners to negotiate a settlement with the Voortrekkers living to the north of the Vaal River. In 1852 he participated in the Sand River Convention, which went ahead without the blessing of the Volksraad. On 17 January 1852 Britain agreed to recognise the independence of the Transvaal.

Pretorius was highly regarded by both the British and local Black leaders and when he died in Magaliesberg on 23 July 1853 many of them visited him to pay their last respects.

References:

Potgieter, D.J. (ed)(1978). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Vol.9, Cape Town: Nasou Limited, pp. 333b & 499b. The Battle of Blood River [Online]. Available at: southafrica-travel.net [Accessed 16 October 2009] -------------------- Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (27 November 1798 – 23 July 1853) was a leader of the Boers who was instrumental in the creation of the Transvaal Republic, as well as the earlier but short-lived Natalia Republic, in present-day South Africa.

Born in 1798 as a descendant of one of the earliest Dutch settlers in South Africa, Pretorius received his education at home and grew up to become a farmer - like his parents - in Graaff-Reinet in the Cape Colony.

Discontented under British rule, he left his home and joined the Great Trek to the north. By way of the Orange Free State, he crossed the Drakensberg into Natal, arriving in November 1838, when the emigrants were without a recognized leader following the death of Piet Retief and his party in February. They chose Pretorius as commandant-general, and he quickly collected a force to avenge the deaths of Piet Retief and his party, who had been killed by the Zulu king Dingane's forces in February under treacherous circumstances.


Statue of Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (November 27, 1798 – 23 July 1853) in PretoriaOn 16 December 1838, Pretorius' force of some 500 men was attacked by over 10,000 Zulus. With superior weaponry, the Dutch beat them off, killing an estimated 3,000 warriors in what became known as the Battle of Blood River.

Afrikaners memorialized the day as "Dingane's Day" until 1910. It was renamed "Day of the Vow" and made a public holiday by the first South African government. After the fall of apartheid in 1994, the new government kept the day as a public holiday as an act of conciliation to Afrikaners, but renamed it "Day of Reconciliation"'.

In January 1840, Pretorius with a commando of 400 burghers, helped Mpande in his revolt against his half-brother Dingane. He was also the leader of the Natal Boers in their opposition to the British. In 1842, Pretorius besieged the small British garrison at Durban, but retreated to Pietermaritzburg on the arrival of reinforcements under Colonel Josias Cloete. Afterward, he exerted his influence with the Boers to reach a peaceful solution with the British, who annexed Natalia.

Remaining in Natal as a British subject, in 1847 Pretorius was chosen by the Boer farmers to present their grievances to the governor of Cape Colony. They were concerned about the continuous migration of natives who were assigned locations to the detriment of Boer land claims. Pretorius went to Grahamstown to seek an audience with the governor, Sir Henry Pottinger, but he refused to see Pretorius or receive any communication from him. Pretorius returned to Natal determined to abandon his farm and move beyond the British dominions.

With a considerable following, he was preparing to cross the Drakensberg when Sir Harry Smith, newly appointed governor of the Cape, reached the emigrants' camp on the Tugela River in January 1848. Smith promised the farmers protection from the natives and persuaded many of the party to remain. Pretorius departed, and, on the proclamation of British sovereignty up to the Vaal River, fixed his residence in the Magaliesberg, north of that river. He was chosen by the burghers living on both banks of the Vaal as their commandant-general. At the request of the Boers at Winburg, Pretorius crossed the Vaal in July and led the anti-British party in their "war of freedom", occupying Bloemfontein on 20 July. In August, he was defeated at Boomplaats by Smith and retreated to the north of the Vaal. He became leader of one of the largest of the parties into which the Transvaal Boers were divided, and commandant-general of Potchefstroom and Rustenburg, his principal rival being Commandant-General A. H. Potgieter.

In 1851, Boer malcontents in the Orange River Sovereignty and the Basotho chief Moshoeshoe I asked Pretorius to come to their aid. He announced his intention of crossing the Vaal to "restore order" in the Sovereignty. His goal was to obtain an acknowledgment of the independence of the Transvaal Boers from the British. Having decided on a policy of abandonment, the British cabinet entertained his proposal. The government withdrew its reward of 2000 pounds, which had been offered for his capture after the Boomplaats battle. Pretorius met the British commissioners near the Sand River. On 17 January 1852 they concluded the convention by which the independence of the Transvaal Boers was recognized by Britain.

Pretorius recrossed the Vaal River, and on 16 March he was reconciled to Potgieter at Rustenburg. The followers of both leaders approved the convention, although the Potgieter party was not represented. In the same year, Pretorius paid a visit to Durban with the object of opening up trade between Natal and the new republic. In 1852, he also attempted to close the road to the interior through Bechuanaland and sent a commando to the western border against Sechele.

Pretorius died at his home at Magaliesberg in July 1853. He is described by Theal as "the ablest leader and most perfect representative of the Emigrant Farmers." In 1855, a new district and a new town were formed out of the Potchefstroom and Rustenburg districts by his son, Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, who named them Pretoria in honour of the late commandant-general. Marthinus Wessel Pretorius was the first president of the Transvaal Republic.

Allegiance

-South African Republic
-Natalia Republic
-Voortrekkers 

Years of service 1838-1852 Rank: Commandant-General Commands Transvaal and Orange River Commandos Battles/wars -Battle of Blood River -Battle of Boomplaats -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Pretorius, Andries WiIhelmus Jacobus, Voortrekker¬leier. 1798: Gebore in Graaff-Reinet op 27 November. 1819: Getroud met Christina de Wit; vestig horn op die plaas Pretoriuskloof naby Graaff-Reinet. 1835: Voer in die Sesde Kafferoorlog 'n Boere¬kommando aan. 1837: Besoek die Voortrekkers in Transvaal en Natal. 1838: Verslaan die magte van Dingaan by Bloed¬rivier op 16 Desember. 1839: Hy onderneem 'n tweede veldtog teen Din¬gaan, verb reek die Zoeloemag en vestig horn op Wel¬verdiend naby Pietermaritzburg. 1842: Verset horn aan die hoof van 'n Boeremag teen die Britse besetting van Port Natal. 1847: Hy besoek luitenant-goewerneur Pottinger op Grahamstad om die nood van Boere in Natal te kIa, maar word 'n onderhoud geweier. 1848: Hy verhuis na Transvaal en vestig horn op die plaas Rust der Ouden aan die Magaliesberg. 1848: Hy word met 'n Boeremag op 29 Augustus by Boomplaats deur sir Harry Smith verslaan. 1852: Sluit die Sandrivier-konvensie op 17 Januarie met die kommissarisse Hogge en Owen, waardeur die onafhanklikheid van Transvaal erken word. 1853: Oorlede op 23 Julie.

Afrikaanse Kinder Ensiklopedie Deel XI 1962

Sincerely,

Hans Peter Silbernagl JUN 2011

-------------------- He is the famous Voortrekker leader, Andries Pretorius.

view all 16

Kommandant-Generaal Andries Pretorius's Timeline

1798
November 27, 1798
Graaff-Reinet, Western District, Eastern Cape, South Africa
1818
November 8, 1818
Age 19
1819
September 17, 1819
Age 20
Graaff-Reinet, Cape, South Africa
1821
1821
Age 22
1823
October 21, 1823
Age 24
Graaff-Reinet, Western District, Eastern Cape, South Africa
1825
December 9, 1825
Age 27
Estcourt, Natal
1827
1827
Age 28
Graaff-Reinet, Cape, South Africa
1833
1833
Age 34
1835
1835
Age 36
1836
September 21, 1836
Age 37