Anne Gilbert (Aucher (or AGER)) (c.1547 - c.1631)

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Birthplace: Ollerden, Kent, England
Death: Died in Compton, Devon, England
Managed by: Dominic Petrie
Last Updated:

About Anne Gilbert (Aucher (or AGER))

  • The visitation of Kent : taken in the years 1619-1621 by John Philipot, Rouge Dragon, Marshal and Deputy to William Camden, Clarenceux (1898)
  • https://archive.org/details/visitationofkent00camd
  • https://archive.org/stream/visitationofkent00camd#page/180/mode/1up
  • Pg.180
    • Aucher. Pg.180-181
  • Nicholaus fil. Aucheri D'nus de Lossenham & de Terris co' Essex. = . . . . vx' eius filia .... Oxenbridge de Bread in co' Sussex.; ch: Hen: (m. _ Diggs).
  • Hen; fil. Aucheri solvit auxilium ad faciend. Ed'r'us fil. p'mogent' E. 3 Milit. = . . . . vx' eius fillia Joh'is Diggs de Berham in co' Cantij Ar.; ch: (Pg.181 Hen: (m. Isabella Towne & Maria St Leger).
  • https://archive.org/stream/visitationofkent00camd#page/181/mode/1up
  • Pg.181
  • Hen: Aucher de Ottringden co' Cant. bis nupt. erat. = Isabella filia . . . . Towne de Throwley co' Cant. vx' p'ma.1 ch: Thomas, Robert Aucher.; = Maria filia et haeres Thomae St Leger de Ottringden sepult. p'pe Sum. Altare Ibidem.; ch: Hen: (m. Alicia Boleyn)
  • Hen: Aucher de Ottringden. = Alicia filia . . . . Boleyn.; ch: Joh'es (m. Alicia Church), Henricus Aucher.
  • Joh'es Aucher de Ottringden Ar. = Alicia fila . . . . Church.; ch: Marmaducus, Jacobus (m. Alicia Hill), Jana (m. Tho; Corbett), Eliza (m. Tho. Barham) Aucher
  • Jacobus Aucher de Ottringden. = Alicia filia Tho; Hill renupta Jacobo Hardres.; ch: Antho; (m. Affra Cornwallis) Aucher
  • Antho: Aucher de Ottringden Miles = Affra filia Will'mi Cornwallis de co' Norff.; ch: Susanna, Edwardus (m. Mabilla Wrothe), Thomas, Will'mus (m. Alicia Monins), Johannes (m. Anna Kelway) Aucher.
  • Johannes Aucher fil. p'mus. = Anna filia Will'mi Kelway) Militus.; ch: Anne (m. Humfrido Gilbert) Aucher.
  • Anna vnica filia et haeres desponsata Humfrido Gilbert Militus Egregiae.; ch: Johannes, Otho Gilbert.
  • __________________________
  • A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies of England, by J. and ... (1838)
  • http://archive.org/details/agenealogicalan02burkgoog
  • http://archive.org/stream/agenealogicalan02burkgoog#page/n43/mode/1up
  • Pg. 27
    • Aucher, of Bishopsbourne
  • http://archive.org/stream/agenealogicalan02burkgoog#page/n44/mode/1up
  • Pg. 28
  • Sir Anthony Aucher, knt. of Otterden, who acquired from Thomas Colepeper, temp. Henry VIII. the manors of Bishopsborne and Hautsborne, in Kent. He wedded Affra, daughter of William Cornwallis, of Norfolk, and had issue,
    • I. John, of Otterden, m. Ann, daughter of Sir William Kellaway, knt. and left an only daughter and heiress.
      • Joan, m. temp. Queen Elizabeth, to Sir Humphrey Gilbert, knt. by whom the manor of Otterden was sold to William Lewin, LL.D.
    • .... etc.
  • ____________________________
  • 'Aucher1'
  • Families covered: Aucher of Bishopsbourne (Bourne), Aucher of Losenham, Aucher of Otterden
  • BEB1841 reports that "The family of Aucher, eminent in ancient times in the counties of Essex, Kent, Sussex, and Nottingham, "derived" (we quote Hasted) from Ealcher or Aucher, the first Earl of Kent".
  • Thomas Aucher of Losenham, Kent
    • 1. Nicholas Aucher of Losenham (a temp Edward II who r. 1307-1327)
    • m. _ Oxenbridge of Bread
    • Visitation (Kent, 1619) starts with this Nicholas and shows him as father of the Henry who m. Elizabeth Diggs. However, BEB1841 says it was Nicholas's elder son (unnamed) who was Henry's father.
      • A. ?? Aucher
        • i. Henry Aucher of Losenham
        • m. Elizabeth Diggs (dau of John Diggs of Barham)
          • a. Henry Aucher of Losenham
          • m1. Isabella At Towne of Throwleigh
            • (1) Thomas Aucher of Losenham
              • (A) Henry Aucher of Losenham
              • m. Elizabeth Guldeford (dau of Sir John Guldeford of Halden)
                • (i) Anne Aucher (a temp Henry VII who r. 1485-1509)
                • m. Walter Colepeper (son of Sir John by Agnes Bedgebery)
            • (2) Robert Aucher ancestor of Auchers of Westwell
              • (A)+ issue - Henry, James
          • m2. Joan or Juliana (probably not Mary) St. Leger (dau/heir of Thomas St. Leger of Otterden, son of Sir Ralph of Ulcomb)
            • (3) Henry Aucher of Otterden, Kent (a 1431)
            • m. Alicia Boleyn
              • (A) John Aucher of Otterden (d 23.04.1503)
              • m. Alice Church
                • (i) Jacob (James) Aucher of Otterden (d 06.01.1508) - continued below
                • m. Alice Hills (dau of Thomas Hills of Eggarton)
                • (ii) William Aucher (dsp)
                • (iii) Marmaduke Aucher
                • m. Alice Gilbole (dau of John Gilbole)
                • (iv) Elizabeth Aucher
                • m. Thomas Berham or Barham of Sisinghurst
                • (v) Jane Aucher
                • m. Thomas Corbet
                  • (a)+ issue - John, Richard, Mathew, Thomas, Isabell
              • (B) Henry Aucher
      • B. William Aucher
        • i. Christina Aucher
        • m. Arnald de Alkham
  • Jacob (James) Aucher of Otterden (d 06.01.1508) - continued above
  • m. Alice Hills (dau of Thomas Hills of Eggarton, m2. James Hardres of Hardres)
    • 1. Sir Anthony Aucher of Otterden, Bishopsbourne & Hautsborne (d 1557)
    • m. Affra Cornwallis (d 1557, dau of William Cornwallis of Norfolk)
      • A. John Aucher of Otterden
      • m. Ann Kellaway (dau of Sir William Kellaway)
        • i. Joan Aucher
        • m. Sir Humphrey Gilbert
          • a.+ issue - John, Otho
      • B. Edward Aucher of Bishopsbourne
      • m. Mabel Wrothe (dau of Sir Thomas (sb Robert?) Wrothe)
        • i. Anthony Aucher of Bishopsbourne or Bourne
        • m1. (sp) _ Berham (Dau of Robert Berham)
        • m2. Margaret Sandys (dau of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York)
          • a. Sir Anthony Aucher of Bourne, Sheriff of Kent (d 07.1637)
          • m. Hester Collet (dau/coheir of Peter Collet of London)
            • (1) Sir Anthony Aucher, 1st Bart of Bourne (b c1614, d 05.1692)
            • m1. Elizabeth Hatton (d 1648, dau of Robert Hatton)
              • (A)+ issue (dvp)
            • m2. Elzabeth Hewitt (dau of Sir Thomas Hewitt)
              • (B) Sir Anthony Aucher, 2nd Bart of of Bourne (d 1694)
              • (C) Sir Hewitt Aucher, 3rd Bart of of Bourne (d um 1726)
              • (D) Elizabeth Aucher
              • m. John Corbett 'of Bourn Place'
                • (i) Catharine Corbett
                • m. Stephen Beckingham
                  • (a) Rev. John Charles Beckingham of Bishopsbourne
                    • ((1)) Louisa Beckingham
                    • m. (1802) Edward Taylor of Bifrons
                • (ii) Elizabeth Corbett (dsp)
                • m. Thomas Dinward
                • (iii) Frances Corbett
                • m. Sir William Hardres, Bart of Hardres (dsp 31.08.1764)
                • (iv) Antonina Corbett
                • m. Ignatius Geoghegan
                • (v) Margaret Hannah Corbett
                • m. William Hougham of Barton Court
                  • (a) William Hougham of Barton Court (dsp 1828)
                  • (b Catharine Hougham
                  • m. Rev. Richard Sandys
              • (E) Hester Aucher
              • m. Ralph Blomer (prebendary of Canterbury)
                • (i) Anne Blomer
                • m. James Teale
                  • (a) Isaac M. Teale
                  • (b) Mary Teale
                  • m. Sir Charles Shipley (Major General)
                • (ii)+ other issue
            • (2) Hester Aucher
            • m. Edmond Bowyer (son of Benjamin of Camberwell)
          • b. Edwin Aucher of Willesborough
          • m. Mary Gibbon (d 1679, dau of John Gibbon of Bourne)
            • (1)+ issue (a 1619) - Anthony, Margaret, Hester, Elizabeth
            • (5)+ other issue including John (d 1701, prebendary of Canterbury)
          • c. Elizabeth Aucher
          • m1. Sir William Hammond of St. Albans Court (d 1615)
          • m2. (1624) Walter Balcanqual (Dean of ROchester)
          • d. Margaret Aucher
          • m. Sir Roger James
          • e. Hester Aucher probably of this generation
          • m. Richard Sandys of Downe Hall (Colonel)
        • ii. Elizabeth Aucher
        • m. Sir William Lovelace of Bethersden (d 1629)
      • C. William Aucher of Nonnington (dsp, 4th son)
      • m. Alice Monins (dau of Edward Monins or Monninges)
      • D.+ other issue - Thomas (dsp), Susannah
    • 2. Susan Aucher
    • m. James Aucher
  • Main source(s): BEB1841 (Aucher of Bishopsbourne) with some support from Visitation (Kent, 1574 & 1619, Aucher)
  • From: Stirnet.com
  • http://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/aa/aucher1.php
  • ______________________________
  • Sir Humphrey Gilbert (c. 1539 – 9 September 1583)[2] of Devon in England was a half-brother (through his mother) of Sir Walter Raleigh.[2] Adventurer, explorer, member of parliament, and soldier, he served during the reign of Queen Elizabeth[2] and was a pioneer of the English colonial empire in North America and the Plantations of Ireland.
  • Gilbert was the fifth son born to Otho Gilbert of Compton and Greenway, also Galmpton, and Devon, by his marriage to Katherine Champernowne. His brothers Sir John Gilbert and Adrian Gilbert, and his half-brothers Carew Raleigh and Sir Walter Raleigh, were also prominent during the reigns of Queen Elizabeth I and King James. Katherine was a niece of Kat Ashley, Elizabeth's governess, who introduced her young kinsmen to the court. Gilbert's uncle, Sir Arthur Champernowne, involved him in efforts to establish plantations in Ireland between 1566 and 1572.[3] Sir Henry Sidney became Gilbert's mentor, and he was educated at Eton and the University of Oxford, where he learned to speak French and Spanish and studied the arts of war and navigation. He went on to reside at the Inns of Chancery in London in about 1560–1561. .... etc.
  • In 1570 Gilbert returned to England, where he married Anne Aucher, who bore him six sons and one daughter. In 1571 he was elected to parliament as a member for Plymouth and in 1572 for Queenborough and controversially argued for the crown prerogative in the matter of royal licenses for purveyance. In business affairs, he involved himself in an alchemical project with Smith, whereby iron was to be transmuted into copper and antimony, and lead into mercury. .... etc.
  • Gilbert was father to Ralegh Gilbert, who was to become second in command of Popham Colony. One of his later relatives was the architect C. P. H. Gilbert. .... etc.
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_Gilbert
  • __________________________
  • GILBERT, Sir Humphrey (c.1537-83), of Compton, Devon.
  • b. c.1537, 2nd s. of Otho or Otes Gilbert (d.1547), of Compton and Greenway by Katherine, da. of Sir Philip Champernown of Modbury; bro. of Adrian Gilbert and half-bro. of Carew and Walter Ralegh. educ. Eton and Oxf. m. Anne, da. and h. of John Archer, Ager or Aucher of Otterden, Kent, issue. Kntd. 1570.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/gilbert-sir-humphrey-1537-83
  • _________________________
  • Sir Humphrey GILBERT
  • Born: ABT 1539, Greenway, Brixham
  • Died: 9 Sep 1583, at Sea
  • Father: Otto GILBERT of Compton Castle
  • Mother: Catherine CHAMPERNOWNE
  • Married: Anne AUCKER 1570
  • Children:
    • 1. John GILBERT
    • 2. Raleigh GILBERT
  • Second son of Otto Gilbert, (BEF 5 Aug 1513-18 Feb 1546/1547) (son of Thomas Gilbert and Isabel Reynward), and Catherine Champernowne. Compton Castle, the family seat, was then held by Otto's elder brother John; thus it was at Greenway on the River Dart, that John, Humphrey, Adrian and Elizabeth Gilbert were born. All four children were minors when their father died in 1547. Their mother then married Walter Raleigh the elder, and bore two more sons and one daughter, Walter, Carew, and Margaret Raleigh.
  • Educated at Eton and at Oxford, Gilbert had a very tedious education - so much so that it later inspired him to write a paper on the reform of education. He was taught to believe in the ideals of old-fashioned, heroic chivalry. This was to frame his future ambitions and ultimately lead to his death.
  • Catherine Ashley, a kinswoman, introduced Gilbert, as a page, to the court of the young Princess Elizabeth, whom he served faithfully for the rest of his life.
  • In 1562/3, he served under the Earl of Warwick at Le Havre and was wounded during the siege. Three years later, Gilbert was sent to Ireland to quell a rebellion. He was ruthless and thorough. Over the next three years he efficiently subdued the rebels. This brought him promotion and a knighthood, but he found the duty distasteful, expensive and unproductive. Several times he left, but was always sent back because of his success. He realised that harsh subjugation of the Irish was not the way to establish a permanent peace. To his credit, he attempted to peacefully settle Ireland, convinced that English colonisation would be beneficial to both nations. His plans failed, but his dreams of colonisation persisted.
  • Early interested in exploration, in 1566 he prepared A Discourcs of a Discoveries for a new Passage to Cataia, China, in which he urged the Queen to seek a Northwest Passage to China because the known routes were controlled by the Spanish and the Portuguese. Both Martin Frobisher and John Davys were inspired by this work. Gilbert invested in Frobisher's 1576 voyage and Davys named Gilbert Sound, near Greenland, in his honor.
  • Gilbert also served in Munster, Ireland, where in 1570 he was knighted by the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney. In 1571 he was elected to represent Plymouth in Parliament. In 1573 he presented the Queen with a plan for Queen Elizabeth's Academy, which was to be a university in London to train the nobility and the gentry for the army and the navy. It was to be several centuries before there would be either a university in London or schools for military training. In 1578, at the age of 40, he received Letters Patent authorizing the planting of an English colony in America. Gilbert's venture sought to mobilize younger sons of the gentry and landed-class Catholics to establish estates in the new world, and a handful of courtiers and nobles, notably the Queen's secretary Sir Francis Walsingham and the Earl of Sussex, along with a number of landed-class stockholders and the gentry who actually went to settle, provided most of the financial support for it. Sir Humphrey was to sail as Admiral in the Anne Archer, while Raleigh captained the Falcon with Simon Fernandez as master. He assembled a large fleet which sailed from Dartmouth on 26 Sep 1578; however, storms forced the ships to seek refuge in Plymouth until Nov 19. Although this attempt failed, it got his brothers Walter and Carew Raleigh involved in American Exploration. Yet it was not until 1583 that he made a second attempt, sailing from Plymouth on Jun 11. One ship, Barke Raleigh, turned back immediately because of illness, but Gilbert and the other ships arrived at St. John's, Newfoundland, on Aug 3 and took possession two days later. Because it was small and could explore harbors and creeks, Gilbert now sailed on Squirrel, a ship of 10 tuns, rather than Delight, his 120 tun flagship. On Aug 29 the latter ship wrecked with the loss of 100 lives and many of Gilbert's records. On the return voyage to England to record his claim Gilbert remained aboard Squirrel rather than transferring to the larger Golden Hinde as urged by his men. On Monday, Sep 9, he was observed on deck reading a book. As the ships drew near he was heard to say, "We are as near to heaven by sea as by land". Later that evening the small ship disappeared, swallowed up by the sea.
  • Married in 1570 to Anne Aucker, whose father and grandfather had fought in the final defense of Calais, Gilbert was the father of two sons - John and Raleigh - who with his brothers Adrian Gilbert and Walter Raleigh continued the family involvement in the exploration and colonization of the New World. On 6 Feb 1584, Adrian Gilbert obtained Letters Patent to continue the search for the Northwest Passage. And on Mar 25, 1584, Walter Raleigh obtained a Royal Patent to explore and colonize farther South. His expeditions to what is now North Carolina between 1584 and 1587 are known as the Roanoke Voyages.
  • Sir Humphrey's older brother, Sir John Gilbert, inherited Compton Castle from their father. when he died without issue he left the property to Sir Humphrey's older son, also Sir John Gilbert. The younger Sir John accompanied Raleigh on his voyages to Guiana in 1595 and Cadiz in 1596. In the latter expedition he was knighted by the Earl of Essex. Married to Alice Molyneux, he died without issue in 1608, leaving Compton Castle to his brother Raleigh Gilbert.
  • Raleigh Gilbert continued the colonizing efforts of the family and in 1606 was one of eight grantees who received Letters Patent from King James I. This grant provided for two colonies, the London Colony and the Plymouth Colony. Under Captain Christopher Newport, the London Colony sailed from London in Dec 1606 and reached the Chesapeake Bay on May 13, 1607. There they founded Jamestown, the first permanent English colony in the New World. Led by Raleigh Gilbert and George Popham, the Plymouth colony sailed from Plymouth on May 31, 1607 and arrived in what is now the state of Maine on Aug 1, 1607. There they built the Fort of St. George on the Sagadahoc River (now the Kennebec River). The ensuing winter was severe and many of the colonists died. When spring came Raleigh Gilbert learned of the death of his older brother, his inheritance of Compton Castle and the necessity of returning to England to claim his estate. The colony went with him. Later Sir Ferdinand Gorges made a second unsuccessful attempt to colonize the same area. And in 1621 Raleigh Gilbert was a member of the Council of England for the Plymouth colony. He died in 1634.
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/HumphreyGilbert(Sir).htm
  • _____________________________
  • Thomas St. Leger ....
  • He left one daughter and heir Joane, and his widow Juliana, surviving, who died possessed of this manor in the 5th year of Henry V. on which, Joan their daughter, then the wife of Henry Aucher, esq. of Losenham, in Newenden, entitled her husband to the possession of it. He was son of Henry, the eldest son of Nicholas Aucher, of Losenham, and married first Isabella At-Towne, of Throwleigh, by whom he had two sons, Thomas, of Losenham, and Robert, ancestor to the Auchers of Westwell. His second wife was Joan, daughter and heir of Thomas St. Leger, as above-mentioned, by whom he had an only son Henry, who succeeded to this manor of Otterden, and resided here. This branch of the family of Aucher bore for their arms four coats quarterly; first, Aucher, ermine, on a chief, azure, three lions rampant, or; second, St. Leger, fretty, azure and argent, on a chief, or, two mullets, gules; third, Potyn, or Petevin, argent, semee of fleurs de lis, azure; fourth, Ottringden, ermine, a cross voided, gules. He died in 1502, and was buried in the north chapel of this church. His son, James Aucher, died in 1508, and lies buried at his father's seet. On his grave-stone was his effigies in brass, and at the upper corner of the stone, two shields of arms, one of the coat of Aucher; the other two coats, per fess, the upper one, Otterden; the lower one, St. Leger; at the lower part of the stone, in the centre, was the first of those shields impaling the second. His eldest son, Sir Anthony Aucher, married Affra, daughter of William Cornwallis, by whom he left three sons, John, who was of Otterden, Edward, who was of Bishopsbourne, whose descendants were baronets, and remained there till within these few years, and William, who was afterwards of Nonington.
  • John Aucher, esq. of Otterden-place, the eldest son, left an only daughter and heir Joan, who in the reign of queen Elizabeth marrying with Sir Humphry Gilbert, entitled him to this manor and seat. He bore for his arms, Argent, on a chevron, sable, threeroses of the second, pierced, or.
  • From: 'Parishes: Otterden', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 533-549. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62930 Date accessed: 21 April 2013.
  • _________________________
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Anne Aucher (or AGER)'s Timeline

1547
1547
Ollerden, Kent, England
1563
1563
Age 16
Torquay, Devon, UK
1566
1566
Age 19
1571
1571
Age 24
1573
1573
Age 26
1573
Age 26
Compton, Devon, UK
1575
1575
Age 28
Compton, Devon, England, United Kingdom
1577
1577
Age 30
Compton, Devon, England
1631
May 11, 1631
Age 84
1631
Age 84
Compton, Devon, England