Anna Svídnická (c.1339 - 1362)

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Nicknames: "Anna von Schweidnitz", "Anna świdnicka"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Świdnica, Poland
Death: Died in Praha, Czech Republic
Occupation: česká královna a římská císařovna
Managed by: Noah Tutak
Last Updated:

About Anna Svídnická

Anna świdnickaksiężniczka świdnicka, królowa czeska, królowa rzymska, cesarzowa rzymska z dynastii Piastów. Wikipedia PL

Anna von Schweidnitz - war durch Geburt Herzogin von Schweidnitz-Jauer. Durch ihre Heirat mit Kaiser Karl IV. wurde sie Königin von Böhmen, römisch-deutsche Königin und Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reichs. Sie entstammte dem Adelsgeschlecht der Schlesischen Piasten. Wikipedia DE

Anna Svídnická - byla česká královna a římská královna a římská císařovna, třetí manželka římského císaře a českého krále Karla IV. Lucemburského Wikipedia CS

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Anna of Schweidnitz (Świdnica)[1][2][3][4] (also known as Anne or Anna of Świdnica [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13], Czech: Anna Svídnická, Polish: Anna Świdnicka, German: Anna von Schweidnitz und Jauer) (1339 in Świdnica – July 11, 1362 in Prague) was Queen of Bohemia, German Queen, and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She was the third wife of Emperor Charles IV.

Biography

Anne was the daughter of Duke Henry II of Schweidnitz-Jauer[14] .(Świdnica and Jawor) from the Silesian Piasts - branch of the Piast dynasty. Her mother was presumably Katherine of Hungary, the daughter of Charles I of Hungary. In his autobiography[15] written in Latin, which covers only his youth prior to getting married to Anna, emperor Charles mentions civitatem Swidnitz and dux Swidnicensis, as depicted in the coat of arms room [6] of his Wenzelschloss castle at Lauf an der Pegnitz near Nuremberg.

Anne's father died when she was four years old, and her childless uncle, Bolko II, Duke of Schweidnitz-Jauer, became her guardian. She was brought up and educated by her mother at Visegrád in Hungary. At the age of 11, Anne had been promised to Wenceslaus, newborn son and successor to Charles IV. After the infant Wenceslaus and his mother Anna of the Palatinate died, the now-widowed Emperor asked to marry Anne himself. The planned marriage was part of the strategies devised by Charles and his now-deceased father John to gain control of the Piast Duchies of Silesia as vedlejší země ("neighboring countries") for the Kingdom of Bohemia. Anne's uncle, Louis of Hungary and future King of Poland, was able to assist her by renouncing rights to Schweidnitz in favor of the House of Luxemburg.

At the instigation of archbishop Arnošt of Pardubice, Pope Innocent VI issued a dispensation for the marriage, which was required because of the degree of relationship between the bride and groom. The two were married on 27 May 1353 when Anne was 14; her new husband was 37. Beside these two, and Anne's guardian Bolko II, the wedding was attended by: Duke Albert II of Austria, King Louis of Hungary, Margrave Louis of Brandenburg, Duke Rudolf of Saxony, an envoy of King Casimir III of Poland, and an envoy of the Republic of Venice.

On 28 July 1353, Anna was crowned Queen of Bohemia in Prague by Archbishop Ernst of Pardubitz. On 9 February 1354, in Aachen, she was crowned German queen. As part of the coronation of Charles as Holy Roman Emperor on 5 April 1355, in the Roman Basilica of Saint Peter, Anne was crowned Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She was thereby the first Queen of Bohemia to become Empress.

In 1358, Anne bore a daughter, Elisabeth, who was named after Elisabeth I of Bohemia. In February 1361 she became mother of the desired successor to the throne, Wenceslaus, who was born in Nuremberg, and baptized on 11 April in the Sebalduskirche by the Archbishops of Prague, Cologne, and Mainz. She did not live to see the coronation of the two-year old Wenceslaus, however. At the age of only 23 years, she died on 11 July 1362, in childbirth. She is buried in St. Vitus Cathedral. The emperor married Elisabeth of Pomerania one year later. The Duchies of Schweidnitz and Jauer passed to Bohemia after Bolko's death in 1368.

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Anna Svídnická's Timeline

1339
1339
Świdnica, Poland
1353
June, 1353
Age 14
Hungary
1358
1358
Age 19
Praha
1361
February 26, 1361
Age 22
Nürnberg, Bayern, Deutschland (HRR)
1362
July 11, 1362
Age 23
Praha, Czech Republic
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