Eva MacMurrough, Countess of Stirgoil

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Aoife "Eve" ni Murchadha, Countess of Stirgoil

Also Known As: "Countess of Ireland", "Aoife of Leinster", "Aoife Ni Diarmait", "Aoife Rua", "Red Eva", "Princess", "Lady", "Countess", "Eva of Leinster", "Aoife"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kingdom of Leinster, Ireland
Death: Died in Waterford, Waterford City, County Waterford, Ireland
Place of Burial: Kilkenny Castle, , Ireland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Dermot II MacMurrough, King of Leinster; Dermont McMurrough; Mor O'Toole and More McMurrough
Wife of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke
Mother of Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke; Gilbert FitzRichard de Strigoil, 3rd Earl Pembroke; Joan FitzGilbert de Clare; Joan de Clare and Thomas De Newburgh, Norton
Sister of Urlachan MacMurrough; Donal Kavanagh MacMurrough, King of Leinster; Conchobar Mac Murchada; Lawrence O'Toole (St.), Dublin; Eanna Ceannsalach MacMurchada, O'Kinsela and 1 other
Half sister of Donal Caumhanach The Gentle Kavanagh

Occupation: Countess of Pembroke, Countess Of Ireland, Princess of Leinster, Countess of Ireland, comtesse d'Irlande Comtesse d'Irlande
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Eva MacMurrough, Countess of Stirgoil

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aoife_of_Leinster

Aoife MacMurrough (1145–1188, Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (Irish: Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, and his wife Mor O'Toole (c.1114-1191). Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua).

Marriage

On 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, in Christchurch Cathedral, Waterford. Strongbow was the leader of the Norman invasion force. Aoife had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law, Aoife had the choice of whom she married. But Aoife had to agree to an arranged marriage.

Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognised a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest.

Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua). She had two sons with her husband Richard de Clare, and within several generations her descendants included much of the nobility of northwestern Europe, including Richard,1st Earl of Cornwall who was elected King of the Romans in 1257.

Through other lines she is the ancestor of the Scottish Kings Robert the Bruce (and his descendants) and John Balliol, and of Irish magnates such as the Earls of Kildare, Ormond and Desmond.

Aoife is also the ancestor of many Kings of England by a number of lines of descent, such as that of her granddaughter Eva Marshal, whose daughter Maude married Roger de Mortimer. They are ancestors of the Kings of England from Edward IV onwards (with the exception of Henry VII). Another line of descent is that of a daughter of Maude, Katherine Mortimer, married Thomas de Beauchamp 11th Earl of Warwick, and they were ancestors of the Earls of Warwick and also of the Edward IV and most subsequent Kings of England.

When Richard "Strongbow" de Clare, died, King Henry II took his lands into royal hands, with William fitz Audelin as administrator in Ireland and Aoife holding dower rights, and possibily the lordship of Striguil, until as late as 1185/86. Strongbow's daughter and heir, Isabel, was protected by Henry II; one of Henry's last acts was to promise Isabel and all of her father's lands to William Marshal in 1189.

A life-size statue of her sits at Carrickfergus Castle, with a plaque describing her as "thinking of home."

Children :

Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke (1172-1240) m. Aug 1189, Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, Lord Marshal, son of John Fitz Gilbert, Marshal (Marechal) of England, and Sibylla of Salisbury.

Gilbert de Striguil (Chepstow), 3rd Earl of Pembroke (1173-1185) Inherited title from father but died as a minor. The title then went to his sister's husband on marriage.

Joan de Clare (1175 -?) m. Godfrey Gamage, son of William De Gamages and Elizabeth De Miners.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aoife_MacMurrough

Aoife MacMurrough (1145–1188, Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (Irish: Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, and his wife Mor O'Toole (c.1114-1191).

Marriage

On 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Christchurch Cathedral, Waterford. She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage.[clarification needed]

Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognised a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua). She had two sons with her husband Richard de Clare, and within several generations her descendants included much of the nobility of northwestern Europe, including Robert the Bruce and Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall who was elected King of the Romans in 1257.[2]

A life-size statue of her sits at Carrickfergus Castle, with a plaque describing her as "thinking of home."

Aoife is the ancestor of many Kings of England by a number of lines of descent, such as that of her granddaughter Eva Marshal, whose daughter Maude married Roger de Mortimer. They are ancestors of the Kings of England from Edward IV onwards (with the exception of Henry VII). Another line of descent is that of a daughter of Maude, Katherine Mortimer, married Thomas de Beauchamp 11th Earl of Warwick, and they were ancestors of the Earls of Warwick and also of the Edward IV and most subsequent Kings of England.

Through further lines she is the ancestor of the Scottish Kings Robert the Bruce (and his descendants) and John Balliol, and of Irish magnates such as the Earls of Kildare, Ormond and Desmond.

-------------------- Aoife MacMurrough (1145 – 1188, Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known as Aoife of Leinster, was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (Irish: Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, and his wife More O'Toole (c.1114-1191). On 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Christchurch Cathedral, Waterford. Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave him no such rights. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua). -------------------- On 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, Aoife MacMurrough (in Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known as Aoife of Leinster, or Eva MacMurrough, married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Christchurch Cathedral, Waterford. Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognized a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua).

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aoife_of_Leinster for more information. -------------------- Eva MacMorrough was born on 1145 in Leinster Ireland to Dermot MacMorrough, King of Leinster and More' (Moira?) O'Toole MacMorrough. Eva married Richard FitzGilbert De Clare, Earl of Pembroke on August 29, 1170 in Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford, County Waterford, Ireland. They had 3 children: Isabel De Clare, Countess of Pembroke; Gilbert de Striguil, 3rd Earl of Pembroke; and Joan De Clare. Eva passed away on 1188 in Ireland.

Eva MacMorrough De Clare, Countess of Pembroke is my 28th great grandmother.

NOTE:

Aoife MacMurrough (c.1145–1188, Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (c.1110-1171) (Irish: Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, and his wife Mor O'Toole (c.1114-1191).

On the 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Reginald's Tower in Waterford. She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage.[clarification needed]

Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognised a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua).

She had two sons and a daughter with her husband Richard de Clare, and via their daughter, Isabel de Clare, within a few generations their descendants included much of the nobility of Europe including all the monarchs of Scotland since Robert I (1274-1329) and all those of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom since Henry IV (1367-1413); and, apart from Anne of Cleves, all the queen consorts of Henry VIII.

Sources: O Croinin, Daibhi (1995) Early Medieval Ireland 400-1200 London: Longman Press; p. 281 Salmonson, Jessica Amanda.(1991) The Encyclopedia of Amazons. Paragon House. Page 160. ISBN 1-55778-420-5 Weis, Frederick Lewis Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, Lines: 66-26, 175-7, 261-30

SOURCES:

-------------------- Aoife MacMurrough, She also known as Aoife of Leinster. She was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough King of Leinster, and his wife Mor O'Toole. On 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Christchurch Cathedral, Waterford.

She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage . Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognised a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua). She had two sons with her husband Richard de Clare the first son she named after her late father, Dermott MacMurrough, King of Leinster. and a daughter Isabel who married William Marshal 1st Earl of Pembroke A life-size statue of her sits at Carrickfergus Castle, with a plaque describing her as "thinking of home." -------------------- Aoife MacMurrough (c.1145–1188, Irish: Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (c.1110-1171) (Irish: Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, and his wife Mor O'Toole (c.1114-1191).

Marriage and rights

On the 29 August 1170, following the Norman invasion of Ireland that her father had requested, she married Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, better known as Strongbow, the leader of the Norman invasion force, in Reginald's Tower in Waterford. She had been promised to Strongbow by her father who had visited England to ask for an invasion army. He was not allowed to give his daughter away, as under Early Irish Law Aoife had the choice of whom she married, but she had to agree to an arranged marriage, that is, to select from a list of suitable suitors.

Under Anglo-Norman law, this gave Strongbow succession rights to the Kingdom of Leinster. Under Irish Brehon law, the marriage gave her a life interest only, after which any land would normally revert to male cousins; but Brehon law also recognised a transfer of "swordland" following a conquest. Aoife conducted battles on behalf of her husband and is sometimes known as Red Eva (Irish: Aoife Rua).

She had two sons and a daughter with her husband Richard de Clare, and via their daughter, Isabel de Clare, within a few generations their descendants included much of the nobility of Europe including all the monarchs of Scotland since Robert I (1274-1329) and all those of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom since Henry IV (1367-1413); and, apart from Anne of Cleves, all the queen consorts of Henry VIII.

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Eva MacMurrough, Countess of Stirgoil's Timeline

1145
April 26, 1145
Kingdom of Leinster, Ireland
1171
August 26, 1171
Age 26
Waterford, England
1172
1172
Age 26
Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales
1173
1173
Age 27
Pembroke, Dyfed, Wales
1174
1174
Age 28
Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales
1175
1175
Age 29
Dublin, County Dublin, Leinster, Ireland
1188
August 26, 1188
Age 43
Waterford, Waterford City, County Waterford, Ireland
1188
Age 42
Kilkenny Castle, , Ireland
1854
1854
Age 43
Waterford, Waterford, Ireland
1932
November 2, 1932
Age 43