Anthony Thomas Colby (1605 - 1660) MP

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Birthplace: Horbling, Lincolnshire Beccles, Suffolk, England
Death: Died in Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Occupation: Emigrated 1630 - ship: Arbella, Planter, Sawmill Owner, Mill owner, Sawmill, immigrated on 29 MAR 1630 from England to America.
Managed by: Christopher Garland
Last Updated:

About Anthony Thomas Colby

Macy-Colby House Anthony Colby bought the house from builder/original owner Thomas Macy (see last paragraph).

Source:

'http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~colby/colbyfam/b137.html#P1180

Anthony COLBY was christened/baptized on 8 SEP 1605 in Horbling, Lincolnshire, England. He immigrated on 29 MAR 1630 from England to America. He took the Freeman Oath of the Massachusetts Bay Company in MAY 1634 in Massachusetts. He died on 11 FEB 1660 at Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. He estate was inventoried on 9 MAR 1660 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts.

Estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury

Inventory of the estate of Anthony Collby, late of Salisbury, deceased, taken Mar. 9 1660, by Sam. Hall, Tho. Bradbury and Tho. Barnett: His waring Apparrell, £2. 10s.; 1 feather bed & bolster & old Cotten Rugg, a payer of course sheets & a course bed case, £4. 15s.; one old warming pan, 3s. 4d.; an other feather bed, feather pillow, feather bolster & a payer of sheets & Cotten Rugg, £4. 10s.; about £8. of sheeps wooll, 10s 8d.; five pound of cotton wooll, 5s.; £10. of Hopps, 6s. 8d.; a copp. kettle & a payer of tramells £1.; a little old brass skillett & old morter & pestle, 3s 4d.; trayes & other dary ware, 15s.; a landiron, gridiron, frying pan, old cob iron, 5s.; in old peuter, 3s 4d.; 4 scythes, 8s.; 2 pillow beers, 3s.; table, two joynstooles, 2 chayres, £1.; old swords & 2 old muskets, £1.; one chest & one box, 10s.; an old saddle & a pillion, 10s.; old lumber, 10s.; a grindle stone with an Iron handle, 3s. 4d.; a new millsaw & 1-2 an old one, £1.; a croscutt saw & half a one, £1.; a broad bow, 3 forkes, a rake, 2 axes & an Iron Spade, 12s.; 5 yoakes, 10s.; 2 Iron cheynes, 10s.; halfe a tymber cheine & a new draft cheyne, £1. 15s.; an old tumbrill with an old payer of wheeles, £1.; 2 sleades, £1.; a long cart & wheels & Spanshakle & pin 4th pt. of and other cart, £2.; a plough & plough Irons, 10s.; 2 Canoas & 1-2 a canoa, £3. 15s.; 6 oxen, £42.; 6 Cowes, £27.; 2 3 yeare old steers, £7.; 2 Yearlins, £3.; 2 calves, £1.; 7 swine, £5. 5s.; 8 sheep, £4.; 1 mare & colt, £20.; 1 horse, 10s.; a dwelling house & barne & 14 acres of upland in tillage, £70.; a pasture of about 30 acres, £20. 2 lotts att yt wch is cald Mr. Hall's Farme, £5. 10s.; about eighteen acres of fresh meadow, £40.; ye accoodacon bought of Mr. Groome, £6.; 60 acres of upland towards pentuctt bounds with meadow to be laid out, £10.; ye 8th pt. of ye old saw mill, £30.; 40 bushells of wheat, £9.; 10 bushels of barley & 6 of rice, £3. 4s.; about 60 bushels of Indian corne, £9.; total, £359. 19s. 4d. Copied from the files of the Norfolk county court records, and sworn to by the widow Colby, Tho. Bradbury, rec.

Anthony Colby, debtor: To Sam. Worcester, £1. 7s.; Willi Osgood, £2. 9d.; Goodman Tappin, £1. 2s. 6d.; Abram Morrill, £2. 10s. 10d.; John Tod, 10s.; Tho. Clarke, 9s.; Mr. Russell of Charlstown, £10.; Mr. Gerish, £5. 8s. 6d.; Mr. Woodman, £2. 14s.; Jno. Bartlett, £2. 2s. 1d.; Steven Sweat, £2. 5s. 5d.; John Webster, 13s.; Steven Greenleif, 13s.; Goodman Peirce, 10s.; Goodman Cillick, £3.; Jno. Lewis, £1. 10s.; Orland Bagly, £5. 19s.; Jno. Blower, 6s.; Mr. Worcester, £1. 13s. 6d.; Mr. Bradbury, 16s. 9d.; to the widow Colby, £10.; Henry Jaques, £2. 10s.; Willi. Huntington, 11s.; John Severans, £1. 13s. 8d.; Jno. Clough for grass, 6s.; for 9 weeks worke, £8. 2s.; total, £68. 14s. 7d. Debtor p Contra: Rodger Eastman, 10s.; Robert Clements, £1. 5s.; from ye town, 9s.; Jno. Maxfield, £2.; Leonard Hatherlee, £1.; Sam. Worcester, 14s. 6d.; Goodman Morrill, £1. 10s.; Steven Flanders, 6s.; Goodman Randall, 6s.; boards at ye saw mill, £3. 7s. 6d.; loggs to make 2000 of bord, £2. 5s.; for work done to ye estate, £1. 2s. 6d.; total £14. 15s. 6d.

Norfolk Co. Quarterly Cout Files, vol. 1, leaf 33.

The division of the estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury, late deceased, made by Tho. Bradbury and Robert Pike, Apr. 9, 1661, by order of the county court held at Salisbury. To ye widdow for hir part & the two youngest children: ye dwelling house, barne and 14 acres of upland in tillage, £70.; ye ferric meadow, £30.; ye household goods, £19. 19s. 4d.; a yoake of Oxen, £14.; 3 Cowes, £13. 10s.; 7 Swine, £5. 5s.; in sheep, £2. 10s.; in Corne, £21. 4s.; the boggie meadow, £10. To John Colby: an acre of land aded to his halfe acre at his house, £2. 16s.; two cheyns, 10s.; a yoake of oxen £15. 10s.; Mr. Groom's accomodacons, £6.; in sheep, £1. 10s.; a cart & wheels, span, shackle & pin & ye 4th pt. of another cart. £2. To Sarah, ye wife of Orlando Bagly: one Cowe & one 3 yeere old steere, £8.; a young horse, £10.; another Cowe, £4. 10s.; p. Isaac Colby, £5. 16s. More payd by Isaac Colby to Orlando Bagly for ye which the estate was debtor. £5. 19s. 8d. To Samuell Colby: one yoade of oxen, £13.; the pasture, £20. To Isaac Colby: the eleven lotts of marshe at Mr. Hal's farme, 2 lotts of sweepage & one higledee pigeledee lot, £9. 10s.; 2 yearlins, £3.; ye part of ye saw mill, £30. To Rebecka Colby: a Cowe, one 3 year old steere & ye mare colt, £14.; two Calves, £1.; a bed & bolster, £4. 10s.; p. Isaac Colby, £2. 11s.; p. Sam. Colby, £5. 4s.; in corne, 11s. This division was consented to by the widow Colby and all the children who were of capacity. Confirmed by the Norfolk county court at Salisbury, 14:2:1663, and recorded by Tho. Bradbury, rec.

Norfolk Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol. 1, leaf 34.

Upon the petition of Susanna Whittredge formerly Colbie the Ipswich court Mar. 28, 1682 granted her power with the advice of Samuell Colbie and Thomas Colbie to sell enough of the estate left in her hands by her former husband for her necessary support in her old age, not exceeding the value of two of the parts or shares which the coutr Apr. 9, 1661 allotted to her for her part of the estate.

Petition of Thomas Challis, Orlando Bagly, Ephraim Weed and Ebenezer Blasdell for some part of the estate of their grandfather Anthony Collby formerly of Salisbury left in the hands of their grandmother Susanna widow of Anthony, administratrix to his estate, afterward Susanna Whithredg, deceased: the Court Ordered the division of the estate Apr. 9, 1661, and it was allowed 14: 2m: 1663. Also such of us as have married the daughters of John Collby, deceased, eldest son of said Anthony and Susanna, hath letters of administration granted him unto the estate of Susanna Whithredg, deceased, and hath exhibited a large account of debt from the estate and also he designeth a further application for liberty for alienation of more of said estate.

We address ourselves to the court :where we think we ought for ye interposing & improvement of yt authority for ye prevention of ye evacuation of yt estate whereunto we have right (as we think) out of half gills or gills, and ye exhausting & wasting thereof by such embezelling trifles," also crave you advice whereby we may be orderly possessed of our rights. Dated Sept. 28, 1698.

Citation of Samuell Coleby to appear before Jonathan Corwin, Esq., at the house of Mr. Frances Elles to take administration on the remaining estate of Anthoney Coleby of Amesbury, deceased. Dated Salem, Nov. 16 1699,

Said citation read to Samuell Colby Nov 18, 1699 by Ebenezer Blasdell, Constable of Amesbury.

Essex Co. Probate Files, Docket 5,896

===========================

He has Ancestral File Number 8JDC-NK. He was a Sawmill owner. He has more notes. #1. In the Boston church records, John Boswell is second in the following sequence of names: Anthony Chaulby, John Boswell, Joseph Reading, Garrett Hadden. In the Massachusetts Bay lists of freemen, John Bosworth is fourth in this sequence: Jerad Hadden, Joseph Redding, Anthony Colby, John Bosworth.

Examination of the other three men in these groupings reveals some interesting parallels: 1) Colby, Haddon and Redding all moved from Boston to Cambridge by 1633 [CaTR 5].

2) Colby moved next to Ipswich (1637) and then Salisbury (1640); Haddon moved next to Salisbury; Redding moved next to Ipswich (1639).

3) All three were single men in 1630: Colby married about 1633, Haddon married about 1639, Redding married about 1640.

The grouping of these four men in 1630 and 1634, and the concerted migrations of the three survivors, suggest that the four were associated in some way. The gap between church admission in 1630 and freemanship in 1634 suggests that they may not yet have been twenty-one in 1630, and this is supported by the approximate dates of marriage. Taken together, these facts and suggestions indicate that JOHN BOSWELL/BOSWORTH, ANTHONY COLBY, GARRETT HADDON and JOSEPH REDDING came to New England as servants, and were perhaps all from the same part of England.

A survey of the members of the Winthrop Fleet produces one man who settled first in Boston, then moved to Cambridge and on to Ipswich, and who was wealthy enough to have brought four servants with him - SIMON BRADSTREET. As a working hypothesis, then, we propose that this grouping of four young men were from the vicinity of Simon Bradstreet's home at Horbling, Lincolnshire, and came to New England in 1630 in his service.

The Great Migration Begins Sketches PRESERVED PURITAN

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He has more notes. #2. The following NGSQ article is quoted in it's entirety:

ANTHONY COLBY OF MASSACHUSETTS, 1633

By John G. Hunt*

"It is tempting to seize hold of a trans-Atlantic personage of noble descent as our own ancestor, simply because he bore the same baptismal name and surname as were borne by our known first ancestor to land in America. The science of genealogy would benefit if we were actuated more by a desire to determine what is provable, than by a wish to aspire to noble ancestry.

In this connection, let us examine what appears to be an unwarranted claim to royal ancestry. In "Living Descendants of Blood Royal, 4:757 (reviewed in the "Quarterly" 59:316-7), Count d' Angerville printed a line of descent from King Edward I for Anthony (1) Colby of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630. It claims that Anthony was the fourth son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby of Beccles, Suffolk, and Roos Hall, and cites the evidence as a "pedigree of family of Colby of Brundich and Beccles, College of Arms, extracted by an officer of the College for Colonel Ordway, 1967."

What is the basis for asserting that the Anthony Colby who came to Massachusetts by September 1633 is the same Anthony who was son of Thomas of Beccles? Frederick Lewis Weis, "The Colby Family (Concord, Mass., 1970), page 3, shows that Anthony (1) Colby was born in 1595. If so, he cannot have been son of Beatrix and Thomas, for the will of Thomas was dated in June 1588 and proved 22 November 1588. (1)

Moreover, there has been cited nowhere any indication that Anthony (1) Colby was a member of the gentry. His name was not given the prefix "Mr." in usage during his lifetime, as far as can be determined. As the late Donald Lines Jacobus used to insist, it would have been contrary to normal usage for a member of the gentry to have shown up in America without being accorded to style "Mr."

Contrary to alleged royal descent, there is nothing in the Banks manuscripts that justifies any supposition that Anthony (1) Colby descended from the Colby family of Beccles. Indeed, Colonel Banks supposed that the New England settler was akin to one Anthony Colby of Aswardby, Lincolnshire, six miles from Sempringham, home of the earl of Lincoln, and of Thomas Dudley, and five miles from Horbling, the home of Bradstreet.

Each time such unsupported pedigrees are printed, the cause of genealogy receives a setback. The burden of proof lies upon those claiming a royal ancestry for Anthony (1) Colby. Claimants must cite parish register entries, wills, and/or other sound evidence."

  • 821 North Jackson Street, Arlington, Virginia 22201

"(1). P.C.C. 9 Leicester, abstracted in Col. Banks' MSS, vol. I (A through C), pp. 236-241, in Rare Book Room, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Note: The late Col. Frederick Ira Ordway, Jr., of Washington, D.C., contributor of the lineage to the Counde d' Angerville's compendium, was offered an opportunity to provide a rebuttal to the above article, but was unable to cite any documentary evidence in support of the lineage. -Editor"

Source: NATIONAL GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY, Volume 62, June 1974, Number 2, pp. 263-264.

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He has more notes. #3. Colby Family

Anthony Colby. There was an ancient Colby family in Banham, Norfolk Co., Eng. The ancestor of one branch was Sir John Colby, Kt., of Swarson [Swardeston], Norfolk. A pedigree of some of his descendants is printed on p. 82 of "The Visitations of Norfolk, 1563, 1589, and 1613," Harl. Soc. Pub., 1891. One of the seventh generation, named Anthony Colby, died without issue. His nephew, Christopher Colby, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Greene) Colby (Edward, William, Thomas, Robert, John, John), is the eldest son of a family of eleven children, with whose names the pedigree ends. No dates are given, nor any means of determining from which of the three visitations the pedigree was taken. They were combined about 1620. There is a Colby parish in Norfolk, and a Coleby one in Lincoln.

"Lincolnshire Pedigrees," Harl. Soc. Pub., 1904, contains a pedigree of the Thorold family of Marston. On p. 983 is a Christopher Colby of Grantham, who m. Anne Thorold. They had children: Thomas Anthony, Markham, and Helen Colby, who were legatees of their aunt, Elizabeth Thorold, who d. unm. in 1616. Anne (Thorold) Colby had a brother and a grandfather both named Sir Anthony Thorold, Kt. The brother was high sheriff of Co. Lincoln in 1617. This Christopher Colby of Grantham (Co. Lincoln) may have been the son of Thomas of Banham, Norfolk, named without comment in the pedigree quoted above; but proof has not been found.

Anthony Colby, son of Christopher and Anne, must have been b. as early as 1595 to be executor of the will of another aunt, Mary Thorold, who d. unm. in 1615. This Anthony Colby was therefore b. about the same time as Anthony Colby of Salisbury, Mass., but here, again, proof of identity is lacking. The names Thomas and Anthony are repeated early in this country, but not Christopher, Markham, Anne, or Helen.

James W. Colby, in his "History of the Colby Family," Waltham, Mass., 1895, states that Anthony of Salisbury, b. 1690, was son of Thomas of Beccles, Suffolk, Eng. He carries the ancestry back through Suffolk families, probably descended from John, who disappears from the Norfolk pedigree, eldest son of John of Banham, Norfolk, grandson of Sir John, and brother of Robert; but gives no authority. He carries the Norfolk line much further back than Sir John, to Robert de Colebi. He gives Colby families in other parts of England, and gives the ancestry of Christopher as we have it above; but states that he was living in 1616 and left no issue. The "Visitations" quoted above make no such statement. Mr. Colby omits entirely the Thorold-Colby line, which includes an Anthony Colby who may have been b. in 1690 (Note: probably 1590).

It is probable that the Suffolk family is a branch of the Norfolk line; but it is doubtful if the connection Mr. Colby gives is correct. If we understand his arrangement, he makes the ancestry of Anthony of Salisbury as follows: Sir John, John of Banham, John d. 1459, John of Brundish (Suffolk) d. 1540(?), Thomas of Beccles, will 1588, Anthony, b. 1590. It is not often that a son dies 81 years later than his father, and if a man's will was probated in 1588, he could not have a son b. in 1590. Mr. Colby gives a Christopher of this branch, an uncle of Anthony of Salisbury. Could he have been the husband of Anne Thorold? Six generations seem too few. If the Christopher of Banham and Grantham were the same, the son Anthony would be of the ninth generation.

The Suffolk "Visitation" of 1664, published in 1910, gives a later pedigree, showing the Rev. Thomas Colby, son of Thomas and brother of Christopher settled in Cawston, Norfolk, and had a son, John of Waltham, Suffolk, in 1664.

SOURCE: "Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury" by David W. Hoyt, Vol III p. 1059-1060.

Emigrated to America in 1630 with the Puritans, part of the Winthrop Fleet.

Comment 1.

Colby is a place name deriving from the parish of Coleby, which lies seventeen miles northwest of Semperingham, and six miles south of Lincoln. There is also a parish of Colby in Norfolk, next to Beccles, and it too seems to have been the source of a quite unrelated Colby clan. There are also villages called Colby in Westmoreland, in Yorkshire, and one in Denmark. The name is of Viking origin and means coal place. There are a number of places in England containing Cole, such as Coleridge, Colclough, and Colebrook. The by- suffix is the Viking word meaning homestead or farm. Thus, Coleby was probably a farmstead where charcoal was made in ancient times by Viking settlers.

Comment 2.

Anthony Colby, was the founder of the Colby family in New England. He was born about 1605 at Horbling, Lincolnshire, England. Horbling is next to Semperingham where his Colby ancestors had lived for several generations. He was apparently named for his uncle Anthony Jackson.

Anthony came to America in the Spring of 1630, with the "Winthorp Fleet". Their first home was in the disputed territory between Cambridge and Watertown which was given to Cambridge in 1632, and was on the road to Mount Auburn close by the river.

In 1633, on the second Sabbath that Rev. John Cotton preached, he baptized his own son Seaborn Cotton and John Colby, son of Anthony.

Anthony built a second house near the Washington Elm and a third one near the Fresh Pond. He was admitted freeman in Cambridge in 1634. Three years later, he appeared in Ipswich, and three years after that in Salisbury. He was among the first settlers of the latter town. Together, the men (Jared Haddon) joined the church in Charlestown and took the freeman's oath in Cambridge on 14 May 1634. Together lay their house lots at East Salisbury and when Jared sold his homestead in 1644 and built in what is now Amesbury, Anthony bought the lot adjoining and came with his family. On this land he at last settled down to make a permanent home. He received additional lots of land from the divisions in 1643, 1654, and 1658.

In 1640, he was appointed an appraiser for the government and in 1651 was elected a selectman.

He died Feb. 11, 1660, aged about 54 years.

Anthony Colby seems to have been always at odds with the leaders in town affairs and was often in controversy, legal or personal, with the authorities. Once he was fined for making a speech in town meeting on the ground that he had created a disturbance. He worked incessantly to have the new settlement at Amesbury set off from Salisbury as a town. The fight was carried on after his death by his sons, and the separation was finally accomplished in 1666.

He was an industrious man, and in spite of moving every few years and in spite of many children, he became one of the largest property holders in Amesbury. His lots included: Back River, Fox Island, Lion's Mouth, Great Swamp, Hampton, River, Whiskers Hill, and lots from the third and fourth divisions. His inventory set a value of 359 pounds sterling upon his property.

The old house was on the southwest side of Main St. which leads from Amesbury Center to the Merrimac and was the seventh from Bartlett's Corner. Here is the well described in Whittier's poem, "The Captain's Well". The well was dug by a grandson of the daughter Mary.

The year after Anthony's death, the widow sold to her son Isaac, sixty acres near Haverhill to pay for her board. From the public divisions she received land in 1662 and 1664. In the latter year she married William Whitridge, a carpenter from Gloucester. he died in 1669. In the meantime, she had had to defend her homestead against the claim of Thomas Macy from whom it had been purchased. At about the time of the sale, Macy had fled to Nantucket to escape the penalty of sheltering two Quakers during a thunderstorm, but later he denied the sale and tried to expel the widow and her family by legal process. He was unsuccessful and the premises were in the possession of her descendants as late as 1895. In 1678, the son Thomas was deeded half of all the lands remaining in consideration of services rendered the widow, and in 1682, the homestead was deeded to her son Samuel, who cared for her during the infirmities of old age.

The widow lived until July 8, 1689.

Comment 3.

Noted in "The Great Migration Begins" 1996, New England Historical and Genealogical Society, pages 413-416 He died on Feb 11 1660 in Amesbury, Ma. BIO: Left London (Isle of Wright) in March of 1630 with more than 400 others arrived on ship Arbella at Boston. Lived on shipboard 4 months before housing could be made. In Boston, Ipswich, Salisbury & Amesbury. Noted as "planter", received land in the 'first division' in 1640 and '43; one of the first commoners of Amesbury, where he received land in 1654 and 1658, and his widow , in his right, in '62 and '64. Was church member in Boston, living Cambridge 1632, affirmed freeman oath 14 May 1634; at Ipswich 1637; Sometimes printed as "Arthur" He was married to Susannah (Colby) about 1632 in Boston, Ma (?).

Extract from The American Genealogist Whole number 202 Vol. 51, No 2 April 1975

Anthony Colby’s Purported Ancestry By Glade Ian Nelson

James W. Colby’s frequently unreliable ‘Colby family History’, published in 1895, is the basis for the statement that Anthony Colby of Massachusetts Bay Colony was the son of Thomas Colby, Esquire, by his second wife Beatrice Felton of Beccles, Co. Suffolk, England. Since the printing of that volume, this relationship has been repeated in many other publications with elaboration’s upon the various royal personages which fill the ancestral pedigrees of the Colby and Felton families. Most recently it has appeared in Michel L. Call, ‘Royal Ancestors of some L.D.S. Families’ (Salt Lake City: 1972), and in Count d’Angerville, ‘Living Descendants of Blood Royal’, vol. 4. While the first book is so error-filled as to make it completely untrustworthy to any serious student of royal genealogies, the second does contain some lineage’s of merit. To the discredit of both authors they fail their readers by not giving documentary source material or references for data contained in their books. It should not be too surprising, therefore, that the claim of the Massachusetts immigrant, Anthony Colby, as the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby is without substantiation and most likely completely fallacious. Certain lineage societies have rather blindly accepted this lineage in the past and, I presume, continue to do so. (See Langston and Buck, ‘Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne’s Descendants’, Vol. ii (1974), p. 96--Ed.). Therefore, in order to correct this purported parentage and to warn those who might be tempted to accept the questionable lineage, the following information is presented.

Anthony Colby came to New England probably with the Winthorp Fleet in 1630 for in that year he was of Boston and recorded as a church member. He was of Cambridge as early as 1632 when he owned land and buildings there, and was still there when, on 14 May 1634, he took the oath of "freeman" before the General Court in Boston. About 1637 he moved to the settlement at Ipswich, but soon thereafter moved on to Salisbury, then called Colchester, where he received land in the first division of 1639. Additional grants of land were given to him by the town of Salisbury in 1640 and 1643. Anthony Colby was one of the original settlers of the "newtown", now called Amesbury, where he was made a commoner on 19 March 1654, receiving a grant of land there in that same year as well as grants in subsequent years. (1) He died intestate, 11 Feb. 1660/1, in Salisbury, Mass., and the inventory was taken on 9 March 1660/1, (2) with the division made 9 April 1661. (3) Although as early as 1939, information concerning the identity of Anthony Colby’s wife was printed by Donald Lines Jacobus, (4) many errors have since been printed concerning her. Mr. Jacobus clearly pointed out that Anthony Colby married after coming to New England, probably between 1630 and 1632, the widow Susannah Waterman of Boston, Mass. She married, thirdly, about 1663-4, William Whitridge, a carpenter from Gloucester who died 5 Dec. 1668, leaving her a widow for the third time. Susannah died 8 July 1689 in Salisbury, Mass. Various accounts state her maiden name to have been Haddon and make her either a sister or daughter of William Sargent, and still others ascribe her to her the name Nutting. None of these claims, however, is substantiated by documented evidence, leaving her maiden name unknown. (5) Anthony and Susannah Colby had the following children: (6) i. John, bapt. 8 Sept.1633, Boston, Mass., d 11 Feb 1673/4; m. Salisbury, 14 Jan 1655/6, Frances Hoyt. ii. Sarah, b. 6 March 1634/5, Cambridge, Mass.; m. 6 March 1653/4, Orlando Bagley. iii. Child, b. ca.1637, prob. Ipswich, Mass.; may have d. y. (Savage states here were four children older than Isaac. which is the basis for the inclusion of this unnamed child). iv. Samuel, b. ca. 1638, Ipswich, d. 1716; m. Elizabeth Sargent. v. Isaac, b. 6 July 1640, Salisbury, d. by 1691; m. Martha Parratt. vi. Rebecca, b. 11 March 1643, Salisbury, d. by 1673; m. Haverhill, Mass., 9 Sept 1661, John Williams. vii. Mary, b. 19 Sept 1647, Salisbury; m. Amesbury, 25 Sept. 1668, William Sargent. viii. Thomas, b. 8 March 1650/1, Salisbury; estate inventory taken 31 March 1691; m. 16 Sept 1674, Hannah Rowell.

Examination of English Colby records sheds light on the problem at hand. The 1612 Visitation of Suffolk contains the family of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby as "Thomas, son and heir; Charles, second son, obit; John, obit; Anthony; Edmond, obit; Philip; Francis; Huntington; Beatrice, mar to Edmond Thurston of Colchester; Mary, mar. to John Copuldyke of Kirby in suff.; Penelope, mar. to Sir Walter Aston in Chesh.; Katherin, unm." (7) Thus it can be seen that there was a son Anthony belonging to this family. However, justification for rejecting him as the immigrant Anthony is substantial, as will be further explained.

Thomas Colby of Beccles, co. Suffolk, England, wrote his will 8 June 1588 and it was proved that same year at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. (8) In this will Thomas referred to "Beatrice my well beloved wife" to whom he gave all his manors for life as well as other items. He then bequeathed to his "son Thomas from and after the decease of my wife all my manors. . ." Provision was made that should the son Thomas die without legal heirs, the lands were to be entailed to his other living sons, Anthony, Edmond, Philip, Francis and Huntington, in that order. Concerning these last five sons mention is made of a distribution of an annual rent in the sum of 9 pounds and 6 shillings to each of the sons from a farm in Brundish, co. Suffolk, that "eache and every of them shall begin to receyve their saide annuitic or portion at twentie years of age untill whiche time I will and devise that my executors shall putt the saide money during their minorities or manage to the only profit and bringing upp of my said sonnes in vertu good education and bearinge. . ." Thomas also mentioned "my thre (sic) daughters and the child whiche my wife is at the making. . . at their age of twentie yeares or at their severall dayes of marriage. . ." Thomas made his son Thomas and his brother-in-law Anthony Felton executors of his will, with his brother Francis Colby as supervisor.

The children of Thomas and Beatrice (with approximate birth years based on the best documentation available) were: (9) i. Thomas, b. ca. 1566; m. Brundish, 1599, Amy Brampton; lived in Brundish where six of their children were baptized, with two additional children mentioned in the 1612 visitation of Suffolk. ii. Charles, 2nd son, b. ca. 1568; appears only in the 1612 Suffolk Visitation as already deceased; not mentioned in father’s will in 1588 nor in that of Uncle Francis in 1599. iii. Beatrice, b. ca. 1570; under 20 years of age in 1588 when her father’s will was made; m. Edmond Thurston of Colchester; her unnamed children are referred to in her brother Philip’s will in 1643. iv. John, 3rd son, b. ca. 1572; mentioned only as deceased in the 1612 Visitation; not mentioned in the wills of his father (1588 or Uncle Francis (1599) v. Anthony, 4th son, b. ca. 1574; erroneously claimed as the New England immigrant. vi. Mary, b. ca. 1576, m. 1598 in Beccles, John Copuldyke of Kirby, Suffolk. vii. Edmond, 5th son, b. ca. 1578; mentioned in will of his father (1588) and in his Uncle’s (1599), but listed in the 1612 Visitation of Suffolk as already deceased. viii. Philip, 6th son, b. ca. 1580; m. 1609 in Beccles, Lady Dorothy (Bacon) Gawdy, daughter of Sir Nicholas Bacon, Knt. and widow of Sir Bassingbourn Gawdy, Bart. She d. 1621 at age 47. Philip’s will in 1643 mentioned only one daughter. This will, referred to later on, contains additional valuable information concerning his brothers, sisters, nephews and nieces. ix. Penelope. b. ca. 1582, m. Sir Walter Aston; mentioned in brother Philip’s will as "my loveing sister ye Lady Aston." x. Francis, 7th son, b. ca. 1584; m. 1610 in Beccles, Margaret Sampson, daughter and coheir of George Sampson of Sampson’s Hall, Kersey, Suffolk; gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Prince Henry. Francis and Margaret had one son Hertford aged 1 in the 1612 Visitation. xi. Huntington, 8th son, b. ca. 1586; knighted 28 Nov. 1616. xii. Katherine, b. shortly after her father’s will (1588) in which he refers to "the child whiche my wife is at the making." Unmarried when the 1612 Visitation was recorded.

The Anthony Colby living in Beccles, England, son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby, as has been pointed out, was under 20 years of age in 1588 when his father made his will. His eldest brother Thomas was the only one of the family not designated as under age. Consequently Thomas’s birth year cannot be placed later than 1568 and was probably just one or two years before that date. The Visitation of Suffolk taken in 1561 (10) indicated the father as then married to Ursella, Lady Brend, his first wife. Therefore, Thomas’s second marriage, to Beatrice Felton, occurred subsequent to 1561. The 1612 Visitation of Suffolk lists the children of Thomas and Beatrice, listing Anthony as the fourth of their eight sons along with four daughters. Other listings of the brothers follow the same basic position of Anthony as fourth son. Given this information, and knowing all of Thomas and Beatrice’s children were born between 1561 and 1588, their son Anthony’s birth year can be approximated as 1574. Certainly a few years variance is possible, one way or the other, but reason dictates it cannot be placed earlier than 1570 nor later than 1579. If this was the Anthony Colby who came to New England in 1630, he would then have been at least 50 years of age! That by itself would not be too astounding, but his next feat, marriage to a young, recent widow who had the attractive attribute of owning property and not under the necessity of making an undesirable marriage arrangement, certainly would have been. (11) Next, this Anthony would have sired at least eight children, the last arriving when he was at least 70 years of age. For this to be the case, the wife Susannah would have had to be at least twenty years his junior. While not biologically impossible, these accomplishments are not very probable. Their improbability is further accentuated by a knowledge of what the immigrant Anthony did after coming to New England.

In the old Norfolk County, Mass., records, (12) can be found an agreement made 4 Nov. 1658 between Willi: Osgood, Phillip Challis, William Barnes, Anthony Colby and Sam’ll Worcester, copartners, present possessors of a saw mill situated in Salisbury. David W. Hoyt in his work, ‘Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury,’ (13) presents information concerning each of these men. According to Hoyt’s records, William Osgood was born about 1609 and hence would have been about 49 years of age in 1658. Philip Challis, according to his own deposition, was born in 1617, and therefore 41 years of age in 1658. William Barnes would have been born between 1605 and 1615, as his children are recorded as born from about 1640 to 1653; his age then in 1658 would have been between 43 and 53, say 48 as a compromise. Samuel Worcester was first married in 1659 when he was about thirty, placing his birth about 1629. Compare these ages of 49, 41, 48 and 29, with the 78 years of the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby. The wording of the sawmill agreement is such as to make it seem that all were able-bodied men who would be personally laboring at the mill. For a man of 78 this would have been difficult, even if in excellent health. Association of a elderly man with men of middle years might be reasonable if he had superior financial capacity, but this does not seem to have been present to the advantage of Anthony Colby. The total value of his estate when appraised just three years later was only li 359, of which li 185 was in real estate and the remainder in various sundry personal goods. (14) of interest also is the fact that the inventory contained several items belonging to the saw mill and its activities. The logical conclusion that must be reached is that the Anthony Colby associated with the saw mill in 1658 was not in his late seventies, and therefore could not have been the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby of Beccles, England.

The most enlightening information concerning his comes from the will of his brother Philip. (15) This will, made and proved in 1643, mentions, among others, two of his sisters, two of his brothers and seven nephews and nieces, including:

Item I doe give into my brother Mr. Anthony Colby in present moneys xx li and doe give & confirm unto him his anuity or porsion being ffive pounds by ye yeare during the terme of his naturall life, payable at hollowmas and candlemas.

Item I doe give unto his sonne Thomas Colby three score pounds to be payd unto him within one yeare next after my decease.

This document is important because (1 it mentions Philip’s brother Anthony with no hint whatever that he was not residing in England, thirteen years after the American Anthony had arrived in New England, and (2 it show that Anthony had a son Thomas in 1643 also presumably living in England. It would have been very unusual for Philip not to make provision for sending Anthony’s "ffive pounds by ye yeare during the term of his natural life" twice yearly, if this money was to have been transported to the New World! Failure to make such a provision is further indication that two Anthonys are involved. The second item quoted shows that Anthony had a son Thomas in 1643 who was to receive a substantial legacy within one year after his uncle Philip’s death. An examination of the American Anthony’s family, as presented earlier, indicates that his son Thomas was not born until 1650, with only sons John, Samuel and Isaac in 1643! Furthermore, none of the American Colbys would have been anywhere near their majority when the will was written. Had Philip’s nephew Thomas then been a minor, provision would certainly have been made for supervision of his legacy monies until a specified age was attained. In fact, this is exactly what Philip did with two of his three grandchildren with legacies to become due and payable when the grandchildren reached the ages of 16 and 14, respectively. The logical conclusion to be reached, again, is that Philip’s brother Anthony was not the same person as the Amesbury Anthony.

While use of the given name Anthony in the Beccles Colby family does provide a valuable clue as to the immigrant’s possible ancestry, the Beccles branch of the Colby family had no monopoly of this Christian name. Edward Colbye, Gentleman, Of Banham, co. Norfolk, wrote his will 31 March 1580, proved 17 May 1580, (16) in which he named, among others his wife Elizabeth, daughter Alice and sons Thomas, Francis, Anthony and Edward. The Banham parish registers contain the baptismal records of Edward (28 Jan 1560) and Thomas (14 Sept. 1561), (17) but not those of Alice, Francis and Anthony. There seems to have been a break in the Banham registers from about 1565 to about 1580, and their births probably occurred during this time. This Anthony could logically be estimated as born about 1568, making him even older than the Beccles Anthony. The Colby family of Banham, co. Norfolk, and that of Beccles, co. Suffolk, were branches of the same family, sharing common ancestry. It can be seen that the name Anthony was known in both branches at least one generation before the American Anthony came to New England.

Furthermore, two other contemporary Anthony Colbys can be located in England. In 1622, Elizabeth Colby, singlewoman of Matshell (Mattinshall?) , co. Norfolk, made a nuncupative will in which she left the majority of her goods to "Anthoney Collby my brother Also his wife"(18) but as Thomas and Beatrice did not have a daughter Elizabeth, this must be another Anthony, especially in light of the significant distance. The parish registers of St. Nicholas, Ipswich, Suffolk, (19) contain the baptismal record on 29 April 1597 of Richard, son of Anthony Colby. The burials of this church show in 1604 -

29 Aug. John Colby Richard Colby fratres Ralph Davy 31 Aug Anthony Colby pater

The only similarity between the immigrant and the son of Thomas and Beatrice was the given name. However, other Anthony’s located in England, without any additional documentation, have just as valid a claim to be the New England immigrant. Further research into source material in Suffolk and Norfolk may reveal the parentage of the immigrant to New England who now has a large posterity in America, including the author of this article. Nevertheless, until documentation is forthcoming, the parentage of Anthony Colby of Amesbury must be regarded as unknown *, and the previously accepted connection with the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby must be discarded.

SOURCES: (1) Mary Lovering Holman, Ancestry of Charles Stinson Pillsbury and John Sargent Pillsbury (Concord, N.H., 1938), pp. 137 f.; (2) David W. Hoyt, Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Mass. (Providence, R.I., 1897), 1:103 f. (3) Norfolk County Quarterly Court files 1:33. (4) Ibid. p. 24 (5) Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family (New Haven 1939), 1:8. (6) Holman, op. Cit.; Belle Preston, Bassett-Preston Ancestors (New Haven 1930), pp. 66 f. (7) Holman, op. Cit. Hoyt, op. Cit. (8) Walter C. Metcalfe, ed., Visitations of Suffolk (Exeter 1882), p. 127. (9) Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Wills 1588 9 Leicester. (10) Metcalfe, op. Cit., pp.17 f., 127; Brundish Parish Registers; Prerogative Court of Canterbury: Wills 1588 9 Leicester (will of Thomas Colby), 1599 94 Kidd (will of Francis Colby); Episcopal Consistory Court of Norwich, Wills 1642, f. 77 (will of Philip Colby; Boyd’s Marriage Index: Suffolk, vols. 1, 4, 7; Visitations of Norfolk in the year 1563 (Norwich 1878-1895), 1:97, 2:493 f. (11) Metcalfe, op. Cit. (12) Jacobus, op. Cit. (13) Essex Institute Hist. Coll. 60 (1924) pp. 149 f: (14) Hoyt, op. Cit. (15) Probate Records of Essex County, Mass. (1916), 1, 1635-1664, pp. 407-410. (16) Episcopal Consistory Court of Norwich, Wills 1642, f. 77. (17) Ibid. 1580. (18) Banham Parish Registers. (19) Archdeaconry of Norfolk, Wills, 1622, f. 53. (20) St. Nicholas, Ipswich, Parish Registers.

  • The ancestry of Anthony has been found in recent years and he is from Horbling, Lincolnshire, England.

Comment #4

All I can do is pass on the information printed in "The Great Migration Begins".

Page 416 states: Associations: His association with John Bosworth, Garrett Haddon and Joseph Redding implies that he may have been a servant of Simon Bradstreet. This strongly supports the suggestion of John B. Threlfall that the Anthony Colby baptized at Horbling, Lincolnshire, was the immigrant (GMC50 123).

COMMENTS: Earlier writers erroneously placed Anthony Colby's origin in Beccles, Suffolkshire, but in 1975 Glade Ian Nelson showed that the Beccles Anthony was still in England long after the immigrant was settled in the Massachusetts Bay (TAG 51:65-71). More recently John B. Threlfall made what appears to be the correct identification in Horbling, Lincolnshire GMC50 123). Anthony Colby was not at that time and in that area as rare a name as one might think, so the simple appearance of a baptism at about the right time is in itself not sufficient evidence. But the occurrence of a baptism in Horbling, the home of Simon Bradstreet, who seems to be indirectly connected with Colby, makes this very likely the correct solution to the problem. The identity of Susannah ______ is one of the peerennial mysteries of the period. Several authors have suggested that Susannah's maiden name was Hadden, given that Colby and Garrett Haddon were neighbors and associates. Others have suggested that she was the daughter of William Sargent, and others that she was a Nutting, all without support. Her identity is currently unknown. Among other defects to be found in the literature regarding Colby and his family, there is no obvious reason why Savage said there were four children earlier than Isaac and no support has been found for Sarah's birthdate given by Waterman.

Anthony Colbby was ordered to build four rods of fence around the common lands in Cambridge in a list dated 2 January 1632/3 (but probably from a year or two later) (CaTR 5).

At Salem Court on 3 Oct 1637 "Anthony Colebie" of Ipswich sued John Hall of Saugus (EQC 1:6).

William Osgood and the other pert-time owners of the the old mill at Salisbury were brought to task for failing to pay the town its share of lumber agreed upon in return for allowing the mill to be built on Salisbury land. Osgood had to sue the heirs of the other owners, including "Susan Whitrige, administratrix of Anthony Colbye," to recover boards for Salisbury, which he did at court September Term, 1682. Among the depositions establishing the number of boards due were several describing immigration into Essex County, such as that of John Pressy "aged about fourty-four years, testified that the first summer he came into this country, in 1651...I do well remember the saw mill at Salisbury was one thing that was accounted a rare thing and I did go see it and I did see it going and sawing boards that very summer" (EQC 8:250, 373-75)

EQC = Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts, 1636-1686, 9 volumes (Salem 1911-1975) GMC50 = John Brooks Threlfall, Fifty Great Migration Colonists to New England & their Origins (Madison, Wisconsin, 1990) TAG = The American Genealogist, Volume 9 to present (1932+) CaTR = The records of the Town of Cambridge (formerly Newtowne) Massachusetts, 1630-1703.....(Cambridge 1901)

SOURCES: (1) "The Great Migration Begins", Vol. I. by Robert C. Anderson, 1995 pages, 186-187, 413-416; (2) "Fifty Great Migration Colonists to N.E." by John W.Threfall,1990, pages 122-148; (3) "National Genealogical Society Quarterly", Jun 1974, Vol 62, "Anthony Colby of MA", by John Hunt; (4) "New England Historical and Genealogical Register" Apr 1997, Vol. CXLI: Apr 1987. pg. 104-107, "Disproved Royal Descendants."; (5) "The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury Massachusetts" by David W. Hoyt; (6) "The Colby Family in Early America" by Frederick L. Weis.

COMMENT #5

See Will notes for his father Thomas Colby.

10 December 1625 - the will of THOMAS COLBIE of Horbling, county of Lincoln, taylor, sick of body.... to my five sons William Colbie, Richard Colbie, Anthony Colbie, Mathew Colbie and Robert Colbie half of my goods to be equally divided amongst them, but my will is that my son William Colbie shall have my house at Dinnington for part of his portion of goods aforesaid, which cose me eight pound... if nay of these sons die before age 21 at which time the legacies shall be due unto them, then his or their shares to be divided amongst the overlivers. Residue to wife Agnes Colbie whom I make executrix. Robert Allen supervisor. Wienesses; Robert Allen. Thomas Baxter. Signed by mark. Proved 21 April 1626.

In March 1636/7, an assessment was made for expenses of repairing the church at Horbling. Thirty seven names were listed. William Colby, who had a small stock of animals, must have been the older brother. The widow Colby must have been their mother. Robert was mentioned for having been paid for some work. Nowhere is there any mention of Anthony or Matthew after their father's will of 1625. Possibly both of these brothers left for America with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630, but if so, there is no trace of Matthew. His fate will probable remain a mystery. As for Anthony, he is surely the one who went to New England in 1630. All the other know contemporary Anthony Colbys in Old England can be eliminated from consideration for one reason or another."

"Assessment agreed upon the fifth of March 1636 for the church wardens for the repairing of the church of Horbling and other duties by us whose names are here under written - Mathias Browne, William Stringer, John Hardie, with others. Every horse 7d., every beast 7d., and every score of sheep 2s 4d.

horsebeastsheep William Coulbe 1453s.6d. Widow Coulby 1503s.6d."

(Ref.: Lincoln Consistory Court Wills - 1626/292)

Parents: Thomas COLBY and Anne/Agnes JACKSON.

Spouse: Susannah. Anthony COLBY and Susannah were married in 1631/32 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Children were: John COLBY, Sarah COLBY, Infant Son COLBY, Samuel COLBY, Isaac COLBY, Rebecca COLBY, Mary COLBY, Thomas COLBY.

-------------------- Individual: In 1630, John Winthrop sailed on the flagship Arbella with a

fleet of 11 ships from England to the New World. In his company, on the ship Confidence, was Anthony Colby. The Confidence sailed on 8 April 1630 from Yarmouth and reached Boston on 12 June. Anthony was member number 93 of the Boston church in 1630. He and Susannah were christened in Boston 8 September 1633. He was listed as a freeman on 14 May 1634. He was in Cambridge in 1635. He was a "planter," who received land in the first division in Salisbury, Massachusetts in 1640, and again in 1643. His association with John Bosworth, Garrett Haddon and Joseph Redding implies that he may have been a servant of Simon Bradstreet, who also came from Horbling. As early as 1642, a meeting of the freemen of Salisbury,

Massachusetts ordered that thirty families must move to the west side of the Powow River, where they eventually formed the town of Amesbury. The earliest list of inhabitants of Amesbury is dated March 19, 1654-5, and contains the name of Anthony Colby. Anthony was a "planter" and owned an eighth share in a saw mill. He once was fined one shilling for disorderly behavior during a town meeting. In 1654, Amesbury's first town clerk Thomas Macy was accused of harboring a Quaker and had to flee Amesbury. His flight is the subject of the poem, "The Exiles" by John Greenleaf Whittier. Macy's own account is somewhat different from Whittier's, as his reply to an order to appear in court on the matter indicates: "This is to entreat the honored court not to be offended because of my non appearance. It is not from any slighting of the authority of this honored court nor from feare to answer the case but I have bin for some weeks past very ill, and am so at present, and notwithstanding my illness, yet I desireous to appear have done my utmost endeavor to hire a horse but can not procure one at present. I being at present destitute have endeavored to purcase, but at present can not attaine to but shall relate the truth of the case as my answer should be to ye honored Court, and more cannot be proved nor so much. One rainy morning there came to my house Edward Wharton and three men more; the said Wharton spoke to me saying that they were travelling eastward and desired me to direct them in the way to Hampton and asked me how far it was to Casco Bay. I never say any of ye men afore except Wharton, neither did I require their names, or who they were, but by their carriage I thought they might be quakers and told them so and therefore desired them to pass on their way, saying to them I might possibly give offence in entertaining them and as soon as the violence of the rain ceased (for it rained very hard) they went away and I never saw them since. The time that they stayed in the house was about three quarters of an hour, but I can safely affirme it was not an hour. They spake not many words, in the time neither was I at leisure to talke with them for I came home wet to ye skin immediately afore they came to the house, and I found my wife sick in bed. If this satisfie not the honored Court I shall subject to their sentence. I have not willingly offended. I am ready to serve and obey you in the Lord. Tho. Macy." (quote from General Court files.) Macy's misfortune was Anthony and Susannah's gain: they bought

the house and added to it to accommodate their large family. The price of the house was written as: ú38, to be paid as follows: by a mare fole at ten pounds, ú3 in bourds and in courne, ú12 or 14 in money, rest in pipe-staves or hogshead staves, cattle all at prices current; Indian corne at 3 s., wheat & Barley 5 s." The bill of sale was dated 23d, 2d mo, 1654. "In 1664 there was some difficulty between Thomas Macy and the

widow of Anthony Colby regarding the title, and John, son of Anthony testified that Macy did sell the place where his mother then lived in the new town. Thomas Barnard also testified 'that he heard Macy say that he had sold Colby the house, barn and orchard and that it was paid for.' This testimony was given at Salisbury Court 12th 2nd month 1664. The occasion of this law suit is not very clear, but rather looks as if Macy denied the title of the Colbys. Macy was the owner of several tracts of land in the new town and several in the old, and probably built subsequent to this sale on the lot mortgaged to [Rodah] Gove." Anthony added a meeting room and dining room to the front of the

house, raised the roof to add two bedrooms, and added sleeping space for children behind and above the two bedrooms. The house was occupied by Colbys until the 20th century, when it was donated by Luther Colby to the Amesbury Historical Cemetery Society to be kept as a museum by the Daughters of the Revolution. The Colby house is a well-preserved, unspoiled example of the colonial saltbox style of house. It can be visited at 259 Main Street, Amesbury, Massachusetts. In William Pynchon's accounts as colony treasurer for 1632-4 is

the following item: "paid Anthony Colby for 2 days attendance at court to witness against William Coling and 3 others for drunkenness." Anthony lived in this house until his death 11 February 1660,

when the "dwelling house and barne and 14 acres of upland in tillage" were valued at 70 pounds. After his death, Susannah married William Whittridge. Anthony was buried at Amesbury's first burying ground, Golgotha. No stones remain to mark the graves of the earliest settlers, but a plaque lists their names. Tradition says there were around 40 graves on this bluff overlooking the Powow River--on Macy Street, in Amesbury. +-+-+

"ESTATE OF ANTHONY COLBY OF SALISBURY

Inventory of the estate of Anthony Collby, late of Salisbury,

deceased, taken Mar. 9, 1660, by Sam. Hall, Tho. Bradbury and Tho. Barnett: His waring Apparrell, 2li 10 s.; 1 feather bed and bolster and old Cotten Rugg, a payer of course sheets & a course bed case, 4 li. 15s.; one old warming pan, 3s 4d.; an other feather bed, feather pillow, feather bolster & a payer of sheets & Cotten Rugg, 4li. 10s.; about 8li. of sheeps wooll, 10s.8d.; five pound of cotton wooll, 5s.; 10li. of Hopps, 6s. 8d.; a bed case, feather pillow & bolster case, a payer of sheets & old cotten Rugg, 1li.; an Iron pott, pott hooks & Iron skillett, 6s. 8d.: a copp. kettle & a payer of tramells, 1li.; a little old brass skillett & old morter & pestle, 3s.4d.; trayes & other dary ware, 15s.; a landiron, gridiron, frying pan, old cob iron, 5s.; in old peuter, 3s. 4d.; 4 scythes, 8s.; 2 pillow beers, 3s.; table, two joynstooles, 2 chayres, 1li.; old swords & 2 old muskets, 1li.; one chest & one box, 10s.; an old saddle & a pillion, 10s.; old lumber, 10s.; a grindle stone with an Iron handle, 3s. 4d.; a new millsaw & 1-2 an old one, 1 li.; a croscutt saw & half a one, 1li.; a broad how, 3 forkes, a rake, 2 axes & an Iron Spade, 12s.; 5 yoakes, 10s.; 2 Iron cheynes, 10s.; halfe a tymber cheine & a new draft cheyne, 1li. 15s.; an old tumbrill with an old payer of wheeles, 1li.; 2 sleades, 1 li.; a long cart & wheels & Spanshakle & pin & 4th pt. of an other cart, 2li.; a plough & plough Irons, 10s.; 2 Canoas & 1-2 a canoa, 3 li. 15s.; 6 oxen, 42li.; 6 Cowes, 27li.; 2 3 yeare old steers, 7li.; 2 Yearlins, 3li.; 2 calves, 1li.; 7 swine, 5li. 5s.; 8 sheep, 4 li.; 1 mare & colt, 20li.; 1 horse 10s.; a dewlling house & barne & 14 acres of upland in tillage, 70li.; a pasture of about 30 acres 20li.; 2 lotts att yt wch is cald Mr. Hall's Farme, 5li. 10s.; about eighteen acres of fresh meadow, 40li.; ye accoodacon bought of Mr. Groome, 6li.; 2 lots of sweepage & one higgledee piggildee lott, 4li.; 60 acres of upland towards pentucett bounds with meadow to be laid out, 10li.; ye 8th pt. of ye old saw mill, 30li.; 40 bushells of wheat, 9 li.; 10 bushels of barley & 6 of rie, 3li. 4s.; about 60 bushels of Indian corne, 9li.; total 359li. 19s. 4d. Copied from the files of the Norfolk county court records, and sworn to by the widow Colby, Tho. Bradbury, rec. "Anthony Colby, debtor: To Sam. Worcester, 1li.7s.; Willi.

Osgood, 2li.9d.; Goodman Tappin, 1li. 2s. 6d.; Abram Morrill, 2li,. 10s. 10d.; John Tod 10s.; Tho. Clarke, 9s.; Mr. Russell of Charlstown, 10li.; Mr. Gerish, 5li. 8s. 6d.; Mr. Woodman, 2li. 14s.; Jno Bartlett, 2li. 2s. 1d.; Steven Sweat, 2li, 5s. 5d.; John Webster, 13s.; Steven Greenleif, 13s; Goodman Peirce, 10s.; Goodman Cillick, 3li.; Jno. Lewis, 1li. 10s.; Orlando Bagly, 5li. 19s.; Jno Blower, 6s.; Mr. Worcester, 1li. 13s. 6d.; Mr. Bradbury, 16s. 9d.; to the widow Colby, 10li.; Henry Jaques, 2li. 10s.; Willi. Huntington, 11s.; John Severans, 1li. 13s. 8d.; Jno. Clough for grass, 6s.; for 9 weeks worke, 8li. 2s.; total, 68li. 14s. 7d. Debtor p Contra: Rodger Eastman, 10s.; Robert Clements, 1li. 5s.; from ye town, 9s.; Jno. Maxfiend, 2li.; Leonard Hathorlee, 1li.; Sam. Worcester, 14s. 6d.; Goodman Morrill, 1li. 10s.; Steven Flanders, 6s.; Goodman Randall, 6s.; boards at ye saw mill, 3li. 7s. 6d.; loggs to make 2000 of bord, 2li. 5s.; for work done to ye estate, 1li. 2s. 6d.; total 11 li. 15s. 6d. Norfolk Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol. 1, leaf 33. "The division of the estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury late

deceased, made by Tho. Bradbury and Robert Pike, Apr. 9, 1661, by order of the county court held at Salisbury. To ye widdow for hir part & the two youngest children: ye dwelling house, barne and 14 acres of upland in tillage, 70li.; ye ferrie meadow, 30li.; ye household goods, 19li. 19s. 4d.; a yoake of Oxen 14li.; 3 Cowest, 13li. 10s.; 7 Swine, 5li. 5s.; in sheep, 2li. 10s.; in Corne, 21 li. 4s.; the boggie meadow, 10li. To John Colby: an acre of land aded to his halfe acre at his house, 2li. 16s.; two cheyns, 10s.; a yoake of oxen, 15li. 10s.; Mr. Groom's accomodacons, 6li.; in sheep, 1 li. 10s.; a cart & wheels, span, shackle & pin & ye 4th pt. of another cart, 2li. To Sarah, ye wife of Orlando Bagly: one Cowe & One 3 yeere old steere, 8li.; a young horse, 10li.; another Cowe, 4li, 10s.; p. Isaac Colby, 5 li.16s. More payd by Isaac Colby to Orlando Bagly for ye which the estate was debtor, 5li, 19s. 8d. To SAMUELL COLBY: one yoake of oxen, 13li.; the pasture, 20li. To Isaac Colby: the eleven lotts of marshe at Mr. Hal's farme, 2 lotts of sweepage & one higledee pigeledee lot, 9 li. 10s.; To Rebecka Colby: a Cowe, one 3 year old steere, & ye mare colt, 14li.; two calves, 1 li.; a bed & bolster, 4 li. 10s.; p. Isaac Colby, 2 li. 11s.; p. Sam. Colby, 5li. 4s.; in corne, 11s. This division was consented to by the widow Colby and all the children who were of capacity. Confirmed by the Norfolk county court at Salisbury, 14: 2: 1663, and recorded by Tho. Bradbury, rec. Norfolk Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol. 1, leaf 34. +-+ "Upon the petition of Susanna Whittredge formerly Colbie the

Ipswich court Mar. 28, 1682 granted her power with the advice of Samuell Colbie and Thomas Colbie to sell enough of the estate left in her hands by her former husband for her necessary support in her old age, not exceeding the value of two of the parts or shares which the court Apr. 9 1661 allotted to her for her part of the estate." +-+ "Petition of Thomas Challis, Orlando Bagly, Ephraim Weed and

Ebenezer Blasdell for some part of the estate of their grandfather Anthony Collby formerly of Salisbury left in the hands of their grandmother Susanna widow of Anthony, administratrix to his estate, afterward Susanna Whithredg, deceased: the Court Ordered the division of the estate Apr. 9, 1661, and it was allowed 14:2m:1663. Also such of us as have married the daughters of John Collby, deceased, eldest son of said Anthony and Susanna by virtue of the last will of John Collby, as we are informed that Samuell Collby of Amesbury the only son surviving (although not the eldest) of said Anthony and Susanna, hath letters of administration granted him unto the estate of Susanna Whithredg, deceased, and hath exhibited a large account of debt from the estate and also he designeth a further application for liberty for alienation of more of said estate. "We address ourselves to the court "where we think we ought for

ye interposing & improvement of ye authority for ye prevention of ye evacuation of ye estate whereunto we have right (as we think) out of half gills or gills, and ye exhausting & wasting thereof by such embezelling trifles," also crave your advice whereby we may be orderly possessed of our rights. Dated Sept. 28, 1698. Citation to Samuell Coleby to appear before Jonathan Corwin,

Esq., at the house of Mr. Frances Elles to take administration on the remaining estate of Anthoney Coleby of Amesbury, deceased. Dated Salem, Nov. 16, 1699. Said citation read to Samuell Coleby Nov. 18 1699 by Ebenezer

Blasdell, Constable of Amesbury." Anthony and Susannah were ancestors of President Chester A.

Arthur -------------------- Anthony Colby came to America from England with John Winthrop's fleet in 1630. -------------------- Anthony Colby (September 1605 - 11 February 1661) was the son of Thomas and Anne Jackson Colby, born in Horbling, Lincolnshire, England. He came with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630. He married Susannah, Widow Waterman, probably in Boston in 1632. They had eight children. He was a planter. His first home was in the disputed territory between Cambridge and Watertown which was given to Cambridge in 1632, and was on the road to Mount Auburn close by the river. Anthony built a second house near the Washington Elm and a third one near the Fresh Pond. He was admitted freeman in Cambridge in 1634. Three years later, he appeared in Ipswich, and three years after that in Salisbury. He was among the first settlers of the latter town. He built in what is now Amesbury, Jarrett Haddon bought the lot adjoining and came with his family. On this land Anthony and Susannah settled to make a permanent home. He received additional lots of land from the divisions in 1643, 1654, and 1658. In 1640, he was appointed an appraiser for the government and in 1651 was elected a selectman. He purchased the house and land west of the Ferry Road from Thomas Macy in 1654. At the time of the sale, Macy had need of funds to flee to Nantucket to escape the penalty of sheltering two Quakers during a thunderstorm.

The Colby family tree has deep roots and broad branches. Gardner Colby was the great-great-great-great-great grandson of two Puritans who first planted the seed of the Colby name in North America. In 1630, Anthony Colby left his home in Horbling, Lincolnshire (England) to sail on the Arbella, the flagship of the Winthrop Fleet, which carried 700 Puritan passengers from Yarmouth, England to Salem. Anthony traveled to the colony as an indentured servant to a Simon Bradstreet who settled in Cambridge. At some point in the next couple years Anthony married a Susannah Waterman, a widow whose birth name still eludes genealogists. By 1664 Anthony was able to own some land and then took the oath of a Freeman.

For those who do not know, John Winthrop was of course a major governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and a very devout Puritan. He opposed giving too much freedom to the people who had escaped England to find more religious freedom. In this spirit of conformity he presided over the famous trial that found Anne Hutchinson guilty and banished her from the colony. Winthrop and some hard-nosed Puritan males did not like Anne and charged her with "traducing the ministers." She had been advocating for reforms based on religion as an inner state of grace rather than an external code of strict moral laws enforced with punishments.

In 1820 when the State of Maine chartered Waterville College as a degree granting institution it became one of the first New England colleges to remove denominational barriers to enrolling students and hiring faculty. Baptists in particular were excluded from most institutions to the south, such as Harvard. This is one of the reasons Jeremiah Chaplin and his fellow Baptists founded the college in the first place. The result was that the college became a place for freer theological and social thought than the other, more conservative institutions in New England. Thus, the college graduated many who became clergy in other denominations, such as Elijah Lovejoy, a Presbyterian minister. Ironically, though, one condition of Gardner Colby's endowment in 1864 held that the president and a majority of the faculty must belong to a Baptist church, the faith that was so strong in his life and philanthropic work.

Most Colby families in the U.S. descend from Anthony and Susannah who eventually had the good sense to settle away from Salem and Boston in Amesbury-Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex County) near where I-95 and I-495 meet today. Undoubtedly unaware of its historical significance for the "COLBY" stickers on their back windows, most Colby students pass this fork on their northern migrations from the eastern megalopolis to Waterville. Anthony ran a saw mill (i.e., cutting up trees) there and eventually bought a house in Amesbury from the first town clerk named Thomas Macy who wanted to sell his property in a hurry and move out of town. Macy could no longer tolerate the Puritan neighbors who persecuted him for harboring Quakers in his home.

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Anthony Thomas Colby's Timeline

1605
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincolnshire Beccles, Suffolk, England
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincolnshire, England
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincoln, England
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincoln, England
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincoln, England
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincoln, England
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincoln, England
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincoln, England
September 8, 1605
Horbling, Lincolnshire, England
1630
March 29, 1630
Age 24
England to America