Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter

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Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter

Also Known As: "Anne Plantagenet", "anne of york", "Anne of York", "Duchess of Exeter"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Fotheringhay, Northhampton, England
Death: Died in Rutger Chapel, St Georges, Windsor Castle, England
Place of Burial: St George Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York; Richard Plantagenet; Cecily Neville, Duchess of York and Lady Cecily Neville
Wife of Sir Thomas St. Leger, Kt.
Ex-wife of Henry de Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter
Mother of Lady Anne Grey (de Holland); Anne Manners and Sir Anthony St. Leger, Lord Deputy of Ireland
Sister of Joan Plantagenet of York, Duchess; Henry Plantagenet of York, Duke; Edward IV of England; Edmund Plantagenet of York, Earl of Rutland; Elizabeth of York, Duchess of Suffolk and 9 others
Half sister of Mary Plantagenet

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter

"Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter (10 August 1439 – 14 January 1476) was the second child and eldest surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville.

She was an older sister of Edward IV of England; Edmund, Earl of Rutland; Elizabeth of York, Duchess of Suffolk; Margaret, Duchess of Burgundy; George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence; and Richard III of England."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_of_York,_Duchess_of_Exeter

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=99564988

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1983

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I8323&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I10166&tree=Nixon

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10164.htm#i101638

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Citations / Sources

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 134. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 97.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 5 p. 213, 213 fn. (a), 215 fn. (b), 215-216 fn. (c).

[S15] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 2 p. 107.

[S383] #248 A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Enjoying Territorial Possessions or High Official Rank; but Uninvested with Heritable Honors (1834-1838), Burke, John, (4 volumes. London: Published for Henry Colburn, by R. Bentley, 1834-1838), FHL book 942 D2bc., vol. 4 p. 183.

[S19] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 201.

[S102] #1853 [1439-1509] History of Parliament 1439-1509 (1936-), Wedgwood, Josiah Clement, (The History of Parliament [Series]. London: H.M.S.O., c1936-), FHL book 942 D3hp., vol. 1 p. 736.

[S163] #3509 The Visitations of Kent, Taken in the Years 1530-1 by Thomas Benolte, and 1574 by Robert Cooke (1923), Bannerman, William Bruce, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volumes 74-75. 2 volumes. London: [Harleian Society], 1923), FHL book 942 B4h volumes 74-75; FHL microfilm 162,., vol. 75 p. 69.

[S31] #244 The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (1822-1841), Baker, George, (2 volumes. London: J. B. Nichols and Son, 1822-1841), FHL book Q 942.55 H2bal; FHL microfilm 962,237 ite., vol. 1 p. 269.

[S142] #653 The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Herald's Visitations of 1531, 1564, & 1620 (1895), Vivian, J. L. (John Lambrick), (Exeter: For the author by H.S. Eland, [1895]), FHL book 942.35 D23v; FHL microfilm 873,760., vol. 6 p. 347.

[S694] #1001 The Victoria History of the Counties of England Hertfordshire, Page, William, (4 volumes. London 1971.), FHL book Q 942 H2vher., vol. 2 p. 201.

[S34] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S3] Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families, Cawley, Charles, (http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands), England, Earls - creations 1067-1122 [accessed 28 Jun 2006].

[S3] Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families, Cawley, Charles, (http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands), England, Kings 1066-1603 [accessed 28 Jun 2006].

[S21] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 3 p. 679.

[S547] #642 The History and Antiquities of the Hundred of Willey, in the County of Bedford (1872-1878), Harvey, William Marsh, (London: Nichols and Sons, 1872-1878), FHL book 942.565 H2h; FHL microfilm 908,369 item 1., Table of Consanguinity.

[S21] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 2 p. 523, vol. 3 p. 679.

[S1904] Patronage, pedigree and power : in Medieval England, Ross, Charles, (Gloucester : A. Sutton, 1979 Totowa, New Jersey : Rowman & Littlefield), 942 H2pat., p. 19.

[S102] #1853 [1439-1509] History of Parliament 1439-1509 (1936-), Wedgwood, Josiah Clement, (The History of Parliament [Series]. London: H.M.S.O., c1936-), FHL book 942 D3hp., vol. 1 p. 735-736.

[S1914] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 2 p. 136-137.

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  1. The history and antiquities of the seigniory of Holderness, in the East-Riding of the county of York: including the abbies of Meaux and Swine, wwith the priories of Nunkeeling and Burstall (Google eBook) George Poulson, William Dade. R. Brown, 1841 - Holderness (England). Page 90

-------------------- Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter (10 August 1439 – 14 January 1476) was the first child and eldest surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville. She was thus an elder sister of Kings Edward IV (1461-1483) and Richard III (1483-1485); and of Edmund, Earl of Rutland, Elizabeth of York, Duchess of Suffolk, Margaret, Duchess of Burgundy and of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence.

Marriages and issue

Anne married twice and divorced her first husband:

First marriage

In 1447 aged eight years old, Anne was married to Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter (1430-1475). During the Wars of the Roses Exeter sided with the House of Lancaster against his wife's family the House of York. Exeter was a commander at the great Lancastrian victories at the Battle of Wakefield and Second Battle of St Albans. He was also a commander at the Lancastrian defeat at the Battle of Towton. He fled to the Kingdom of Scotland after the battle, and then joined Margaret of Anjou in her exile in France, queen consort of the Lancastrian King Henry VI. On 4 March 1461 Anne's younger brother Edward, Duke of York, was declared in London as King Edward IV. Exeter was attainted but the new king gave his estates to Anne, with remainder to their daughter Anne Holland. Anne and Exeter separated in 1464 and divorced in 1472. During the Readeption of Henry VI, Anne remained loyal to her brother Edward, and, in what seems to have been her only intervention in politics, worked hard to persuade her brother George, Duke of Clarence, to abandon the Lancastrian cause. If not decisive, her arguments certainly had some effect and thus she played some part in Edward's restoration.

Progeny of 1st marriage

By the Duke of Exeter Anne had one daughter, Anne Holland (c. 1455 – between 26 August 1467 and 6 June 1474), who [1] was married in October 1466[1] at Greenwich Palace to Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, son of Edward IV's queen Elizabeth Woodville by her first husband. Lady Dorset died sometime between 26 August 1467 and 6 June 1474 without progeny. Grey subsequently married Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington, another rich young heiress, by whom he had issue. Second marriage

Anne married secondly in about 1474 to Thomas St. Leger (c.1440-1483), a loyal follower of his brother-in-law King Edward IV (1461-1483). He took part in the Duke of Buckingham's attempted rebellion against King Edward's younger brother and eventual successor King Richard III (1483-1485), on the failure of which he was executed in 1483. King Edward IV had however in 1467 extended the remainder of most of the former Duke of Exeter's lands to his sister Anne and to any heirs of her body. Thus, if she remarried any future children could inherit them.

Progeny of 2nd marriage

Anne died giving birth to her only daughter by Thomas, Anne St. Leger (14 January 1476 – 21 April 1526), who due to the special remainder was heiress to the estates of her mother's first husband Henry Holland.[4] She married George Manners, 11th Baron de Ros, and was mother of the royal favourite Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland.

Death & burial

Anne died and was buried on 1 February 1476 in the St Ledger Chantry, forming the northern transept of St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, founded in 1481 by her husband,[7] "with two priests singing forevermore". It was later named the Rutland Chantry in honour of her son-in-law George Manners, 11th Baron de Ros (whose effigy, with that of his wife Anne St Ledger, is situated in the chantry), father of Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland. A Monumental brass in memory of Anne of York and her husband Sir Thomas St Ledger survives on the east wall of the St Ledger Chantry inscribed as follows:

"Wythin thys Chappell lyethe beryed Anne Duchess of Exetur suster unto the noble kyng Edward the forte. And also the body of syr Thomas Sellynger knyght her husband which hathe funde within thys College a Chauntre with too prestys sy’gyng for ev’more. On whose soule god have mercy. The wych Anne duchess dyed in the yere of oure lorde M Thowsande CCCCl xxv"

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Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter's Timeline

1439
August 10, 1439
Fotheringhay, Northhampton, England
1455
1455
Age 15
1459
July 30, 1459
Age 19
1472
November 12, 1472
Age 33
1472
Age 32
England
1476
January 14, 1476
Age 36
Ulcombe, Kent, England
January 14, 1476
Age 36
Rutger Chapel, St Georges, Windsor Castle, England
February 1, 1476
Age 36
St George Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England
1496
1496
Age 36
Ulcombe, Kent, England