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Annis Stockton (Boudinot)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Philadelphia, PA, USA
Death: Died in Fieldsboro, Burlington Co, NJ, USA
Place of Burial: Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA, USA
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Elias Boudinot, III and Catherine Boudinot
Wife of Richard Stockton, Signer of "The Declaration of Independence"
Mother of Julia Stockton; Mary Stockton; Richard Stockton, U.S. Senator; Lucius Horatio Stockton; Abigail Field and 7 others
Sister of John Boudinot; Elias Boudinot, 10th Pres. of the Cont. Congress; Mary Hatfield and Elisha Boudinot

Occupation: Poet, Entertained George & Martha Washington at home
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Annis Stockton

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annis_Boudinot_Stockton

Annis Boudinot Stockton (July 1, 1736 – February 6, 1801) was an American poet.

Stockton was born in Darby, Pennsylvania, to Elias Boudinot, merchant and silversmith, and Catherine Williams. Annis was also known as the Duchess of Morven—their estate in Princeton, New Jersey was named Morven, after the legendary Scottish King Fingal's home. She was the wife of Declaration of Independence signer Richard Stockton, but she was also one of America's first female published poets and the author of over 120 works. In 1995 her poems were collected and published in Only for the Eye of a Friend: The Poems of Annis Boudinot Stockton, by Carla Mulford.

She was a patriot in her own right and was the only woman made an honorary member of the American Whig Society for her service during the revolutionary war. She wrote both poems and letters to George Washington; a reply may be seen at The Papers of George Washington.

Her brother was Elias Boudinot, a statesman from New Jersey. Elias was married to Richard Stockton's sister Hannah. Elias Boudinot was President of the Continental Congress in 1782-1783 and a signer of the Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War

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Richard Stockton, eldest son of John and Abigail (Phillips) Stockton, known as "The Signer" because he was a member of the Continental Congress and one of the 56 Signers of the Declaration of Independence, was a graduate of the first class of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in the Class of 1748. He was admitted to the Bar in 1754 and soon acquired a reputation as a great lawyer. He was Judge of the Supreme Court and a member of the King's Council for New Jersey, before the Revolution in 1776. After twelve years of active practice in Princeton, he visited England in 1766-7 where he stayed for sixteen months. While in Scotland, he and his wife, Annis Boudinot Stockton, prevailed upon Dr. John Witherspoon and his wife to accept an offer of the Presidency of Princeton College, for which, and other services to the college, he received the formal thanks of the trustees upon his return. In company with Dr. Franklin, he consulted with the merchants of London on the subject of paper currency and the act of Parliament prohibiting its issue.

The tension between the Colonies and the mother country caused him much concern, as shown in his letters and published writings. When the rupture drew near, he espoused the cause of the Colonies, at considerable sacrifice to himself, and separated himself from the Royal Council, all but two of whom were Loyalists or neutral, and to whom, as individuals, he was warmly attached. In 1774 he sent Lord Dartmouth "an expedient for the Settlement of the American Disputes", in which he proposed a plan of self-government for the Colonies; and exerted a prudent opposition to the British measures, until actual bloodshed began. (Sanderson's "Biographies of the Signers" has much to say about Richard Stockton's struggles with his conscience, and for his country, and should be read by all of his descendants.)

On June 21, 1776 he was chosen by the Provincial Congress of New Jersey one of the delegates of the Colony to the Congress which promulgated the Declaration of Independence. On the 30th of November following, he was again made one of the five delegates from New Jersey. The minutes of the Continental Congress show that he took an active part in the work of the Congress, being frequently appointed on important committees with Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Rush, Robert Treat Paine, Francis "Lightfoot" Lee, and others. On September 26, 1776 the Congress appointed Richard Stockton and George Clymer as a committee to go to Ticonderoga and report upon the state of affairs there. They were away on this mission for two months. They visited the headquarters of the American Army, then proceeded to Albany where they were joined by General Schuyler, who accompanied them to Saratoga. They went to Fort George and inspected the hospital there, and on to Ticonderoga. With General Gates they met the Commissioners from Massachusetts Bay and had an important conference. They wrote two letters to John Hancock reporting on their actions, both in Richard Stockton's handwriting but signed by George Clymer as well.

Upon his return from this mission, Richard Stockton found his family and home in danger, Lord Cornwallis being on the march across the Jerseys and Princeton lying in the direct line of advance of the British Army. He and his family took up their residence temporarily at the house of John Covenhoven, in Monmouth, NJ, and it was there, on November 30th, 1766, that he and Mr. Covenhoven were made prisoners of war by a party of Loyalists. Richard Stockton was taken to New York, thrown into the common jail and treated with severity. Learning of this, the Continental Congress, on January 3rd, 1777, protested this inhumane treatment of a member of that Congress and asked General Washington to protest to General Howe about the matter. Shortly after this, Richard Stockton was exchanged, but his health was much broken and he never regained it.

The family estate "Morven" which he had made one of the most beautiful in the Colonies, suffered severely during the Revolutionary War. His library, one of the best in the country, was burned, the lands laid waste, the furniture burned, and the livestock driven away. The plate and other valuable articles had been packed in boxes and buried in the woods at some distance from the house, but, through treachery, two of the boxes were discovered and fell into the hands of the British soldiers. The family recovered the third one. The depreciation of the Continental currency, in which Richard Stockton invested large sums, further reduced his fortune.

Among the friends of Richard "The Signer" were a number of the most eminent public men of his day. He was a devoted friend of George Washington, who was a frequent visitor at "Morven". He and the Honorable Elias Boudinot each married the other's sister; and the celebrated Dr. Benjamin Rush, of Philadelphia, was his son-in-law. He married Annis Boudinot, sister of Elias, of a French Huguenot family.

After the war, upon the organization of the State governments under the Confederation, Richard Stockton received on the first ballot an equal number of votes with William Livingston for Governor of New Jersey, but Livingston was finally chosen. He was then unanimously selected for Chief Justice, but declined for health reasons. He died soon after, at Morven, on February 28, 1781. An oil portrait of him, by Peale, hangs in Independence Hall, in Philadelphia, and in 1888 the State of New Jersey placed his statue, by Henry Kirke Brown, in the Capitol in Washington, one of the few artistic statues there.

Annis Boudinot Stockton survived her husband, and died February 6, 1801 at White Hill, Burlington County, New Jersey (home of son-in-law, Robert Field). She was a woman of very considerable literary attainments. She wrote a drama called "The Triumph of Mildness," besides odes and poems, and contributed to a number of periodicals. She corresponded freely with Washington, and wrote many poems about his actions. Many of her poems have been published by University Press of Virginia, 1995: "Only for the Eye of a Friend, The Poems of Annis Boudinot Stockton", Edited and with an Introduction by Carla Mulford. In addition, Annis Boudinot Stockton's poem "Forbear Unkind Ungenerous Muse" appears in "Second to None: A Documentary History of American Women, Vol. I: From the 16th Century to 1865 ", Edited by Ruth Barnes Moynihan, Cynthia Russett, & Laurie Crumpacker, University of Nebraska Press, 1993, Pgs. 150-151. This poem was a contemporaneously published (1759) reply to a published poem insulting to women.

Children of Richard Stockton (The Signer) and Annis Boudinot Stockton

Julia Stockton - b. March 2, 1759, d. at Syndenhain, July 7, 1846, m. January 1776 to Dr. Benjamin Rush, of Philadelphia*. Had two sons.

Mary Stockton - b. April 17, 1761, d. March 18, 1846, m. Rev. Andrew Hunter, October 13, 1794. They had three children: two sons, one daughter. Susan was her twin sister.

Susan Stockton - b. April 17, 1761, d. October 2, 1821, m. after 1793 to Alexander Cuthbert of Lanorie, Canada. No children. Mary was her twin sister.

Richard Stockton - "The Duke". B. April 17, 1764.

Lucius Horatio Stockton - b. at Morven, d. in Trenton, May 26, 1835, m. Sarah Milnor and they had one daughter.

Abigail Stockton - b. September 8, 1773, d. June 13, 1858, m. Robert Field of White Hall, Burlington County, NJ, January 10, 1796. They had six children, two sons and four daughters.

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Birth: Jul. 1, 1736 Death: Feb. 6, 1801 Fieldsboro Burlington County New Jersey, USA

Poet. One of the most prolific and widely published women writers in 18th Century America, Stockton's poems in the English Neoclassical style remain the best known of her works, which also include a play, and numerous articles written for the leading newspapers and magazines of her day. A friend and correspondent of George Washington, and the wife of Richard Stockton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, she was the only woman to be admitted to the American Whig Society, a tribute, in part, to her safekeeping of vital political documents during the Revolutionary War. Born Annis Boudinot in Darby, Pennsylvania, she was the daughter of Elias Boudinot (d.1770), a wealthy merchant and silversmith of Huguenot descent, who later moved his family to Princeton, New Jersey. There the young Annis thrived in the town's stimulating academic atmosphere, published her first poem at age 16, and in 1757 married the brilliant young lawyer Richard Stockton, a friend of her brother Elias, who would also distinguish himself in American politics. The Stocktons made a strikingly attractive couple, and their marriage was a happy one which produced 6 children. Their elegant Princeton home, which Annis named "Morven", became a gathering place for the nation's founders, and still later, a residence of the governors of New Jersey. The Stocktons paid dearly for their revolutionary activities, however. Forced to flee from the British, who had captured her husband and destroyed both his health and estate, Annis was widowed by his untimely death in 1781. Despite grief and impoverishment, she continued to devote her pen and her energies to the American cause. Her final years were spent at "White Hill", a mansion overlooking the Delaware River in present day Fieldsboro, New Jersey, where she had resided with her daughter Abigail Stockton Field. After her death at age 64, her body was taken across the river to Philadelphia and laid in the plot of Dr. Benjamin Rush, who had married another Stockton daughter, Julia, in 1776. Among other distinctions, Mrs. Stockton was the mother-in-law as well as the wife of a signer of the Declaration of Independence. (bio by: Nikita Barlow)


Family links:

Parents:
 Elias Boudinot (1706 - 1770)
 Mary Catherine Williams Boudinot (1715 - 1765)

Spouse:
 Richard Stockton (1730 - 1781)

Children:
 Richard Stockton (1764 - 1828)*

Siblings:
 Annis Boudinot Stockton (1736 - 1801)
 Elias Boudinot (1740 - 1821)*
 Elisha Boudinot (1749 - 1819)*
  • Calculated relationship

Burial: Christ Church Burial Ground Philadelphia Philadelphia County Pennsylvania, USA Plot: Rush Family Plot


Edit Virtual Cemetery info [?]


Maintained by: Find A Grave Originally Created by: Nikita Barlow Record added: Jun 09, 2005 Find A Grave Memorial# 11131407 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=11131407

-------------------- SECOND OF 10 Children.

Annis Boudinot Stockton (July 1, 1736 – February 6, 1801) was an American poet, one of the first women to be published in the Thirteen Colonies. From her home in Princeton, New Jersey, Stockton wrote and published her poems in leading newspapers and magazines of the day and was part of a Mid-Atlantic writing circle. She was the author of more than 120 works, but it was not until 1985, when a manuscript copybook long held privately was given to the New Jersey Historical Society, that most became known. Before that, she was known to have written 40 poems. The copybook contained poems that tripled her known work. A collection of her full works was published in 1995.

A member of the New Jersey elite, Stockton was the only woman to be elected as an honorary member of the American Whig Society, a secret revolutionary group. After the American Revolutionary War, they recognized Stockton's service in protecting their papers during the British attack on Princeton.

The wife of the prominent attorney Richard Stockton, Annis became known as the "Duchess of Morven", the name of their estate in Princeton, New Jersey. They entertained prominent guests, including George Washington, with whom she had a correspondence, sending him numerous poems as part of it.

Early life and education

Annis Boudinot was born in 1736 in Darby, Pennsylvania, to Elias Boudinot, a merchant and silversmith, and Catherine Williams. The Boudinot ancestors were French Huguenot refugees who came to the North American colonies in the late 17th century. She was second of ten children, of whom about half survived to adulthood. Marriage and family

About 1757, Boudinot married Richard Stockton, an attorney from a prominent family. Part of the New Jersey elite class, they had several children.

During the American Revolution, he was one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence. Annis Stockton became known as the "Duchess of Morven," their mansion and estate in Princeton, New Jersey, where they entertained many prominent guests. It was named after a mythical Gaelic kingdom.[1]

During the war, the British under General Cornwallis plundered Morven, burned Stockton's "splendid library and papers, and drove off his stock, much of which was blooded and highly valuable."[1] Her husband had escaped but was later captured and imprisoned by the British. He suffered lasting ill effects to his health and died in 1781 at the age of 51, before the official end of the war.[1]

The Boudinot-Stockton families were also connected through Annis' younger brother Elias Boudinot. He had studied law with her husband to prepare for the bar. After getting established as an attorney, Elias married Hannah Stockton, Richard's younger sister. Boudinot became a statesman from New Jersey and was elected as President of the Continental Congress in 1782-1783. He signed the Treaty of Paris. Literary career

Annis Boudinot Stockton was one of the first female published poets in the Thirteen Colonies. She published 21 poems in the "most prestigious newspapers and magazines of her day."[2] They addressed political and social issues, and she used the wide variety of genres considered integral to neoclassical writing: odes, pastorals, elegies, sonnets, epitaphs, hymns, and epithalamia. Her works were read both in the colonies and internationally, in England and in France.[2]

She was well known as a prolific writer among her Middle Atlantic writing circle. The group included Elizabeth Graeme Ferguson, Benjamin Young Prime, Samuel Stanhope Smith, Philip Freneau, and Hugh Henry Brackenridge. Stockton's connection to Ferguson also linked her to such women writers as Anna Young Smith, Susanna Wright, Milcah Martha Moore and Hannah Griffitts. At the time, many of these writers passed most of their works to each other in manuscript. This was particularly true of women. Because of that, they were not as well known to later scholars as writers whose works were published, but they represented an active and influential part of the literary culture. In the late twentieth century, more manuscripts of their works have been made available to the public and some have been published.[2]

In 1984 a large manuscript copybook containing numerous poems and other pieces by Stockton was donated to the New Jersey Historical Society by Christine Carolyn McMillan Cairnes and her husband George H. Cairnes. The following year, it was made available to researchers for the first time. Before then, Stockton was known to have written 40 poems, but the copybook expanded the total of her works threefold. In 1995 Carla Mulford published a collection of 125 poems, all of Stockton's known pieces; she also provided a lengthy introduction that provided insights into the poet's time and late eighteenth-century society.[2]

A Patriot in her own right, Stockton rescued and hid important papers of the American Whig Society prior to the British invasion of Princeton, as it was a secret society important to the revolution. After the war, the Society honored her as an honorary member for her services. She was the only woman to be so recognized.[1]

In correspondence with George Washington, whom she had hosted at Morven, Stockton sent him both poems and letters. His reply to one, giving an idea of their shared topics, may be seen at The Papers of George Washington, University of Virginia. References

   Annis Boudinot Stockton, Colonial Hall, accessed 5 August 2012
   /Only_for_the_Eye_of_a_Friend.html?id=WUpXtZDlD5EC Annis Boudinot Stockton, Only for the Eye of a Friend: The Poems of Annis Boudinot Stockton, ed. by Carla Mulford, University of Virginia Press, 1995

External links Portal icon Biography portal

   Annis Boudinot Stockton, Only for the Eye of a Friend: The Poems of Annis Boudinot Stockton, ed. by Carla Mulford, University of Virginia Press,
   Annis Boudinot Stockton, Colonial Hall. This biography includes the text of one of her poems to George Washington and his response.
   "Manuscript Group 1221, Annis Boudinot Stockton (1736-1801), Poet", New Jersey Historical Society. Includes a biography, a description of her surviving manuscripts, and a list of her poems.
   Annis Boudinot Stockton at Find a Grave

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annis_Boudinot_Stockton -------------------- SECOND OF 10 Children.

Annis Boudinot Stockton (July 1, 1736 – February 6, 1801) was an American poet, one of the first women to be published in the Thirteen Colonies. From her home in Princeton, New Jersey, Stockton wrote and published her poems in leading newspapers and magazines of the day and was part of a Mid-Atlantic writing circle. She was the author of more than 120 works, but it was not until 1985, when a manuscript copybook long held privately was given to the New Jersey Historical Society, that most became known. Before that, she was known to have written 40 poems. The copybook contained poems that tripled her known work. A collection of her full works was published in 1995.

A member of the New Jersey elite, Stockton was the only woman to be elected as an honorary member of the American Whig Society, a secret revolutionary group. After the American Revolutionary War, they recognized Stockton's service in protecting their papers during the British attack on Princeton.

The wife of the prominent attorney Richard Stockton, Annis became known as the "Duchess of Morven", the name of their estate in Princeton, New Jersey. They entertained prominent guests, including George Washington, with whom she had a correspondence, sending him numerous poems as part of it.

Early life and education

Annis Boudinot was born in 1736 in Darby, Pennsylvania, to Elias Boudinot, a merchant and silversmith, and Catherine Williams. The Boudinot ancestors were French Huguenot refugees who came to the North American colonies in the late 17th century. She was second of ten children, of whom about half survived to adulthood. Marriage and family

About 1757, Boudinot married Richard Stockton, an attorney from a prominent family. Part of the New Jersey elite class, they had several children.

During the American Revolution, he was one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence. Annis Stockton became known as the "Duchess of Morven," their mansion and estate in Princeton, New Jersey, where they entertained many prominent guests. It was named after a mythical Gaelic kingdom.[1]

During the war, the British under General Cornwallis plundered Morven, burned Stockton's "splendid library and papers, and drove off his stock, much of which was blooded and highly valuable."[1] Her husband had escaped but was later captured and imprisoned by the British. He suffered lasting ill effects to his health and died in 1781 at the age of 51, before the official end of the war.[1]

The Boudinot-Stockton families were also connected through Annis' younger brother Elias Boudinot. He had studied law with her husband to prepare for the bar. After getting established as an attorney, Elias married Hannah Stockton, Richard's younger sister. Boudinot became a statesman from New Jersey and was elected as President of the Continental Congress in 1782-1783. He signed the Treaty of Paris. Literary career

Annis Boudinot Stockton was one of the first female published poets in the Thirteen Colonies. She published 21 poems in the "most prestigious newspapers and magazines of her day."[2] They addressed political and social issues, and she used the wide variety of genres considered integral to neoclassical writing: odes, pastorals, elegies, sonnets, epitaphs, hymns, and epithalamia. Her works were read both in the colonies and internationally, in England and in France.[2]

She was well known as a prolific writer among her Middle Atlantic writing circle. The group included Elizabeth Graeme Ferguson, Benjamin Young Prime, Samuel Stanhope Smith, Philip Freneau, and Hugh Henry Brackenridge. Stockton's connection to Ferguson also linked her to such women writers as Anna Young Smith, Susanna Wright, Milcah Martha Moore and Hannah Griffitts. At the time, many of these writers passed most of their works to each other in manuscript. This was particularly true of women. Because of that, they were not as well known to later scholars as writers whose works were published, but they represented an active and influential part of the literary culture. In the late twentieth century, more manuscripts of their works have been made available to the public and some have been published.[2]

In 1984 a large manuscript copybook containing numerous poems and other pieces by Stockton was donated to the New Jersey Historical Society by Christine Carolyn McMillan Cairnes and her husband George H. Cairnes. The following year, it was made available to researchers for the first time. Before then, Stockton was known to have written 40 poems, but the copybook expanded the total of her works threefold. In 1995 Carla Mulford published a collection of 125 poems, all of Stockton's known pieces; she also provided a lengthy introduction that provided insights into the poet's time and late eighteenth-century society.[2]

A Patriot in her own right, Stockton rescued and hid important papers of the American Whig Society prior to the British invasion of Princeton, as it was a secret society important to the revolution. After the war, the Society honored her as an honorary member for her services. She was the only woman to be so recognized.[1]

In correspondence with George Washington, whom she had hosted at Morven, Stockton sent him both poems and letters. His reply to one, giving an idea of their shared topics, may be seen at The Papers of George Washington, University of Virginia. References

   Annis Boudinot Stockton, Colonial Hall, accessed 5 August 2012
   /Only_for_the_Eye_of_a_Friend.html?id=WUpXtZDlD5EC Annis Boudinot Stockton, Only for the Eye of a Friend: The Poems of Annis Boudinot Stockton, ed. by Carla Mulford, University of Virginia Press, 1995

External links Portal icon Biography portal

   Annis Boudinot Stockton, Only for the Eye of a Friend: The Poems of Annis Boudinot Stockton, ed. by Carla Mulford, University of Virginia Press,
   Annis Boudinot Stockton, Colonial Hall. This biography includes the text of one of her poems to George Washington and his response.
   "Manuscript Group 1221, Annis Boudinot Stockton (1736-1801), Poet", New Jersey Historical Society. Includes a biography, a description of her surviving manuscripts, and a list of her poems.
   Annis Boudinot Stockton at Find a Grave

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annis_Boudinot_Stockton

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Annis Stockton's Timeline

1736
July 1, 1736
Philadelphia, PA, USA
1746
1746
Age 9
1759
March 2, 1759
Age 22
Princeton, NJ, USA
1761
April 17, 1761
Age 24
April 17, 1761
Age 24
1764
April 17, 1764
Age 27
New Jersey
April 17, 1764
Age 27
New Jersey, United States
1765
1765
Age 28
Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States
1765
Age 28
Princeton Township, Mercer, New Jersey, United States
1773
September 8, 1773
Age 37